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A sensor is the digital camera's equivalent to film. It contains millions of tiny light-detecting areas called photosites, which convert light into an electric charge. After exposing the sensor to light, this charge is read from each pixel and converted into a digital image.

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46 views

General guidelines on choosing a lens for an image sensor [on hold]

Not sure if this is the right place to ask this question, but here it is: I am trying to get up and running a VGA image sensor: 2755um x 2050um image area with 4.2um x 4.2um pixels and 640x480 ...
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1answer
70 views

Why is my Canon Digital IXUS/ELPH making distorted photos with purple cast

My ~10 year old Canon PowerShot Digital ELPH S410 (IXUS 430) has been left in a drawer for the past 6 years. I took it out recently to give to my young son as his first camera, but the pictures have ...
2
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2answers
147 views

How to estimate camera sensor size?

I am using a smartphone for capturing photos and I need to estimate the camera sensor size (mm*mm). I have the resolution (in pixels) and the focal length (in pixels). I can also measure the size of ...
3
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3answers
499 views

Background blur vs. frozen object in long exposure flash photography

I recently watched Adorama's video on rear curtain sync flash photography. At 4.12 to 4.42, the presenter claims that when using front-curtain sync, the background/long exposure blur will be put on ...
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1answer
106 views

How does long exposure photography work on digital cameras?

For analog photography it's pretty easy, the film is exposed to light during the exposure time, but what about digital sensors ? As far as I know a sensor can't "be exposed" for a long period of ...
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2answers
172 views

Big sensor and landscape photography, DoF

I've been an owner of point & shot cameras for some years. Now, I'm considering to move to bigger sensor cameras (4/3, asp-c) because I really hate the noise that small sensors produce on low ...
2
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1answer
231 views

Does the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D has any dust related problems?

I’m planning on purchasing the Canon EOS Rebel T5/1200D very soon, it’s the only DSLR that fits my budget (other one is the Nikon D3100 which I don’t plan to get). I like everything about the camera ...
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24 views

Auto Capture with Camera - Sensor Activated

I have a camera challenge that I'm trying to solve. Are there ways to configure a camera to take images automatically, upon the the target being in a specified location? For example see, the video ...
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0answers
17 views

Is it possible to calculate f-stop gain/loss for different sensor size? [duplicate]

I would like to know if it is possible to calculate f-stop gain/loss for different sensor size. For example, how much light can capture an aps-c vs a 1/2.3 sensor ? Thank you
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4answers
4k views

Are Nikon DSLR sensors actually better than Canon's?

I've been a happy Canon user for a while. When I was doing my initial research on what brand to buy several years ago, I came to the conclusion that both Nikon and Canon are equally good (which I ...
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0answers
163 views

Canon 6d color noise (and compared to 50d)

my first day with 6D, upgraded form 50D. Wouldn't be pixel peeping but something unusual caught my eye when I opened photos in Lightroom this morning. The color noise pattern is completely different ...
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0answers
107 views

Why is there a grid pattern of darker pixels in this twilight sky flat field? [closed]

This is the first time that I'm really inspecting the calibration images we were taught to take/use during data reduction, and I've noticed something in all the flat fields. The image below clearly ...
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1answer
53 views

Contradiction in information resources on capturing UV light with a digital sensor [duplicate]

I encounter a contradiction. Many resources state that a digital sensor are unsensitive to UV light. Even wikipedia, "However, newer photographic film and digital cameras are highly insensitive to ...
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4answers
108 views

Can exposure parameters be kept high even at high ISO sensitivity, to keep image quality up?

Following is from Film speed Film speed is the measure of a photographic film's sensitivity to light, determined by sensitometry and measured on various numerical scales, the most recent being the ...
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3answers
306 views

Which is better: a smaller f-number lens or a bigger sensor size?

When choosing a camera, which of the following options would be the best in taking photo in low light situation and cropping photo situation? A smaller f-number lens with a bigger sensor size A ...
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1answer
68 views

Why is a camera's dynamic range expressed as its photosite capacity divided by the read noise level?

