Spring 2012

Spring 2012
by ani

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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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7answers
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What happened to Foveon sensors?

It seems like the Foveon sensor should be able to produce better images, because it's not dependent on the separate red, green, and blue pixels as exist on most digital cameras. However, cameras ...
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3answers
5k views

Why don't comparisons of aperture take sensor size into account?

When one compares focal length, many times we use the 35mm equivalent length. A 50mm lens on an APS-C sensor camera(1.6x) would be a 80mm equiv. length on a full frame camera. But when we state the ...
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3answers
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What are differences between Bayer mosaic and Foveon 3 layer sensor?

To filling my appetite on camera things hunger I've came across to Sigma website and found this 3 layer sensor stuff. Can anyone really explain this based on their experience or research about this? ...
11
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2answers
1k views

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras?

Why did camera manufacturers create crop sensor cameras? Was there a business reason? Did they figure that crop sensor cameras are cheaper to manufacturer, which would in turn lower prices and make ...
11
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2answers
7k views

What effect does a UV filter provide?

I know that I should always use a filter on my lens to protect the camera lens, however, exactly what impact to the picture does using a UV filter have — since that is the one most often used? I seem ...
11
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3answers
682 views

How does the D800E reverse the effect of an antialiasing filter by adding another filter?

According to http://mansurovs.com/nikon-d800-vs-d800e the D800E differs from the D800 in that one of the layers of the filter reverses the effect of the initial low-pass filter. How does this work? ...
10
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4answers
3k views

How many bits of data are typically actually captured by a digital camera sensor?

In a comment on this question someone suggested that camera sensors typically only output 12-14 bits of data. I was surprised because that would mean that 24 bits of color is only useful for doing ...
10
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3answers
4k views

Should I clean my camera sensor, or take it to a professional?

Possible Duplicate: Best way to clean the sensor on a digital SLR? Can anyone offer me advice on how to clean my camera's sensor? Should I do this myself, or take the camera to a ...
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3answers
6k views

Does change of lens affect a camera's megapixels?

I have a Nikon D40. It has only 6.1 MP. I am planning to buy additional lens for it. Can changing the lens of the camera increase or decrease the megapixels of the camera?
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7answers
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Why has no one invented a 4:5 aspect ratio APS-C/35mm-sized DSLR?

People keep inventing different form factors and formats for cameras, but none seems to have hit on what seems (to me) like an obvious one. Why doesn't somebody build a camera with a sensor that has a ...
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4answers
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Given the same lens, does shooting with FX cameras yield sharper results than DX cameras?

I have a D7000, and I want to buy a D800 sometime next year because of a "foolish idea" that FX cameras yield sharper images over DX cameras. I am quite new to photography and did my research. However,...
9
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1answer
684 views

How can I find the sensor position on my camera? [duplicate]

In terms of post production I need to measure the exact distance from the camera sensor to several objects on the set. Where I can find specifications to determine the sensor position of a canon 600D?...
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4answers
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Where is the color mosaic filter on a DSLR sensor?

I have been looking at this tutorial from Astostuff on taking off the hot mirror on a D70, but cannot figure out from the page where the color mosaic filter is located. Is it possible to remove the ...
9
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3answers
3k views

Does a 35mm prime lens show the same bokeh as a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor?

I came to know that a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor behaves like an 75mm prime lens. So, does the 35mm prime lens behave like a 50mm prime lens on a cropped sensor? If yes, then will it show ...
9
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1answer
547 views

Where is this dust located on my sensor?

I have a really nasty looking piece of dust on my 550D's sensor, situated in the top right-hand corner of each image I take with anything higher than f/11. I am going to get a decent sensor cleaning ...
9
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2answers
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Can the “Dust Delete Data” function on Canon DSLR be used with Lightroom?

My camera is 6 months old and I noticed there is quite a few spots on the sensor (especially when taking HDR shots of bright scenes or the sky) The hand blower does not lift these particles off the ...
9
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1answer
1k views

Can the slant edge SFR method measure lens resolution greater than the Nyquist limit for the camera sensor?

The slant edge SFR method has become the standard for measuring resolution of lenses and camera systems. It works by scanning a five degree slanted edge to calculate a line spread function. This is ...
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0answers
438 views

What does expanded ISO mean?

