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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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Using a full frame lens on a crop sensor camera [duplicate]

I have a Canon 70D APS-C sized sensor camera. I currently have a Sigma 10-20mm, a Canon 50mm 1.8, a Canon 75-300mm and of course the kit lens. I want to buy the Canon 24-105mm F4 L as an upgrade. I ...
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40 views

Is the anti alias filter really a blurring filter?

I'm trying to dig into the nature of how the anti aliasing filter works. This is of importance to me as I need to capture small details at the very edge of the resolution limit of the cameras lens as ...
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2answers
1k views

How does a sensor cause vignetting?

Vignetting is usually assigned to lens characteristics, or caused by light-blocking objects in front of a lens, like lens-hood or a filter. Is there vignetting (or vignetting-like effect) caused by ...
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1answer
69 views

Exmor RS. What value does it add to an 1" sensor?

Recently, new versions of Sony P&S cameras (DSC-RX10 II, DSC-RX100 IV) have emerged. They feature new 1" stacked CMOS image sensor called Exmor RS. I understand that this technology increases the ...
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1answer
161 views

Why do I get white images with black vertical stripes?

Apparently my 3 year old Canon EOS 550D is fed up with my style of photography and decided to explore abstract arts instead. All it shows on the LCD and stores on the SD card is this: When I ...
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45 views

How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? [duplicate]

In order to understand the technology in a digital camera, I considered the following question: How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? For example, does ISO setting affect the amount ...
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262 views

In terms of “image quality”, is the sensor the only spec of a DSLR I should look at when shooting RAW?

There are so many specs which don't have any influence on your RAW file. I'm trying to isolate the factors that matter for image quality only. For example, I'm not sure about the processor : of ...
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12answers
3k views

What is the best way to clean the sensor on a digital SLR?

I've got a couple of spots of dust on the sensor of my Canon 20D - a rocket blower isn't shifting them, and I'm ridiculously scared of some of the more direct methods for cleaning sensors -- what ...
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64 views

Blur each pixel independently on sensor to reduce moire effect

If I understand correctly, sensors can produce a moire effect because their subpixels are separate (each one is affected by a different portion of the image), so to stop this effect, some cameras have ...
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128 views

How is a Bayer filter manufactured?

Following on from an earlier question about bayer filters, it got me wondering: How are they actually manufactured? How do they apply such a small amount of dye to each sub pixel? My best guess ...
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5answers
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Why and how do “bigger pixels” make a better picture?

This is going off of today's iPhone 5S announcement, when Phil Schiller said that "bigger pixels" is the key to a better picture. What does this mean? Is it true or just a marketing ploy?
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6answers
152 views

Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is “35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?”

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The ...
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6answers
11k views

Can a laser pointer damage the sensor in a digital camera?

I once experimented with standing in a dark room and directing a laser pointer towards my digital camera with a long shutter speed while moving the two about. I made a few images that way; one was ...
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1answer
132 views

What's the point of a shutter when the sensor is clearly working all the time to provide live view?

Something I don't understand about compact digital cameras is how their shutters work. On the screen at the back of the camera, a preview is constantly shown. I assume this preview is made by light ...
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0answers
43 views

Quilted/Tiled Image Sensor: How do you eliminate stripes of missing photos in huge quilted sensors?

Background: This question is largely inspired by one of the answers in: What limits the size of digital imaging sensors? So the answer mentions uber-large image sensors that are made by "quilting" or ...
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2answers
161 views

What is the nature of noise in small-sensor cameras, and can it be overcome in the future?

What is the physical nature of noise in small-sensor cameras? Is it thermal noise in the semiconductor? Is there hope that in a couple of years, noise in small sensors will disappear, and small ...
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1answer
110 views

What causes chroma noise in an image sensor

I'm trying to understand what is causing chroma noise in an image sensor, specifically why it is so visible when the ISO is set to a very high value (which for CMOS I guess means that there is an ...
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2answers
101 views

What is it called when a camera generates files with more megapixels than the actual sensor provides?

