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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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2answers
1k views

What is the structure of a photosite?

I know that sensors are made from several (million) photosites. But what is in the photosites? What chemicals, if any? How are they made? What actually detects the light? I am looking for both CMOS ...
4
votes
1answer
249 views

Are the perspective control advantages of a tilt shift lens less important on higher resolution cameras?

When using a tilt shift lens for perspective control, you can use shift to help account for converging lines such as in a scene of a church from 100ft away. I can also handle this type of perspective ...
4
votes
1answer
149 views

Can lens stacking cause sensor damage?

Can damage be caused to a camera's imaging sensor (any size) simply by reversing, or stacking, lenses? Would stacking lenses cause a concentration of light to strike the sensor and perhaps damage ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Bright dots on all images [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is my camera showing a lot of stuck red and white pixels? Recently I noticed that on every picture I take, there are some tiny (close to pixel size) bright dots ...
5
votes
2answers
541 views

What are causes for image sensor getting heated? Does Live View cause more heat?

As I have known so far, image sensor gets heated when being exposed to light for longer time. Is there any other reason why an image sensor gets heated? Does heating depends on sensor type (like CCD, ...
4
votes
1answer
684 views

what's the relation between sensor size and image quality (noise, dynamic range)?

I'm reading this description on sensor size: Digital compact cameras have substantially smaller sensors offering a similar number of pixels. As a consequence, the pixels are much smaller, ...
12
votes
4answers
981 views

Why is sensor sensitivity called “ISO”?

I was curious to know how the term "ISO" was coined for referring the image sensor's sensitivity. Is there any reason or circumstance that contributed for terming "ISO"? Also, does ISO has a literal ...
1
vote
1answer
833 views

how does full frame cameras give better bokeh than crop sensor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do the differences between APS-C and full frame sensors matter, and why? Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field? When I compare my camera ...
7
votes
2answers
736 views

Why does my sensor require frequent cleaning?

I have a Nikon D300 and in the past couple years I've found that it seems to require sensor cleaning very frequently, something like once a week or more. I've been dry cleaning with a combination of ...
4
votes
1answer
503 views

What are the right cleaning tools for an APS-C sensor?

I have got my gear ready for a long holiday in next month, but I'm pretty much confused when it comes to having the right tools for cleaning a sensor. The typical procedure I have experienced from ...
9
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4answers
3k views

Given the same lens, does shooting with FX cameras yield sharper results than DX cameras?

I have a D7000, and I want to buy a D800 sometime next year because of a "foolish idea" that FX cameras yield sharper images over DX cameras. I am quite new to photography and did my research. ...
21
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2answers
7k views

Why is a 1" sensor actually 13.2 × 8.8mm?

I'm wondering how sensor sizes are calculated. The Sony RX100 reportedly has a sensor size of 1" which is 13.2 x 8.8 mm according to the press release and various sites. How does that work? That's a ...
7
votes
2answers
997 views

Why don't point & shoot cameras employ the oversampling technique of the Nokia Pureview 808?

From the reviews, the oversampling technique employed by the Pureview 808 seems to work really well, making good use of the 41 MP sensor to create saner resolution images of higher quality. I was ...
0
votes
0answers
39 views

Can hot days damage your camera? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What will happen to a camera if it is taken to an environment beyond its operating temperature? I have a canon t3i and I am curious to know just how much heat they can ...
13
votes
3answers
2k views

Why aren't there any cooled CCD sensors to reduce noise?

Sensor cooling is a common technology to get less noise. Why isn't it available on high-end D-SLRs ? (see http://www.andor.com/scientific_cameras/ikon-m_cooled_ccd/ for an extreme example) I'm not ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Why is the lowest ISO always 100?

The lowest ISO on digital cameras always seems to be 100. It would sometimes be useful to have much lower ISOs, mainly for long exposure photography. What isn't there any 50, 20, or even 10 ISO ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between APS-C and Full Frame sensor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do the differences between APS-C and full frame sensors matter, and why? I was doing research in buying the Sony NEX-7 camera, but today the news was all about the ...
9
votes
2answers
4k views

Why don't comparisons of aperture take sensor size into account?