For example, if a camera has a dynamic range of 44900/10, why would the range of greyscale levels available is equal to 4490? I know that 44900/10=4490 but this kind of reply didn't satisfy me. Let's ...
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0answers
37 views

Does a smaller sensor give shallow depth of field? [duplicate]

I have read that a full frame sensor gives a more shallow depth of field if using the same lens as on a crop frame sensor. Is this true? What I actually want to know is how does this relate to a point ...
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3answers
547 views

How are pixel value and intensity related?

How does the value of a pixel at any point correspond to the intensity of light photons striking at that point? Is there any mathematical relation between these two? 1 pixel value = ?? lumen.
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2answers
216 views

is a camera sensor size cropped according to the change in pixel aspect ratio of a resolution?

As an example, canon 6d full frame has the highest resolution of 5472 x 3648 with a pixel aspect ratio of 3:2 . As this is the highest I assume this is utilising the full size of the sensor. If the ...
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1answer
66 views

What is the MECHA DEVICE SERVICE in the Sony Alpha 7

It just came back from the repair with a listing that this part was changed out A1976128A. Any idea what it is? I'm guessing it's the sensor, but it's weirdly named.. nothing else comes up on google.
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8answers
955 views

What is Snapsort's true resolution?

On Snapsort I found this explanation: True resolution Manufacturers advertise high megapixels to sell their cameras, Snapsort calculates the true resolution of each camera based on the ...
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2answers
137 views

Are these weirdly-shaped purple stains really from particles under the first layer of the sensor, and if so, what can I do about it?

I have those little particles on my pictures. There are a lot of them, as you can see, and they have different weird shapes: I already sent my camera for a sensor cleaning and the guys at the shop ...
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5answers
1k views

Might future advances in sensor technology reduce or eliminate noise?

Is there a possibility that future tech advances may reduce or eliminate the noise when using high ISO setting, or is this noise unavoidable and inherent to all digital sensors? If there is a ...
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228 views

What are these strange lines on images from my Fujifilm FinePix F850EXR?

My camera recently started displaying lines on captured images along with some discoloration (you don't see the lines or any discoloration when simply looking through the lens). There was no ...
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1answer
63 views

Same mfg process = same performance in FF vs. cropped sensor?

I've seen generalizations that full-frame sensors tend to exhibit better low-light performance and dynamic range than a cropped-sensor specifically because they tend to use larger photosites that ...
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3answers
1k views

How relevant are the DxOMark scores and tests?

To me the DxOMark sensor rating seems a bit bizarre. They recently rated the sensor of Nikon D3300 to the same score as the Canon 1Dx got which I find unlikely to reflect their performances, and which ...
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7answers
1k views

Does a larger sensor resolution increase the difficulty of shooting hand-held?

I'm thinking of upgrading to a D800 and I think I read something about the 36MP resolution of the sensor to be a liability when hand-holding the camera at lower shutter speeds. Unfortunately I cannot ...
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2answers
397 views

Are there digital cameras with a RGBW sensor?

I have seen on Dpreview that fujifilm has been granted a patent for a new type of sensor with a strange non-Bayer pattern. Thinking about it... Is there a camera using a simpler Bayer RGBW pattern? ...
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5answers
524 views

Why are there no rotatable sensors instead of grips for portrait photography?

Why are there (at least to my knowledge) no rotatable sensors instead of grips for portrait photography. It seems like a great solution to obtain a lightweight DSLR for both landscape and portrait ...
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6answers
436 views

Why don't sensors have a wider aspect ratio?

than 3:2, like 16:9 or 16:10? Given the popularity of widescreen TVs and computer monitors with wide aspect ratios, and that most photos are viewed on a screen, rather than printed, and that the eye ...
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1answer
114 views

What are the main limiting factors for dynamic range in modern cameras?

Another question got me thinking about what is limiting dynamic range in digital cameras. From my understanding the precision of the analogue-to-digital converter, i.e. how many discrete levels it can ...
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1answer
119 views

Does a deeper photosite increase the dynamic range?