I found in many Android devices that the "real array size", which is the actual pixel count of the camera sensor, is lower than the 4:3 Max picture the user can take. For example: Sensor Array = 1616 ...
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1answer
89 views

Will black level of one sensor reduce its dynamic range?

For one camera, the black level of the sensor will make the output non-zero when it is covered. For example the output of the sensor is 10bit and black level is 63, if the output is reduced by black ...
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1answer
131 views

How close are we to the sensor pixel size limit?

Given the wavelengths of light we see, presumably there is some limit of pixel size below which we cannot resolve – i.e., packing four pixels into the area of one pixel would not be able to ...
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2answers
234 views

What makes the Foveon X3 a “direct” image sensor?

In marketing materials mentioning the Foveon X3 sensor, I usually see it referred to as the "Foveon X3 direct image sensor" (example): I understand how the Foveon X3 sensor works (stacked ...
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1answer
2k views

Is it really better to shoot at full-stop ISOs?

The second half of this answer says Notice that I only shot full-stop ISO which is important with Canon DSLRs because the gain to obtain the 1/3 stops in between is applied in software by the ...
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5answers
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What's the difference between CCD and CMOS image sensors?

I keep reading articles about CCD vs CMOS image sensors. What is the difference between these two types? What exactly do these sensors do in terms of photography? Is a CCD-based camera going to be ...
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1answer
115 views

Imbalance in green pixels

Question in brief: at a sensor level what are the typical causes of an unequal response between adjacent green pixels? Background: I'm experimenting with a sensor, which is typically deployed in the ...
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3answers
158 views

What are the RGB primaries in a camera?

More generally, what is the nature of the gamut? Primaries as peak sensitivity don't behave the same as primaries for mixing output. I suppose this is necessary to know for RAW importing and would be ...
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Does the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D have any dust related problems?

I’m planning on purchasing the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D very soon. It’s the only DSLR that fits my budget (other one is the Nikon D3100 which I don't plan to get). I like everything about the camera ...
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190 views

Which sensor “full frame” vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion?

Which sensor "full frame" vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion using the same lens? I mean, would a 10mm lens on a full frame camera show more or less distortion than if it were on an APS-C (1.6 ...
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3answers
131 views

Will a macro extension tube eliminate the cropping of an APS-C lens on a full-frame sensor?

I understand using an A-mount lens intended for APS-C sensors on a full-frame camera results in cropping of the image. According to a tech at Sony, you lose 1/3 of pixels (APS-C is a 2/3 sensor so it ...
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2answers
11k views

What are the advantages or disadvantages of a back illuminated CMOS sensor?

The iPhone 4s uses a backlit CMOS sensor, and I have noticed that some other point and shoot cameras do as well. What does that mean for photography, and if it is a benefit why do DSLR cameras not use ...
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2answers
134 views

What determines the fastest shutter speed for an electronic shutter?

I tried my luck over at Robotics but didn't have any luck finding somebody knowledgeable. Somebody therefore suggested to post the question here again. I understand that there are different types of ...
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6answers
11k views

Are Nikon DSLR sensors actually better than Canon's?

I've been a happy Canon user for a while. When I was doing my initial research on what brand to buy several years ago, I came to the conclusion that both Nikon and Canon are equally good (which I ...
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8answers
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How can I photograph welding?

My partner is creating a sculptural work using MIG welding and has asked me to document the process. I have a few questions regarding how to photograph it? Looking at the arc can damage your ...
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6answers
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Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field?

It has been mentioned at a few places that a larger sensor results in images with a shallower depth of field. Example image: APS-C Canon 30D left, FF Canon 5D right, same lens, same composition, ...
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1answer
81 views

Does sensor type affect image quality? [duplicate]

I've recently discovered snapsort.com and use it to compare other cameras with the one I own. When comparing Pentax k10D with the K-x model I learned that the K-x has a CMOS sensor and that ...
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2answers
110 views

How is the spectral response of a camera typically measured?

