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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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5answers
581 views

Why is there no full-frame but low res sensor?

So I just watched a review on the Sony NEX-7, which is 24MP in APS-C size.... I am a Canon user and I immediately think about the announced Canon Powershot G1X with almost APS-C sensor but at a lower ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Does change of lens affect a camera's megapixels?

I have a Nikon D40. It has only 6.1 MP. I am planning to buy additional lens for it. Can changing the lens of the camera increase or decrease the megapixels of the camera?
2
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2answers
340 views

What is the meaning of “cropped sensor”?

What is the meaning of the term "cropped sensor"?
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1answer
1k views

What is causing this white spot in every photo with my D90?

Recently I noticed that the photographs from my D90 has an odd white dot in it. The dot is present in every image. The dot becomes clearly visible as I zoom into the image. I have attached a photo ...
13
votes
7answers
588 views

Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
1
vote
1answer
194 views

Do video cameras use the same image sensors as still cameras?

Do video cameras have the image sensors cameras have? I really don't know what I'm talking about, so if the answer was explained, I would really appreciate it.
9
votes
1answer
398 views

Where is this dust located on my sensor?

I have a really nasty looking piece of dust on my 550D's sensor, situated in the top right-hand corner of each image I take with anything higher than f/11. I am going to get a decent sensor cleaning ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Can you use alternative brushes to clean DSLR sensors?

A lot of praise goes to Arctic Butterfly when doing DIY sensor cleaning. However are there cheaper solution to brush off dust by using other non-sensor cleaning specific brushes? Most high quality ...
4
votes
3answers
429 views

Can condensation be formed in the camera sensor?

When entering a hot place after leaving a cold place, some condensation can be formed in the lens and manufacturers recommend you to avoid using the equipment in this state. So, if condensation can ...
12
votes
5answers
2k views

How does taking lower-resolution pictures with a higher-resolution sensor affect image quality?

Does taking a picture with 8 megapixel resolution with my Canon IXUS with a 1/2.3" sensor and 12M max resolution provides the same or worse image quality (particular, noise) as if the picture was ...
10
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2answers
1k views

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras?

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras? Was there a business reason? Did they figure that crop sensor cameras are cheaper to manufacturer, which would in turn lower prices and make ...
3
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2answers
561 views

Assuming a perfect sensor, what is the physical limit of ISO/pixel area?

Assuming that camera manufacturers can eventually make the perfect sensor that introduces no electrical noise to the signal, at what point (measured in ISO/area of a pixel) will shot noise be so ...
18
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2answers
8k views

What are the advantages or disadvantages of a back illuminated CMOS sensor?

The iPhone 4s uses a backlit CMOS sensor, and I have noticed that some other point and shoot cameras do as well. What does that mean for photography, and if it is a benefit why do DSLR cameras not use ...
3
votes
4answers
236 views

Can exposure be bracketed by many sensor readouts during single exposure?

I am getting into some HDR photography and was thinking of a new ways that camera manufactures could help us in capturing HDR pictures. Say you want to capture three image and you have a constant ...
12
votes
2answers
4k views

What is “pixel density”?

Apparently megapixels aren't a good way to measure the camera quality, so some people are referring to a relative measuring system called "pixel density". What specifically is this? What information ...
18
votes
3answers
4k views

Why are larger sensors better at low light?

The top answer of What point and shoots are good in low light conditions? says that (1) a fast lens/wide aperture (2) reasonable ISO 400+ handling and (3) a large sensor when put together are critical ...
27
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6answers
2k views

Do sensors wear out?

We all know that shutters wear out and they have a limited number of actuation's. The question I have is, do sensors wear out too? Do they suffer any kind of damage after each shot? Should I be ...
34
votes
8answers
4k views

Do megapixels matter with modern sensor technology?

