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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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635 views

How does the spectral sensitivity of different sensors affect the resulting photo?

I am learning about light and color formation but I don't understand how does the sensitivity affects an image. Take for instance the different sensitivities for two "cameras" for each RGB channel ...
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1answer
89 views

Will black level of one sensor reduce its dynamic range?

For one camera, the black level of the sensor will make the output non-zero when it is covered. For example the output of the sensor is 10bit and black level is 63, if the output is reduced by black ...
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2answers
207 views

Big sensor and landscape photography, DoF

I've been an owner of point & shot cameras for some years. Now, I'm considering to move to bigger sensor cameras (4/3, asp-c) because I really hate the noise that small sensors produce on low ...
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1answer
2k views

What is causing this white spot in every photo with my D90?

Recently I noticed that the photographs from my D90 has an odd white dot in it. The dot is present in every image. The dot becomes clearly visible as I zoom into the image. I have attached a photo ...
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1answer
115 views

Imbalance in green pixels

Question in brief: at a sensor level what are the typical causes of an unequal response between adjacent green pixels? Background: I'm experimenting with a sensor, which is typically deployed in the ...
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1answer
99 views

General guidelines on choosing a lens for an image sensor [closed]

Not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, but here it is: I am trying to get up and running a VGA image sensor: 2755um x 2050um image area with 4.2um x 4.2um pixels and 640x480 ...
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2answers
532 views

is a camera sensor size cropped according to the change in pixel aspect ratio of a resolution?

As an example, canon 6d full frame has the highest resolution of 5472 x 3648 with a pixel aspect ratio of 3:2 . As this is the highest I assume this is utilising the full size of the sensor. If the ...
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3answers
668 views

Do these colored streaks mean that my CF card is bad?

I have been shooting with the same Nikon d700 for about three years (about 200k clicks). I started seeing a streak run across one out of every 250 images (example here: http://wp.me/aRb6L-1lT). So, I ...
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0answers
27 views

Relationship between the focal length and sensor size [duplicate]

What is a relationship between the focal length of the lens and the sensor size to achieve the same image area ?
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0answers
243 views

Canon 6d color noise (and compared to 50d)

my first day with 6D, upgraded form 50D. Wouldn't be pixel peeping but something unusual caught my eye when I opened photos in Lightroom this morning. The color noise pattern is completely different ...
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0answers
69 views

Bright dots on all images [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is my camera showing a lot of stuck red and white pixels? Recently I noticed that on every picture I take, there are some tiny (close to pixel size) bright dots ...
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1answer
81 views

Does sensor type affect image quality? [duplicate]

I've recently discovered snapsort.com and use it to compare other cameras with the one I own. When comparing Pentax k10D with the K-x model I learned that the K-x has a CMOS sensor and that ...
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1answer
160 views

Why do I get white images with black vertical stripes?

Apparently my 3 year old Canon EOS 550D is fed up with my style of photography and decided to explore abstract arts instead. All it shows on the LCD and stores on the SD card is this: When I ...
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4answers
154 views

Dark spots - sensor toast?

I can't seem to get rid of some very annoying dark spots that are very noticeable under certain lighting conditions. I've taken a test shot of my monitor showing a white background and amped up the ...
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6answers
151 views

Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is “35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?”

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The ...
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2answers
123 views

why is a compact sensor brighter than a APS-C size sensor

So I may be missing something but I cannot think what it can be. I have a Sony compact hx9v and an NEX-6. the 16mm on the NEX is very similar to the compact at its widest, so I thought I would ...
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3answers
99 views

A/D conversion, processors marketed less actively than sensor characteristics?

Two questions: In most literature about digital photography, there is some info-graphics about the path of the light signal from sensor to the storage. It starts with sensor, then there is the ...
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2answers
4k views

What is the difference between APS-C and Full Frame sensor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do the differences between APS-C and full frame sensors matter, and why? I was doing research in buying the Sony NEX-7 camera, but today the news was all about the ...
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2answers
145 views

How is data in a camera's colorspace transformed into XYZ or a standard RGB space?

I have a canon 600d that says it uses sRGB. How is this even possible without having the same spectral sensitivity spectrum as a standard observer? It is possible to define the matching functions of ...
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1answer
111 views

can you remove a hair on the image sensor in light room?

i took a series of pictures yesterday and discovered that shooting around f/13, f/16, there is what appears to be a hair located on the image sensor and is visible in the pictures where the lens is ...
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1answer
192 views

How does long exposure photography work on digital cameras?

