Nidelva river through Trondheim Norway

Nidelva river through Trondheim Norway
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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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The Lowdown on Image Quality on DSLRs

I have seen sites that use measure DSLR performances with Image QUality (in numbers). So I was thinking, given a D800 and a D7000, with the same lens, the same lighting condition and many other ...
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2answers
722 views

Assuming a perfect sensor, what is the physical limit of ISO/pixel area?

Assuming that camera manufacturers can eventually make the perfect sensor that introduces no electrical noise to the signal, at what point (measured in ISO/area of a pixel) will shot noise be so ...
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3answers
924 views

Canon 1Ds Mk II's scratched Low Pass filter. Now what?

Besides our workhorses (Canon 5D3 and 60D), we have an old camera - Canon 1Ds Mk II which has its OLPF scratched. That is, the camera works (ok, more or less because the signs of time are present on ...
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4answers
5k views

Sony NEX5: Why do I have a dark spot in my images? [duplicate]

When I look through the display, I see always a small grey circle at the same place. Also in the picture it's the same circle. When I change the lens, the circle is still there. So I assume it's ...
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4answers
250 views

Can exposure be bracketed by many sensor readouts during single exposure?

I am getting into some HDR photography and was thinking of a new ways that camera manufactures could help us in capturing HDR pictures. Say you want to capture three image and you have a constant ...
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1answer
229 views

How close are we to the sensor pixel size limit?

Given the wavelengths of light we see, presumably there is some limit of pixel size below which we cannot resolve – i.e., packing four pixels into the area of one pixel would not be able to ...
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2answers
915 views

Does front-curtain sync put blur in front of an object, and rear-curtain sync behind it?

I recently watched Adorama's video on rear curtain sync flash photography. At 4.12 to 4.42, the presenter claims that when using front-curtain sync, the background/long exposure blur will be put on ...
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1answer
660 views

How to clean spit off my camera sensor?

A short while ago, I [foolishly] attempted to clean some specs of dust from the sensor of my camera by blowing on it. While this was successful in removing the dust, I inadvertently spat on the ...
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1answer
781 views

Why is there a vertical lines pattern in noise?

Take a look at this image (shot with a Nikon D60). The shadows have been aggressively brightened to make the noise clearly visible. If you look closely, you'll see that the noise is not completely ...
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2answers
3k views

Can video shooting have a negative effect on a DSLR sensor?

When compared to shooting still photographs, does shooting video have any negative effect on DSLR sensors? For example, I wonder if shooting video may produce more heat, which might be harmful for ...
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2answers
3k views

Nikon D5100 half bright-half dark image with horizontal thin black line

I am getting half bright-half dark image with horizontal thin black line on my Nikon D5100. Does anyone has any idea ? i am extremely worried. Warranty just expired. I have sample images uploaded at ...
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2answers
443 views

How is the spectral response of a camera typically measured?

I cannot find any resources that detail a standardized method of measuring the spectral response of a camera. Does such a standard exist? Does anyone know how to do this? To give some context, I'm ...
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2answers
546 views

Does high reflectiveness of digital sensor lead to poor lens performance?

I Googled film vs dslr and found an article from 2007 that said: Digital sensor has higher reflectiveness than film. The light bouncing back from sensor will cause flare and lead to poor optical ...
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2answers
197 views

Are these weirdly-shaped purple stains really from particles under the first layer of the sensor, and if so, what can I do about it?

I have those little particles on my pictures. There are a lot of them, as you can see, and they have different weird shapes: I already sent my camera for a sensor cleaning and the guys at the shop ...
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1answer
83 views

Sony Full Frame E Mount Sensor Corners

Context I've seen the Canon 5D Mark III, Nikon D750 and A7R before. The sensor placement of the Nikon and Canon reveals the whole sensor if you look "down" the mount on the camera. On the A7r though ...
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1answer
128 views

How fast does a sensor cool down sufficiently after a long exposure?

If I am taking long exposures for star trails how long should I wait between exposures to allow the sensor to cool down?
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1answer
737 views

Could a damaged sensor cause stripes on the image?

