Napioa - Wind Origins

Napioa - Wind Origins
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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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How can cameras have the same number of megapixels even when the sensor size differs? [duplicate]

The image resolution for the respective megapixels remains the same whether the camera is of medium format or full frame or APS-C or even mobile phones. However the sensor sizes differ in these ...
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2answers
913 views

Does front-curtain sync put blur in front of an object, and rear-curtain sync behind it?

I recently watched Adorama's video on rear curtain sync flash photography. At 4.12 to 4.42, the presenter claims that when using front-curtain sync, the background/long exposure blur will be put on ...
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4answers
10k views

What is meant by the “native ISO” when talking about DSLRs?

The new Nikon D7000 is out, and a lot of previews has touted the "native iso" of D7000 to be 100. What does this actually mean? I'm assuming it means it performs at its best at iso 100, which means ...
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2answers
114 views

Why the photos captured from my mobile camera doesn't give a same results in same conditions?

Last night I was trying to create a time-lapse of the Orion constellation. Setting all the camera settings to manual (max ISO my mobile camera allows 1600 , shutter speed 1 sec), I was trying to ...
2
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1answer
240 views

Why do I get white images with black vertical stripes?

Apparently my 3 year old Canon EOS 550D is fed up with my style of photography and decided to explore abstract arts instead. All it shows on the LCD and stores on the SD card is this: When I ...
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2answers
118 views

How can I use a remote shutter release during IR photography with a D3s without leaking into the image?

I'm using a D3s for infrared photography. I'm trying to use a shutter remote to take the images, but the remote's IR-emitting LED/photodiode is emitting enough light to leak into my image on the ...
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1answer
118 views

Will sun damage to a sensor create an unusual amount of noise in images?

Recently I was playing with my Sony α6000 camera, taking some shots of birds in the morning and also the sun. It was after taking the shots that I stumbled upon the fact on the internet that sun ...
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1answer
224 views

Why is my Canon Digital IXUS/ELPH making distorted photos with purple cast

My ~10 year old Canon PowerShot Digital ELPH S410 (IXUS 430) has been left in a drawer for the past 6 years. I took it out recently to give to my young son as his first camera, but the pictures have ...
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3answers
230 views

Are the stops of the dynamic range of a cameras sensor the same as the stops the light meter shows?

My name is Elefterios and I am studying photography and audiovisuals. Currently I'm on my last year doing my thesis project related to timelapse. On the HDR Timelapse chapter I'm writing a short ...
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1answer
352 views

Are mobile phone camera lenses good enough to support 20MP sensors?

With mobile phone cameras approaching 20 MP while maintaining small sensor sizes, pixels dimensions are typically around 1 μm or lower. What about the lenses? Are they good enough to produce an Airy ...
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2answers
82 views

What factors affect the dynamic range of a sensor?

I understand what dynamic range is, but I'm interested in what it is that allows different sensors to have increased dynamic range over other sensors. For example, the classic explanation of a sensor ...
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3answers
150 views

A/D conversion, processors marketed less actively than sensor characteristics?

In most literature about digital photography, there is some info-graphics about the path of the light signal from sensor to the storage. It starts with sensor, then there is the ...
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7answers
838 views

Why do cameras use a single exposure rather than integrating across many very quick reads?

I have never understood why cameras need a shutter with a specific speed and why this cannot be adjusted in postprocessing. I think that present sensor works in an integral way: they save the amount ...
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5answers
1k views

Does it matter which way the camera is orientated for the sensor cleaning to work?

With the advent of sensor cleaning in newer bodies - does it matter which way up you hold the camera whilst it is cleaning? I understand that the sensor cleaning works by vibrating the sensor to knock ...
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4answers
2k views

How can dynamic-range be larger than sensor bit-depth?

Found something that confused me and so I thought the crowd here can probably answer this one since its camera-related and technical at the same time. How can dynamic-range be larger than sensor ...
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1answer
1k views

Where is the AF sensor located in a DSLR?

