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The use of extra lights, often flash units, in order to make up for a lack of light or to gain more creative control over the image.

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17
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3answers
2k views

What does it mean for light to be soft or hard?

I've heard of "soft lighting" and "hard lighting". What do these mean? How can I control how soft a light is?
11
votes
9answers
5k views

How do I take a portrait at night with detail in the background instead of just blackness?

I was trying to make a photo of my girlfriend around 9 pm with a D7000, Sigma 24-70 2.8, and SB-900. She was in the center of the frame, taking up about 20% of the frame. About 40% was taken up by ...
3
votes
2answers
503 views

Crystal chandelier photography

How can I take a perfect picture from a crystal chandelier? whould someone explain all tips about this kind of photography?
10
votes
4answers
481 views

How can I set up lighting for fashion shots in a narrow hallway?

I do most of my fashion shots at home and due to lack of space I'm forced to do them in a narrow white corridor. I only have a single light for now and I'm trying to get pictures where there are no ...
7
votes
1answer
419 views

What lighting and pre- or post-processing is required for a high key image?

The definition of high key photographs is thoroughly answered by @mattdm. What I understood is that a light toned subject is the most important requirement to take a high key image. However, it seems ...
2
votes
2answers
218 views

How bright should a flash be?

Is it common/wise to invest in multiple flashers for different situations or can you use one given it has enough intensity? Another way to read this is: can a flash be too bright?
13
votes
2answers
2k views

How does the colour of ambient lighting affect colour rendition?

How does the colour of ambient lighting affect colour rendition? For example: If I stand under a sodium-vapour (orange) streetlight and calibrate my camera's white balance, what effect would this ...
5
votes
2answers
5k views

What are the advantages of using a ring flash for portraits?

I have a Ray Flash ring flash that I got for macro work. Whenever I mention it to a photographer, they often say that they really like it for portrait work. What are the advantages of using a ring ...
12
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I keep skin color from coming out too red in prints?

I've noticed lately that subjects with darker skin, especially brown hues, tend to come out with lots of red in prints. When shooting against red or brown backgrounds, this effect is significantly ...
6
votes
4answers
7k views

How do I light a photo booth with a single flash and an umbrella?

I run a photobooth for a friend at a party for a side job and last night we came across a predicament. We only were able to use one flash on a tripod, instead of the usual two, along with the camera ...
7
votes
4answers
748 views

What should be considered for employee photos to put on company's website?

I work in the entertainment industry and am looking to produce friendly looking images of our employees (sales managers, customer support people, and so on) to put on our company's website. What ...
23
votes
4answers
3k views

In portrait photography, what is a “catchlight”?

In portrait photography, what is a "catch light"? Is it good or bad? How do I produce or avoid them? Are some kinds better than others?
8
votes
2answers
748 views

Why diffuse a softbox?

I just read "Lessons Learned on The Flash Bus Tour" and saw this image. In it, an assistant is holding some sort of white shoot-through diffuser (I got a similar one in my 5-in-one reflector kit) ...
15
votes
3answers
2k views

Why invest in high end large- and medium-format digital cameras?

I've been reading about Hasselblad, Mamiya (medium format) and Sinar (large format), both offer lots and lots of megapixels and the frame format. On the other hand, I've been learning about concepts ...
6
votes
5answers
691 views

What white balance settings do I need to capture the cast of a coloured streetlight?

I want take a photo of a scene lit by a yellow-orange street light. Unlike many of the questions here, I don't want to balance the colours in the scene, rather I want the areas lit by that light to ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Where can I buy used photo studio equipment?

I am looking for a place to find used or inexpensive photography equipment like tripods, light stands, backdrops, ext.
12
votes
2answers
485 views

How do you pose a turtle?

We're doing a photoshoot and there's a turtle that should be in the shot. What is most flattering for a self-conscious half-shell?
6
votes
1answer
118 views

Why does the lighting sometimes differ between the two images when taking stereoscopic photos with my 3DS?

