India Point Park

India Point Park
by matt-ball                

Submit your Photo
Hall of Fame

Please participate in Meta
and help us grow.

Questions about specific terms used within photography

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

2
votes
2answers
280 views

What makes the Foveon X3 a “direct” image sensor?

In marketing materials mentioning the Foveon X3 sensor, I usually see it referred to as the "Foveon X3 direct image sensor" (example): I understand how the Foveon X3 sensor works (stacked ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is it called “macrofocus” and not “microfocus”?

Typically, when referring to an image of a small object, or just something small, the prefix 'micro' is used. For instance, a tool to look at tiny objects in clear focus is a microscope. A device that ...
14
votes
1answer
907 views

What is lomography?

I've been seeing some buzz about lomography lately. I've been trying to understand what it is and how it is different from photography. Most refer to it as 'experimental analogue film photography'. Is ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

What exactly is “base ISO” and how do I find what is base ISO on my camera?

If I understood correctly, base ISO is in full stop steps from the lowest possible ISO setting on my camera. For example if the lowest setting on my camera is ISO 100, than the following table would ...
9
votes
5answers
4k views

What's the difference between colour space and bit depth?

I know that there are different types of colour space and that sRGB is the most common. Bit depth defines the variations of a colour channel, where (I think) 8 and/or 16 bits are the most common. ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between a point-and-shoot and a mirrorless?

Both point-and-shoot camera and mirrorless cameras seems to be mostly similar in the way they work. So, What are the differences between a point and shoot and a mirrorless camera? Is a mirrorless ...
0
votes
1answer
332 views

What are some other terms for a 3/4 shot?

I know it as the American shot or American wide, but what are some other names?
22
votes
5answers
4k views

What is exposure compensation?

What does exposure compensation do? If I take a photo with a given shutter speed, aperature, and ISO, and then take the same shot with +1EV or -1EV, what is actually happening? Is this just a gain ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

How are “Tele Photography” and “Candid Photography” different for a wedding?

For wedding functions, are "tele photography" and "candid photography" the same? If not, what are all the similarities and dissimilarities?
6
votes
2answers
447 views

Lenses and Filters: what do the terms Coating, Multi-Coating and Nano-Coating mean?

I see the word "Coating" in different questions (related to lenses and filters). What are Coating, Multi-Coating, and Nano-Coating?
107
votes
7answers
9k views

What is bokeh, exactly?

I understand that "bokeh" refers to out-of-focus areas of an image — but there is obviously more to it than that. What does the term mean exactly? How well is bokeh really understood? Is it purely ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What is a parfocal lens and how beneficial is it to photography?

I heard someone say that after using a parfocal lens for the first time, they would never switch back. What is a parfocal lens, how is it different from any other lens, and what are the advantages and ...
32
votes
9answers
9k views

Does a photographer take pictures or make pictures?

Most people speak of the process of photography as taking pictures. However, many serious photographers instead refer to making pictures. One might be inclined to dismiss this as jargon, but there's ...
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

How much zoom does a lens need to have before we call it a superzoom lens?

I've read that superzoom lenses have poor image quality, but how much zoom does a lens need to have before we call it a superzoom lens? 3x is certainly not a superzoom, while 10x probably is. ...
1
vote
0answers
171 views

What is a “pseudo mannequin”?

I am applying for a clothing store at Amazon and they are telling me pictures cannot be on a mannequin or a ghost mannequin, rather they should be on a real model or a pseudo mannequin. What is the ...
5
votes
3answers
5k views

What does “R” mean in Fujifilm's XF Fujinon lens names?

Fujifilm currently makes three lenses for their new X-Pro1 mirrorless camera system: Fujinon XF18mmF2 R Fujinon XF35mmF1.4 R Fujinon XF60mmF2.4 R Macro "Fujinon" is Fujifilm's lens division. The ...
3
votes
1answer
637 views

What is the difference between image processing and image editing?

I've been facing a few questions in my mind about the terms image processing and image editing. What is the difference?
2
votes
4answers
849 views

Is the angle of view actually different on APS-C?

A 50mm prime lens, whether APS-C or Full-frame is designed around the 35mm format. As such, is the angle of view actually different on a DX/APS-C crop sensor or are we just seeing less of the full ...
2
votes
2answers
595 views

How does physical aperture size relate to f/stop?

There are two lenses on the market I am comparing AF Micro-Nikkor 60mm f/2.8D AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED If I use the formula for calculating apertures of both the lenses I will use ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

What's the generic term for portable flashes (Speedlites, Speedlights etc)?

What's the generic term for portable flashes (Speedlites, Speedlights etc) to distinguish them from studio strobes and alike? Is it simply speedlight/speedlite or has that just become a generic ...
13
votes
2answers
2k views

What is color temperature and how does it affect my photography?

I have seen color temperature mentioned with regard to white balance, mixing different sources of light, etc., but I haven't come across a clear explanation of what it means to talk about the ...
17
votes
3answers
4k views

Where does the term “f-stop” come from?

Does anyone know the origins of the term?
14
votes
5answers
17k views

What is “infinity focus”?

I have been reading a bit about astrophotography and the term infinity focus keeps coming up. What is infinity focus and how do you set the camera to infinity focus?
5
votes
1answer
660 views

What is the difference between a step-up and a step-down ring?

What is the difference between a step-up and a step-down ring? I want to put a large diameter filter on a small diameter lens. Do I need a step-up ring or a step-down one?
1
vote
3answers
159 views

What is it called when two images from different locations are blended seamlessly into one?

