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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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Pixels and Subpixels usage in TIFF and RAW

The first answer to this question says that when saving images in TIFF, each pixel holds three colors' data and because of that, the file is larger... and RAW only hold monochrome data in each ...
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3answers
54 views

Can the same sensor have different dynamic range and color depth in different camera makes?

The Nikon D7000 and Sony A55 were found to have the same sensor. But during testing, which I understand is subjective- DxoMark (dubious reputation, I'm aware) revealed that the D7000 has a much ...
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126 views

Canon APS-C: what is the maximum sensor size EF-S lenses are designed to support?

Given that Canon APS-C cameras differ in sensor size (e.g. 70D has a 22,5 x 15,0 mm and 700D has 22,3 x 14,9) is it possible for future models to switch from a 1,6 to 1,5 factor like Nikon crop ...
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2answers
71 views

Image stabilization in interchangeable lens camera body?

Are there any interchangeable lens cameras which have image stabilization in their body too? If yes, does it help more to compensate images's shakiness or will it negatively affect the lens' image ...
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56 views

Example image from sun-damaged sensor

There is obviously a great concern on the Net about getting ones image sensor sun damaged. I am getting interested in what such damage would look like. I have Googled around some to try to find an ...
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0answers
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Are there industry standards or specs for image sensor resistance to damage from intense light?

While the occasional snapshot that includes the sun is generally safe, there are certainly combinations of lens and duration that can damage an image sensor if the sun or other sufficiently bright ...
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2answers
82 views

How can cameras have the same number of megapixels even when the sensor size differs? [duplicate]

The image resolution for the respective megapixels remains the same whether the camera is of medium format or full frame or APS-C or even mobile phones. However the sensor sizes differ in these ...
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3answers
244 views

Are the stops of the dynamic range of a cameras sensor the same as the stops the light meter shows?

My name is Elefterios and I am studying photography and audiovisuals. Currently I'm on my last year doing my thesis project related to timelapse. On the HDR Timelapse chapter I'm writing a short ...
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1answer
145 views

Will sun damage to a sensor create an unusual amount of noise in images?

Recently I was playing with my Sony α6000 camera, taking some shots of birds in the morning and also the sun. It was after taking the shots that I stumbled upon the fact on the internet that sun ...
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2answers
110 views

Should I be worried about the pixelation in my photo? [closed]

I took a photo of a lake and while editing it I found that the image actually had sensors pixel view all over the picture. Is this something I should worry about? Here in my photo, Pixels of the ...
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2answers
48 views

Camera cleaning by professionals or by myself? [duplicate]

My camera has accumulated some dust on its chip over the past 3 years and I want to clean it. Do you have experience with cleaning your camera's sensors on your own with appropriate gear? Do you ...
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2answers
85 views

What factors affect the dynamic range of a sensor?

I understand what dynamic range is, but I'm interested in what it is that allows different sensors to have increased dynamic range over other sensors. For example, the classic explanation of a sensor ...
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2answers
123 views

How can I use a remote shutter release during IR photography with a D3s without leaking into the image?

I'm using a D3s for infrared photography. I'm trying to use a shutter remote to take the images, but the remote's IR-emitting LED/photodiode is emitting enough light to leak into my image on the ...
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5answers
295 views

Why does it seem like large sensors are necessary for good low-light performance?

Phone manufacturers have recently started advertising the size of the photosites on smartphone camera sensors. They argue that larger photosites lead to better low-light performance. I think a good ...
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1answer
153 views

How Does A 5D Mk3 Generate The Histogram It Displays In Live View?

What is happening under the hood when a 5D Mk3 displays a histogram (luminance or RGB)? What exactly is the data it uses (raw sensor data, jpeg or something else)?
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90 views

What camera used the largest EXR sensor, and which one offered the largest EXR pixels?

I learned to appreciate Fuji's EXR sensor technology for travel and reporting photography when I used a Fuji X10. But like with all compact cameras, I feel a larger sensor and / or pixel size would ...
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861 views

Black dots on all photos

I took this image with a phone (some Sony). The lens is clean on the outside. The owner of the phone says those black dots started appearing and supposedly are multiplying. Is it some dust in the ...
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3answers
211 views

If I set my camera to lower resolution, does that mean more sensor area per image pixel?