Are more megapixels good? Are more megapixels bad? Do more megapixels increase detail? Do they make my images sharper? On the other side, is there a point that is too much? Do megapixels cause ...
2
votes
2answers
698 views

Dust on the sensor, should I be worried?

I did a 30 second long shot without the lens and checked the sensor and saw some dust on my sensor (even though camera has sensor cleaning). I didn't see any defects on photos yet, but is it something ...
5
votes
1answer
578 views

Can I clean dust from a scratched sensor?

I have a camera with a scratched sensor (a Canon 1Ds Mk II) - can I clean the dust from the sensor? And if yes, how? By using the wet method? Or just by blowing air? The scratch is in the middle. ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Where is the color mosaic filter on a DSLR sensor?

I have been looking at this tutorial from Astostuff on taking off the hot mirror on a D70, but cannot figure out from the page where the color mosaic filter is located. Is it possible to remove the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Can the “Dust Delete Data” function on Canon DSLR be used with Lightroom?

My camera is 6 months old and I noticed there is quite a few spots on the sensor (especially when taking HDR shots of bright scenes or the sky) The hand blower does not lift these particles off the ...
15
votes
6answers
3k views

Why are blown highlights particularly bad in digital photography?

I've heard that digital sensors are less "forgiving" of blown highlights than film. Why is this? There's something called "characteristic curves". How does this relate, in film and in digital? Can ...
18
votes
2answers
714 views

What are the basic workings of the Lytro light-field camera?

lytro.com describes their new light field camera as being able to capture the entire light field, rather than just one plane of light, thereby allowing for a whole new set of post-processing ...
19
votes
8answers
7k views

How can I photograph welding?

My partner is creating a sculptural work using MIG welding and has asked me to document the process. I have a few questions regarding how to photograph it? Looking at the arc can damage your ...
5
votes
1answer
851 views

Does this look like a sensor problem?

I have these tiny dots in a lot of my pictures. They look like tiny stars. On this Nikon D60 I've tried cleaning the area where the shutter is (what's this called?) with a hand pumping duster, but ...
2
votes
1answer
690 views

Why does my Nikon D90 make a strange sound during built-in sensor cleaning, when my friend's D90 doesn't?

I noticed a quiet sound (like squeaking) when using the built-in sensor cleaning of my Nikon D90. In some forums I read about many people having this behavior with the Nikon D700 and some Canon ...
2
votes
1answer
357 views

Why might my camera show spots in video mode?

I own a Canon Rebel T1i, and when I try to record video, there are two dark spots on the screen. These do not appear when I take photos. Video (spots in center and right center): Photo: Does ...
27
votes
6answers
13k views

Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field?

It has been mentioned at a few places that a larger sensor results in images with a shallower depth of field. Example image: APS-C Canon 30D left, FF Canon 5D right, same lens, same composition, ...
21
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2answers
2k views

Why use a small aperture when trying to see sensor dust?

Here and there I read of people who set their lens to a small aperture while testing their sensor cleanness, supposedly to get the best image of dust speckles. However, the image of the on-sensor dust ...
13
votes
4answers
2k views

Is it risky or difficult to wet clean an image sensor?

I've discovered spots on the image sensor of my DSLR camera that cannot be cleaned using a blower bulb, so I would like to know the risk of problems, such as further image deterioration or damage to ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

How many bits of data are typically actually captured by a digital camera sensor?

In a comment on this question someone suggested that camera sensors typically only output 12-14 bits of data. I was surprised because that would mean that 24 bits of color is only useful for doing ...
11
votes
1answer
363 views

What is the statistical distribution of sensor noise?

Sensor noise is a random variation in pixel values, but what kind of random is it? Does it follow a normal distribution, one of the gamma distributions, or something funky like an F distribution? ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Why are sensors less sensitive to blue light?

This is a followup question to Why is the blue channel the noisiest?. The simple answer to that question is that sensors are less sensitive to blue, and therefore require more amplification, which ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

Does the dpi number reported by camera in JPG have any meaning?

