New answers tagged old-lenses
It is 44 and 44-2 that are legendary. I have Helios 44-2 (I'm sequoiagrove) and it is very nice. However, I must say that as a Nikon user you have the wrong camera for vintage lenses. You can only use them for macro, otherwise, to focus infinity you need a bad adapter with a cheap not-fit-for-photography lens in it.
I use a Nikon D3000 which should be similar. In the camera menu (shooting menu, I think) you can control the power of the flash manually. Change the flash to manual rather than TTL, then set the power you would like (e.g. 1/2, 1/4, etc.). It's slow, and I can't think of a quicker way for the on-camera flash, but it will at least allow you to use it. ...
Yes you should be able to do this. Switch your camera to Manual mode, and it should work. If it still shows FEE, you will need to trick the camera into thinking its a non-cpu lens, you can do this by applying a bit of tape over the contacts on the lens before attaching it. HOWEVER: You now have to set aperture and shutter speed manually, aditionally auto ...
You can divide Nikon lenses in basically three categories (as far as metering goes): pre-AI: no metering functionality, mounting them on a modern camera might break the metering system for old lenses. Interestingly they can usually be mounted without risk of damage on low end cameras because they lack the metering system for old lenses in the first place ...
The details you are looking for are provided in the note on the first link you gave. The camera bodies require that the microprocessor in the lens inform them of the aperture information (and possibly other information as well). The problem isn't the light sensor, but rather that without knowing the current aperture of the lens, it isn't possible to tell ...
Ok, I think I figured it out: It's a tripod accident. I just did it to one of my lenses. What happens is that the camera is set with the pitch screw not completely tightened, and the camera pitches nose down due to the weight of the lens and the lens hits the tripod stem in just one place, very sharply.
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