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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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1answer
323 views

Why is there a vertical lines pattern in noise?

Take a look at this image (shot with a Nikon D60). The shadows have been aggressively brightened to make the noise clearly visible. If you look closely, you'll see that the noise is not completely ...
8
votes
2answers
398 views

Nice cameras for B/W photography?

Considering that most people cannot afford a Leica Monochrom, are there any other cameras that are better suited than average for Black and White photography? I mean, some sensor designs emphasize ...
4
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2answers
194 views

Why does the Pentax K-01 have less DR than the Pentax K-5?

I thought that the K-01 and the K-5 both sported the same sensor, but checking their specifications in Snapsort I found that their Dynamic Range is different by a little bit more than 1 EV (12.9 EV vs ...
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vote
3answers
239 views

How much does the sensor affect image quality if shooting in RAW?

Knowing there are different sized sensors and a nearly unlimited combination of lenses with the various cameras, since RAW captures RAW light data, how much does the sensor itself play a role in ...
5
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2answers
132 views

Why some pixels become hot pixels?

What is the physical explanation to hot pixels? What happens to the sensor when a good pixel become an hot pixel?
19
votes
1answer
556 views

Is it true that shooting in live view mode adds noise to the picture?

I heard from some experienced photographers that shooting in live view mode creates additional noise compared to shooting through the view finder under the same conditions. I assume that while using ...
2
votes
1answer
123 views

Does security scanning a camera with battery inside cause damage to the sensor?

I was at 911 memorial last week. My Fuji S-1 Pro camera was scanned with the battery installed. Security personnel would not let me remove battery. Since then, a dark spot shows up on photos. This has ...
3
votes
2answers
212 views

Does high reflectiveness of digital sensor lead to poor lens performance?

I Googled film vs dslr and found an article from 2007 that said: Digital sensor has higher reflectiveness than film. The light bouncing back from sensor will cause flare and lead to poor optical ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Why are there no digital cameras with ultra-bright integrated lenses, like f1.0, f1.2 or even f1.4?

Why are there no digital cameras with ultra-bright integrated lenses, like f1.0, f1.2 or even f1.4? One would think that with smaller sensors vs. film, it would be much cheaper to build an ...
9
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3answers
889 views

Why does a bigger sensor have better dynamic range?

I already understand all the theory behind how a bigger sensor leads to better control of depth of field, and lower noise. But I've yet to find a place that can explain why a bigger sensor gives you a ...
5
votes
6answers
847 views

Have cropped digital sensors reached their peak design limits?

APS-C and smaller sensors seem to have plateaued off in terms of their megapixel counts, possibly due to diffraction limits. The ISO performance of these sensors has not increased substantially in the ...
2
votes
1answer
106 views

Signal:noise ratio not really decreasing with ISO for Pentax

In SNR graphs for Pentax K-30 and Pentax K5 there is something I do not get. For ISO after 1600 the SNR doesn't really decrease. Moreover comparing with Nikon D3200, we can clearly see that until ISO ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is on sensor PDAF drastically slower than traditional PDAF?

Why is on sensor PDAF drastically slower than traditional PDAF? I assume the technology is the same, doesn't matter if the module is on the sensor or located behind a mirror. But the performance is ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

How does automatic sensor cleaning work?

My Canon 5D MKIII DSLR often does sensor cleaning when powered off and occasionally I'll go through the menu and specifically run a sensor clean when I've been shooting in unusually hazardous ...
4
votes
2answers
400 views

Is “Ultrapixels” just marketing or is there a real benefit?

HTC has branded the sensor in its new phone (the HTC One) to be "Ultra pixels". For the same sensor size it only gives you 4MP where today's standard for top of the line smartphones is 8MP and up. Of ...
7
votes
3answers
622 views

Is Poisson Noise (“Shot Noise”) a significant source of noise for typical photography?

In this answer, @jrista states that even a camera with a perfect, noiseless sensor would still have noise due to "Poisson noise" aka "Photon Shot Noise" - noise caused by the random variations of ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Nikon D600: how to fix hundreds of photos with dust on them?

