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An optical 'zoom' or 'variable focal length' lens is one that has a range of focal lengths at which it can operate. "Digital zoom" is a technology which simulates optical zoom by cropping the image.

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101 views

How to shoot a 220 yard photo with an 18-135mm lens

I recently bought a Canon T4i with the 18-135mm lens. I am interested in shooting some shots of a pair of eagles that are 200 yards behind my house. I am unable to zoom in clearly to make them fill ...
1
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1answer
66 views

What critereas to consider to match cameras and lenses for shooting people at parties?

I normally don't like shooting people that much, because I like to experiment with settings, lenses etc. to get a result that I like, so it helps when the subject doesn't move (Mountains and buildings ...
4
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2answers
358 views

How durable are zoom lenses?

I've heard that zoom lenses after some intensive usage become "sticky" and difficult to operate. What's the aproximate durability for a zoom lens like a Canon EF-S 18-135, shooting ca. 1000 - 2000 ...
7
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4answers
1k views

Do I need other camera lenses if I have an 18-200mm or other super-zoom?

I wanted to ask that once you have purchased a lens of say 18-200mm, then is it required to purchase other lenses — say 24-70mm, 24-105mm, 18-105mm, 28-135mm,etc. Does 18-200mm lens satisfy all the ...
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2answers
135 views

Can a lens be a zoom lens and a macro lens at the same time?

I am planning to buy an entry level SLR camera, mainly for use capturing macro and portrait photos. However, I'm a bit confused by this lens which is described as "Tamron AF 70 - 300 mm F/4-5.6 Di LD ...
5
votes
2answers
208 views

How do zoom, magnification, and focal length relate?

Zoom lenses and cameras with superzooms are often sold with a times ("×") zoom number — like a 12x zoom or 30x zoom. The question How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom? ...
8
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3answers
685 views

What is a pump zoom lens?

While browsing for cheap second hand lenses I found the Cosina 70-210mm f4.5-5.6. The seller notes that it's a pump zoom. Googling the term does yield some results, but these simply state that a ...
2
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2answers
149 views

How effective are the rear weather sealing rings on lenses?

I am kinda torn between buying a Sigma 18-35mm f1.8, Nikkor 17-55 f2.8 and Sigma 17-50 f2.8 for my D3100 and D7100 cameras. The reason for confusion is that the Nikkor one has a weather sealing ring ...
5
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6answers
411 views

What's the difference between zooming in on a subject vs moving closer? [duplicate]

If I stand 10 feet away from a subject and I want a close up shot, I can either zoom in or I can physically move the camera as close as possible to the subject. Which one is a better practice, or is ...
17
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11answers
7k views

What is the best lens for taking photos of birds?

I was using a Panasonic Lumix, now I finally got a Canon EOS 60D, but I was used to that 18x zoom that my old camera has, because you can't get too close from the birds to take pictures, since they ...
11
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6answers
13k views

What is the difference between a telephoto lens and a zoom lens?

Looking at the product page for Nikon lenses, I notice a distinction between telephoto lens and zoom lens. What is the difference between the two? Why would I want one over the other? I wiki'd ...
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2answers
186 views

Why does this lens lose focus when you zoom in but not when you zoom out?

This is regarding the Sony 18-105 E-mount constant-aperture zoom. I took at photo at 18mm, focusing manually: I then zoomed to 105mm, and took another photo, keeping the same focus: Notice that ...
0
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3answers
204 views

What are the pros and cons of constant-aperture zoom lenses, for a relative beginner?

I use a Sony NEX-5R, and I bought the Sony 18-105 F4 constant-aperture lens. I'm aware that the constant-aperture F4 gathers more light than, say a F3.5 - 5.6, and it gives you more control over the ...
2
votes
2answers
192 views

Difference between zoom and focal length? [duplicate]

Until now I thought that focal length is just another way of measuring how much a lens zooms: The higher the number the more it magnifies, the smaller the number the wider the angle and thus the less ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Is it normal for focal length to change while focusing?

When I change the focus distance on my Pentax 55-300mm lens, the focal length appears to change. More specifically, the lens appears to zoom in as I focus towards the minimum focusing distance. This ...
35
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5answers
95k views

How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?