I have two cameras, a 6mpix Panasonic FZ8, and 14mpix Canon A2200. When I compare shots from two cameras, one of differences I notice is dpi number that camera reports in JPG info: FZ8 reports ...
6
votes
3answers
567 views

How do I get rid of these different spots after sensor cleaning?

I've just cleaned sensor on my Nikon D40x for the first time using sensor swabs and Eclipse solution. Here is a picture taken before cleaning and after . Dark spots on the first photo do not appear ...
12
votes
4answers
497 views

Are the sensors of newer DSLRs better beyond just having more MP?

I have a Canon Rebel XTI now, and am considering upgrading my camera body at some point. Aside from the increase in megapixels have there been other improvements to the CMOS sensors of the newer ...
9
votes
1answer
1k views

Can the slant edge SFR method measure lens resolution greater than the Nyquist limit for the camera sensor?

The slant edge SFR method has become the standard for measuring resolution of lenses and camera systems. It works by scanning a five degree slanted edge to calculate a line spread function. This is ...
16
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the Nyquist Limit and what is its significance to photographers?

The Nyquist Limit is frequently mentioned in the context of lens and sensor resolution. What is it and what is its significance to photographers? Here is an example of it being used by DPReview.com ...
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7answers
3k views

What happened to Foveon sensors?

It seems like the Foveon sensor should be able to produce better images, because it's not dependent on the separate red, green, and blue pixels as exist on most digital cameras. However, cameras ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

How effective are in-camera integrated sensor cleaning systems, and have they improved?

Few years ago, Canon introduced some sort of internal sensor cleaning system that (as far as I understand it) shakes the sensor off any dust it collected during use. This shake is very high frequency. ...
7
votes
3answers
1k views

Loss of image quality after sensor cleaning?

I use a 550D for photography. I got dust in my sensor few days ago while I was doing reverse macro and cleaned it from Canon Service Center. After cleaning I checked my sensor (taking picture of blue ...
7
votes
1answer
309 views

Are there bad effects of frequent pixel-mapping?

I read on two different sites that pixel mapping should be done once or twice a year. But sometimes I end up doing it once a month. Will it have adverse effect on the CMOS image sensor?
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Should I clean my camera sensor, or take it to a professional?

Possible Duplicate: Best way to clean the sensor on a digital SLR? Can anyone offer me advice on how to clean my camera's sensor? Should I do this myself, or take the camera to a ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

GoPro Hero HD field of view is larger at lower resolutions, how is that?

How is it that the FOV can be greater for the smaller resolutions in their camera, which has no zoom? I would expect a greater FOV when more of the sensor is used. From: ...
8
votes
1answer
3k views

OEM Camera Sensors for a computer project

First off I'm not sure if this is the place for this question, but it seems to be the closest fit. I want to buy a small camera sensor (like for netbooks/phones), from what I have read on wikipedia ...
35
votes
5answers
8k views

What's the difference between CCD and CMOS image sensors?

I keep reading articles about CCD vs CMOS image sensors. What is the difference between these two types? What exactly do these sensors do in terms of photography? Is a CCD-based camera going to be ...
13
votes
7answers
2k views

Is there a difference in the sensor technology in entry level cameras vs. that in pro or semi-pro DSLRs?

Obviously there are differences in everything, both optics-wise and mechanism-wise, but I would like to know: Are the materials used to construct sensors (disregarding sensor size) different at any ...
6
votes
5answers
516 views

What companies offer an IR camera filter?

I'm planning on converting a Nikon D50 to dedicated infrared, replacing the internal IR cut filter with one that will block visible light, and pass infrared. Google has turned up a couple sites, and ...
3
votes
4answers
4k views

Sony NEX5: Why do I have a dark spot in my images?

When I look through the display, I see always a small grey circle at the same place. Also in the picture it's the same circle. When I change the lens, the circle is still there. So I assume it's ...