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Focus is the mechanism of converging light from a point light source onto an imaging plane by a lens.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

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4answers
3k views

Why can't my DSLR with kit lens focus on objects close to the lens?

I have a Nikon D5200 with the 18-105 kit lens. I cannot focus the objects which are 15-20 cm away from the lens. Can anyone tell me how to manipulate the settings so that i can focus those objects? ...
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1answer
425 views

Why do I see different focuspoint in my DSLR's viewfinder and screen with old lenses?

I've had an old completely analog Praktika SLR with a set of lenses for a few years now. The camera and lenses are still quite good but I wanted to go digital. Having recently acquired a Nikon D5200, ...
5
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1answer
230 views

Which lenses show focus shift?

Some lenses, because of a design that includes uncorrected spherical aberration, shift their plane of focus backwards as the aperture is narrowed. This is most apparent at close focusing distances and ...
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1answer
139 views

Compensating for Focus Shift?

Some lenses, because of a design that includes uncorrected spherical aberration, shift their plane of focus backwards as the aperture is narrowed. This is most apparent at close focusing distances and ...
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2answers
2k views

What makes the focus ring on a lens go smoothly?

I’m curious about the smooth movement of the zoom or focus rings on a lens. How is the smooth movement done? Is there some kind of liquid with high viscosity? That doesn’t sound very probable. On the ...
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7answers
12k views

What are the biggest issues with wearing glasses as a photographer and how can they be overcome?

To be clear, I'm talking about the photographer wearing glasses. I wear glasses and I find that I continuously need to make sure my glasses are pushed up on my nose and that having things at the ...
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1answer
1k views

What is a focusing rail?

In What are the best practices for DOF stacking? I noticed a mention of a "focusing rail". I've never heard of such device. What is it, and in what circumstances is it useful?
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2answers
2k views

What might make focus points blurred/gone from viewfinder on Canon T2i after cleaning?

The red lights are all but lost in my T2i now....barely a haze of a blur. The focus points work fine, and I get the audible beep, but I have to check my focus point on the back before shooting and I'm ...
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2answers
592 views

What is the reference plane used when the minimum focus distance is measured?

Once you know the MFD (minimum focus distance) for a particular lens, is that the distance from the subject to the front of the lens or to the camera sensor?
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4answers
848 views

How much does a drop in temperature affect focus?

In an answer to question "What lens characteristics are important in astrophotography?" there was mentioned "If the temperature changes drastically, you may need to refocus as different materials in ...
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1answer
394 views

Canon 50mm F1.4 focus problems

I've had this lens for a couple of years, but am really struggling to get sharp pictures now. I've tried it on a 400D and a 7D and both show the same results. I had the problem with it getting stuck ...
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2answers
175 views

Science Fair Project Relating focus to pinhole size

I am doing a science fair project in which i want to see how the size of a pinhole effects the light diameter, and i would like to also relate this to focus and focal point. How would i do this?
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2answers
228 views

What would appear on polaroid film exposed without a lens?

I am trying to get a better understanding how lenses & focusing works. Let's say that I am standing in a completely dark room holding a unexposed polaroid film, and turn on a TV in the other ...
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1answer
131 views

Tricking compact's camera autofocus

I'm trying to get some bokeh using a compact (almost premium) camera, a Nikon Coolpix p300 (although the question is general). Since the camera hasn't got a manual focus option, I'm trying to use the ...
9
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1answer
339 views

Is the focus plane of a fisheye lens inherently curved?

After shooting of a fisheye lens earlier this week, I noticed that what is in focus does not seem to lie on a flat plane as it would for a rectilinear lens. Now, I am aware that lenses usually exhibit ...
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5answers
474 views
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1answer
6k views

What is the difference between depth of field and depth of focus?

