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A photographic lens is used to focus the light onto film or a digital sensor. Many cameras have interchangeable lens systems, allowing the photographer to choose the type of lens to use.

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5answers
597 views

Are bad reviews of the Sony E 16-50mm f/3.5-5.6 pancake kit zoom reason to avoid the system?

I'm thinking about buying the Sony A6000 over a Micro Four Thirds camera because of the sensor size, but I read in many reviews (such as this) that this is one of the worst lenses around. Now, since a ...
0
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0answers
33 views

What defines camera's size? [duplicate]

Smartphone cameras are small while others are big. I know some functions like zoom can change physical size, etc. So, ignoring a zoom lens, what defines a camera lens? I want to get the general idea ...
1
vote
4answers
205 views

What did the “macro” switch/mode do on older zoom lenses?

I remember that a number of older (80s to maybe mid 90s) zooms had a "macro" mode where you would throw a switch that allowed the lens to focus closer. What was that? was it just a built in extension ...
18
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4answers
2k views

Can I use old Pentax lenses on newer Pentax DSLRs?

Can I use old Pentax lenses from the film days on the newer Pentax DSLRs? Are there any caveats or exceptions? Are adapters or modifications needed?
4
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2answers
113 views

How do zoom, magnification, and focal length relate?

Zoom lenses and cameras with superzooms are often sold with an × zoom number — like a 12x zoom or 30x zoom. The question How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom? explains how ...
9
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5answers
2k views

is there a real difference between “digital” and “film” lenses?

I'm looking at the Sigma 20mm F1.8 EX DG ASP RF lens right now to use on a 35mm film Camera (Nikon N80). The DG stands for "Digital Full Frame" according to Sigma, but they don't say what the ...
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2answers
172 views

Sigma 17-50 f/2.8 or Sigma 17-70 f/2.8-4 (C) for Canon 600D

I know this has been asked alot.. I have Canon 600D with Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 and Canon 50mm f/1.8 lenses. I'm looking to upgrade the zoom lens with something with better IQ, sharpness, ...
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2answers
130 views

Why can lenses only focus from so close?

I have always wondered, why is it that a lens can only focus from so far away from the subject? I know some lenses have a kind of macro switch which basically allows them to focus closer but why are ...
2
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1answer
122 views

Nikon 16-85 VR focus noise problem?

My 16-85 VR is doing some weird noise during focus, manual or auto. It's like an hiss. I asked in a local shop and they said it can be some microdust inside the lens. But I'm a little worried it can ...
4
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3answers
112 views

How do I rig up a color filter for my Sigma 8-16mm Ultrawide?

I am a bit confused... I'm not sure if the cokin system will work on my lens, as my lens doesn't have threads for a filter. I've found that placing a Z series cokin filter in front of the lens will ...
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6answers
7k views

Why are wide-angle lenses so much more expensive?

What is it about wide-angle lenses that makes them so much more expensive than an equivalent-quality tele or prime lens? Take the Canon EF-S 10-22mm USM, for example. RRP is nearly £1,000! Are they ...
2
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2answers
123 views

Difference between zoom and focal length? [duplicate]

Until now I thought that focal length is just another way of measuring how much a lens zooms: The higher the number the more it magnifies, the smaller the number the wider the angle and thus the less ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Lens recommendation for upcoming NYC trip? [duplicate]

I'm just a photo enthusiast knowing just the basics so far. My dad used to work with a film SLR and taught me a few things. I currently own a Canon 60D with the 18-135mm kit lens. I originally wanted ...
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0answers
21 views

Looking for sigma adaptor to canon EOS 550d [duplicate]

Here's the situation.. I'm looking for a sigma lens adapter to a CANON 550D. The lenses are: A Sigma ZOOM, 24-70 mm, 1:3.5-5.6 UC; A Sigma ZOOm, 100-300 mm, 1:4.5-6.7 UC; Minolta AF ZOOM 35-70 mm, ...
29
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3answers
12k views

What does the number of elements and groups in a lens mean?

All lens specifications include a statement of how many elements the lens contains, and in how many groups, for example: Nikon AF-S VR Zoom-NIKKOR 70-300 mm 1:4,5-5,6G: 17 elements in 12 groups (two ...
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2answers
1k views

Is it normal for focal length to change while focusing?

When I change the focus distance on my Pentax 55-300mm lens, the focal length appears to change. More specifically, the lens appears to zoom in as I focus towards the minimum focusing distance. This ...
2
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1answer
100 views

Which filters will fit Voigtlander 15mm?

