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Questions about specific terms used within photography

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

5
votes
3answers
611 views

Since it's not “focal length”, what is the term for the distance at which things are in focus?

I was under the impression that the “focal length” of a lens is the distance at which stuff appears in-focus. (E.g., perhaps I set the camera so that objects 3 meters away appear sharp, ...
3
votes
2answers
83 views

What do panning, tilt, etc., mean in the context of camera movement?

Panning is along the yaw/vertical axis, right? Tilting is along the pitch/lateral axis, right? Dutch/rolling is along roll/longitudinal axis, right? But, in the context of movement, Panning is lateral ...
1
vote
4answers
142 views

What is a “losee file format”?

I am wondering what a "losee file format is". I came across the term in my photography class book The exact question in the book is: Which of these file formats are considered losee? Does that ...
9
votes
3answers
858 views

What is the difference between “color” and “tones”? [duplicate]

I am working through the Teach Yourself Photoshop book. I opened up a NEF file in Adobe Camera Raw. In the text it says: By shooting in raw you capture more information about the colors and ...
-2
votes
1answer
75 views

What category would pseudo-glamour photos go in? [closed]

These photos seems to be semi-sexual, but without the in-your-face feel that most glamour photography tends to have. As if they've been toned down in subject matter. It's not exactly fashion either, ...
1
vote
1answer
69 views

What does “linearization” mean in RAW processing?

I would like to ask about the linearization in RAW processing. What does this term "linearization" mean in the theory of RAW-processing ?
1
vote
1answer
68 views

What kind of microfibre cloth is the lens-wipe? [closed]

I wish to know what exactly is the microfibre cloth used to wipe lenses. How does one describe this material?
0
votes
6answers
122 views

What kind of lens do I need to get more of the scene into the frame?

I apologize for my lack of photography terminology. I am a beginner who enjoys taking pictures of my infant, and I would like to improve greatly. With the winter here and doing all my pictures ...
3
votes
1answer
79 views

What is “hybrid AF”, and how does it compare to other autofocus technologies?

I've heard of some new cameras — particularly mirrorless cameras — with a feature called "hybrid autofocus". What does this mean, and how does it relate to the traditional approaches of contrast and ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

What is the “airy disc”, in simple language?

In my understanding, this is relevant to photography because if you are shooting light of a certain wavelength (or primarily so, and such as: a blue scene), your aperture size can affect the sharpness ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

What is the difference between “dual aperture camera” and “dual camera” on a phone?

What is the difference between a "dual aperture camera" and a "dual camera"? As far as I know, a dual aperture camera has two 2 apertures (IR sensor) and 2 cameras.
5
votes
2answers
224 views

What is the style of photography called where the objects in the photo are not relevant?

I'm taking many photos where I'm mostly interested in lighting, color, forms. What makes up the image, in terms of objects, is largely irrelevant. An apple could just as well be a red ball, a bush ...
2
votes
3answers
233 views

What is the style of photography employed by Ka Xiaoxi?

The photos by Chinese pro photographer Ka Xiaoxi in this article seem to all have a very bright harsh flash going off. (More work by the same artist for Nike; also see his web site.) Typically for my ...
14
votes
5answers
2k views

What does it mean when a TV “supports HDR”?

I am a bit confused about how HDR (on TV) works. The way I see it, multiple images of the same frame are used to create one image which shows better details in low-light and high-light areas of the ...
2
votes
3answers
124 views

What is the root of “El bokeh wall” naming?

I've found that bokeh wall in some sources is referred as El Bokeh Wall. I wonder: why is that? Searching gives no answer. Is it in spanish or something else? Example of using "El Bokeh Wall": ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

What is “photo paper”?

I've heard of photo paper, and I assume it's better suited for printing photos, but in what way? And what is photo paper in the first place? If I buy high GSM (like 250) paper of matte, semi-glossy ...
13
votes
2answers
429 views

What is split toning?

What is split toning? Some questions that seem highly related to the strict definition and might fit into an answer include: Why is the technique used? Is it achieved differently for digital vs ...
0
votes
1answer
172 views

What's a series of pictures called? Not montage, collage etc. — something from National Geographic

I'm not talking about a collage, montage, slideshow or any form of video or time-lapse. It's a word I had read on some page of the National Geographic site but forgot. The series tells a story of a ...
1
vote
2answers
124 views

What is it called when a camera generates files with more megapixels than the actual sensor provides?

I found in many Android devices that the "real array size", which is the actual pixel count of the camera sensor, is lower than the 4:3 Max picture the user can take. For example: Sensor Array = 1616 ...
3
votes
1answer
325 views

Is there a technique for combining multiple images to create a sharper result?

I've been experimenting with photogrammetry for a while, and the main hurdle I keep tripping over is the clarity (lack thereof) of my images. Rather than spend a lot of money on a better camera, I'm ...
2
votes
2answers
281 views

What makes the Foveon X3 a “direct” image sensor?

In marketing materials mentioning the Foveon X3 sensor, I usually see it referred to as the "Foveon X3 direct image sensor" (example): I understand how the Foveon X3 sensor works (stacked ...
17
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is it called “macrofocus” and not “microfocus”?

Typically, when referring to an image of a small object, or just something small, the prefix 'micro' is used. For instance, a tool to look at tiny objects in clear focus is a microscope. A device that ...
-1
votes
1answer
101 views

How are “Tele Photography” and “Candid Photography” different for a wedding?

For wedding functions, are "tele photography" and "candid photography" the same? If not, what are all the similarities and dissimilarities?
3
votes
1answer
146 views

What is this plastic ring called on a tripod and can I get a replacement?

