I am using Silverfast to make a scan and save it as CIE-Lab. I set Absolute Colorimetric rendering intent in Color Management System preferences, calibrated the scanner, then scanned some white paper with known Lab values close to [100, 0, 0]. The paper has no optical brighteners, to keep things simple. When I used Photoshop to look at the file's Lab values, they were [100, 0, 20] or light yellow! I then switched to Relative Colorimetric rendering intent, redid the scanner calibration, and re-scanned the sample. This time the Lab values were correct: [100, 0, 0]. Some questions:

  • Why is Relative the right choice, not Absolute, when saving CIE-Lab values?
  • Why does rendering intent affect Lab values, which are device independent?
  • Are there any other changes I should make to the following set of CMS preferences if I want to save correct Lab values?

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  • Image upload is working now if you want to try again. – Rob Aug 7 at 17:53
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    Ideally, when you scan something you should get a colorimetrically accurate result. The tint of the scan should match the tint of the paper. I use an Epson V850 and it's fairly good. I make my own patch set as the IT8 set is rather tiny and use Argyll to create scanner profiles. There are a few other issues such as "spatial crosstalk" which occurs when light reflects off the brighter areas back to the surfaces of the scanning illuminant and goes back to the scanned object. It can be quite large. – doug Aug 8 at 5:59
  • Doug, do you know of a reference on scanner spatial crosstalk besides this one which is kind of expensive: webstore.iec.ch/preview/info_iec61966-8%7Bed1.0%7Den.pdf (just a preview, it's not the full document) – KAE Aug 10 at 12:49
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    Not really, but I do know that if you place an unprinted circle of, say 6mm diameter in a 2" black surrounding circle and compare the scanned L* value to that of an unprinted region there is a significant difference. My Epson scanner shows a change of between 5 and 7 L* units. This corresponds to about an additional reflected light of 15 to 20%. Also, modern scanners use LEDs with no uV component. You should get roughly the same readings on high OBA paper and no OBA paper if they have the same white point as measured with a uV cut spectrophotometer. – doug 2 days ago
  • Wow, that's 5-7 dE*!! I am not sure I believe the results of my scanner calibration now, <1 dE*, since the IT8 target has so many colors on the card. Or maybe they all blend together to make a grey when they reflect into the scanner cavity... Anyway thanks so much for the head's up. – KAE 2 days ago
up vote 3 down vote accepted

I don't think that it has anything to do with using the CIE-Lab colour space, and you should only use absolute colorimetric rendering intent if you are doing colour proofing. Relative (or perceptual) intent is nearly always a better choice, and I wonder why you want to use absolute colorimetric, or the CIE-Lab colour space, for that matter.

Fraser, Murphy and Bunting have this to say about absolute colorimetric rendering intent in Real World Colour Management, 2nd edition:

Absolute colorimetric differs from relative colorimetric in that it doesn't map source white to destination white. Absolute colorimetric rendering from a source with a bluish white to a destination with yellowish-white paper puts cyan ink in the white areas to simulate the output of one printer (including its white point) on a second device.

I don't know why you have experienced such a marked colour shift, but most white printer papers contain optical brighteners that can confuse colorimeters. White papers without optical brighteners will generally have a yellowish tint, and this will be picked up by a good colorimeter when using absolute colorimetric rendering intent. If you are scanning a fine-art book, the paper is likely not to contain optical brighteners.

Note that the conversion algorithms between CIE-Lab and other colour spaces can introduce inaccuracies, especially if you are using 8-bit channels. Always use 16-bit channels with CIE-Lab.

If you value the hair on your head, stick to relative or perceptual colorimetric rendering intent, and only use CIE-Lab if you have a real reason to. There's nothing wrong with Adobe RGB. If you are scanning for web content, keep it simple and use perceptual and Adobe RGB.

Edit: Thinking back to my colour management days, I had horrendous colour shifts if I inadvertently triggered double conversion, either on input or output. However, I was using Photoshop CS2 with Windows 2000. Neither the application nor the operating system knew what the other was doing. Maybe things have improved since then.

  • Thanks for all this info. I have to use CIE-Lab for this particular project. The white sample has no optical brighteners. A colleague pointed out that in PS, Lab is D50/2 which is yellowish, and perhaps PS converts the file Lab values to D50/2 when it imports them if they are absolute colorimetric. I will stick with relative as you recommend! The same colleague pointed out that Lab is relative to a reference white (color-image.com/2011/10/…) so that may be why relative colorimetric rendering intent is better. – KAE Aug 8 at 12:15
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    Most modern scanners use LEDs that have little to no uV. Not sure about older ones but it's easy to tell by scanning paper with high OBAs v low/no OBAs. The Epson V800/V850 does not have uV in it's illuminant. Worth checking. uV will significantly distort profiles on OBA papers. – doug 2 days ago

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