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A photographic lens is used to focus the light onto film or a digital sensor. Many cameras have interchangeable lens systems, allowing the photographer to choose the type of lens to use.

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1k views

Is the Nikon 55-300mm a good choice for indoor and outdoor portraits?

I have the most basic model of Nikon DSLR, the Nikon D3200, with the 18-55 kit lens. I'm thinking of buying the Nikon 55-300mm lens, mainly for its zoom purpose. Is it a good lens? Can I take portrait ...
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2answers
251 views

How can lens cause consistent front or back focus?

I can understand body focusing problems, but I can't imagine why lens might cause front or back focus. I have two third party manufacturer lenses for my Nikon: one is front-focusing, the other is back-...
2
votes
2answers
212 views

How do I design a secondary lens for my fixed-lens camera to narrow its field of view?

My goal is to put a lens or an array of lenses in front of my actioncam to use its high resolution for recording of undistorted normal-eyed footage, to avoid having to buy two cameras for the ...
0
votes
1answer
75 views

Nikon Lens: A (Auto-focus) vs. A/M (Auto-focus/Manual)

I have two lenses which are 18-140 VR and 50 1.8G. On the 18-140 VR I got a button showing A and M while on the 50 1.8 I got a button showing A/M and M. I understand that A is for auto-focus and M is ...
45
votes
7answers
198k views

How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?

What is the rule to convert the 'mm' notation to the 'optical zoom' notation? I searched a bit and found this one: optical zoom = maximum focal length / minimum focal length For example a 18-55mm ...
3
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3answers
182 views

Are there any cheap, fast lenses capable of highschool sports photography?

I recently took on my first paying client, and she is also into photgraphy. She usually does sports for her highschool yearbook. They just have an entry level Canon DSLR with a kit zoom on it that ...
6
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6answers
7k views

Why do Full Frame lenses and crop body lenses exhibit the same crop factor when used on a crop body camera?

I have a Canon 7D, which has a crop factor of 1.6x. When using a Canon EF-S lens I get the focal length stated on the lens, when using a Canon EF lens I get the focal length times 1.6 when used on ...
4
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3answers
189 views

Using a focal reducer to match a lens to a crop sensor camera

Context So I've recently watched a video about how Tony Nortrup is referencing that you should buy the lens that perfectly fits your image circle, to get the most sharpness out of it, or so I'm ...
2
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5answers
319 views

Why does it seem like large sensors are necessary for good low-light performance?

Phone manufacturers have recently started advertising the size of the photosites on smartphone camera sensors. They argue that larger photosites lead to better low-light performance. I think a good ...
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0answers
60 views

Nikkor 28-70mm F2.8 lens problem: AF and aperture don't work

I bought this lens second hand from someone who has no idea about this kind of thing. The price WAS low, but not low enough to justify a broken lens. It has no glass scratches and at 300£ it seemed to ...
1
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2answers
115 views

Is it safe to test a (possibly) salt-water damaged lens (Tokina 11-16mm) on a new camera body?

I have a Tokina ATX AF116 DXII S - 11-16 mm F2.8 AT-X (II) 116 Pro DX for Sony and I recently ruined my Sony α65 through a salt water wave which caught me out during a storm photoshoot. Weeks ...
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2answers
562 views

Why is the Depth of Field Preview button necessary?

I've looked far and wide but i cannot find the answer for this question. I know some older cameras and lenses used to have aperture rings on them, which allowed the user to set how open or closed the ...
0
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1answer
36 views

Sigma 70-300mm 1:4-5.6 APO Macro super lens

Is there an adapter to fit the Sigma 70-300mm 1:4-5.6 APO Macro super lens to the body of a Sony a200
8
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2answers
3k views

What are ED elements?

I find that some lenses are indicated with the letters "ED", referring to some special type of lens element. What are ED elements, and what advantages do they bring? Note that this question isn't ...
4
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2answers
100 views

What can I put inside a 39mm gel holder?

Context So I have a 39mm gel holder for my Nikon 300 f4. AF lens. Question What can I put inside it? It doesn't look like a normal filter will work.
2
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1answer
191 views

Does a lens exist that is parfocal, has a linear zoom throw, and is affordable?

I'm working on a project to create, essentially, a servo-powered zoom lens, using a (D)SLR zoom, a zoom ring gear, and a stepper motor. After mounting the zoom ring gear, I'll attach a pinion gear to ...
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7answers
5k views

What is a normal lens?