As I understand, a bigger photosite (on the sensor) enables a bigger dynamic range and also better high ISO performance. Is there a reason not to make the photosite deeper?
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2answers
1k views

Nikon D5100 half bright-half dark image with horizontal thin black line

I am getting half bright-half dark image with horizontal thin black line on my Nikon D5100. Does anyone has any idea ? i am extremely worried. Warranty just expired. I have sample images uploaded at ...
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2answers
110 views

why is a compact sensor brighter than a APS-C size sensor

So I may be missing something but I cannot think what it can be. I have a Sony compact hx9v and an NEX-6. the 16mm on the NEX is very similar to the compact at its widest, so I thought I would ...
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2answers
352 views

Convert RGB camera to infrared, but 3 channels not just 1?

A common way to make an infrared camera is to remove a commodity camera's IR-blocking filter (and add another filter to block the visible spectrum). Is there a similarly cheap way to convert an RGB ...
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3answers
83 views

A/D conversion, processors marketed less actively than sensor characteristics?

Two questions: In most literature about digital photography, there is some info-graphics about the path of the light signal from sensor to the storage. It starts with sensor, then there is the ...
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2answers
385 views

Sony A7R Noise compared to Nikon D800/E Sample Explanation

I am looking for a high resolution camera for fine art prints and the Sony A7R seems great since it has the same Sensor res as the D800 in a smaller enclosure. For some reason when I look at sample ...
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2answers
289 views

What are the lens-mount benefits of mirrorless systems?

There are plenty of comparisons between DSLR cameras and mirrorless/EVIL/system cameras, and the overall picture is that the two systems target different users and different uses. But I'd like to ...
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1answer
150 views

What is the benefit of the sensor marker?

I know that this marker on my Canon EOS shows me where my sensor is: Form technical point of view this is interesting, but is there benefit for me as a photographer to know exactly on which level ...
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1answer
329 views

What is the precise definition of SNR, as used by DxOmark?

What is the precise definition of signal to noise ratio, as used by DxOmark? Please see here, after clicking Measurements, SNR 18% (it's not directly linkable). I am looking for an explanation (in ...
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4answers
115 views

Dark spots - sensor toast?

I can't seem to get rid of some very annoying dark spots that are very noticeable under certain lighting conditions. I've taken a test shot of my monitor showing a white background and amped up the ...
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2answers
270 views

Can an Optical Low Pass Filter be applied via a lens filter?

I constantly see references to video being the application where an Optical Low Pass Filter is most useful, but it seems that still images do best without one. Would it be possible to then have a ...
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1answer
758 views

Is it really better to shoot at full-stop ISOs?

The second half of this answer says Notice that I only shot full-stop ISO which is important with Canon DSLRs because the gain to obtain the 1/3 stops in between is applied in software by the ...
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2answers
465 views

What is this dead pixel problem really called?

On all photos from my last vacation I see this red point. It appears on in-camera JPGs as well as on RAW files. A see a red pixel in the same position on all pictures. How is this problem called? Is ...
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2answers
109 views

Does Stopping down affect the performance of the sensor's AA filter?

I noticed a while back that with a lens stopped right down (say f16-22), any dust on the sensor becomes much more noticeable and "focused", and wide open (say f1.4) it is practically invisible. This ...
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1answer
242 views

How to clean spit off my camera sensor?

A short while ago, I [foolishly] attempted to clean some specs of dust from the sensor of my camera by blowing on it. While this was successful in removing the dust, I inadvertently spat on the ...
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1answer
190 views

Has Canon released any point and shoot cameras without optical low-pass filters?

Do either the Canon PowerShot SD880 IS or the S100 have anti-aliasing filters? If so, has Canon announced any P&S model(s) without OLPFs?
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2answers
180 views

Why can I recover more highlights RAW files from some cameras than from others?

I have two cameras that both shoot raw: Nikon D800 and Fujifilm X20. When editing I have discovered that I can recover a lot more information from a D800 raw image than a X20 raw image. Is it because ...
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2answers
322 views

Why don't mainstream sensors use CYM filters instead of RGB?

From what I understand most digital cameras have a sensor where each pixel-sensor has three sub-sensors, each one with an R,G and B filter. RGB is obviously the more fundamental colour model since it ...
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2answers
919 views

How does a sensor cause vignetting?

Vignetting is usually assigned to lens characteristics, or caused by light-blocking objects in front of a lens, like lens-hood or a filter. Is there vignetting (or vignetting-like effect) caused by ...