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How do I take the image of a 12 mm x 12 mm area without using expensive lenses and camera? I read a lot on using combination of lenses to get images but was unable to understand properly how it works. I want some simple solution like shown in this video, and I'm trying to get some images that look like those on the left here:

Droplet Images

What kind of camera and lenses would I need to get this quality of image?

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    \$\begingroup\$ One thing that might be helpful is letting us know what equipment you are using now (including any stands, lighting, etc), and exactly what is wrong with the images you have taken. I don't know if we can help with the shape of the crystals - but we may be able to help with issues with focus, resolutions etc. \$\endgroup\$ Oct 19, 2020 at 20:38
  • \$\begingroup\$ @DavidRouse I friend took the images. He used Canon 600D with 18-55 mm lens. \$\endgroup\$
    – Vishal
    Oct 19, 2020 at 20:55
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    \$\begingroup\$ Please add all the information you've added here into the question so it is easily accessible by others. Thanks! \$\endgroup\$
    – Philip Kendall
    Oct 19, 2020 at 21:50
  • \$\begingroup\$ Does this answer your question? What macro techniques offer an alternative to expensive optics? \$\endgroup\$
    – Michael C
    Oct 20, 2020 at 20:55
  • \$\begingroup\$ Also related: How can I take a macro shot without a macro lens? and How can I do macro photography with canon 700d kit lens? (Although marked as a duplicate, one of the answers has some specifics about using Canon lenses with extension tubes or reversal adapters that is not covered in the answers to the other questions.) \$\endgroup\$
    – Michael C
    Oct 20, 2020 at 21:00

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The fundamental problem with taking very close photos, or macros, is that run-of-the-mill lenses won't focus that close. Their closest image plane would be farther away than the sensor in the camera.

Note that macro photography is officially defined as at least one-to-one, but that's not important.

So what do you do?

  • Get an expensive Macro lens
  • Get a set of close up adapters, magnifying glasses, that screw on like filters
  • Get some extension tubes

The last option of extension tubes can be very inexpensive. They are exactly that, tubes that extend the lens out farther so it can focus on the sensor. They have no optics, just open tubes with mechanical couplers for your camera. They often come in sets that can be stacked. For example:

Nikon Extension Tube Set $10

Canon Extension Tube Set $10

You will of course need a tripod, and lighting can be very tricky for macro photography.

Good Luck!

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It looks like your crystals are not nearly as lacy as the ones in the left pictures. I don't know what to do about that.

Cannon makes several macro lenses designed just for this. The usual definition of a macro lens is that the image on the sensor is the same size as the object, so you would be covering half the width and a third the length of a full frame sensor or most of the width of an APS-C sensor. Some lensed designated as macro do not get the image this large.

The focus is critical, so it will help a lot if your crystals are very thin. It can be hard to get even illumination because the camera gets in the way. Mount the camera on a tripod and take long exposures as nothing is moving. Use manual focus with the multiplied view on the screen to get it right. You could also take a series of photos, moving the focus each time.

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Try putting your object on a flatbed scanner, you will be surprised. At 600 dpi you'll get 300 x 300 pixels, which is not terribly bad. The illumination is quite favorable, mainly because it scans too.

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