I have a 3DS. It can take stereoscopic photos, albeit with a low-res and noisy sensor. I'm not expecting great photos, however, I am seeing one issue I can't explain simply by cheap sensors. In some ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

What software can I use for 3D lighting simulation?

I've got a shot in mind that's going to require precise lighting (sources & angles). I'd like to do a lighting simulation. I want place objects & light sources in some sort of 3D virtual ...
15
votes
4answers
10k views

Best fluorescent bulb color temperature for shooting people and interviews?

I have a small, ultra white matte 13x10 room that I need to photograph and film people in. The most important thing to me is a person's skin color. Something like this. Yesterday I purchased some ...
3
votes
1answer
978 views

How do I recreate this outdoor portrait lighting setup?

I'd like to recreate the lighting setup from this picture: http://i.stack.imgur.com/rRikx.jpg The question is: How do I do it? My guesses so far: Sun from above and behind the model, slightly to ...
11
votes
3answers
775 views

How was this dramatic lighting of an NBA game achieved?

This is a very cool effect, dramatic and not your usual basketball image: Photo by Nathaniel S. Butler/NBAE via Getty Images. There are other examples like it in the linked gallery. My question is how ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

Interior/architecture lighting solutions?

One of the main problems when taking photo of interior is how to handle outdoor light, or to be more precise, how to handle outdoor light which is showing up in frame. Ideal time for taking photo ...
32
votes
5answers
7k views

What does it mean for a photograph to be “high key”?

As I learned the term, a high-key image is one where the shadows are effectively eliminated, and the mid-tone detail pushed into brighter zones. My question is simple: is this an accurate definition, ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

How to calculate Lux from EV?

Instead of looking up a chart, how can I calculate Lux from EV? Thanks!
12
votes
1answer
1k views

What is color temperature and how does it affect my photography?

I have seen color temperature mentioned with regard to white balance, mixing different sources of light, etc., but I haven't come across a clear explanation of what it means to talk about the ...
5
votes
2answers
214 views

Is it possible to have a hybrid lighting setup with flashes and studio lights?

From what I've read so far, one the decision you have to make when interested in lighting work is either going with flashes or studio lights. Can we use both at the same time ?
6
votes
1answer
244 views

Are there risks in using a third-party TTL cable?

I see that the cables that support TTL offered by manufacturers such as Canon and Nikon for using a flash off-camera are fairly spendy and that there are some third-party cables at a fraction of the ...
21
votes
5answers
2k views

How do mountains affect lighting at sunrise and sunset?

I just got back from a trip in the Rockies. The tall and close mountains mean that the sun sets earlier than flatter places at the same latitude -- perhaps by an hour or so. The same applies to ...
3
votes
1answer
356 views

Tips for shooting a flood-lit, vibrant carnival procession

I'm currently in Rio de Janeiro for carnival where I will be attending carnival at the Sanbodromo. I have a Nikon D3000 with a 55-300 lens. I'll be around 50 to 100 meters away, overlooking the ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

What are the best practices for taking pictures of a canvas?

Please share your experience about: Lighting Objectives Setup Colorimetry Photo-Editing ...
10
votes
2answers
444 views

What causes light fringes around objects in images?

I took the image above yesterday in the afternoon somewhere outside. If you look closely, there are slight fringes of light all around the subject forming a thin kind of boundary which I find very ...
5
votes
2answers
282 views

Flash gun or some other light source?

I'm looking for some piece of advice from more advanced fellow photographers with regards to the artificial 'daylight' sources. I'd like to be able to some pictures of kids at home. Unfortunately the ...
10
votes
3answers
983 views

How does grid depth determine beam angle?