What is the rule to convert the 'mm' notation to the 'optical zoom' notation? I searched a bit and found this one: optical zoom = maximum focal length / minimum focal length For example a 18-55mm ...
0
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0answers
38 views

Shoot stars or planets with zoomlens.. How to compensate motion? [duplicate]

I know I have to use a wide angle lens for astrophotography, but lets assume i really want to focus on a small spot and capture very faint stars... I'd have 2 requirements that dont cope very well: ...
0
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0answers
19 views

How do I measure the distance between two object in a photo? [duplicate]

If I have a set distance from the camera to an object and a known zoom factor, can I calculate the distance between two objects in the photo by measuring the pixel distance? Thanks a lot! Ed
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4answers
108 views

What is the limiting factor of picture resolution?

What is the limiting factor? E.g (thought experiment) If we are 200m away from a tree (let's pretend it's perfectly stationary) and we take an exposure for a week, shouldn't we collect enough photons ...
0
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1answer
203 views

Sony 3.5-5.6/18-55 SAM (SAL1855) lens broken

I have a Sony 3.5-5.6/18-55 SAM (part no. SAL1855) lens that has taken a knock and the zoom ring is now stuck fast at 55mm and the focus ring doesn't want to pull all the way in. Are there any guides ...
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1answer
94 views

Fixed lens camera [closed]

I hardly ever use the zoom on my camera, and am considering getting a fixed lens as my next camera. I want to ask does anyone know the release schedule of fixed lens camera's, are there any decent ...
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3answers
761 views

Why image at 400mm is LARGER THAN DOUBLE of image at 200mm? (according to lens formula)

Like most of us, I thought it was yes. Until I really look into the Lens Equation: (1/subject distance) + (1/image distance) = (1/focal length) ...
3
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3answers
251 views

Variable focal length for macro lenses?

True macro lenses come in fixed focal length. Are there any macro lensens which have variable focal lengths? And please explain why yes or why not?
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1answer
64 views

Why does the angle of view narrow as you zoom in? [duplicate]

Why does a 4mm lens have a wider angle of view than an 8mm lens ?
11
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3answers
9k views

Why prefer the 18-55mm and 55-250mm lenses vs 18-200mm?

There seems to be a preference for to have the 18 mm - 55 mm 55 mm - 250 mm lenses, but no mention of why they're better than a single 18-200mm. Could someone please explain why the two separate ...
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2answers
128 views

How to focus manually with a Nikkor AF-S DX VR 50-200mm f/4-5.6G zoom lens?

I have a Nikon D3100, for which I just bought a Nikkor AF-S DX VR 50-200mm f/4-5.6G zoom lens. This is a CPU lens and works very nicely in auto-mode, i.e. when you let the camera set the focus. ...
8
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1answer
549 views

Why is the Canon MP-E 65mm F/2.8 Macro Lens not called a zoom?

The Canon MP-E 65mm works differently than my other macro lenses. Compare: With a standard 35mm macro, I can frame first and then adjust focus which only changes framing very slightly with. With the ...
5
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4answers
303 views

Photo : inverse of miniature effect

I am very interested in the miniature effect widely used in photography. Which is to make large scenes such as if they were toys. I wonder if the opposite effect was, of giving a tiny object the ...
0
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1answer
67 views

Why is the external lens for my smartphone blurry when not at full zoom?

I've just bought an optical zoom lens for my Samsung S4 (I'm a web developer and blogger so I thought that it would be a handy tool for taking photo's when out and about without my main camera). The ...
-1
votes
1answer
114 views

Does manual focus carry over to a different aperture, lens or focal length?

This is in the manual focus mode. If I focus my lens so that a certain object is clear and crisp, and then do one of the following, will I have to focus again? Change the aperture Switch to a ...
8
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3answers
5k views

What is the technical difference between focus and zooming?

This may look like a silly question but I don't know what the difference between zooming and focusing is. Zooming in will usually let me have fewer subjects in the scene while zooming out will allow ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Why push/pull zoom is not widespread?

The Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6 L IS USM has a push/pull zoom mechanism instead of a zoom ring. Other lenses, like the Nikon 80-200mm f/2.8 AF released in 1988 use this type of zoom too, but the ...
2
votes
4answers
149 views

What justifies the double price of zoom lenses?

When I read the pros and cons of these two type of lenses, the lists looks like this: Pros of prime: Sharper images Lightweight Cheaper Bigger aperture (shallow dof, better in low light) Even ...
17
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4answers
2k views

Fast prime vs. expensive zoom for indoor sports photograhy?

I plan to try shooting my kids' indoor activities (Tae Kwon Do and Figure Skating). I can get pretty close to the action for TKD, and I have access to ice/board level positions for shooting at the ...
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3answers
87 views

zoom in vs cropping?

