I was perusing a book called "Success in Print Competition for Professional Photographers" and one section referred to a composition technique called Bakker's Saddle. Three related questions:

  1. What is Bakker's Saddle?
  2. How do I apply it to my photography?
  3. Is there a time when I should consider using it over other composition methods such as the Rule of Thirds, The Golden Ratio, or the Diagonal Method?

2 Answers 2


Bakker's Saddle is a guide, much like the Rule of Thirds, about where to put the subject of your image.

To calculate the power points for Bakker's Saddle:

  1. Draw a line diagonally from one corner to the opposite corner.
  2. Next, draw lines perpendicular to the diagonal that intersect with the other two corners.
  3. Place your subject at one of these two intersections.

On a 3:2 image, this ends up matching the Rule of Thirds pretty closely:

Bakker's Saddle on a 3:2 aspect ratio image

However, with a more extreme aspect ratio, such as 5:2, Bakker's Saddle puts the power points closer to the corners:

Bakker's Saddle on a 5:2 aspect ratio image.

While the way I have drawn these places the power points near the top left and bottom right, you could reverse this and put your subject near the top right or bottom left.

I might actually prefer something closer to Bakker's Saddle over the Rule of Thirds if I were placing a person in a wide landscape shot — the Rule of Thirds would leave an awkward amount of space between the person and the edge of the frame.

Remember that Bakker's Saddle, the Rule of Thirds, the Golden Ratio, etc. are all guidelines, not hard and fast rules. They can be good suggestions for where to put your subject in the frame, but they won't necessarily make a good picture, nor will your picture necessarily be bad if you ignore these rules.

  • 7
    \$\begingroup\$ The wide inverted form of Bakker's Saddle is an excellent way to compose landscape panoramics. When you have a coast line, or a mountain range, anything that stretches off into the distance, lining the edge along Bakker's diagonal usually results in a pretty pleasing outcome...with things disappearing off into the distance of the upper right corner. \$\endgroup\$
    – jrista
    Commented May 1, 2011 at 18:21
  • 1
    \$\begingroup\$ I have just done the test. In a 4:3 image (I own a Olympus) the four strong points in the Bakkers Saddle are almos the same as the Golden Section strong points. The difference is so small it could be caused by error in calculation... \$\endgroup\$
    – Jahaziel
    Commented Jul 11, 2011 at 21:06

A couple of additions to Evan Krall's excellent answer:

  • It was named after, and possibly invented by, illustrator and photographer Gerhard Bakker, who lived from 1906–1988, and worked an artist and a teacher of photography.
  • It is possible that the rule includes the idea of different meanings for the four different points created at the various intersections. However, I'm going to need to do a bit more research on that; it may be something added after.

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