2

By conservative opinions, such a device is considered impossible.

However, given the facts that:

  • Some, especially preset style, M42 lenses have a body that is, on the rearmost few centimetres, no thicker (or hardly thicker than, with only a minimal flange) than the threaded end – you could shove that section of the lens body through the mount.

  • The same style of lens often has nothing protruding past the threaded end.

  • There are several millimetres of space between the mirrorbox and the mount flange, at least on some F-mount APS-C DSLRs.

Could an adapter providing a (probably interrupted/sectioned) thread and minimal flange sunk a few mm into the camera throat be made (similar to some C-mount to mirrorless adapters), even if it would be unsafe to use with the wrong combination of lens and camera?

  • I don't know enough about them to post as an answer, but I own a Helios 44 modded to fit Nikon, with infinity focus. The Russians seem to be particularly adept at it; that's where mine came from. – Tetsujin Dec 18 '18 at 11:31
3

Ordinarily, it is impossible to use an unmodified M42 lens on a body with a Nikon F mount with an adapter that maintains infinity focus without the use of additional optics. Exceptions will be described later. The problem is similar to using FD lenses on EOS bodies with EF/EF-S mounts.

  • The M42 mount has a flange-focal distance of 45.46mm, while Nikon F mount has a flange-focal distance of 46.50mm, so you would have to sink the lens about 1mm into the body.

    To sink the lens into the body, the lens diameter needs to be smaller than the mount throat diameter. C-mount lenses work because their diameters are typically much smaller than the throat diameter of nearly any other mount. However, with M42 (42mm) and F-mount (44mm), there are only 2mm to work with, which are more than taken up by the flange width (typically > 5mm).

    • If you own a lens with a flange width < 1mm, you can see if it will work by free lensing. If you put the camera into live view mode, you won't have to worry about the mirror. When you're ready for the adapter, you'll probably have to design and 3D print it yourself.
  • The distances are close enough that it is possible to modify an M42 lens to work with the Nikon F-mount.

    • If you remove the mount from the lens, you may be able to fit a new mount on it (as described by Tetsujin). Depending on the lens, you might have to shave a bit from the barrel.

    • Focus can be adjusted and calibrated on many manual-focus lenses by loosening a set screw. Depending on the lens, it may be possible to "correct" focus for a thin-enough adapter.

      The focus ring may turn past infinity on some lenses without the need to loosen a set screw. In this case, you may be able to use the lens as-is with a thin adapter. Be aware that the focus scale will likely be inaccurate.

  • I've got an M42 lens which I think focusses to infinity on my Nikon bodies. The focus ring goes a fair way past infinity. – Peter Taylor Dec 19 '18 at 7:48
  • Not that rare - there are plenty of 1960's all-manual-aperture M42 telephotos having a mount end that amounts to a threaded piece of pipe with no flange .... – rackandboneman Dec 19 '18 at 10:13
  • @rackandboneman Do you have a photo of such a lens? I'm interested in seeing what it looks like. – xiota Dec 19 '18 at 21:48
  • Quickly found three that I can at least definitely set flush against the bayonet tabs on a D200: Ennalyt 240mm f4.5 (the tiny telephoto version, not the ICBM sized plain long focus version!), Pentacon 200mm f4, Feinmess 105mm f4.5.... – rackandboneman Dec 21 '18 at 3:21
  • @rackandboneman The images I see when I search for the lenses you mention have pretty-typical looking flanges that would prevent them from be recessed into a Nikon body. – xiota Dec 21 '18 at 3:50

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.