I take a photo by zooming in (optical) and cropping a photo without zoom. What would be the difference among the two? I know cropping reduces the photo quality but that's a minor issue for me.
4
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5answers
1k views

Why does the quality of my pictures lower the more I zoom in?

I have a Canon 60D with the 18-200mm kit Lens. I was at the beach not too long ago, I took some pics of my son in the sand, from a very close distance and they came out great. Picture quality was top ...
6
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4answers
1k views

Why is my lens only somewhat sharp near the center and very blurry on the edges?

I bought a canon 50-250mm IS lens (for my T1i), maybe two years ago and haven't used it much, but whenever I do, I always regret using it. Pictures are blurry, the depth of field too shallow and so ...
2
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3answers
323 views

Why do two zoom lenses set to 200mm on the same camera produce different fields of view?

I've been testing out a Nikon 18-200mm F3.5-5.6 against a Nikon 55-300mm F4.5-5.6 I took two pictures of a door knob from an equal distance of about 3 meters away with the same Nikon d7100 DX camera ...
25
votes
3answers
2k views

When you zoom in with a lens on an SLR why does the lens go in then out?

I guess this is more a question of optics than photography but I just got an SLR with a basic 18-55 lens. I noticed that when going from 18 to 55 or 55 to 18 the lens physically comes back in and ...
0
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0answers
197 views

How is it possible for bridge camera with 50x zoom to cost so little? [duplicate]

i state that i'm a completely beginner in the wonderful world of photography. Last year i bought a Fujifilm FinePix S2980 ...
13
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2answers
4k views

What differences between point and shoot zoom versus DSLR zoom cause the price disparity?

I'm just getting into the world of photography, stepping up from a point-and-shoot. I've just purchased a Nikon D3100 and it should be here in a couple of days. I've done lots of research, but ...
2
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2answers
4k views

How close can a Nikon 1 J1 with 30-110mm lens “zoom in” to a shot?

I am trying to decide which camera to buy. Have looked into both the Nikon Coolpix P100 and 1 J1, and feel that the 1J1 is more adaptable, and has many features that I'd like to enjoy. But, I'm ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Does a greater optical zoom range on a lens mean less image quality?

I have read that big optical zooms of let's say 10X do not produce excellent image quality. Is this true even nowadays, as there have been many technological improvements in this area? For example, ...
0
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1answer
286 views

What's the practical difference in an image taken at focal length of 200mm vs 300mm? [duplicate]

I'm confused about the 200mm and the 300mm zoom ranges. I am looking for some examples of the same subject, in order to visualize the difference between 200mm and 300mm focal lengths. I want to ...
1
vote
1answer
107 views

Can a lightweight telephoto zoom lens fulfill my expectations of excellent image quality? [closed]

I am interested in purchasing a Canon, light, in terms of weight, telephoto zoom lens. I would like excellent image quality though. Are my expectations far from real? My future lens is purposed for a ...
0
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4answers
356 views

Looking for a telephoto zoom lens - Tamron, Canon or Sigma?

Are Tamron and Sigma trustworthy as compared to Canon? I am a beginner, so please help me. I have my kit lens Canon 18-55 mm. However I am looking for a telephoto zoom lens. For this reason a Canon ...
1
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1answer
2k views

Nikon 55-300 VR lens vs other Nikon zoom lens

I've Nikon D5100 with 18-55mm kit lens. Had the 55-200mm VR lens but sold it last year. I really enjoyed using the 55-200mm and had no complain. Now I am planning to buy another zoom lens and have ...
1
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3answers
285 views

How can I take a picture at 50mm with a Finepix s8200?

I have this camera. How do I take a picture at 50mm with zoom lens? Does this camera support zoom lens at 50mm?
6
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6answers
5k views

Would the Tamron 18- 270 mm F/3.5-6.3 Di II VC PZD make a good choice as my second lens?

I have a Canon 50/f1.8. I am looking for a zoom lens. After much research, I have zeroed in two lenses as my second lens: either Tamron 18-270 mm F/3.5-6.3 Di II VC PZD or Canon EF75-300mm f/4-5.6 III ...
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1answer
5k views

Why does my aperture setting change as I zoom on my DSLR kit lens?

I am new to the photography field, there are few things which I am not able to understand. I am playing around with my Nikon D90 along with its kit lens (18-105mm). While reading about Depth of ...