That's an entire .1% of the flash card that is returning bad data. Unless it's a bug in your flash card reader (which, BTW, is a very real possibility), I'd probably throw the flash card in the trash. (If it appears to be from a reputable manufacturer, it's probably a fake.)
I mean, a 128 GB flash card is only what, about twenty bucks? It's just not worth trying to use it and worrying about how many of your photos won't be there just to save $20.
There's no possibility of partitioning it to work around the problem. Flash drives reuse pages arbitrarily. If a flash page is reading back garbage data and the flash controller inside the card is failing to recognize that those pages are defective, then at some point, the wear count on some working cell is going to get too high, and it is going to copy the data from the bad page into a different page, then copy the data from the working page into the bad page, and you're going to lose data.
So the question should not be whether you can usefully use the flash card, but rather whether you should recycle it or send it to the landfill, which is more a question for your garbage hauler.
That said, before you throw it out, do repeat the test using your camera as a flash card reader. I've seen major data corruption problems with some cheap USB flash card readers over the years that were not the fault of the card. Also, check with the manufacturer (assuming the manufacturer isn't some fly-by-night vendor) about a replacement, just in case it is real.
I mean, if you desperately need an emergency fix to get you through the week, then maybe, maybe write some files across the bad blocks, and every time you take a picture, go back and hit play to make sure it is really there, but I really wouldn't trust that card at all.