When you go do Display Settings and select 100% for Scaling of Text, Apps and other elements it should work. I tried at various resolutions and it always gave me your error when selecting anything larger than 100%.
It even worked at my highest resolution setting at 3840x2160 as long as the scaling was 100% (which of course makes the program unusable since everything is very tiny).
Reduce the resolution and scale down to 100% and you should be able to use older CS versions.
I ran into this same issue due to me installing my very old CS5 (which always fit my needs).
Hope this helps.