# Tagged Questions

Focal length is the distance (measured in mm) between the surface of a lens and the focal point. Smaller focal lengths indicate wide-angle lenses, larger focal lengths indicate a telephoto lens.

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### how you determine subject distance with focus value(in millimeters) on the lens? [on hold]

I would like to know how follow focus works in terms of distance verses focus ring value. eg 100mm lens, f4 stop, 10 meters away, what value of focus ring....... mm in a 5.2ft dof kindly?
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### How to estimate camera sensor size?

I am using a smartphone for capturing photos and I need to estimate the camera sensor size (mm*mm). I have the resolution (in pixels) and the focal length (in pixels). I can also measure the size of ...
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### How can the focal length of a lens be many times greater than the lens's physical length?

I bought a Tamron 16-300. Question is: how can it have a focal length 0f 300 mm when it is only about 30 mm long? Doesn't the lens have to be 300 mm from the sensing element?
113 views

### How to shoot/capture the droplets of water being sprayed through a spray bottle

I am trying to capture the droplets of water while being sprayed on a subject through a spray bottle. What I mean here is - when I am spraying the water on my subject, I want to capture the droplets ...
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### How to determine the focal length needed to fill a frame with an object given the height and the distance of the subject? [duplicate]

say I want to take a picture of an object, which is 50cm tall and is 4 meters away from me. I also want that the subject fills the frame heightwise. Is there an even aproximated mathematical formula ...
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### What focal length does Lee Jeffries use for his portraits?

I'm astonished by the portraits of an English photographer, Lee Jeffries. Does anybody knows the focal length he shoots with? The link to his flicker.
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### Sharp, in focus portraits - analyse an example please

I have tried taking a few portraits in my living room, using studio flash. I'm still new to it, so my lighting setups may not be great. I have found sometimes that I can shoot 3 or 4 shots in a row - ...
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### Close range stereoscopic recording [closed]

So I have some work for a client; I have never tried to shoot 3D before but I have an idea how it can be done. So the situation is: I have a wide green screen and I want to record stereoscopic videos ...
1k views

### Do I need other camera lenses if I have an 18-200mm or other super-zoom?

I wanted to ask that once you have purchased a lens of say 18-200mm, then is it required to purchase other lenses — say 24-70mm, 24-105mm, 18-105mm, 28-135mm,etc. Does 18-200mm lens satisfy all the ...
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### Which is better for portraits: 18-55mm or 75-300mm? [duplicate]

Would it be better to use a 18-55 or 75-300 for portraits? I inherited the Canon rebel xti kit and I'm new to photography. Eventually I will expand but for now just trying to get the settings down.
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### What is the equivalent f/stop for 50mm?

If f/8 And Be There is the rule for 35 mm, what is the best f/stop if I am using 50mm? Context: Street Photography Note: Though one can say that "it depends", this is a very specific question. When ...
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### How does focal length determine lens quality? [duplicate]

What does an 18 - 50 mm lens mean? Are those numbers the first focal length and second focal length? How do you use this parameter to judge what kind of lens to buy? Does more equal better?
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### How do zoom, magnification, and focal length relate?

Zoom lenses and cameras with superzooms are often sold with a times ("×") zoom number — like a 12x zoom or 30x zoom. The question How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom? ...
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### Which lens/focal length offers the widest viewing angle without too noticable distorions/fish-eye-effect?

I am looking for a lens for my Sony Alpha 77 (APS-C), which gets me an as wide as possible viewing angle, but I also hate that fisheye effect one gets from using too low of a focal length. About where ...
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I would like to get wider angle photos than my current setup of min 18mm APS-C allows, but decent wide angle lenses (for Sony with 10-14mm focal length) cost 300+€. I stumbled upon these wide angle ...
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### Understanding Lenses Focal Length with Converters

I read about APS-C sensors EOS DSLRs, that if the focal length is 300mm and as the image ratio is 1.6 then the 300mm x1.6 = 480mm focal length. So if I add a 1.4x teleconverter to 300mm lens so I ...
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### Is there an “optimal” background distance when striving for a minimally distracting background?

Let's assume a thin lens and an object O in focus at a distance of dO from the lens. Further, let's assume there's a large out-of-focus background object B at a distance of dB. Now, we know ...
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### How to get width and height of an image based on distance

I have an app to overlay the images on the camera overlay. But I need to set the width and height of the image based on the user distance. If the distance is, say 8 feet, how can I calculate the width ...
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### How to overlay the image scaling based on the user distance & focal length

I'm overlaying images on the cameraView and based on the user input of room width & height. The images are displaying proportionally to width & height ratio. but i need to overlay the images ...
429 views

### How do I take good portraits with a bridge camera and superzoom?

I'm an absolute beginner with regards to photography. I did some research on portrait photography today. From what I learned, a long-telephoto lens (70mm-135mm or more focal length (35mm ...
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### Which lens to use for landscapes? [closed]

I bought my Nikon D5200 camera with a 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G lens as well as a Nikkor 70-300mm f/4-5.6 G lens. I was just wondering if you would be able to tell which lens to use in what situations. Like, ...
134 views

### Is 85-135mm really the best for every single kind of face?

They say that focal length around 85-135mm is the best for the head and shoulder kind portraits. I've done some tests myself, I can definitely see the differences. The face is more natural looking ...
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### Which is better: a smaller f-number lens or a bigger sensor size?