When one compares focal length, many times we use the 35mm equivalent length. A 50mm lens on an APS-C sensor camera(1.6x) would be a 80mm equiv. length on a full frame camera. But when we state the ...
0
votes
1answer
4k views

DSLR Sensors vs Exmor APS HD CMOS Sensors, Product Recommendation [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What should I look for when shopping for my first DSLR? I'm a tad new towards DSLRs and Compact DSLRs (am I calling them right?), but here goes - What are the ...
12
votes
3answers
956 views

What advantages does a pure black and white camera have over colour cameras?

Now that Leica has released a pure black and white camera, the Leica M-Monochrome, I started to think about the advantages a pure black and white camera has compared to a colour camera. I guess you ...
4
votes
2answers
349 views

What is the effect of long exposure on file size?

Is it a rule that long exposure will produce a larger size file compared to a shorter exposure? It seems logical, since you are writing more data to the memory card when you expose for more time. ...
4
votes
2answers
139 views

What is the nature of noise in small-sensor cameras, and can it be overcome in the future?

What is physical nature of noise in small-sensor cameras? Is is thermal noise in the semiconductor? Is there hope that in couple of years, noise in small sensors will disappear, and small sensors ...
2
votes
1answer
292 views

How do digital sensors that capture one color at each photosite compare to sensors that capture many colors?

There are different type of digital camera sensors, those sensors that can capture only one color at each photosite and those who can capture more than one color at each photosite. Which one is ...
11
votes
3answers
540 views

How does the D800E reverse the effect of an antialiasing filter by adding another filter?

According to http://mansurovs.com/nikon-d800-vs-d800e the D800E differs from the D800 in that one of the layers of the filter reverses the effect of the initial low-pass filter. How does this work? ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the pros and cons of different Bayer demosaicing algorithms?

Bayer sensors use a pattern of red, green, and blue pixels, and merge those together into a final color image, with one pixel for every single color sensor. This could be done through a "naive" ...
5
votes
1answer
207 views

What settings should be used for self-cleaning sensors?

This question mentioned a self cleaning sensor. I have a few questions in reference to self cleaning sensors. Is there a reason to clean the sensor at startup, shutdown, (or both) automatically? Can ...
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Is a self-cleaning sensor necessary when using only one lens?

The Canon 1100d lacks a self-cleaning sensor. If I use this camera without ever exchanging the lens, is the absence of a self-cleaning sensor a bad 'feature'? Are the bodies of modern DLRS cameras ...
2
votes
3answers
3k views

How can I easily tell if a sensor or lens is damaged?

I am pretty interested in recognizing any damage to digital camera in very low level (without any advanced tests). For example, how can I identify the damage of a sensor or lens? If there are any ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

Does a 35mm prime lens show the same bokeh as a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor?

I came to know that a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor behaves like an 75mm prime lens. So, does the 35mm prime lens behave like a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor? If yes, then will it show ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

How can I clean the sensor on a Panasonic LX5 compact camera?

I've noticed there appear to be some specs of dirt on the sensor of my panasonic LX5 and was wondering if anyone had any tips on how to clean the sensor on this camera? I found this link which has ...
5
votes
2answers
474 views

When is it more suitable to have a full sensor-camera instead of a crop sensor-one?

I've been reading about this a bit, and I get the sense that full sensor-cameras are best suited for shooting landscapes, whilst crop sensor-cameras are preferable for portraits and close-ups. Please ...
5
votes
2answers
4k views

Why is the sensor size small in D3100 as compared to D3000?

I thought Nikon D3100 must be more advanced than D3000 (because of the higher number and the increased price). But, the D3000's sensor size is 23.6mm x 15.8mm and the D3100's sensor size is actually ...
7
votes
5answers
567 views

Why is there no full-frame but low res sensor?

