I would love to look up the best tips and tricks to set up these kinds of shots and post processing them.
Is there a standard name for these kinds of shots, what are they called?
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This is called "sequence photography".
The easy way to achieve one is to shoot a video and extract the relevant frames, but you work with video definition.
For true photography, with some luck you can use the camera burst mode, or you use an intervalometer to take shots at regular intervals. You cannot shoot faster than the camera burst mode and this means that you have a decent idea of the required interval (which can be obtained by using the video technique first).
Using a tripod will spare you the re-alignment of all the frames.
Using manual mode for exposure and focus may avoid variations between frames.
Having the subject overlap itself like in the picture above makes it a bit more difficult since you need a proper cutout of the subject. On the other hand since you have other images where the subject is not in that spot you can obtain a selection of the subject using the difference between the two images.
The process is called “chronophotography.”
As the examples suggest, the tricks are planning, preparation, technical competence, and hard work.
A tip for making good chronophotographs is start by making bad ones and learn from experience.