As I understand every DSLR has a separate, smaller sensor that handles phase detection focusing. Where is it located? If this location is different for every DSLR, and therefore this broad question ...
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2answers
104 views

Should I be worried about the pixelation in my photo? [closed]

I took a photo of a lake and while editing it I found that the image actually had sensors pixel view all over the picture. Is this something I should worry about? Here in my photo, Pixels of the ...
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5answers
382 views

Why do cameras use a slit between two curtains rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly?

Why is it more effective to use "a slit travelling from top to bottom of the sensor" in faster shutter speeds, rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly? And the slit thing only comes in fast ...
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2answers
923 views

What is the precise definition of SNR, as used by DxOmark?

What is the precise definition of signal to noise ratio, as used by DxOmark? Please see here, after clicking Measurements, SNR 18% (it's not directly linkable). I am looking for an explanation (in ...
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2answers
47 views

Camera cleaning by professionals or by myself? [duplicate]

My camera has accumulated some dust on its chip over the past 3 years and I want to clean it. Do you have experience with cleaning your camera's sensors on your own with appropriate gear? Do you ...
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5answers
284 views

Why does it seem like large sensors are necessary for good low-light performance?

Phone manufacturers have recently started advertising the size of the photosites on smartphone camera sensors. They argue that larger photosites lead to better low-light performance. I think a good ...
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3answers
4k views

Does the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D have any dust related problems?

I’m planning on purchasing the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D very soon. It’s the only DSLR that fits my budget (other one is the Nikon D3100 which I don't plan to get). I like everything about the camera ...
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1answer
217 views

Real world Dynamic Range

I am confused with the science of electronics, regarding cameras and sensors. I have read the posts and answers here and elsewhere. All I walk away with is the electronic specs of cameras and sensors. ...
2
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1answer
149 views

How Does A 5D Mk3 Generate The Histogram It Displays In Live View?

What is happening under the hood when a 5D Mk3 displays a histogram (luminance or RGB)? What exactly is the data it uses (raw sensor data, jpeg or something else)?
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1answer
81 views

What camera used the largest EXR sensor, and which one offered the largest EXR pixels?

I learned to appreciate Fuji's EXR sensor technology for travel and reporting photography when I used a Fuji X10. But like with all compact cameras, I feel a larger sensor and / or pixel size would ...
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2answers
856 views

Black dots on all photos

I took this image with a phone (some Sony). The lens is clean on the outside. The owner of the phone says those black dots started appearing and supposedly are multiplying. Is it some dust in the ...
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4answers
177 views

How does “crop factor” relate to the area of a sensor compared to full frame?

What is meant when someone says that a 1/2.3 sensor has a crop factor of 6.22? How many times the area of a 1/2.3 sensor is a full-frame sensor? Please include plenty of details. Another ...
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3answers
194 views

If I set my camera to lower resolution, does that mean more sensor area per image pixel?

My camera is the Nikon D3200 and the specs state that it has a Sensor Pixel Area of 14.85µm2 @ 24MP. When i set my camera to JPEG (fine), I have the ability to set the picture size. Would setting it ...
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2answers
194 views

Horizontal banding pattern near sun: sensor flare?

Following is a crop from a RAW shot, developed in Lightroom 5.7, into a setting sun from a Sony A77II – ISO 100, f/5, 1/20s, with a TTL fill flash. In the darker regions near the sun a series ...
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7answers
1k views

Why don't sensors have a wider aspect ratio?

than 3:2, like 16:9 or 16:10? Given the popularity of widescreen TVs and computer monitors with wide aspect ratios, and that most photos are viewed on a screen, rather than printed, and that the eye ...
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4answers
159 views

Why do camera manufacturers advertise image processors but not the sensor itself?

Camera manufacturers often advertise their image processors version in advertisements, such as DIGIC 6 (Canon), EXPEED 5A (Nikon) and many more. But we never see they advertise the sensor they are ...
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3answers
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Why do electronic shutters expose row by row?

This question connects with my previous question, Why do cameras use a slit between two curtains rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly? This question is about why the slit thing comes with ...
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8answers
707 views

Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
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2answers
68 views

photographing a full moon [duplicate]

I have photographed the moon zoomed out to 500mm or so with my Lumix FZ150 when the sky is not very dark and have successfully captured terrific detail in the moon's features. However, when trying to ...
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3answers
3k views

How common are hot pixels on new cameras?

