What you're describing as clarity is a byproduct of having enough pixels in the sensor to provide for detail to be captured and a lens that has the resolution needed to resolve those fine details.
However, there's a finite number of pixels. If a single cat whisker would take up 2,000 pixels when using a telephoto lens, then the only way to get that same whisker to take up 2,000 pixels while using a wide angle lens would be to have a sensor that has more pixels. However, at some point, this just isn't technologically possible.
There's a reason we still have telephoto lenses. If it were possible to shoot wider and then crop in and have amazing detail, we wouldn't need those lenses.