I have compiled two images to become one. The one image is from Nova Scotia and the other in Utah. I placed the Utah image on top of the top half of the image from Nova Scotia and it looks like it's ...
1
vote
1answer
203 views

What to label digital prints made from scanned negatives in an exhibit?

I have my first exhibit coming up but I am not sure about how to properly label my photographs. All the pictures were taken with 35 mm film, then the negatives were scanned and the images were ...
11
votes
3answers
5k views

Why don't comparisons of aperture take sensor size into account?

When one compares focal length, many times we use the 35mm equivalent length. A 50mm lens on an APS-C sensor camera(1.6x) would be a 80mm equiv. length on a full frame camera. But when we state the ...
7
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the EV scale?

I have seen an "EV" (exposure value) scale that's sometimes used to express a camera's exposure settings, or scene brightness. How exactly does this scale work?
0
votes
4answers
310 views

What is the photography term for blurred / dragged lights?

What is the photography term for blurred / dragged lights? Hare are two quick examples from my phone: Would this be considered bokeh, or does a term even exist for this?
19
votes
5answers
16k views

What is dynamic range and how is it important in photography?

Wikipedia says that the dynamic range is the "ratio between the largest and smallest possible values of a changeable quantity". Ok, I get that. I suppose that's why HDR photos have a "high dynamic ...
7
votes
2answers
6k views

What does Time for Print (TFP) mean in practice?

I've seen the cut and dried version of what Time for Print (also called 'Trade for Print' by many) means on Wikipedia. I was wondering what it is and what it means for the photographer and model ...
9
votes
5answers
436 views

How to identify whether the available light is too harsh or too soft?

When I go out in a park what factors should I consider to determine whether the present light is too harsh or too soft?
13
votes
7answers
1k views

What makes “fine art” fine art?

I've always been shy to refer to any of my work as "fine art"... preferring instead to call it "still life". But I recently had an interesting conversation with an Art History major who said that my ...
15
votes
7answers
5k views

How do you pronounce “bokeh”?

I've had a lot of trouble working out how to pronounce "bokeh". Amusingly enough, I've thus far been unable to get any of the small handful of photographer friends I have to ever say it out loud, ...
1
vote
4answers
2k views

What exactly is focal length when there is also flange focal distance?

If focal length is the measure between the rear element and the sensor then how can you have different flange focal distances? Is the focal length not literally the measure between the rear element ...
8
votes
8answers
8k views

How many pixels in a megapixel?

I am trying to find out the definition of a megapixel? Some references on the web place it at 1 million pixels, and other places say it is equal to 2^20 = 1,048,576 pixels.
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What does “DMC” mean?

I have seen "DMC" in many names of digital cameras. Is this an abbreviation? What does it mean? Some examples: Lumix DMC-TZ40 DMC-FZ200 DMC FT25
14
votes
2answers
24k views

What does DPI mean?

What does DPI mean and how does it affect images displayed on screen versus printed?
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a “crisp” photo?

I see the word crisp used a lot to describe photographs, but I'm not sure what it means. Sometimes it seems synonymous with sharp, but as often it's used along with sharp seemingly to indicate ...
28
votes
4answers
16k views

What is a macro lens?

I've read a few threads on here that mention some elementary descriptions of macro lenses and found some marketing fluff in the box for my Canon about them as well, but being a complete novice I was ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is “solid angle” and how does it relate to photography?

So, I was hanging out in the chat room, and hear mention of something called "Solid Angle". What is this, and how can it be important?
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is it called ISO “speed”?

As I understand it, the ISO value indicates how sensitive the sensor/film is to light. How is this related to speed? Is it something to do with how fast old chemical film developed?
2
votes
3answers
443 views

Are the terms 'push' and 'pull' relevant/applicable to digital photography?

The terms push and pull come from the days of film processing, and there's more on that here and here, but essentially they refer to increasing or decreasing the chemical processing time to account ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

What is CMOS in SLR camera? [duplicate]

I regularly come across this term "Dual Pixel CMOS AF" or "APS HD CMOS" when reading about cameras. So what is this CMOS term? What does it describe about the camera? Is it telling something that it ...
3
votes
2answers
411 views

Does fps relate to still photography or videography?

As a beginner, how much importance should I give to the FPS feature of a camera? How is the price of a DSLR related to the FPS? Directly or inversely? I was under the naive impression that FPS was a ...
8
votes
3answers
16k views

What is the definition of portrait photography?

Can we talk about a portrait photograph if, let's say, a grandmother and her 3-year-old grandchild are in the picture? Or, must it be only one person in the photograph?
2
votes
2answers
285 views

Why refer to “aperture” as “iris”?

With common lenses the aperture is controlled by a mechanism called an "iris." But, especially with cine/video-oriented lenses, I often see the term "iris" used as an apparent synonym for aperture. ...
12
votes
1answer
13k views

What does the magnification ratio number mean on a macro lens?

I'm looking for a macro lens. I have 28-105mm Nikkor which gives me "1:2 Magnification Ratio" (whatever that means). I found another lens, Tamron 90mm Macro, which has magnification ratio of 1:1. ...
6
votes
4answers
735 views

What is the difference or relation between a Color Model and a Color Space?

What is the exact relation or difference between a color model and a color space? I find these two terms to be used interchangeably in some literature. Are they simply the same? Thanks!
2
votes
3answers
2k views

What does “maximum aperture” mean in a camera spec? Where can I get the full aperture range?

I own a Canon S95, and am considering getting a newer model (e.g. Canon S110 or S120), and I'm comparing the specs. According to DPReview.com, the S95 has a maximum aperture of F2.0-F4.9, and the S110 ...