I cannot find any resources that detail a standardized method of measuring the spectral response of a camera. Does such a standard exist? Does anyone know how to do this? To give some context, I'm ...
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4answers
6k views

What are the pros and cons of different Bayer demosaicing algorithms?

Bayer sensors use a pattern of red, green, and blue pixels, and merge those together into a final color image, with one pixel for every single color sensor. This could be done through a "naive" ...
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1answer
110 views

How fast does a sensor cool down sufficiently after a long exposure?

If I am taking long exposures for star trails how long should I wait between exposures to allow the sensor to cool down?
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1answer
111 views

What does “MECHA DEVICE SERVICE” mean in a Sony repair listing?

My Sony A7 just came back from the repair with a listing that this part was changed out: A1976128A — described as "MECHA DEVICE SERVICE". Any idea what it is? I'm guessing it's the sensor, but it's ...
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2answers
145 views

How is data in a camera's colorspace transformed into XYZ or a standard RGB space?

I have a canon 600d that says it uses sRGB. How is this even possible without having the same spectral sensitivity spectrum as a standard observer? It is possible to define the matching functions of ...
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1answer
6k views

What effect does a UV filter provide?

I know that I should always use a filter on my lens to protect the camera lens, however, exactly what impact to the picture does using a UV filter have — since that is the one most often used? I seem ...
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0answers
29 views

How risky is removing the Hot Mirror Filter (IR Filter) from a DSLR's sensor? [duplicate]

I recently stumbled upon an astro photography tutorial which involved photographing the 'Milky Way' I was told to remove the IR filter (Hot mirror) from the sensor for better results, as it blocks ...
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3answers
7k views

What is the Nyquist Limit and what is its significance to photographers?

The Nyquist Limit is frequently mentioned in the context of lens and sensor resolution. What is it and what is its significance to photographers? Here is an example of it being used by DPReview.com ...
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7answers
3k views

What happened to Foveon sensors?

It seems like the Foveon sensor should be able to produce better images, because it's not dependent on the separate red, green, and blue pixels as exist on most digital cameras. However, cameras ...
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4answers
569 views

Why does BRIGHT red in direct sun come out orange?

I was at the NEC today dropping off a car for an auction, and took this quick photo (no intention to use for anything so no attempt at composition!) This was taken on a LG Nexus 5 mobile phone. I ...
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1answer
139 views

What is this yellow mark I get on dark photos?

I'm using a Nikon D3200 - new to photography. Whenever I take photos of the night I always get this yellow mark in the same spot. I thought it could be a dirty lens so I cleaned it with a microfiber ...
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1answer
111 views

can you remove a hair on the image sensor in light room?

i took a series of pictures yesterday and discovered that shooting around f/13, f/16, there is what appears to be a hair located on the image sensor and is visible in the pictures where the lens is ...
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1answer
258 views

What is the native color gamut of a modern digital sensor?

What is the area of CIE 1931 diagram that is being covered by contemporary digital camera sensors? I can find triangles for LCD panels being comapred to sRGB and aRGB and ProPhoto. There are always ...
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1answer
61 views

Low-light photography: How much light reflects off a surface

I'm looking at light levels for photography and I'm trying to figure out how much light hits my sensor. There are plenty of tables online which give light levels, but that's only directly relevant if ...
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7answers
8k views

What am I photographing INSIDE my camera?

I've been experimenting with low light photography. I've photographed something weird inside my camera and don't really know what it is. This is the image initially taken... Seems inoccuious ...
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4answers
404 views

What *exactly* is white balance?

When setting a white balance configuration, we adjust the temperature and green-magenta shift to a wavelength-intensity distribution of light that correlates most closely with the actual distribution ...