Just another personal experience.
I have a mild myopia (-3) and very mild astigmatism. With soft contact lenses that I wear near constantly, my vision is near perfect in all regards.
However, when I occasionally wear glasses, I find both the geometric distortion and chromatic aberrations intolerable. I guess I could live with that, but it makes all but the most basic photo processing impossible for me.
Given that our eye itself is far from perfection and many corrections are done in-brain, we can get used to distortions rather quickly. As we see the whole world distorted and not just the photo in question, we should be able to process photos correctly, even if with some mental effort initially.
It's harder to deal with chromatic aberrations. We can learn not to notice them, but if you are deliberately looking for them in the photo, you'll see them all. The only workaround is to look direct at the affected area: there the 'induced' aberrations should be minimal. I certainly end up with much more head movement when I have to edit photos wearing glasses.
Here is where there is a fundamental difference between contact lenses and eyeglasses: the lenses move with the eyeball and follow your gaze, whereas glasses don't, yielding different distortion/aberration depending on the direction you look. You need to move the head more, which is less natural and more tiresome in my experience.
All-time glass wearers may claim they don't notice any inconvenience or problems. Indeed they usually don't. But it would be an interesting research to learn if they actually yield the same result in, say, chromatic aberration corrections when processing photos. I suspect that on average, they will be more tolerant to them...
In the end, like you, I may (and usually do) end up with the same processing result when wearing glasses vs. lenses, but I certainly have to put more effort with glasses.