Especially with regards to image quality. I am particularly interested in when you expand to a lower ISO, say 50 rather than 100. Generally the standard high ISO is too noisy, with the expanded ISO ...
8
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6answers
691 views

Why is there no full-frame but low res sensor?

So I just watched a review on the Sony NEX-7, which is 24MP in APS-C size.... I am a Canon user and I immediately think about the announced Canon Powershot G1X with almost APS-C sensor but at a lower ...
8
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5answers
561 views

Why are there no rotatable sensors instead of grips for portrait photography?

Why are there (at least to my knowledge) no rotatable sensors instead of grips for portrait photography. It seems like a great solution to obtain a lightweight DSLR for both landscape and portrait ...
8
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4answers
8k views

How effective are in-camera integrated sensor cleaning systems, and have they improved?

Few years ago, Canon introduced some sort of internal sensor cleaning system that (as far as I understand it) shakes the sensor off any dust it collected during use. This shake is very high frequency. ...
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6answers
722 views

Why is the main sensor not used instead of the separate AF sensor to focus a DSLR?

From this answer I understand that the reflex mirror of a DSLR is actually not reflecting all the light, but it passes a certain amount on to the AF sensor. So if the reflex mirror can pass light, ...
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2answers
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Why does my sensor require frequent cleaning?

I have a Nikon D300 and in the past couple years I've found that it seems to require sensor cleaning very frequently, something like once a week or more. I've been dry cleaning with a combination of ...
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2answers
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Why are sensors less sensitive to blue light?

This is a followup question to Why is the blue channel the noisiest?. The simple answer to that question is that sensors are less sensitive to blue, and therefore require more amplification, which ...
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2answers
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Why doesn't a Medium Format camera exist with good performance at high ISO?

I have had a look at enough medium format offerings, but all the products seems to offer many megapixels and poor performance at high ISOs. Why doesn't a brand exist to offer slightly lower ...
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2answers
849 views

Nice cameras for B/W photography?

Considering that most people cannot afford a Leica Monochrom, are there any other cameras that are better suited than average for Black and White photography? I mean, some sensor designs emphasize ...
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2answers
378 views

What are the lens-mount benefits of mirrorless systems?

There are plenty of comparisons between DSLR cameras and mirrorless/EVIL/system cameras, and the overall picture is that the two systems target different users and different uses. But I'd like to ...
8
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1answer
5k views

OEM Camera Sensors for a computer project

First off I'm not sure if this is the place for this question, but it seems to be the closest fit. I want to buy a small camera sensor (like for netbooks/phones), from what I have read on wikipedia ...
8
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1answer
7k views

How to fix an image sensor damaged by long sun exposures?

I took a number of shots of the sun during mid-afternoon and now all my images have pink spot where the sun was. Is there anyway to fix this, or is it permanently damaged? The camera was pointed at ...
8
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1answer
219 views

How is a Bayer filter manufactured?

Following on from an earlier question about bayer filters, it got me wondering: How are they actually manufactured? How do they apply such a small amount of dye to each sub pixel? My best guess ...
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2answers
207 views

Horizontal banding pattern near sun: sensor flare?

Following is a crop from a RAW shot, developed in Lightroom 5.7, into a setting sun from a Sony A77II – ISO 100, f/5, 1/20s, with a TTL fill flash. In the darker regions near the sun a series ...
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7answers
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Does a larger sensor resolution increase the difficulty of shooting hand-held?

I'm thinking of upgrading to a D800 and I think I read something about the 36MP resolution of the sensor to be a liability when hand-holding the camera at lower shutter speeds. Unfortunately I cannot ...
7
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3answers
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Loss of image quality after sensor cleaning?

I use a 550D for photography. I got dust in my sensor few days ago while I was doing reverse macro and cleaned it from Canon Service Center. After cleaning I checked my sensor (taking picture of blue ...
7
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3answers
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Is Poisson Noise (“Shot Noise”) a significant source of noise for typical photography?

In this answer, @jrista states that even a camera with a perfect, noiseless sensor would still have noise due to "Poisson noise" aka "Photon Shot Noise" - noise caused by the random variations of ...
7
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4answers
791 views

Has low-light ISO performance really improved over the past 3-4 years?