Like many D600 owners, I'm hoping that the dust on sensor issue that comes with this otherwise nice camera will somehow solve itself. In the meantime, I have hundreds of shots that I took with an ...
6
votes
1answer
174 views

What characteristics make a digital sensor good?

Generally, the technical image quality of a digital image (before we get to the post-processing stage) is the product of the characteristics of the lens and the recording medium, with an important ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Image quality when using the same lens on 16Mpix vs 24Mpix

I'm considering buying a new camera and my two candidates are Nikon D7000 and Nikon D7100. I heard that 24Mpix sensor needs very good lens to produce sharp images. Considering that I currently have ...
8
votes
6answers
488 views

Why is the main sensor not used instead of the separate AF sensor to focus a DSLR?

From this answer I understand that the reflex mirror of a DSLR is actually not reflecting all the light, but it passes a certain amount on to the AF sensor. So if the reflex mirror can pass light, ...
6
votes
1answer
419 views

Where is the AF sensor located in a DSLR?

As I understand every DSLR has a separate, smaller sensor that handles phase detection focusing. Where is it located? If this location is different for every DSLR, and therefore this broad question ...
1
vote
4answers
480 views

Question About the D600 Dirty Sensor Test - Why Use a High f-Stop? [duplicate]

There is a lot of buzz about the dirty sensor problem on the D600, which is apparently caused by some lubricant splattering onto the sensor and accumulating over time. My question is about the test ...
6
votes
3answers
444 views

How to clean an actual CMOS sensor? (Not the IR low pass filter)

All of the "sensor cleaning" instructions I've found are actually for cleaning the IR low pass filter in front of it. Unfortunately, I've got a tiny bit of tape residue on the actual CMOS sensor of ...
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vote
3answers
387 views

Do these colored streaks mean that my CF card is bad?

I have been shooting with the same Nikon d700 for about three years (about 200k clicks). I started seeing a streak run across one out of every 250 images (example here: http://wp.me/aRb6L-1lT). So, I ...
4
votes
3answers
529 views

How linear are DSLR sensors?

To be more precise, let's say we are taking a W&B photograph. Picture 1 : And let's say we take it once with a 1/1000 shutter speed, so that the values for R/G/B range from 0 to MAXVALUE / 2 ...
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votes
3answers
484 views

Canon 1Ds Mk II's scratched Low Pass filter. Now what?

Besides our workhorses (Canon 5D3 and 60D), we have an old camera - Canon 1Ds Mk II which has its OLPF scratched. That is, the camera works (ok, more or less because the signs of time are present on ...
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votes
7answers
611 views

Why do cameras use a single exposure rather than integrating across many very quick reads?

I have never understood why cameras need a shutter with a specific speed and why this cannot be adjusted in postprocessing. I think that present sensor works in an integral way: they save the amount ...
4
votes
1answer
681 views

How to show Sony NEX F3 image quality is better than Nikon 1 J1?

According to this site, Sony NEX F3's sensor is 3x as large as Nikons, and it's image quality is 73 vs Nikon's 56 (how on earth do you come up with a number for this?). I have been experimenting with ...
4
votes
3answers
305 views

Shooting images smaller than the sensor size

I have a d600 and I appreciate very much the high resolution I get (useful especially for landscapes), but for most other subjects I find 6000 x 4000 to be overkill, making post-processing ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

How common are hot pixels on new cameras?

How common are hot pixels on new cameras?! I read that people may check up to 5 cameras at stores to actually find a perfect one, is this true? so how commons is this? what is the chance of getting a ...
8
votes
2answers
690 views

Why doesn't a Medium Format camera exist with good performance at high ISO?

I have had a look at enough medium format offerings, but all the products seems to offer many megapixels and poor performance at high ISOs. Why doesn't a brand exist to offer slightly lower ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Can video shooting have a negative effect on a DSLR sensor?

When compared to shooting still photographs, does shooting video have any negative effect on DSLR sensors? For example, I wonder if shooting video may produce more heat, which might be harmful for ...
17
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5answers
3k views

What is so special about ISO 1600?