I have a Hama Compact Traveller Tripod in which the plastic ring that inserts where the tripod head and metal tube goes is broken. Is it possible to get a replacement for this as I do not wish to ...
0
votes
1answer
336 views

What are some other terms for a 3/4 shot?

I know it as the American shot or American wide, but what are some other names?
-1
votes
2answers
115 views

How much zoom does a lens need to have before we call it a superzoom lens?

I've read that superzoom lenses have poor image quality, but how much zoom does a lens need to have before we call it a superzoom lens? 3x is certainly not a superzoom, while 10x probably is. ...
1
vote
0answers
171 views

What is a “pseudo mannequin”?

I am applying for a clothing store at Amazon and they are telling me pictures cannot be on a mannequin or a ghost mannequin, rather they should be on a real model or a pseudo mannequin. What is the ...
3
votes
1answer
641 views

What is the difference between image processing and image editing?

I've been facing a few questions in my mind about the terms image processing and image editing. What is the difference?
2
votes
2answers
596 views

How does physical aperture size relate to f/stop?

There are two lenses on the market I am comparing AF Micro-Nikkor 60mm f/2.8D AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED If I use the formula for calculating apertures of both the lenses I will use ...
6
votes
2answers
201 views

What's the generic term for portable flashes (Speedlites, Speedlights etc)?

What's the generic term for portable flashes (Speedlites, Speedlights etc) to distinguish them from studio strobes and alike? Is it simply speedlight/speedlite or has that just become a generic ...
5
votes
1answer
661 views

What is the difference between a step-up and a step-down ring?

What is the difference between a step-up and a step-down ring? I want to put a large diameter filter on a small diameter lens. Do I need a step-up ring or a step-down one?
1
vote
3answers
160 views

What is it called when two images from different locations are blended seamlessly into one?

I have compiled two images to become one. The one image is from Nova Scotia and the other in Utah. I placed the Utah image on top of the top half of the image from Nova Scotia and it looks like it's ...
1
vote
1answer
204 views

What to label digital prints made from scanned negatives in an exhibit?

I have my first exhibit coming up but I am not sure about how to properly label my photographs. All the pictures were taken with 35 mm film, then the negatives were scanned and the images were ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Is resolution the same thing as active pixel count?

If you have a camera with resolution Y x X, then is active pixel count always the product of the resolution? Are they saying essentially the same thing?
13
votes
3answers
866 views

Is there a standard vocabulary for posing?

I've been looking for a definitive catalog of named poses. Catalogs consisting mainly of unlabeled photos are easy to come by. "1,001 Poses for the Professional Photographer," kind of thing. This ...
0
votes
4answers
312 views

What is the photography term for blurred / dragged lights?

What is the photography term for blurred / dragged lights? Hare are two quick examples from my phone: Would this be considered bokeh, or does a term even exist for this?
3
votes
3answers
164 views

Why can I see beyond sRGB in CIE Chromatic Diagram

According to CIE 1931 color space chart, the sRGB gamut is what's inside the triangle: As you can see from the diagram, blue is shown outside the sRGB gamut (at about 460 nm wavelength). Knowing ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a “crisp” photo?

I see the word crisp used a lot to describe photographs, but I'm not sure what it means. Sometimes it seems synonymous with sharp, but as often it's used along with sharp seemingly to indicate ...
12
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is it called ISO “speed”?

As I understand it, the ISO value indicates how sensitive the sensor/film is to light. How is this related to speed? Is it something to do with how fast old chemical film developed?
0
votes
2answers
147 views

What is CMOS in SLR camera? [duplicate]

I regularly come across this term "Dual Pixel CMOS AF" or "APS HD CMOS" when reading about cameras. So what is this CMOS term? What does it describe about the camera? Is it telling something that it ...
3
votes
2answers
415 views

Does fps relate to still photography or videography?

As a beginner, how much importance should I give to the FPS feature of a camera? How is the price of a DSLR related to the FPS? Directly or inversely? I was under the naive impression that FPS was a ...
2
votes
2answers
286 views

Why refer to “aperture” as “iris”?

With common lenses the aperture is controlled by a mechanism called an "iris." But, especially with cine/video-oriented lenses, I often see the term "iris" used as an apparent synonym for aperture. ...
1
vote
2answers
174 views

CIE Chromatic Diagram explainment

The MacAdam Ellipse is applied in the CIE Chromatic Diagram. I understand that humans distinguish some colors better then other colors (that's why the shape is eliptic / a horseshoe / inverted ...
20
votes
4answers
6k views

What makes a DSLR camera “entry-level”?

When I look around the questions on this site, I feel everyone can clearly tell what makes a DSLR camera "entry-level". But I have no clue on how to tell. What makes a camera model "entry" level or ...
1
vote
1answer
119 views

Difference between luminance and brightness [duplicate]

What is the difference between Luminance and Brigthness? If there is any...
9
votes
5answers
437 views

How to identify whether the available light is too harsh or too soft?

When I go out in a park what factors should I consider to determine whether the present light is too harsh or too soft?
3
votes
2answers
324 views

If it's not a 100% crop, what is it? [duplicate]

I've been reading a camera review which shows a picture with a tiny rectangle highlighted. It then shows that rectangle expanded to the same size as the original picture so that one can see the ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What does “OS” mean on a Sigma lens? [duplicate]

I want to buy a Sigma 180mm F/2.8 EX DG Macro OS HSM Sigma. What does EX mean? What does DG mean? What does OS mean? What does HSM mean?
9
votes
5answers
4k views

What's the difference between colour space and bit depth?

I know that there are different types of colour space and that sRGB is the most common. Bit depth defines the variations of a colour channel, where (I think) 8 and/or 16 bits are the most common. ...
3
votes
3answers
715 views

Is there a term for “not portrait” photos?

My photos rarely have people (faces) in them. Is there a term for such photography?