Today I discovered that my camera has started to save pictures like this: But, when I use the camera viewfinder, everything looks fine, both via LCD and via the EVF. I thought it could be the SD ...
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3answers
4k views

Does the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D have any dust related problems?

I’m planning on purchasing the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D very soon. It’s the only DSLR that fits my budget (other one is the Nikon D3100 which I don't plan to get). I like everything about the camera ...
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0answers
177 views

Why is there a grid pattern of darker pixels in this twilight sky flat field? [closed]

This is the first time that I'm really inspecting the calibration images we were taught to take/use during data reduction, and I've noticed something in all the flat fields. The image below clearly ...
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4answers
2k views

Shooting 50mm EF vs EF-S

I have a Canon EOS 550D with a APS-C sensor. I have two lenses, (1) Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS and the (2) Canon EF 50mm f/1.8 Mk II. If I use the 50mm focal length in the first EF-S lens... I ...
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5answers
293 views

Why does it seem like large sensors are necessary for good low-light performance?

Phone manufacturers have recently started advertising the size of the photosites on smartphone camera sensors. They argue that larger photosites lead to better low-light performance. I think a good ...
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2answers
1k views

How does sensor size relate to image resolution?

How is it possible that with a particular sized sensor (say APS-C) it is possible to get different sized image cameras (by this I mean a 10 megapixel camera, a 15 megapixel camera etc)? Where does ...
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3answers
620 views

Which camera/lens combination achieves the highest possible image quality for macro?

Doing lots and lots of research I have a hard time time finding the ultimate answer to this question. I would like to shoot macro and products and aim for maximum sharpness and reproduction. Maximum ...
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2answers
392 views

What is the meaning of “cropped sensor”?

What is the meaning of the term "cropped sensor"?
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2answers
881 views

Dust on the sensor, should I be worried?

I did a 30 second long shot without the lens and checked the sensor and saw some dust on my sensor (even though camera has sensor cleaning). I didn't see any defects on photos yet, but is it something ...
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3answers
300 views

Will a macro extension tube eliminate the cropping of an APS-C lens on a full-frame sensor?

I understand using an A-mount lens intended for APS-C sensors on a full-frame camera results in cropping of the image. According to a tech at Sony, you lose 1/3 of pixels (APS-C is a 2/3 sensor so it ...
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1answer
194 views

What are the main limiting factors for dynamic range in modern cameras?

Another question got me thinking about what is limiting dynamic range in digital cameras. From my understanding the precision of the analogue-to-digital converter, i.e. how many discrete levels it can ...
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3answers
211 views

If I set my camera to lower resolution, does that mean more sensor area per image pixel?

My camera is the Nikon D3200 and the specs state that it has a Sensor Pixel Area of 14.85µm2 @ 24MP. When i set my camera to JPEG (fine), I have the ability to set the picture size. Would setting it ...
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2answers
469 views

Sony A7R Noise compared to Nikon D800/E Sample Explanation

I am looking for a high resolution camera for fine art prints and the Sony A7R seems great since it has the same Sensor res as the D800 in a smaller enclosure. For some reason when I look at sample ...
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2answers
551 views

Can an Optical Low Pass Filter be applied via a lens filter?

I constantly see references to video being the application where an Optical Low Pass Filter is most useful, but it seems that still images do best without one. Would it be possible to then have a ...
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2answers
310 views

What makes the Foveon X3 a “direct” image sensor?

In marketing materials mentioning the Foveon X3 sensor, I usually see it referred to as the "Foveon X3 direct image sensor" (example): I understand how the Foveon X3 sensor works (stacked ...
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2answers
201 views

Why don't sensors on satellites and rovers degrade as quickly as DSLRs on the space station?

I just saw a report on NASA TV that said that dSLR cameras are replaced every 12 to 18 months because of the large number of dead and hot pixels, but video cameras last much longer, and they were ...
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1answer
995 views

how does full frame cameras give better bokeh than crop sensor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do the differences between APS-C and full frame sensors matter, and why? Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field? When I compare my camera ...
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1answer
557 views

Why might my camera show spots in video mode?

