Forget using Canon FD lenses on EOS cameras. You can't get infinity focus with those lenses without adding additional optics.¹ This is because at 42mm the FD mount has a shorter registration distance (a/k/a flange focal distance) than the 44mm of the EF mount. If you insist on using non-EF lenses on EOS cameras, lenses made for mounts with longer registration distances than the EF mount would be preferred. The 44.5mm Minolta A-mount is out due to mechanical clearance issues. Ditto for the Olympus OM mount. That leaves Nikon F and Pentax K as the most likely candidates.
But you'll still be giving up a lot by using a Nikon F or Pentax K lens instead of a native Canon EF lens.
I never recommend adapting lenses cross-brand² when there is a native lens for a particular mount available. YMMV.
If you are using an APS-C EOS camera, the EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM sells for around $130 new from authorized dealers.
If you are using a FF EOS camera, the EF28mm f/2.8 goes for $470.
Some third party lenses in the Canon EF mount (for both APS-C and full frame):
Yongnuo 35mm f/2 (with AF) - $90
Samyang (Rokinon) 24mm f/1.4 (MF) - $380
¹ Those additional optics also act as mild teleconverters, which kind of defeat your stated purpose of a fast, wide-angle lens. TCs make a lens longer and slower.
² Something like EOS EF to EOS-M is bit different, as both mounts use the same protocols, the only difference is the RD.