My camera is the Nikon D3200 and the specs state that it has a Sensor Pixel Area of 14.85µm2 @ 24MP. When i set my camera to JPEG (fine), I have the ability to set the picture size. Would setting it ...
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4answers
184 views

How does “crop factor” relate to the area of a sensor compared to full frame?

What is meant when someone says that a 1/2.3 sensor has a crop factor of 6.22? How many times the area of a 1/2.3 sensor is a full-frame sensor? Please include plenty of details. Another ...
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2answers
132 views

Why the photos captured from my mobile camera doesn't give a same results in same conditions?

Last night I was trying to create a time-lapse of the Orion constellation. Setting all the camera settings to manual (max ISO my mobile camera allows 1600 , shutter speed 1 sec), I was trying to ...
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4answers
164 views

Why do camera manufacturers advertise image processors but not the sensor itself?

Camera manufacturers often advertise their image processors version in advertisements, such as DIGIC 6 (Canon), EXPEED 5A (Nikon) and many more. But we never see they advertise the sensor they are ...
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Why do electronic shutters expose row by row?

This question connects with my previous question, Why do cameras use a slit between two curtains rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly? This question is about why the slit thing comes with ...
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69 views

photographing a full moon [duplicate]

I have photographed the moon zoomed out to 500mm or so with my Lumix FZ150 when the sky is not very dark and have successfully captured terrific detail in the moon's features. However, when trying to ...
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5answers
386 views

Why do cameras use a slit between two curtains rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly?

Why is it more effective to use "a slit travelling from top to bottom of the sensor" in faster shutter speeds, rather than exposing the entire sensor instantly? And the slit thing only comes in fast ...
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1answer
218 views

Real world Dynamic Range

I am confused with the science of electronics, regarding cameras and sensors. I have read the posts and answers here and elsewhere. All I walk away with is the electronic specs of cameras and sensors. ...
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2answers
532 views

Effective focal length of kit 16-50mm lens on A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop factor) [duplicate]

This is likely a tedious question for you guys but, as a camera noob, I'm miffed, so please bear with me. I have a: Sony A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop sensor). With kit lens: SELP1650 lens (16-50mm) So, ...
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1answer
83 views

Sony Full Frame E Mount Sensor Corners

Context I've seen the Canon 5D Mark III, Nikon D750 and A7R before. The sensor placement of the Nikon and Canon reveals the whole sensor if you look "down" the mount on the camera. On the A7r though ...
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2answers
129 views

Does A RAW file exist containing the full dynamic range of a natural scene with a ratio of 100,000:1?

I've just read Karl Lang's excellent whitepaper - Rendering the Print: the Art of Photography. In it, he mentions that the ratio of light to dark in a 'natural scene' can have a ratio of 100,000:1, a ...
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198 views

Horizontal banding pattern near sun: sensor flare?

Following is a crop from a RAW shot, developed in Lightroom 5.7, into a setting sun from a Sony A77II – ISO 100, f/5, 1/20s, with a TTL fill flash. In the darker regions near the sun a series ...
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2answers
227 views

Why is FF sharper than crop body for the same framing of the same object?

Take an FF body and a crop body, with similar MP rating - and the FF body will give a sharper image of the same object. At least, that seems to be the case - as here: ...
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2answers
337 views

Are these spots on the sensor or the lens? [duplicate]

Equipment is Canon EOS 5D3 (5760x3840) with a 24-105 f/4 L lens at 105mm, ISO 200. The following are crops from the same small (676x449) section of a couple of blue sky shots I did to test for sensor ...
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3answers
136 views

What causes noise floor in an image sensor?

In the book Image Sensors and Signal Processing for Digital Still Cameras, it says that Read noise, or noise floor, is defined as noise that comes from the readout electronics.Noise generated in a ...
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1answer
273 views

What is the sensor inside NIKON D3300?