Reading this answer I realized that I didn't know the difference between the two depths (of field and focus). Browsing related questions didn't reduce the blur (!) between the two... Wikipedia ...
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2answers
656 views

how to select a proper aperture for 50mm portrait lens? [duplicate]

I am using 50 mm 1.8 potrait lens with my canon 600D. But when i take a portrait with f1.8 on Av mode using autofocus, only subjects eyes are sharp and rest of the other face is slightly blurry. How ...
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2answers
72 views

What (and why) are the differences for AF between viewfinder and LiveView [duplicate]

I find that viewfinder never beeps to confirm focus. It also is much quicker (~0.5s) but sometimes jumps around constantly and never settles to a focus point. LiveView probably gets less light for ...
14
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4answers
7k views

How does changing focal length affect depth of field?

I'm curious about how my "area of acceptable focus" changes when the focal length of the lens I'm using changes as I zoom (or switch lenses). In particular, I'd like to know how the front & back ...
6
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3answers
640 views

How can I increase depth of field when photographing through a microscope?

I was photographing a small beetle and ran into the problem that it was just 0.5 inches long, and the macro setting on my camera failed to produce a sufficiently detailed and crisp image. Therefore I ...
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1answer
396 views

Canon lens FD 50mm 1:1.4 with Canon Rebel T3i - no focus

I am trying to use an old FD 50mm lens with my Rebel T3i camera but cant get focus. Is there any configuration on the camera I havo to make or it just don't work at all? Thanks!
4
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3answers
1k views

how to focus with a ND filter

I've just bought a ND3 filter (-10 stops) and was looking for recommendations on how to focus the camera. Basically many recommendations are around focusing WITHOUT the filter, then switch to manual ...
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4answers
2k views

Why can't my SLR autofocus on certain parts of a scene?

I had my Nikon D7000 on single-point auto focus and it just would not focus on the spots I wanted. I have marked the spots that could not be focused on with red circles, and the parts that could be ...
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5answers
2k views

What are the best practices for DOF stacking?

What are the best practices for DOF stacking? How do you get the frames with focus just right amount apart? How do you stack them in post processing?
14
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1answer
2k views

Why do some lenses focus past infinity?

On the kit 18-55 lens that came with my Nikon D5100 I have noticed that when trying to focus on infinity for shots in dark conditions (star-trails, etc) the lense tends to move past infinity out of ...
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2answers
8k views

What is the difference between depth of field and focal plane?

I would like to know how to address the difference between them and how relates to each other.
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1answer
114 views

Correct aperture to manage precisely blur and focus zones

There is something that bugs me about aperture... I understood that aperture will influence my picture on both light and focus zone. Now when taking a picture, I find it difficult to know precisely ...
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3answers
2k views

Is there a webcam that can focus to infinity, for time-lapse landscapes?

Does anyone here know of a webcam (at least 720p) that has the ability to focus to infinity? At least one webcam I know of (Logitech C910) doesn't allow that. I would like to use it for time lapse ...
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1answer
5k views

How do I select a focus point on the Nikon D5000?

My Nikon D5000 has 11 selectable focus points but shamefully I don't know how to choose another point other than the center point. How can I do this? Am I misunderstanding concepts?
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2answers
202 views

How do I get the entire landscape in focus? [duplicate]

According to this calculator at 16mm, my hyperfocal distance is at 0.7m at f/11. So on the safe side, if I wanted to make sure the scenic background is tack sharp I would focus at 1m or so. But now ...
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3answers
1k views

Canon 70-200mm F4 L USM IS Focus Issues Photo All Soft?

Focus Issues Bought myself a used Canon 70-200mm F4 L USM IS Lens but as yet I've not achieved a single Sharp image list of various settings tried attempts so far and still no joy very frustrating. I ...
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3answers
1k views

How Does Focus Differ Above and Below Water?

While I am trying to figure out what I need for split-underwater photography, an interesting fact came to light: A lens focuses at different distances in air than underwater. How is the focus ...
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5answers
812 views

How do I get more in focus when aperture is already quite small?

When doing a product shot like this, how do I get more in focus when the aperture is already so small. I don't want to get any smaller for the risk of introducing significant diffraction. Note the ...
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1answer
105 views

Can I remove the tiny amount of wiggle in the focus ring of my brand new lens?