I recently got myself Voigtlander Super Wide-Heliar 15mm/4.5 lens, which I enjoy shooting a lot. It has built-in lens hood with filter threads and manual says it's fitted with 52mm filter threads. I ...
3
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4answers
9k views

Can I use old Minolta AF lenses on my new Canon?

I just recently bought my first DSLR, a Canon Rebel t2i/550d. I use it mostly for video and it works wonderfully. I bought the kit lens with it, but I am looking to expand my lens collection. I found ...
0
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2answers
134 views

IS auto-shutdown causes SLR to stop detecting lens - Canon 70-200 2.8L IS MK I

I've tested this on my 6D and my friends' 60D. Use case: [Only occurs in Video mode] 1) Activate the IS function during Video mode. Does not have to be recording (but is reproducible in the same ...
6
votes
2answers
199 views

How does an apodization filter improve bokeh?

The new Fujifilm Fujinon XF56mmF1.2 R APD has an "apodization" filter, which Fujifilm says "smoothes the outline of the subject to create a more natural bokeh effect". The Wikipedia article on ...
14
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1answer
686 views

How does a macro lens focus so close?

How does a macro lens focus so closely and how is the system different to that of a non-macro lens?
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1answer
112 views

Canon lenses with Sony A7r

I am thinking about switching from 5DMIII to Sony A7r. In terms of lenses, I have Canon EF lenses (16-35, 50, 70-200), and a Tamron 24-70 VC. Will the electronics of those lenses work with the ...
2
votes
1answer
90 views

How does a focus ring bring a subject in or out of focus?

When you manually adjust your focus ring on the lens, what actually happens inside the lens? Is this changing simply the point at which the lens is focusing, so that anything at this distance away ...
3
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1answer
131 views

Is there a comprehensive list of available (possible) adapters between different lens mounts?

When buying old dirt cheap lenses for use in modern cameras with the help from adapters, the flange focal distance is always limiting factor. The article about flange focal distance lists the ...
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3answers
335 views

What can I do when autofocus suddenly starts blocking at around 2m on a Nikkor AF-S 28-70mm 1:2.8 D?

I had this lens for quite a few years now, it used to work as expected. I didn't use my stuff for a few months, maybe 6-8 months. I just bought a D600 and tried to use them. The AF does not work as it ...
10
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1answer
8k views

What does the magnification ratio number mean on a macro lens?

I'm looking for a macro lens. I have 28-105mm Nikkor which gives me "1:2 Magnification Ratio" (whatever that means). I found another lens, Tamron 90mm Macro, which has magnification ratio of 1:1. ...
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4answers
81 views

Does camera calibration negate lens color quality?

One of the quality of lenses are the way it renders color. Some say, a lens of a certain brand has a special color quality to it etc. But if you do camera calibration, will it matter at that point? ...
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2answers
134 views

Can a Canon 100-400 EF lens with damaged AF be repaired?

Canon 100-400 EF lens Autofocus is damaged due to shake during travel. I can focus Manually, but Auto Focus makes some noise and doesn't focus. I guess, the motor is not functioning. Can this lens ...
0
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3answers
103 views

Which lens/focal length offers the widest viewing angle without too noticable distorions/fish-eye-effect?

I am looking for a lens for my Sony Alpha 77 (APS-C), which gets me an as wide as possible viewing angle, but I also hate that fisheye effect one gets from using too low of a focal length. About where ...
3
votes
1answer
176 views

Where to fix Canon lens, other than Canon?

I have a 70-200 2.8L II lens that was broken on a photoshoot (dropped 1 ft). The glass is intact (thank you, UV filter) but there is some issue inside the lens where the images aren't focused and the ...
3
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1answer
154 views

Are wide angle adapters bad?

I would like to get wider angle photos than my current setup of min 18mm APS-C allows, but decent wide angle lenses (for Sony with 10-14mm focal length) cost 300+€. I stumbled upon these wide angle ...
2
votes
2answers
221 views

Is it bad to use old lenses on a new camera?

Ever since I started out with photography, I've been using an old, used Sony Alpha 200 DSLR. I was mostly okay with its mediocre performance, but lately my demands have increased, and I would like ...
7
votes
3answers
366 views

I accidentally refrigerated my lens for a month. Should I be worried?

When preparing for a hike, I ended up putting my whole backpack in the fridge to cool the water in the Camelbak inside of it. The hike was canceled, and I'm the kind of guy that doesn't really care ...
32
votes
5answers
79k views

How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?

