A short survey of what you've got:
The Canon EOS 60D
Is an APS-C camera introduced in August 2010 to replace the EOS 50D. It was supplanted by the EOS 70D in July 2013. The 70D has since been replaced by the 80D. But that's not all of the story.
When Canon "replaced" the 50D they did so with two camera models:
- The 60D was the continuation of the 'x0D' line but took a few steps backwards in a few specific areas.
- The brand new 7D, introduced less than a year before the 60D, was a half-step above the 50D and in some ways was the true successor to the 50D.
Even current upper level Rebels/x00D models have better AF systems, frame rate, and just as good or better image quality than the 60D. The 60D does have two control wheels compared to the Rebel/x00D's one (with the sole exception of the T6s/760D that has been replaced by the 77D).
Some of what the 60D "lost" to the 50D was included again in the 70D (AFMA), as well as an more sophisticated and improved AF system. The current 80D has the best sensor Canon has ever put into a APS-C body that beats most previous examples (many of which were based on the same 18MP design) pretty handily in low light/high ISO shooting situations. Even the 7D Mark II, released in 2014, has a sensor that is a step behind the 80D's.
A Canon 50mm f1.8 EF
The EF 50mm f/1.8, EF 50mm f/1.8 II, or EF 50mm f/1.8 STM? All are budget 50mm prime lenses that are excellent values but not necessarily excellent performers for a prime lens. The first and third are preferable to the second, but there is not a lot of difference optically between all three. The EF 50mm f/1.4 is long overdue for an update. A great consumer grade 50mm prime is a hole in Canon's current offerings.
A Zeiss Makro-Planar 2/50 ZE (I think it's manual)
Yes, it is definitely manual focus. In terms of exposure control it is fully compatible with all of Canon's exposure modes.
It is also a better lens optically to the Canon "nifty fifty" series, and the price reflects that. As far as Zeiss lenses go , though, it's on the lower end of the range. With 0.5X (1:2) maximum magnification, some folks don't consider it a "true" macro lens, but a few others do. The recently discontinued Canon EF 50mm Compact Macro was one of the first EOS lenses introduced way back in 1987. It was similar optically to the Zeiss 50mm Makro-Planar, but comes nowhere close in terms of built quality. For APS-C Canon cameras, the EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro is another option to consider.
An EF-S 17-85 macro lens of some type, I think also Canon
The EF-S 17-85mm f/4-5.6 IS, a 2004 design, was supplanted by the optically better and more reliable EF-S 15-85mm f/3.5-5.6 IS in 2009. Both were 'kit lens' upgrade options offered in place of the more typical 18-55mm for Canon APS-C cameras of their times. Your father probably acquired this lens in a kit with the 60D when he purchased it.
The 17-85 was officially discontinued in 2015 and is probably no longer supported by Canon service centers. If it still is repaired by them, it probably won't be for much longer. The EF 17-85mm had a known issue with ribbon cables cracking with extended use.
It has no macro capability. The minimum focus distance of the EF-S 17-85mm is a little over 12 inches which only gives a maximum magnification of 0.20X or 1:5 at 85mm. "True macro" begins at 1.0X or 1:1, although some folks consider 0.5X or 1:2 macro when used with APS-C cameras that have an enlargement ratio 1.6X that of 35mm film or a FF digital camera to view an image at the same display size.
A Canon 100mm macro lens
There are two, the EF 100mm f/2.8 Macro and the EF 100mm f/2.8 L IS Macro. Both are similar optically, but the "L" has image stabilization and better build quality/weather resistance. If your macro work is done from a tripod indoors, there's no real reason to prefer the more expensive "L" over the other.
A Samyang 14mm f2.8 EF (also manual)
Both manual focus and manual aperture control via the aperture ring on the lens rather than through the camera's control system. This means you're pretty much restricted to manual exposure as well as manual focus. A good lens for astrophotography and wide landscape vistas.
A ring flash thing.
Very useful for macro work, both because the close focus distances make the lens' effective aperture narrower than its nominal f-number measured when the lens is focused at infinity as well as because the lens is often so close to the subject that it blocks a significant portion of the ambient light that could potentially illuminate the subject.
Inherited Canon lenses and ring flash — will this work with a new camera body?
Everything on your list, other than the EF-S 17-85mm, will work with any Canon EOS film SLR or DSLR. The EF-S 17-85mm is an APS-C only lens and will work with any Canon EOS APS-C DSLR, but not with a FF camera.