I own a Canon Rebel T1i, and when I try to record video, there are two dark spots on the screen. These do not appear when I take photos. Video (spots in center and right center): Photo: Does ...
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1answer
90 views

Contradiction in information resources on capturing UV light with a digital sensor [duplicate]

I encounter a contradiction. Many resources state that a digital sensor are unsensitive to UV light. Even wikipedia, "However, newer photographic film and digital cameras are highly insensitive to ...
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3answers
8k views

How can I easily tell if a sensor or lens is damaged?

I am pretty interested in recognizing any damage to digital camera in very low level (without any advanced tests). For example, how can I identify the damage of a sensor or lens? If there are any ...
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1answer
153 views

How Does A 5D Mk3 Generate The Histogram It Displays In Live View?

What is happening under the hood when a 5D Mk3 displays a histogram (luminance or RGB)? What exactly is the data it uses (raw sensor data, jpeg or something else)?
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1answer
308 views

How do digital sensors that capture one color at each photosite compare to sensors that capture many colors?

There are different type of digital camera sensors, those sensors that can capture only one color at each photosite and those who can capture more than one color at each photosite. Which one is ...
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1answer
798 views

Why does my Nikon D90 make a strange sound during built-in sensor cleaning, when my friend's D90 doesn't?

I noticed a quiet sound (like squeaking) when using the built-in sensor cleaning of my Nikon D90. In some forums I read about many people having this behavior with the Nikon D700 and some Canon ...
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2answers
83 views

Is the anti alias filter really a blurring filter?

I'm trying to dig into the nature of how the anti aliasing filter works. This is of importance to me as I need to capture small details at the very edge of the resolution limit of the cameras lens as ...
2
votes
2answers
341 views

What determines the fastest shutter speed for an electronic shutter?

I tried my luck over at Robotics but didn't have any luck finding somebody knowledgeable. Somebody therefore suggested to post the question here again. I understand that there are different types of ...
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votes
1answer
355 views

Are mobile phone camera lenses good enough to support 20MP sensors?

With mobile phone cameras approaching 20 MP while maintaining small sensor sizes, pixels dimensions are typically around 1 μm or lower. What about the lenses? Are they good enough to produce an Airy ...
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2answers
785 views

How to estimate camera sensor size?

I am using a smartphone for capturing photos and I need to estimate the camera sensor size (mm*mm). I have the resolution (in pixels) and the focal length (in pixels). I can also measure the size of ...
2
votes
1answer
143 views

Signal:noise ratio not really decreasing with ISO for Pentax

In SNR graphs for Pentax K-30 and Pentax K5 there is something I do not get. For ISO after 1600 the SNR doesn't really decrease. Moreover comparing with Nikon D3200, we can clearly see that until ISO ...
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2answers
2k views

Nikon D600: how to fix hundreds of photos with dust on them?

Like many D600 owners, I'm hoping that the dust on sensor issue that comes with this otherwise nice camera will somehow solve itself. In the meantime, I have hundreds of shots that I took with an ...
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2answers
473 views

CCD sensors use a digital shutter. Why don't the more expensive CMOS sensors?

This answer mentions that CMOS sensors "cannot" use digital shutters where as CCD sensors can. Even if some models have the ability to, it is certainly typically for CMOS sensors to use mechanical ...
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1answer
912 views

What is causing this one line on all my photos from Nikon D3100?

Whenever I take a picture with my dslr, there is a strange line that shows up on the left of the picture all the time. Can this be fixed my myself, or do I have to send this one in?
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2answers
132 views

Why the photos captured from my mobile camera doesn't give a same results in same conditions?

Last night I was trying to create a time-lapse of the Orion constellation. Setting all the camera settings to manual (max ISO my mobile camera allows 1600 , shutter speed 1 sec), I was trying to ...
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1answer
218 views

Real world Dynamic Range

I am confused with the science of electronics, regarding cameras and sensors. I have read the posts and answers here and elsewhere. All I walk away with is the electronic specs of cameras and sensors. ...
2
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1answer
127 views

Does a deeper photosite increase the dynamic range?

As I understand, a bigger photosite (on the sensor) enables a bigger dynamic range and also better high ISO performance. Is there a reason not to make the photosite deeper?