How common are hot pixels on new cameras?! I read that people may check up to 5 cameras at stores to actually find a perfect one, is this true? so how commons is this? what is the chance of getting a ...
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13answers
4k views

What is the best way to clean the sensor on a digital SLR?

I've got a couple of spots of dust on the sensor of my Canon 20D - a rocket blower isn't shifting them, and I'm ridiculously scared of some of the more direct methods for cleaning sensors -- what ...
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0answers
321 views

Is it normal for the Canon 6D to exhibit more color noise compared to a 50D?

My first day with 6D, upgraded from a 50D. Wouldn't be pixel-peeping but something unusual caught my eye when I opened photos in Lightroom this morning. The color noise pattern is completely different ...
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2answers
373 views

Effective focal length of kit 16-50mm lens on A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop factor) [duplicate]

This is likely a tedious question for you guys but, as a camera noob, I'm miffed, so please bear with me. I have a: Sony A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop sensor). With kit lens: SELP1650 lens (16-50mm) So, ...
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4answers
2k views

Why does a bigger sensor have better dynamic range?

I already understand all the theory behind how a bigger sensor leads to better control of depth of field, and lower noise. But I've yet to find a place that can explain why a bigger sensor gives you a ...
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4answers
2k views

Shooting 50mm EF vs EF-S

I have a Canon EOS 550D with a APS-C sensor. I have two lenses, (1) Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS and the (2) Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 Mk II. If I use the 50mm focal length in the first EF-S lens... I ...
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5answers
5k views

Why are larger sensors better at low light?

The top answer of What point and shoots are good in low light conditions? says that (1) a fast lens/wide aperture (2) reasonable ISO 400+ handling and (3) a large sensor when put together are critical ...
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1answer
83 views

Sony Full Frame E Mount Sensor Corners

Context I've seen the Canon 5D Mark III, Nikon D750 and A7R before. The sensor placement of the Nikon and Canon reveals the whole sensor if you look "down" the mount on the camera. On the A7r though ...
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2answers
125 views

Does A RAW file exist containing the full dynamic range of a natural scene with a ratio of 100,000:1?

I've just read Karl Lang's excellent whitepaper - Rendering the Print: the Art of Photography. In it, he mentions that the ratio of light to dark in a 'natural scene' can have a ratio of 100,000:1, a ...
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3answers
132 views

What causes noise floor in an image sensor?

In the book Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras, it says that Read noise, or noise floor, is defined as noise that comes from the readout electronics.Noise generated in a ...
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8answers
2k views

What is Snapsort's “true resolution” score?

On Snapsort I found this explanation: True resolution Manufacturers advertise high megapixels to sell their cameras, Snapsort calculates the true resolution of each camera based on the ...
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2answers
211 views

Why is FF sharper than crop body for the same framing of the same object?

Take an FF body and a crop body, with similar MP rating - and the FF body will give a sharper image of the same object. At least, that seems to be the case - as here: ...
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3answers
15k views

What is the Chief Ray Angle (CRA)?

I want to select image sensors for a particular application. One term that I have come across regularly in their datasheets is the CRA. I was comparing 2 image sensors and although they were of ...
5
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2answers
327 views

Are these spots on the sensor or the lens? [duplicate]

Equipment is Canon EOS 5D3 (5760x3840) with a 24-105 f/4 L lens at 105mm, ISO 200. The following are crops from the same small (676x449) section of a couple of blue sky shots I did to test for sensor ...
14
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4answers
3k views

Why aren't there any cooled CCD sensors to reduce noise?

Sensor cooling is a common technology to get less noise. Why isn't it available on high-end D-SLRs ? (see http://www.andor.com/scientific_cameras/ikon-m_cooled_ccd/ for an extreme example) I'm not ...
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1answer
249 views

What is the sensor inside NIKON D3300?

Looking for a DSLR with Sony sensor inside, NIKON uses Sony EXMOR CMOS sensor in their DSLR. But there is no confirmation about what is the sensor used in NIKON D3300.