What is the rule to convert the 'mm' notation to the 'optical zoom' notation? I searched a bit and found this one: optical zoom = maximum focal length / minimum focal length For example a 18-55mm ...
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0answers
43 views

Understanding Focal Length of the lenses [duplicate]

What is the Difference between 10x,20x,30x and so on Zoom calculation ratio in mm? Shall I consider 100mm Focal length as 10x,200mm as 20x and so on. If I am wrong in calculation please correct me.
38
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9answers
80k views

What can be done using a 18-55mm lens?

I have a Canon EOS 1000D with 18-55mm kit lens (entry level, as many say). Whenever I go out for a shoot, I always end up feeling handicapped because of the limited zoom range. Most of my friends ...
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1answer
42 views

Understanding Lenses and the Focal length and Distance of Shooting [duplicate]

Suppose i want to make a Picture of a Tiger,in the National park or in wild life safari,and to fill in the Frame with my Aps-c Eos Camera with Focal Length at 300mm,how close or far i need to ...
0
votes
1answer
68 views

Why does the use of multiple filters create vignetting?

Recently I have had vignetting problem with my Sigma 18-200mm f/3.5-6.3 DC OS HSM (72mm) After checking, it is specified in the manual that one should not use multiple filters or thick filter (as ...
1
vote
2answers
5k views

Canon Zoom lenses: 18-135 STM vs 18-200 vs. 17-85

In my quest to buy a new camera, My local store has three bundles, that each comes with one of the three lenses mentioned in the title. I'm having a hard time deciding between the three as they all ...
0
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0answers
41 views

Missing Grommet on lens that secures lens cover

I have a Canon Power Shot SX500 IS with a Canon Zoom Lens 30 x IS. The grommet located in the inside lip at end of the lens fell out and was lost. It secures the lens cover when in use. Where can I ...
4
votes
2answers
100 views

Understanding Lenses Focal Length with Converters

I read about APS-C sensors EOS DSLRs, that if the focal length is 300mm and as the image ratio is 1.6 then the 300mm x1.6 = 480mm focal length. So if I add a 1.4x teleconverter to 300mm lens so I ...
2
votes
4answers
125 views

Should lenses of equal quality for smaller sensors be cheaper?

In theory do we expect lenses of identical specs and quality to be cheaper when designed for smaller sensors? My expectation is that the answer is yes, because all of the things that lenses struggle ...
0
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1answer
213 views

Which of my lenses to choose for shooting the Milky Way? 17mm 2.8 or 10mm 4.5?

Next week I hope to get a good chance to do my first Milky Way shoot. Last thing I struggle with is which of my lenses to use. I want to avoid startrails. In the final round are: Sigma 17-50 2.8 ...
0
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2answers
258 views

Mounting Sigma 70-300mm 1:4-5.6 APO Macro Super on Nikon D3200

I have been given a Sigma 70-300mm 1:4-5.6 APO Macro Super lens and I want to fit it to my D3200. The problem is that the mount on the bottom of the Sigma lens is too big for the D3200 lens mount and ...
0
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3answers
94 views

Can I use my Olympus E-10 lenses on my Canon T3i?

I just bought a Canon Rebel T3i but would like to also use my Wide angle, Micro,Macro and telephoto lenses from my Olympus E-10, Is it just a matter of a step ring from 58mm to 62mm?
0
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3answers
184 views

Upgrading from Canon T2i to Canon 6D

I want to upgrade my camera from Canon t2i to Canon 6D, Can I use the same lenses i already have ??? Lenses I own are, Canon 58mm Canon 75-300mm f/4.0-5.6 III AF Canon-EF 50mm f/1.8 II Rokinon ...
17
votes
3answers
16k views

What is the difference between Canon “L” lenses and non-L lenses?

The Canon L lenses are much more expensive and presumably much better quality than non-L lenses. What makes an "L" lens? How much better are they over a similar length/speed "ordinary" canon lenses?
2
votes
3answers
744 views

What does “maximum aperture” mean in a camera spec? Where can I get the full aperture range?

I own a Canon S95, and am considering getting a newer model (e.g. Canon S110 or S120), and I'm comparing the specs. According to DPReview.com, the S95 has a maximum aperture of F2.0-F4.9, and the S110 ...
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4answers
1k views

Does sensor size affect lens distortion?

There was recently a video posted about how different focal lengths affect portrait photography, specifically how distortion at smaller focal lengths have more distortion and are less flattering. So ...
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0answers
39 views

What kind of chromatic correction has the Pentax M 50mm f/1.7

http://www.kenrockwell.com/pentax/35mm/lenses/50mm-f17-smc-m.htm After the chromatic aberrations that I observe, it could be an achromat.