It's a bird

by Vian Esterhuizen

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20

Many animals, including cats and dogs, have a reflective layer of cells at the back of the eye called the tapetum lucidum ('the tapestry of clarity'). This reflects the light back through the light-sensitive cells in the retina for a 'second pass', allowing the animal to see better at night.


10

From personal experience, I recommend the following camera body: The Canon EOS 7D. I say this for four main reasons: It is an APS-C crop sensor camera, which in Canon terms gives you an automatic 1.6x multiplier, allowing you to get closer to your subjects. 19-point advanced Auto Focus system. Fast 8fps burst rate, even with RAW. New (at the time it was ...


9

According to Wikipedia it seems that animals that exhibit this phenomenon ("eyeshine") have an extra layer of tissue within their eyes that cause light to be reflected in a different way. Source: Wikipedia


8

Short answer: No. Staring is something which indicates hostility and even people will look away if you look at them for more than a couple of seconds. Animals will normally go to great lengths and lots of posturing just to avoid a fight since there's little advantage to being the less damaged animal. To them the camera lens looks like one big unblinking ...


8

If you're a canon shooter, I'll second the 7D. I use it for most of my work, and it's great. I've also shot extensively with the 100-400, and Mike's note on it does a good job of explaining why it's a good answer for you. Having said that, I've retired my 100-400 and I'm now shooting a different set of lenses, and depending on what your kit already looks ...


5

The key to great shots is often to isolate your subjects, so that you can make the shot as much about them and really bring out details. With animals this often means using a long lens, particularly for birds which can be small, high-up and far. There are exceptions and cases where you can get really close to animals, like in the Galapagos islands, but more ...


5

I think ideally, you'd like to see legs and neck extended. This is pretty easy to recognize when you see it - this one spent a couple hours poking around the shore - maybe looking for a place to nest. This shot is head-on, which doesn't show as much of the turtle's body as the 3/4 shot Stan mentioned, but it's got pretty good extension of the head and ...


4

A general answer to this will be hard to give. It entirely depends on which species you're looking to capture. Regarding pets there simply are no general answer. Domestic animals live in a (often) mutual relationship with their owners and both the animal and their carers personality will come into play when you want to make them look into the camera. I'd ...


2

There are very few people out there with that job; it's an extremely tough discipline to break into. That said, here's what I'd work on to start down that path: 1) you need to be a good photographer. More than that, a good nature photographer, with a portfolio that stands out. So, go out and shoot. Shoot at zoos, shoot in refuges, shoot wherever you can get ...


2

Using a polarization filter does actually have an effect on fur. You can see an example in this article: How to Photograph Your Dog: 9 – Polarizers for Perfect Pet Portraits However, the effect doesn't help your case at all. What you would need would be to reduce the reflected light from the white fur while affecting the rest of the scene less. The ...


2

There are two components to the light being reflected off the fur. The predominant one is likely diffuse scattering. A polarizer won't help with that. There may be some more "reflection" looking sheen, especially if the light is coming from somewhat behind the cat. That probably is polarized, so a polarizing filter should be able to accentuate or ...


1

Like many "dream jobs", the one you describe requires a combination of multiple skill sets. You would need to master each of those skill sets before combining them in a way that makes what you have to offer unique enough to motivate someone to pay you to do it. Here are just a few of the areas in which you would need to become exceptional: Basic ...


1

If you spend enough time watching any animal you can pick up their habits and time your photograph. Most wild animals will regularly look around for predators, and if you are patient you can work out the pattern to it. For example while birds are feeding or preening, they will regularly look up and around for danger for a few seconds, then resume what they ...


1

Provoking wild animals (even to make them turn towards you) is not a good idea, specially at close distances. If using longer lenses 400mm+ and trying to provoke them by making a noise or throwing stones will just make them alert and they will disappear after a while. Sometimes, however the animals (in wild) will look towards you if they hear/feel you move ...



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