The previous comments very nicely describe the many technical characteristics, benefits and deficiencies, of these very useful lenses. I want to add a comment from a more abstract level. Ask yourself what sorts of photographs you will have to take and what sort you may want or like to take.
You have to have the ability to take superior portraits, individuals, couples and groups, both large and small. You should get the sharpest lens you can manage for these shots. You are likely to to shoot some artistic compositions in natural light and low light, too. For example, imagine shooting a portrait in the light of a large stained glass window, or catching the lights reflected off the water.
You also will shoot large groups, e.g., multiple whole families. For that, you should have a quality wide angle with a flat field of view. For many years, my primary lens was a Nikkor 35mm, a rather expensive lens in its day. Of course, it worked well for sizable groups, but, also, I learned how to get close enough to people to get good close-in results with it. That's a social, not a technical skill, and you should appreciate the extent to which such skills underlie your technical decisions. You may shoot such large groups or shoot in such confined spaces that you'll need a 24, but such a lens is not likely to be worth it for you as you begin. Just avoid such shots. Similarly, I hardly ever used a telephoto, just a 105 for portraits, but I expended effort to make a telephoto unnecessary for me.
When you're trying to capture dynamic events, dancing, partying, so forth, you have to be able to get a well-framed shot quickly, thus, a zoom is invaluable. Nevertheless, you can always resort to post-production to enhance the photos you manage to get. Post production takes time and costs you money, however.