Before the rush

Before the rush
by evan-pak

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As a note, I changed from a Paterson 4 tank to an old Yankee Clipper II tank I found on eBay. The next roll (while just as curled) went on the Yankee reel smooth as silk. My recomendation for anyone else that wants do develop 110 don't mess around with a Paterson reel hack. Just get the right equipment.


Most roll film is constructed using CTA (Cellulous Triacetate) which has little curl memory. Some films are constructed using PET (polyester). PET has strong curl memory however it is difficult to initiate a tear with PET. This makes it ideal for high speed machine developing and automated printing as these machine handle hundreds of films splice together ...


It is hard to say without holding it in your hand, but it looks like a tintype; one that has not aged well.


Marcus already answered that, I'll just use another words. You can use color fixer for black and white if it is just a fixer and not a combined bleach/fixer. Combined bleach/fixer will remove all your black and white image. Bleach fix is more common and has dark reddish color. Regular fixer is colorless. Regular B&W fixer is acidic and will fix your ...


The first successful fixer is sodium thiosulfate. In the 60’s when ammonium thiosulfate became available it became the fixer of choice because it operated about twice as quick. Nowadays ammonium thiosulfate is the norm, however, either will work. Now color film and color paper use carefully selected organic dyes. These dyes blossom if the pH (acidity – ...


As you know, film and the chemicals of the developing process all have a shelf life. As to the chemicals of the process: Concentrates are packaged photo developing chemicals that must be diluted with water. Concentrates, in the original packaging, unopened, have an indefinite shelf life, perhaps many years. Stock solutions are concentrates that have been ...


You can tell from number of fixed/developed films and from the age of the bath. Developer and fixer documentation like this one from Ilford should help you determine the numbers. You can also say that something odd is going on by develeloper color and fixer smell. If the developer becomes brown, it is a sign that it aged too much. Fixer should not develop ...


I think your film was processed by hand or semi-automated equipment in a small lab. These appear to be squeegee marks from your description of them. Automated equipment produces consistent and parallel results. You describe inconsistent and irregular results. Inconsistencies usually happen as the result of irregular, unusual, or careless manual processing. ...


If the scratches are perfectly parallel with edges of the film, they may be caused by a grain of dirt in the camera or in the film cassette. If the scratches are not perfectly parallel with the film edges, they were most likely made during the processing or after. Scratches in wet emulsion look differently than scratches in dry emulsion. You could try to ...


Typically this C-41 35mm film is developed in an automatic film processing machine. Likely your film was developed in in a "roller transport" type machine. These machines transport the film from chemical tank to chemical tank. The film path is over and under a series of plastic rollers. These machines are highly dependent on volume and daily maintenance. If ...

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