I have heard many times that to minimize noise, the highest ISO you want to use is ISO 1600, and that no matter what camera or sensor you use, once you have passed this (ISO 1600) threshold, the noise ...
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vote
3answers
409 views

Which camera/lens combination achieves the highest possible image quality for macro?

Doing lots and lots of research I have a hard time time finding the ultimate answer to this question. I would like to shoot macro and products and aim for maximum sharpness and reproduction. Maximum ...
7
votes
4answers
561 views

Has low-light ISO performance really improved over the past 3-4 years?

I have a Canon 40D and I always shoot RAW. I am overall pleased with the 40D except for its low-light performance. Anything at or above ISO 800 is unusable for my taste. Just to solve this problem I ...
3
votes
2answers
321 views

The Lowdown on Image Quality on DSLRs

I have seen sites that use measure DSLR performances with Image QUality (in numbers). So I was thinking, given a D800 and a D7000, with the same lens, the same lighting condition and many other ...
2
votes
0answers
83 views

How Focal Lengths is related to Sensor Size? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is the difference between focal length and crop factor? I was watching a video review of Tamron 70-300 lens where he mentioned that effective Focal length for a ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Is small sensor always a bad thing?

I own a DSLR. I want to buy some not-too-expensive compact, and there are a lot of compacts in the range 100-250$ with 1/2.3" sensors. Can such a sensor/camera set give a quality somewhat comparable ...
3
votes
3answers
134 views

How is shots per second of a camera is measured?

I was just curious to know what are settings used in testing the camera's shots per second?Especially the shutter speed. Whether its set to the camera's maximum capability or any standard shutter ...
3
votes
2answers
479 views

Does the Nokia Lumia 920 truly present any significant advancements in cameras?

Nokia is touting the new Nokia Lumia 920 as a breakthrough on many fronts for digital photography, even going so far as to say that it can achieve DSLR like results. Of course one of the things that ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the structure of a photosite?

I know that sensors are made from several (million) photosites. But what is in the photosites? What chemicals, if any? How are they made? What actually detects the light? I am looking for both CMOS ...
4
votes
1answer
237 views

Are the perspective control advantages of a tilt shift lens less important on higher resolution cameras?

When using a tilt shift lens for perspective control, you can use shift to help account for converging lines such as in a scene of a church from 100ft away. I can also handle this type of perspective ...
4
votes
1answer
143 views

Can lens stacking cause sensor damage?

Can damage be caused to a camera's imaging sensor (any size) simply by reversing, or stacking, lenses? Would stacking lenses cause a concentration of light to strike the sensor and perhaps damage ...
1
vote
0answers
68 views

Bright dots on all images [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why is my camera showing a lot of stuck red and white pixels? Recently I noticed that on every picture I take, there are some tiny (close to pixel size) bright dots ...
5
votes
2answers
448 views

What are causes for image sensor getting heated? Does Live View cause more heat?

As I have known so far, image sensor gets heated when being exposed to light for longer time. Is there any other reason why an image sensor gets heated? Does heating depends on sensor type (like CCD, ...
4
votes
1answer
585 views

what's the relation between sensor size and image quality (noise, dynamic range)?

I'm reading this description on sensor size: Digital compact cameras have substantially smaller sensors offering a similar number of pixels. As a consequence, the pixels are much smaller, ...
12
votes
4answers
871 views

Why is sensor sensitivity called “ISO”?

I was curious to know how the term "ISO" was coined for referring the image sensor's sensitivity. Is there any reason or circumstance that contributed for terming "ISO"? Also, does ISO has a literal ...
1
vote
1answer
716 views

how does full frame cameras give better bokeh than crop sensor? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: When do the differences between APS-C and full frame sensors matter, and why? Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field? When I compare my camera ...
7
votes
2answers
653 views

Why does my sensor require frequent cleaning?

I have a Nikon D300 and in the past couple years I've found that it seems to require sensor cleaning very frequently, something like once a week or more. I've been dry cleaning with a combination of ...
4
votes
1answer
409 views

What are the right cleaning tools for an APS-C sensor?

I have got my gear ready for a long holiday in next month, but I'm pretty much confused when it comes to having the right tools for cleaning a sensor. The typical procedure I have experienced from ...