Because the Panasonic LUMIX FZ1000 uses a leaf shutter, there is no maximum sync speed; the flash can be used throughout the entire range of mechanical shutter speeds, as high as 1/4000s (1/3200s unless stopped down at 32mm equiv. 135 or longer). Ordinarily, this means that FP high-speed sync isn't normally necessary. Nonetheless, FP sync can be enabled on a shoe-mounted Four Thirds TTL flashgun (such as the Panasonic DMW-FL360L) and the flash will fire continuously throughout the exposure, just as it would on a camera with a focal-plane shutter. This is evident in the flash no longer freezing very fast motion when it would in normal mode.

However, I've noticed a number of oddities with the flash when it's in FP sync mode (all shots taken in manual exposure mode):

  • The flash may fail to sync properly when the aperture is wide-open at focal lengths 33mm (equiv. 135) and below; while the flash fires, the picture may be exposed as though the flash wasn't fired during the exposure. This might have to do with the 1/3200 mechanical shutter speed wide-open at 32mm and above. (This does seem to indicate that the flash is operating as though the camera has a focal-plane shutter with a sync speed of 1/125s, possibly a dummy value communicated to the flash for compatibility purposes.)
  • More significantly, with Shutter Type (Rec menu page 4) set to Auto, the camera allows the use of the mechanical shutter at speeds as high as 1/16000s, speeds that are normally not attainable without using the electronic shutter. The camera is in fact using the mechanical shutter; the leaf shutter click can be heard when taking a picture, and there is no "E with shutter button" symbol on the screen indicating use of the electronic shutter. The flash fires, and shots taken in this mode are in fact exposed correctly as long as the subject is within range of the flash. These shutter speeds appear to be real: if the subject is out of range of the flash, the image becomes progressively underexposed as the shutter speed increases. Furthermore, stopping down the aperture does affect the exposure and depth of field as it normally does; faster shutter speeds do not result in an increase in depth of field (which would be expected if the leaf shutter can't open fully at high speeds).

If the mechanical shutter can only operate at 1/4000s, how is it possible for it to reach 1/16000s when using a flashgun in FP high-speed sync mode? Is this the result of some sort of firmware glitch? (It may be worth noting that the camera always uses the leaf shutter in conjunction with an "electronic first curtain"; there is no audible sound when a long exposure begins, only when the exposure ends, and the shutter immediately reopens to resume live view unless long-exposure noise reduction is activated.)

  • \$\begingroup\$ There is simply no mechanical shutter in any consumer camera that runs this fast, so my hypothesis (which is why I'm not putting as an answer) is that the shutter-speed shown is not the one used. You may experiment by shooting in manual mode and changing shutter-speed to see if the resulting exposure changes. Although, I did not notice this, on another Panasonic camera I can set the aperture wider than the maximum at some focal-lengths but it shoots narrower. You may check EXIF in case it has the actually shutter-speed used to confirm this. \$\endgroup\$
    – Itai
    Commented May 4, 2021 at 3:59

1 Answer 1


More significantly, with Shutter Type (Rec menu page 4) set to Auto, the camera allows the use of the mechanical shutter at speeds as high as 1/16000s, speeds that are normally not attainable without using the electronic shutter.

No, it doesn't. The limit of mechanical shutter speed is 1/4000s. "Auto" means "automatic", not "auto mechanic". Higher speeds use the electronic shutter.

The manual clearly states for [AUTO]:

Depending on the recording condition and the shutter speed, the
shutter type is switched automatically.
• Priority is given to the mechanical shutter, which places less
limitations on functions, including the ones you use when taking
pictures with the flash.

Unless you explicitly set "mechanical" as the shutter type, priority will be given to mechanical shutter but it will obviously not be used when using it would be impossible. If you want the camera not to use electronic shutter, don't choose the "Auto" setting but use the "mechanical" setting.

  • \$\begingroup\$ Oddly, the camera is still actually using the mechanical shutter. The leaf shutter click is still audible, and there is no "E" symbol on the display indicating use of the electronic shutter. \$\endgroup\$
    – bwDraco
    Commented Apr 8, 2020 at 17:58
  • \$\begingroup\$ Are you sure it's the shutter, and not the aperture closing? \$\endgroup\$
    – U. Windl
    Commented May 29, 2022 at 0:37

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