For analog photography it's pretty easy, the film is exposed to light during the exposure time, but what about digital sensors ? As far as I know a sensor can't "be exposed" for a long period of ...
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1answer
61 views

Low-light photography: How much light reflects off a surface

I'm looking at light levels for photography and I'm trying to figure out how much light hits my sensor. There are plenty of tables online which give light levels, but that's only directly relevant if ...
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1answer
142 views

Why is my Canon Digital IXUS/ELPH making distorted photos with purple cast

My ~10 year old Canon PowerShot Digital ELPH S410 (IXUS 430) has been left in a drawer for the past 6 years. I took it out recently to give to my young son as his first camera, but the pictures have ...
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2answers
101 views

What is it called when a camera generates files with more megapixels than the actual sensor provides?

I found in many Android devices that the "real array size", which is the actual pixel count of the camera sensor, is lower than the 4:3 Max picture the user can take. For example: Sensor Array = 1616 ...
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1answer
138 views

What is this yellow mark I get on dark photos?

I'm using a Nikon D3200 - new to photography. Whenever I take photos of the night I always get this yellow mark in the same spot. I thought it could be a dirty lens so I cleaned it with a microfiber ...
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1answer
111 views

What does “MECHA DEVICE SERVICE” mean in a Sony repair listing?

My Sony A7 just came back from the repair with a listing that this part was changed out: A1976128A — described as "MECHA DEVICE SERVICE". Any idea what it is? I'm guessing it's the sensor, but it's ...
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1answer
6k views

DSLR Sensors vs Exmor APS HD CMOS Sensors, Product Recommendation [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What should I look for when shopping for my first DSLR? I'm a tad new towards DSLRs and Compact DSLRs (am I calling them right?), but here goes - What are the ...
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1answer
109 views

What causes chroma noise in an image sensor

I'm trying to understand what is causing chroma noise in an image sensor, specifically why it is so visible when the ISO is set to a very high value (which for CMOS I guess means that there is an ...
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1answer
245 views

Has Canon released any point and shoot cameras without optical low-pass filters?

Do either the Canon PowerShot SD880 IS or the S100 have anti-aliasing filters? If so, has Canon announced any P&S model(s) without OLPFs?
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1answer
45 views

How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? [duplicate]

In order to understand the technology in a digital camera, I considered the following question: How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? For example, does ISO setting affect the amount ...
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1answer
69 views

Exmor RS. What value does it add to an 1" sensor?

Recently, new versions of Sony P&S cameras (DSC-RX10 II, DSC-RX100 IV) have emerged. They feature new 1" stacked CMOS image sensor called Exmor RS. I understand that this technology increases the ...
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0answers
43 views

Quilted/Tiled Image Sensor: How do you eliminate stripes of missing photos in huge quilted sensors?

Background: This question is largely inspired by one of the answers in: What limits the size of digital imaging sensors? So the answer mentions uber-large image sensors that are made by "quilting" or ...
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0answers
29 views

How risky is removing the Hot Mirror Filter (IR Filter) from a DSLR's sensor? [duplicate]

I recently stumbled upon an astro photography tutorial which involved photographing the 'Milky Way' I was told to remove the IR filter (Hot mirror) from the sensor for better results, as it blocks ...
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0answers
200 views

Are mobile phone camera lenses good enough to support 20MP sensors?

With mobile phone cameras approaching 20 MP while maintaining small sensor sizes, pixels dimensions are typically around 1 μm or lower. What about the lenses? Are they good enough to produce an Airy ...
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0answers
66 views

Auto Capture with Camera - Sensor Activated

I have a camera challenge that I'm trying to solve. Are there ways to configure a camera to take images automatically, upon the the target being in a specified location? For example see, the video ...
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0answers
18 views

Is it possible to calculate f-stop gain/loss for different sensor size? [duplicate]

I would like to know if it is possible to calculate f-stop gain/loss for different sensor size. For example, how much light can capture an aps-c vs a 1/2.3 sensor ? Thank you
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0answers
39 views

Does a smaller sensor give shallow depth of field? [duplicate]

I have read that a full frame sensor gives a more shallow depth of field if using the same lens as on a crop frame sensor. Is this true? What I actually want to know is how does this relate to a point ...
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0answers
93 views

Good examples of full frame's advantages over the cropped sensor? [duplicate]

There is a good topic on the site called "Good examples of RAW's advantages over JPEG?" There are many theoretical discussions over the internet including on this site about the full frame and ...
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0answers
40 views

Can hot days damage your camera? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What will happen to a camera if it is taken to an environment beyond its operating temperature? I have a canon t3i and I am curious to know just how much heat they can ...
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3answers
1k views

Which is better: a smaller f-number lens or a bigger sensor size?

When choosing a camera, which of the following options would be the best in taking photo in low light situation and cropping photo situation? A smaller f-number lens with a bigger sensor size A ...