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I want to shoot some very zoomed in shots, my current lens has a 28cm minimum focusing distance. I want to shoot from 35-40cm away but more zoomed in. Sort of macro, but from a distance.

If I bought a screw in adapter that screws in the end of the lens where a filter would go, does the minimum focusing distance change? Essentially, if I get a 2x adapter, will I need to be twice as far away to get a focussed image?

And then I need a spacer ring at the lens end to get closer to my original minimum focusing distance?

But then lose the auto-focus and image stabilisation.

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  • What camera, and what lens(es), are you using or thinking of using? – scottbb Jan 5 at 3:33
  • Most 2x adapters don't screw to the front of the lens, they go between the lens and the camera. – Mark Ransom Jan 5 at 4:18
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    @MarkRansom There are plenty of screw-on 2x telephoto adapters available. They usually aren't of very high quality, but they're especially useful on consumer devices such as camcorders with non-interchangeable lenses. – scottbb Jan 5 at 4:27
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I just tested some cheap 2x and 0.5x converters that screw onto the filter threads of other lenses. I don't know if these results apply to all such attachments.

  • The 2x converter increased MFD, but not by double.

  • The 0.5x converter decreased MFD, but not by half.

Notably, subject magnification is greatest with the 0.5x converter because of the shorter MFD. Image quality is also very poor, which is typical of such cheap attachments.

Depending on your camera system and needs, you can consider some other options with better image quality:

  • Using a longer lens, with or without macro.

  • Adapting vintage lenses, with or without macro. Macro photography often requires using manual focus. Cheaper than an AF lens.

  • Using extension tubes with pass-through electronics. May retain AF, depending on the particular lens.

  • Using bellows or focusing helicoids – most likely paired with a manual focus lens. Depending on your camera system, some helicoids allow lenses to be used normally, allowing focus from a few inches to infinity.

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    For mild macro, the best option here is probably the cheapest: extension tubes. For tele-macro, a long zoom with macro focus is likely the best of a bad lot. – Zeiss Ikon Jan 5 at 12:53
  • Thanks, that is what I was looking for. – MParks Jan 5 at 14:03
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What you bought is called a close-up lens or perhaps a supplemental lens. The close-up lens is a cousin of the lenses used in reading eyeglasses. When you mount such a lens, it changes the minimum distance, camera-to-subject. Now many will tell you that that’s not the way to go because they degrade the quality of the resulting image. I tell you that in most cases they work just fine, you will hardly notice any hindering.

Photo-grade close-up lenses are constructed using two lenses mounted together. This tried and true method mitigates an aberration called chromatic. Chromatic aberration shows itself as a rainbow fringe around the edges of objects in your image. The power of a close-up is labeled as +1 or +2 or +3 etc. Sometimes they are called 2X or 3X or 4X etc.

The value as labeled uses a language common to an optician. A +1 has a focal length of 1000mm. When mounted on your camera, and your camera is focused on infinity ∞, objects 1000mm from the front of your camera will come to focus (about 1 yard). Mount a +2 and now you start at 500mm = 20 inches. Mount a +3 and you start at 333mm = 13 inches. Mount a +4 = 250mm = 10 inches. Mount a +5 = 200mm = inches. Mount a +6 = 166mm = 6 ½ inches.

Because camera close-up lenses are simply refined reading glass lenses, you can go to the drugstore and at the reading glass display, hand-hold any of the spectacles before your camera lens. What you see is what you would get, as to magnification. Remember, photo grade lenses are what you want. In a pinch, I have used store bought lenses from the drugstore, and this worked out OK.

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    I suspect this is actually an afocal teleconverter for mounting to the filter ring, rather than a diopter close-up lens. The hint is 2x rather than, say, +2. This is common labeling for these converters. – Zeiss Ikon Jan 4 at 20:41
  • Yes, it is a teleconverter that mounts to the filter ring. Are you suggesting adding a supplemental close up lens to the front of the teleconverter to maintain the focus distance? – MParks Jan 5 at 0:05
  • @ MParks - You can try a close-up but if you just want to get close, ditch the teleconverter and buy a + 3 for your first try. Better yet, go to the drugstore and see the effect of ordinary reading glasses. If one does it for you, get a photo grade close-up with that same power. – Alan Marcus Jan 5 at 1:07

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