I've heard people call 50mm lenses "normal lenses". For a lens to be considered normal, does it have to be exactly 50mm or is there some leeway? Does the normal focal length depend on crop factor of ...
2
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2answers
151 views

For those that can afford fancy teleprimes is it preferred to use AF or MF for birds?

Context I'll be using a Nikon 300mm/f4 on my Sony a6000 and seeing what birds I can get with it. The Sony 55-210mm is what I've been using but it lacks the reach and native teleconverters. ...
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2answers
73 views

Nikon J1, takes pictures but they are all black, doesn't seem to “see” things, lens not the problem

I have a nikon J1, it has always worked well. Today I wanted to take a picture and the screen appeared black, like something was blocking the light completely or I was trying to take a picture of a ...
1
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3answers
239 views

I changed my camera lens while my camera was on [duplicate]

I changed my camera lens while it was switched on. It was my first time doing this because I usually switch off my camera and change the lens but this has been the first time I've changed the lens ...
3
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2answers
204 views

Cleaning stains left by frost from the front of a lens

I just returned from about 3 days of shooting at night when the temperatures would start around 50 F and would drop to 18 F leaving a frost on the ground. The lens hood did a decent job acting as a ...
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3answers
389 views

Why do so many old cameras have camera lenses made in Japan?

I'm browsing what the world has to offer me when I want to buy old (circa ’70s or ’80s) camera, e.g., a Canon EX Auto QL. And I've noticed that most of them have camera lenses made in Japan. Was Japan ...
5
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1answer
614 views

What is this large white Canon telephoto lens in a 1990 magazine ad for the EOS 1?

I am trying to identify this Canon Telephoto Lens seen on an ad at the back of an old copy of National geographic from Feb. 1990: I have tried to look for it on Google, but I can't find one that is ...
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1answer
51 views

Underwater protection for lenses

I've got a Sony A6000 camera and planning to get Nauticam underwater housing for it. I've noticed the box is often shown (in pictures, videos and such) with a lens, but I can't seem to find any ...
36
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3answers
3k views

How do I interpret an MTF Chart?

As part of how Canon (and other lens makers) give technical information about their lenses, they supply an MTF (Modulation Transfer Function) chart. How do I read and interpret what the chart is ...
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8answers
12k views

Nikkor f/1.8G 35mm or 50mm?

I'm new to photography. I got a Nikon D3100 with the 18-55 kit lens. I was looking to buy a f/1.8 prime lens, and I found two options: AF-S DX NIKKOR 35mm f/1.8G AF-S DX NIKKOR 50mm f/1.8G How ...
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2answers
580 views

Does anyone have any information on Canon's VL mount regarding pinout and protocol?

I currently have a canon cl 8-120mm f/1.4-2.1 lens which uses the VL mount. Canon's goal appeared to have been to make this a standard system similar to the Micro Four Thirds system. See http://www....
0
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1answer
79 views

How do I calculate the field of view of a 50mm focal length biconvex lens with the retina as sensor?

Hi I need to know the field of view of a 50mm focal length lens. I know the field of view is dependent on focal length of the lens and the image format dimension (i.e., dimensions of the sensor). If ...
2
votes
2answers
137 views

How do universal clip-on iPhone lenses work?

So, recently I see a lot of clip-on Universal iPhone lenses like this (aliexpress link). I have a CCTV camera at home. It has a lens which looks like this from m12lenses.com. Can I clamp these iPhone ...
75
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11answers
5k views

How much do lens lineups vary across DSLR platforms?

I was reading this question and recalled how often I hear the advice "choose your lenses and then choose the body that matches" in the context of deciding on a camera platform (Nikon/Canon/Pentax/Sony,...
4
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4answers
481 views

Does the same focal length on the same camera always result in the same FOV?

I'm confused about whether the same focus length across different lenses on the same camera always produces the same Field of View. Some lenses are advertised as wide-angle and some are not. Is there ...
0
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3answers
11k views

Wide Angle Lens recommendation for canon 70D (cropped sensor camera) [closed]

I am interested in landscape and have a 40mm f/2.8 pancake lens but finding it does not capture enough and would like to purchase a Wide Angle lens. I am find ing the prices for the Canons too much ...
0
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4answers
9k views

What can cause black corners in an image?