When choosing a camera, which of the following options would be the best in taking photo in low light situation and cropping photo situation? A smaller f-number lens with a bigger sensor size A ...
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### How to obtain a subject's measurement from image [duplicate]

I am trying measure real object height from an image. I'm using the below formula real height = (object px height * pixel size * distance)/(focal length) my camera is Canon_EOS_550D, my values are ...
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### What is the real focal length of the Lytro Illum

According to Lytro, the Illum Light-field camera will have a 30-250mm equivalent focal length with a constant f/2.0 aperture. What is the actual focal length of the camera? Or, What is the sensor ...
108 views

### Does manual focus carry over to a different aperture, lens or focal length?

This is in the manual focus mode. If I focus my lens so that a certain object is clear and crisp, and then do one of the following, will I have to focus again? Change the aperture Switch to a ...
505 views

### 35mm vs 40mm: Does it matter?

I want to buy the lens Voigtlander Nokton 40mm F1.4, \$449 Voigtlander Nokton 35mm F1.4, \$629 I am asking, why the slightly difference in focal length, the price difference in so much as \$180? ...
621 views

### Why image at 400mm is LARGER THAN DOUBLE of image at 200mm? (according to lens formula)

Like most of us, I thought it was yes. Until I really look into the Lens Equation: (1/subject distance) + (1/image distance) = (1/focal length) ...
578 views

### 50mm vs 35mm cropped [duplicate]

For shooting portraits, why is 50mm preferable? For example with an APS-C sensor, why is it not ok to take photos with 35mm equivalent and simply crop them (to 50mm equivalent)? or take photos closer ...
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### 28mm vs. 24mm (wide angle) for selfies?

I know that selfies are an "evil" of this generation, and you're never going to get a good picture when taking one of yourself, let alone when you are unable to compose it bc you can't see the ...
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### Why do two zoom lenses set to 200mm on the same camera produce different fields of view?

I've been testing out a Nikon 18-200mm F3.5-5.6 against a Nikon 55-300mm F4.5-5.6 I took two pictures of a door knob from an equal distance of about 3 meters away with the same Nikon d7100 DX camera ...
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### Help to choose lens [duplicate]

I recent got 60d and EF-S 18-55mm Lens and i want to buy 1 more lens specially for product and fashion(portrait) photography... I decided EF50mm f/1.4 USM and EF85mm f/1.8 USM? Which one would be ...
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### What do the specifications mean on the Canon G15's lens?

I am quite new to photography, but spent some days understanding aperture, timing, zoom and ISO. Now I see the values printed on the Canon Powershot G15´s lenses, and I can´t interpret them. I ...
664 views

### Is f/number more relevant than aperture and/or shutter speed?

I've seen on Flickr that the photographers specify values for four settings about their photos (where exif data is available) - Shutter speed F number ISO Focal Length An example can be found ...
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### Phone camera (Samsung S4): is it possible to determine the distance to the object in focus on jpg picture?

I took a picture with Samsung S4 phone. Is it possible to determine the distance to the object on the picture? The object is in focus. I looked at the JPG picture properties but could not find ...
229 views

### What's the practical difference in an image taken at focal length of 200mm vs 300mm? [duplicate]

I'm confused about the 200mm and the 300mm zoom ranges. I am looking for some examples of the same subject, in order to visualize the difference between 200mm and 300mm focal lengths. I want to ...
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### How to calculate the focal length for old lenses (m42 or m39) mounted on Sony Nex? [duplicate]

As far as I know, it is necessary to multiply the focal length by the crop factor. My Sony Nex 5 has a crop factor = 1.5 For lens Helios 77M-4 1.8/50 focal length will 50 * 1.5 = 75 Is this true for ...
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### What is the basic relationship between aperture and focal length? [duplicate]

How does a photograph vary with a decrease or increase in aperture as well as focal length?
1k views

### Is the formula for object image size given focal length, etc. independent of sensor size?

I am trying to figure out how big an object of, say, 50cm height at 100m distance and 600mm focal length would appear on a camera's sensor. The ubiquitous formula object size in image = focal length ...
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### Is 50-200mm (APS-C) a good zoom range for a single lens for people, buildings, and distant objects?

Assuming I do want to take pictures of things like people, buildings and things further away, but not too far away. Does it sound reasonable to buy a 50-200 mm lens, when just considering the distance ...
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### Is this attempt to make lens measurements and focal lengths more intuitive correct?

I know next to nothing about cameras (other than how to push the shutter button). Up until a few days ago I thought of zoom as simply a multiple (e.g. my Canon S95 has 3 or 5X optical zoom) and had ...
284 views

### Unable to get sharp landscape picture

I'm facing often the same kind of trouble when taking landscape pictures... I end up with a picture that could be great but that is totally not sharp ! Example : I set up the maximal focal ...
1k views

### What is relationship between focal length and shutter speed?

I am very new to photography and am trying to grasp the basics of it these days. Can someone please help me understand the relationship between focal length of a lens and shutter speed of camera?
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### At what distance from the lens will the image be in focus given a subject distance and focal length? [closed]

I've been trying to figure this one out for more than an hour now and I have no idea how to calculate this... You capture a picture of a tree which is standing 3m away from the camera. The focal ...
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### Can I build my own focal reducer by reversing a teleconverter?

Would it be feasible to reverse a 1.4x teleconverter's optics into a cross-system lens mount adapter & have it function as a focal reducer? For example, like this: Camera hacked adapter ...
298 views

### Which is a better focal length for fashion models on the runway: 50mm or 35mm?

Which is a better focal length for fashion photography: 50mm or 35mm? I have Nikon D5100 and Nikon D7000 and I'm interested specifically for ramp walk.
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### Canon 24-70mm 2.8f - Optimal aperture for sharper pictures

I always have trouble getting sharper images from my 24-70 lens. I have watched numerous YouTube videos to correct this and its improved but not completely corrected. I am going on a trip and don’t ...
532 views

### How do I convert focal length to maximum distance?

I would like to know whether there is any relation between focal length and distance. For example, what is the max distance I can shoot from a 55mm-300mm lens?