I just purchased a Samyang 24mm T1.5 lens and the focus ring is not 100% solid and smooth, there is a tiny amount of give in the vertical direction (perpindicular to the horizontal direction the ring ...
3
votes
3answers
682 views

How to correctly focus on the background person in a shot?

I tried to take some portraits of my sister-in and her fiance earlier in a sunny, green park. I took a few pictures where the fiance is closest to me but turning to look at his wife-to-be who is ...
4
votes
3answers
247 views

How can I defocus part of an image in-camera separate from depth of field effects?

What physical tools (lenses/filters/etc) can be used to blur a part of an image whilst taking the photo. (I don't mean software filters in post-processing, and I want to blur selective areas ...
2
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3answers
12k views

What does infinity focus mean and when should I use it?

All my lens have focus ring where at the end there's an infinity symbol. What does that mean? If I'm taking landscape shot and what everything from near to far to be in focus, do I use infinity? Or am ...
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5answers
6k views

Why is my Nikon 18-200 lens not focusing at higher focal lengths?

My Nikon 18-200 lens on a D300 camera will not focus when it is zoomed between 135mm and 200mm. Is there any tips on how to solve this besides handing it in to a photo store?
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2answers
7k views

Do the issues with sharpness I am seeing require AF fine-tuning?

I own a nikon D7000 with 18-105 lens. I am not happy with sharpness I get with autofocus in portraits. I read about front/back focusing, but I am not sure whether my gear has this issue. Is this issue ...
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2answers
1k views

How can I quickly tell without testing if my lens is parfocal or varifocal?

I have read a couple of related questions, but I am curious to find out if there is a list of parfocal/varifocal lenses out there. I'm most concerned with the lenses I have and I would like to know ...
6
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1answer
723 views

When focusing at max zoom, focus is lost after zooming out. Is that normal?

On my Canon kit lens, I could completely zoom in, focus on the object and then zoom out to take the picture with the object still in focus. Now I have a Sigma 18-200mm (with a Canon 600D) and that ...
13
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3answers
4k views

How can I repair missed focus in a valuable photo?

The subject in my photo isn't properly focused. I can't take it again because this activity documentation photo can't be redone. I've tried many solutions such as using shadow/highlight in Photoshop, ...
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1answer
3k views

What settings affect how the focus points are displayed for my 7D?

My Canon 7d is about 2 months old. I used it for a shoot in DC, and it just isn't behaving as expected. When I try to focus, I get little black boxes in the focus frame. They used to be black, with ...
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2answers
7k views

What is the effect of the number of cross-type focus points on sharp focus?

Canon claims that EOS 6D has special capability to focus in low light, but it has only one cross-type sensor and overall only 11 focus points. Does only one cross-type focus point in the Canon EOS 6D ...
5
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1answer
1k views

Do all telephoto zoom lenses backfocus on the wide angle end?

I’ve just gone through a round of testing with two telephoto zooms, on two different cameras, and both appear to have significant back focus issues at the 70mm end. I just had the Nikon 70-200 f/2.8 ...
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2answers
552 views

What does it mean for a telecentric lens to be focused to infinity?

I have a question about a telecentric lens Ive been studying (for physics research!) and was wondering if you guys could help clear some cobwebs in my head. For starters, I am simplifying the TC lens ...
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2answers
2k views

How can I get better results when manually focusing with my Nikon D7000?

For some reason I seem to have problems getting consistently well focused photographs. They are not always crystal sharp and this frustrates me. I know if I set the camera to auto, they are always ...
7
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1answer
1k views

What do orange AF points mean on a Canon DSLR?

I recently bought a Canon 7D and Ive noticed that occasionally the AF points are orange. What conditions cause this? It seems like it is a warning of some sort. Usually when the camera focuses on a ...
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2answers
147 views

What happens when you turn the objective

What happens when a photographer with an old photograph machine turns the objective clockwise or counter-clockwise? Is the lens turned too? Or does it change lens? I'm studying optics right now and ...