So I just watched a review on the Sony NEX-7, which is 24MP in APS-C size.... I am a Canon user and I immediately think about the announced Canon Powershot G1X with almost APS-C sensor but at a lower ...
9
votes
3answers
3k views

Does change of lens affect a camera's megapixels?

I have a Nikon D40. It has only 6.1 MP. I am planning to buy additional lens for it. Can changing the lens of the camera increase or decrease the megapixels of the camera?
2
votes
2answers
317 views

What is the meaning of “cropped sensor”?

What is the meaning of the term "cropped sensor"?
1
vote
1answer
1k views

What is causing this white spot in every photo with my D90?

Recently I noticed that the photographs from my D90 has an odd white dot in it. The dot is present in every image. The dot becomes clearly visible as I zoom into the image. I have attached a photo ...
13
votes
7answers
561 views

Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
1
vote
1answer
191 views

Do video cameras use the same image sensors as still cameras?

Do video cameras have the image sensors cameras have? I really don't know what I'm talking about, so if the answer was explained, I would really appreciate it.
9
votes
1answer
373 views

Where is this dust located on my sensor?

I have a really nasty looking piece of dust on my 550D's sensor, situated in the top right-hand corner of each image I take with anything higher than f/11. I am going to get a decent sensor cleaning ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Can you use alternative brushes to clean DSLR sensors?

A lot of praise goes to Arctic Butterfly when doing DIY sensor cleaning. However are there cheaper solution to brush off dust by using other non-sensor cleaning specific brushes? Most high quality ...
4
votes
3answers
378 views

Can condensation be formed in the camera sensor?

When entering a hot place after leaving a cold place, some condensation can be formed in the lens and manufacturers recommend you to avoid using the equipment in this state. So, if condensation can ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

How does taking lower-resolution pictures with a higher-resolution sensor affect image quality?

Does taking a picture with 8 megapixel resolution with my Canon IXUS with a 1/2.3" sensor and 12M max resolution provides the same or worse image quality (particular, noise) as if the picture was ...
10
votes
2answers
927 views

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras?

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras? Was there a business reason? Did they figure that crop sensor cameras are cheaper to manufacturer, which would in turn lower prices and make ...
3
votes
2answers
490 views

Assuming a perfect sensor, what is the physical limit of ISO/pixel area?

Assuming that camera manufacturers can eventually make the perfect sensor that introduces no electrical noise to the signal, at what point (measured in ISO/area of a pixel) will shot noise be so ...
18
votes
2answers
6k views

What are the advantages or disadvantages of a back illuminated CMOS sensor?

The iPhone 4s uses a backlit CMOS sensor, and I have noticed that some other point and shoot cameras do as well. What does that mean for photography, and if it is a benefit why do DSLR cameras not use ...
3
votes
4answers
230 views

Can exposure be bracketed by many sensor readouts during single exposure?

I am getting into some HDR photography and was thinking of a new ways that camera manufactures could help us in capturing HDR pictures. Say you want to capture three image and you have a constant ...
10
votes
2answers
3k views

What is “pixel density”?

Apparently megapixels aren't a good way to measure the camera quality, so some people are referring to a relative measuring system called "pixel density". What specifically is this? What information ...
18
votes
3answers
3k views

Why are larger sensors better at low light?

The top answer of What point and shoots are good in low light conditions? says that (1) a fast lens/wide aperture (2) reasonable ISO 400+ handling and (3) a large sensor when put together are critical ...
27
votes
6answers
2k views

Do sensors wear out?

We all know that shutters wear out and they have a limited number of actuation's. The question I have is, do sensors wear out too? Do they suffer any kind of damage after each shot? Should I be ...
34
votes
8answers
4k views

Do megapixels matter with modern sensor technology?

Are more megapixels good? Are more megapixels bad? Do more megapixels increase detail? Do they make my images sharper? On the other side, is there a point that is too much? Do megapixels cause ...