Lets start with some background stuff to bring all the things together:
Lights used for photography has a certain spectrum of colored light. The closer the composition is to that of natural light, the better the color rendition. This is expressed with the CRI. Cheap LED lights with low CRI sometimes lack some of the spectrum, which then leads to strange or party missing colors, especially in skin tones, which is very hard to correct.
However, natural or full spectrum light also shifts in color during the day due to the interaction with the atmosphere. This shift in color in orange/blue can be equalized via the white balance.
The other balance that we can encounter, is magenta/green which occurs to a lesser extend and can be used to counter color cast of e.g. fluorescent lamps.
yellow ----+---- blue
So much for the background. But back to you question: Why can you adjust the color temperature?
If you are using the lights indoor with no other lights, then you never need to adjust the lights at all. You would just dial in their color temp in your camera and be done.
However, it becomes much more difficult if you want to mix the artificial light with natural light or other lights like tungsten lamps.
While our eyes are very well trained to cope with white balance, if they encounter mixed lighting, they fail. So will your camera. You will either perceive some light as blaring blueish or as almost orange, depending on the dominating light source.
This can be used creatively for storytelling, e.g. to underline the cozyness of a home via warm light, but it will ruin your shot if you just wanted to create an evenly lit scene.
For this reason you can set the color temp on some lights, so that you can match the color temp of the lights you cannot adjust.
If you have a light, that is not adjustable, you can use colored gels to change the color temp. There are orange gels, which are called CTO (Color Temperature Orange) and blue ones, called CTB (Color Temperature Blue).
So if you have ever seen a photographer using an orange filter on his speedlight, while taking shots at an indoors event, this is exactly the same thing: To avoid ending up with very pale and blueish looking people ind a warmly lit room, they adjust the light of the speedlight to match the color temperature, giving the picture a more natural look.