I just got a 28" Westcott Apollo softbox. They don't sell a grid/egg crate for it, so I'd like to create my own, similar to this. My understanding is that the deeper the grid, the narrower the angle ...
0
votes
0answers
193 views

How to take a portrait for a resume? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Advice to do a good photo for my CV Hi everybody. Quick question: How would you proceed for a resume photo? If you think something would be a good idea even if it's not ...
7
votes
2answers
546 views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of grids vs. snoots for light control?

Both are, in general, used to control the area that's lit. What are the relative advantages and disadvantages of both? When would you prefer one over the other?
5
votes
3answers
557 views

How should I light 2d artwork in a makeshift studio? What lighting products do I need?

Thanks to previous advice, I'm going to start photographing my 2d artwork (not behind glass) using the Canon 50mm f/1.8 lens. I'm operating in a room with no natural light so I have complete control ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

What should I consider when choosing continuous lighting vs. strobes for studio photography?

If one were to want to get started with studio photography (I'm thinking things like portraits, headshots, perhaps pets, etc) what would be the considerations in choosing whether to go with continuous ...
5
votes
1answer
242 views

Are there features to Westcott's Spiderlite TD5 that would be difficult to reproduce if I built a DIY version?

I look at products like Westcott's Spiderlite TD5 head and there looks to be less than $50 in parts (not including the light bulbs) in a product like this... I'm a 'handy guy' with a garage full of ...
1
vote
1answer
196 views

Kino Flo: should I buy 4 fixtures with one ballast? Would I need anything else?

Not much experience with Kino Flos... Considering buying 4x of these: Kino Flo 4Bank 4' Fixture Only And am wondering if I could get away with only one ballast: Kino Flo Mega 4Bank DMX Ballast ...
21
votes
4answers
5k views

How do I properly white-balance my photographs when I'm shooting in mixed-lighting environments?

I have a dSLR and I often find myself taking pictures of people in 'mixed lighting' environments (e.g. tungsten lighting and daylight, fluorescent and tungsten, or even the ‘nightmare lighting ...
11
votes
6answers
990 views

Which is faster for flashes, radio triggers or optical triggers?

Assuming you have a line of sight to all your flashes and both methods will trigger the flashes with 100% reliability, is it faster to use radio triggers or optical triggers to set them off? Or put in ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

How to set up lighting for stop-motion photography?

I was recently joking around with some friends about building a small gingerbread town, and taking some macro shots of it. My friends came up with the idea of actually doing it, only instead of just ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Metering - How to account for the light from the flash

I pretty much use Manual mode (in my Nikon D40) and learning quite a lot from it. Though I understand "Metering" for correct exposure, I've trouble understanding it while using Flash (both in-built as ...
12
votes
1answer
7k views

What are standard lighting setups for 2-3 people?

What are some standard lighting setups for two or three people in a group? I just can't think of non-complicated setups that would apply some previously discussed (short, broad, butterfly, split, ...
4
votes
4answers
952 views

How can I reduce “ghost images” of water droplets?

I am interested in taking the photo of spray of droplets. I also want to measure their size. I have captured a streak-type image of each and every water droplet coming from the nozzle. If you observe ...
9
votes
4answers
693 views

Tips & advice for photographing store/shop interiors

In my area, rural Ireland, there are still a few old style shops(stores). These places usually feature long wooden counters, glass fronted cabinets, mechanical tills! and floor to ceiling shelves. The ...
7
votes
4answers
321 views

Light Tent Recommendations?

I'm looking to buy a smallish light tent (1 or 2 feet on a side) and there seems to be quite an array of options. Are there any that are any better than any others? Or should I just go with whatever ...
14
votes
1answer
2k views

What is “dark field lighting” and why is it used?

I've seen the term "dark field lighting" a few times and was wondering why its used and how you do it? An example (by one of our members no less) http://www.flickr.com/photos/spqr_ca/5362714988/. ...
9
votes
1answer
440 views

What are the difference between using a pack and head system versus monolights?

Among mains-powered lighting systems, you can either get a kit with a central power pack, and attached heads, or monolights, each with its own power supply. What are the advantages and disadvantages ...