I have a Canon 40D and I always shoot RAW. I am overall pleased with the 40D except for its low-light performance. Anything at or above ISO 800 is unusable for my taste. Just to solve this problem I ...
7
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4answers
2k views

Is a self-cleaning sensor necessary when using only one lens?

The Canon 1100d lacks a self-cleaning sensor. If I use this camera without ever exchanging the lens, is the absence of a self-cleaning sensor a bad 'feature'? Are the bodies of modern DLRS cameras ...
7
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2answers
681 views

Why don't mainstream sensors use CYM filters instead of RGB?

From what I understand most digital cameras have a sensor where each pixel-sensor has three sub-sensors, each one with an R,G and B filter. RGB is obviously the more fundamental colour model since it ...
7
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1answer
148 views

What's the point of a shutter when the sensor is clearly working all the time to provide live view?

Something I don't understand about compact digital cameras is how their shutters work. On the screen at the back of the camera, a preview is constantly shown. I assume this preview is made by light ...
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2answers
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Why don't point & shoot cameras employ the oversampling technique of the Nokia Pureview 808?

From the reviews, the oversampling technique employed by the Pureview 808 seems to work really well, making good use of the 41 MP sensor to create saner resolution images of higher quality. I was ...
7
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1answer
337 views

Are there bad effects of frequent pixel-mapping?

I read on two different sites that pixel mapping should be done once or twice a year. But sometimes I end up doing it once a month. Will it have adverse effect on the CMOS image sensor?
6
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3answers
2k views

Why are there no digital cameras with ultra-bright integrated lenses, like f1.0, f1.2 or even f1.4?

Why are there no digital cameras with ultra-bright integrated lenses, like f1.0, f1.2 or even f1.4? One would think that with smaller sensors vs. film, it would be much cheaper to build an ultra ...
6
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3answers
4k views

Image quality when using the same lens on 16Mpix vs 24Mpix

I'm considering buying a new camera and my two candidates are Nikon D7000 and Nikon D7100. I heard that 24Mpix sensor needs very good lens to produce sharp images. Considering that I currently have ...
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8answers
1k views

Would APS-C be better for shooting wildlife?

Considering the magnification effect of APS-C sensors, they theoretically have to extend the zoom range of telephoto lenses. Accordingly, would it be wiser to use an APS-C camera for shooting wildlife ...
6
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3answers
528 views

Fancy technology cropped vs old technology full frame - Which will give better images?

After selling my 1Dmk2 last year the time has come to get myself a new body, all along I'd decided that I wanted to do more "wow" pictures, big landscapes and do some more portait photography (up ...
6
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1answer
276 views

Why does my sensor flip up slow on live view?

I have noticed some strange behavior on my 450D tonight. I was shooting some macro on Live-view(couldn't get low enough using the viewfinder) and I noticed that after my shots(approx. 2-second shutter ...
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1answer
450 views

Why is the IR filter present when there is already the Bayer filter on an image sensor?

I have been trying to remove the Bayer filter from the CCD image sensor of my camera. Now I see there's an IR filter before the lens, however I don't understand the point of it because isn't the Bayer ...
6
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3answers
668 views

How do I get rid of these different spots after sensor cleaning?

I've just cleaned sensor on my Nikon D40x for the first time using sensor swabs and Eclipse solution. Here is a picture taken before cleaning and after . Dark spots on the first photo do not appear ...
6
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1answer
1k views

Where is the AF sensor located in a DSLR?

As I understand every DSLR has a separate, smaller sensor that handles phase detection focusing. Where is it located? If this location is different for every DSLR, and therefore this broad question ...
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2answers
1k views

Are there digital cameras with a RGBW sensor?

I have seen on Dpreview that fujifilm has been granted a patent for a new type of sensor with a strange non-Bayer pattern. Thinking about it... Is there a camera using a simpler Bayer RGBW pattern? ...
6
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5answers
652 views

What companies offer an IR camera filter?

I'm planning on converting a Nikon D50 to dedicated infrared, replacing the internal IR cut filter with one that will block visible light, and pass infrared. Google has turned up a couple sites, and ...