Looking for a DSLR with Sony sensor inside, NIKON uses Sony EXMOR CMOS sensor in their DSLR. But there is no confirmation about what is the sensor used in NIKON D3300.
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1answer
1k views

What camera companies make their own sensors?

Is it public knowledge what manufacturers make their own sensors and what import it from others? I heard somewhere that Sony manufactures Nikon's high end sensors, but don't know about the others. ...
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1answer
373 views

Using a full frame lens on a crop sensor camera [duplicate]

I have a Canon 70D APS-C sized sensor camera. I currently have a Sigma 10-20mm, a Canon 50mm 1.8, a Canon 75-300mm and of course the kit lens. I want to buy the Canon 24-105mm F4 L as an upgrade. I ...
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2answers
83 views

Is the anti alias filter really a blurring filter?

I'm trying to dig into the nature of how the anti aliasing filter works. This is of importance to me as I need to capture small details at the very edge of the resolution limit of the cameras lens as ...
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1answer
99 views

How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? [duplicate]

In order to understand the technology in a digital camera, I considered the following question: How does ISO setting change CCD/CMOS sensor behavior? For example, does ISO setting affect the amount ...
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1answer
301 views

In terms of “image quality”, is the sensor the only spec of a DSLR I should look at when shooting RAW?

There are so many specs which don't have any influence on your RAW file. I'm trying to isolate the factors that matter for image quality only. For example, I'm not sure about the processor : of ...
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1answer
75 views

Blur each pixel independently on sensor to reduce moire effect

If I understand correctly, sensors can produce a moire effect because their subpixels are separate (each one is affected by a different portion of the image), so to stop this effect, some cameras have ...
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1answer
210 views

How is a Bayer filter manufactured?

Following on from an earlier question about bayer filters, it got me wondering: How are they actually manufactured? How do they apply such a small amount of dye to each sub pixel? My best guess ...
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1answer
275 views

Exmor RS. What value does it add to an 1" sensor?

Recently, new versions of Sony P&S cameras (DSC-RX10 II, DSC-RX100 IV) have emerged. They feature new 1" stacked CMOS image sensor called Exmor RS. I understand that this technology increases the ...
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6answers
433 views

Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is “35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?”

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The ...
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0answers
63 views

Quilted/Tiled Image Sensor: How do you eliminate stripes of missing photos in huge quilted sensors?

Background: This question is largely inspired by one of the answers in: What limits the size of digital imaging sensors? So the answer mentions uber-large image sensors that are made by "quilting" or ...
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2answers
127 views

What is it called when a camera generates files with more megapixels than the actual sensor provides?

I found in many Android devices that the "real array size", which is the actual pixel count of the camera sensor, is lower than the 4:3 Max picture the user can take. For example: Sensor Array = 1616 ...
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1answer
196 views

Will black level of one sensor reduce its dynamic range?

For one camera, the black level of the sensor will make the output non-zero when it is covered. For example the output of the sensor is 10bit and black level is 63, if the output is reduced by black ...
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1answer
231 views

How close are we to the sensor pixel size limit?

Given the wavelengths of light we see, presumably there is some limit of pixel size below which we cannot resolve – i.e., packing four pixels into the area of one pixel would not be able to ...
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2answers
311 views

What makes the Foveon X3 a “direct” image sensor?

In marketing materials mentioning the Foveon X3 sensor, I usually see it referred to as the "Foveon X3 direct image sensor" (example): I understand how the Foveon X3 sensor works (stacked ...
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1answer
147 views

What's the point of a shutter when the sensor is clearly working all the time to provide live view?

Something I don't understand about compact digital cameras is how their shutters work. On the screen at the back of the camera, a preview is constantly shown. I assume this preview is made by light ...
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3answers
291 views

What are the RGB primaries in a camera?

More generally, what is the nature of the gamut? Primaries as peak sensitivity don't behave the same as primaries for mixing output. I suppose this is necessary to know for RAW importing and would be ...
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2answers
368 views

Which sensor “full frame” vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion?

Which sensor "full frame" vs. APS-C (1.6 crop) gives more distortion using the same lens? I mean, would a 10mm lens on a full frame camera show more or less distortion than if it were on an APS-C (1.6 ...