There are completely black corners in some of my photos. What can cause it? I have a full-frame Canon 5D Mk II and had the problem with my 24-105 Canon lens recently and have experienced it with my ...
0
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1answer
895 views

Below which focal length are lenses considered to be wide angle?

Focal length is the only factor that decides whether a lens is described as being normal or wide angle. Below which focal length are lenses considered to be wide angle? Is this focal length the same ...
7
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2answers
2k views

Are all DSLR lenses made of glass?

This question is about lenses to "big" DSLRs, not system or compact cameras with interchangeable lens. Are all lenses made of glass in DSLR? And if not, is there a notable difference between: kit ...
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votes
3answers
172 views

Will L glass lenses compared to what I have upgrade my overall Image Quality?

I currently shoot with a Canon T5i and plan on upgrading to either a 6D or 7D Mark II (another topic). To go with my new body, I want a new lens. I currently have the following: 10-18mm f4.5-5.6 IS ...
2
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1answer
134 views

Lens cleaner got into my camera lens

I used some glass lens cleaner spray on my pretty old (but still good) Samsung PL20 earlier this morning. I just turned it on to take a photo, and found this... It looks like somehow some of the ...
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Canon vs Sigma vs Tamron lenses? [duplicate]

Is there a significant quality difference between lenses made by Canon and those made by Sigma or Tamron? Specifically, I have been looking at the EF 300mm f/2.8L IS II USM: but if the Sigma or ...
0
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5answers
95 views

Nikon D3200 wide angle lens [closed]

For the Nikon D3200. As far as wide angle lenses go the prices seem to range from the $20 bracket on up to very expensive. I'm sure the higher end ones have a lot of good stuff going for them but if I ...
1
vote
3answers
692 views

What does a megapixel designation on a lens actually mean?

I know that in a CMOS sensor the megapixels give you an idea of how many pixels are actually there to capture the light. In terms of a lens however, I cannot find any relation between the megapixels ...
0
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3answers
171 views

Is my lens good for a tiger safari? [closed]

I have Nikon D5200 and Tamron SP AF 70-300mm F/4-5.6 Di VC. Is this lens good enough to cover shots?
1
vote
3answers
489 views

What is the sweet spot of the Canon's 18-55mm IS STM lens?

I'm plannning to photograph negative film like this. And I would like to know what would be the sweet spot of my lens to achieve best sharpness possible, what f stop and at what mm I should be ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

Zoom lens “pops” around a certain focal length. What failure is my lens showing?

For a while my Sigma 18-50 f/2.8-4.5 lens has been shaking the viewfinder image once in a while. After asking a related question I settled for the explanation that it was the image stabilisation ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Which lenses can I use on my Sony Alpha 100? [duplicate]

I have a Sony Alpha 100 and I've bought an adapter M42 for it. I'd like to know, which lenses can I use on my Sony?
0
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3answers
75 views

Alternative lenses for 450d basic 18-55mm lens [duplicate]

I have Canon EOS 450d camera that I bought about 7 years ago and till now I have shot for about 15k photos. Lately appeared problems taking shots and when I pushed the button, nothing happened. I ...
2
votes
4answers
340 views

How does a 16-300mm f/3.5-6.3 lens differ from a 50mm f/1.8? [duplicate]

I have a Nikon camera. I received a Tamron 16-300 mm f/3.5-6.3 lens and a AF-S Nikkor 50 mm f/1.8G for Christmas. Do I need both? How do they differ in picture taking?
1
vote
2answers
304 views

Does Apple make its own lenses for iPhone cameras?

Does Apple make its own lenses for iPhone cameras? Or, does it at least design them? If not, does it source from a lens maker like Zeiss, or a camera maker like Canon?
0
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1answer
106 views

Lens Focus Issues

I have been having focus issues with a Canon EF 24-70mm f/4L IS USM lens. It seems that it is unable to focus at infinity (or close to it)for most of the range between the wide and telephoto ends ...
1
vote
1answer
184 views

Difference between Canon 18-135mm lenses

What is the difference between these two Canon lenses? Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS STM Canon EF-S 18-135mm f/3.5-5.6 IS
3
votes
2answers
4k views

Recommended wildlife photography lenses for Nikon DX bodies with no AF motor

I have some SLR experience but have mostly been using a point-and-shoot in the last few years. Now I would like to jump back into the digital SLR world specifically to do wildlife photography (mostly ...