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Focal length is the distance (measured in mm) between the surface of a lens and the focal point, when the lens is focussed at infinity. Smaller focal lengths indicate wide-angle lenses, larger focal lengths indicate a telephoto lens.

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Does the size of the front glass mean anything?

Considering the Nikon lenses: Prime lenses: AF Nikkor 14mm f/2.8D ED has a huge front glass (●₃), AF-S Nikkor 50mm f/1.8G has a tiny little front glass, deep inside the body (∙₁), AF-S VR Nikkor ...
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141 views

Why don't all zoom lenses have variable f-numbers? [duplicate]

As I understand it, the f-number is a ratio between the focal length and the aperture diameter. A zoom lens can change focal length, but shouldn't the maximum aperture be a fixed size? If so, that ...
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2answers
6k views

How can I calculate focal length from a photograph?

I posted this question over on Stack Overflow, but someone suggested this site might be of more help to me. I'm doing a college project where I'm trying to calculate the focal length of a camera ...
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1answer
126 views

Comparing focal length [duplicate]

Hello I want to move from my compact camera to a dslr. I am fan of landscape photos so I want to buy an ultra-zoom lens. My camera supports 14x optical zoom. I know that for compact cameras it's just ...
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3answers
1k views

How far away can I be and still get a sharp subject with a 100mm lens?

If I have a 100mm lens, how far away can I shoot the subject? If I am shooting basketball, how far can I shoot the subject and still get a sharp picture?
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How to calculate the FOV in degrees from focal length or distance?

How does one to calculate the field of view (or angle of view) in degrees from the following details: sensor size (for example, 1") distance to target (for example, 7 feet) focal length (for ...
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2k views

How can I know the focal length and sensor size of my webcam?

I have this webcam: QHM495LM WEB CAMERA and I need to know its focal length and its sensor size, but in the specs of the webcam, it only gives me this information: • Inbuilt sensitive microphone and ...
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3answers
168 views

If the zoom number doesn't tell me magnification, what does? [duplicate]

I've read How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?, and learned that the times-zoom number doesn't tell you much. So, how do you determine the magnification — the amount a lens ...
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340 views

Will a macro extension tube eliminate the cropping of an APS-C lens on a full-frame sensor?

I understand using an A-mount lens intended for APS-C sensors on a full-frame camera results in cropping of the image. According to a tech at Sony, you lose 1/3 of pixels (APS-C is a 2/3 sensor so it ...
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2k views

How do I convert focal length to maximum distance?

I would like to know whether there is any relation between focal length and distance. For example, what is the max distance I can shoot from a 55mm-300mm lens?
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How do I measure the distance from an object to fit it in the screen? [duplicate]

I'm curious if there is any math formula for this. Let's take a close-up of a human face for instance, given the human face is about 20cm/8 inches, how do I choose the right focal length and from ...
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98 views

I want to know about the relationship between focal length and aperture [duplicate]

I have Nikon D7000 and I know the basic relation of shutter speed, aperture, and iso. All I want to know is focal length and aperture relation. As I zoom in the camera the f/stop increases (e.g. it ...
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1answer
653 views

How do I calculate the maximum aperture at each focal length on a 35-200mm lens

I am looking for the linear maximum aperture of a 35-200mm 3.5/4.5 Nikon manual focus lens. I already know the max & min of the 35 & 200mm it's the 50, 70,105, & 135 that I am interested ...
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3k views

Does sensor size affect lens distortion?

There was recently a video posted about how different focal lengths affect portrait photography, specifically how distortion at smaller focal lengths have more distortion and are less flattering. So ...
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3k views

Do bigger focal lengths capture more light?

I never understood what the f really stands for in the f-stop values, like f/1.8. Wikipedia explains it in various articles, but I still find it very confusing. What I understand, though, is that it ...
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2answers
232 views

What is the importance of the back focal length of a lens?

What is the effect and importance of the back focal length of a lens? For instance, if I look at these two lenses by Ricoh, they have the same focal length and aperture, but their back focal lengths ...
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279 views

How do I find the focal length that will fit a poster in the frame from across the room?

If suppose I want to take a photograph of a poster on the wall of the room, so I can't back away any farther than 5.0m to take the shot(max dist of the room). The poster is 0.80m wide and 1.2m tall, ...
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What is a parfocal lens and how beneficial is it to photography?

I heard someone say that after using a parfocal lens for the first time, they would never switch back. What is a parfocal lens, how is it different from any other lens, and what are the advantages and ...
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5answers
343 views

Is it worth getting a zoom lens which overlaps with lenses I already have?

I want your experience in choosing a new lens. I already have a couple of lenses with focal lengths as follows: 18-55mm, 70-300mm (MF), and 55-300mm (AF) - regardless the 18-55mm. All my zoom ...
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3answers
177 views

How can I get a 12ft wide field of view at 3ft distance?

Is it possible to get 12ft wide image from a 3ft distance? I am a beginner and have very little knowledge on the field of view of cameras. I calculated that a Go Pro would need a lens with 1.5mm ...
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2answers
156 views

How does “designed for APS-C” affect focal length? [duplicate]

If a lens is designated by manufacturer as "designed for crop sensor" (i.e. DC in Sigma, DX in Nikon, DT in Sony), how would that affect the calculation of practical focal length (equivalent focal ...
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69 views

What's the full frame equvialance of this phone lens?

I took a photo with my phone, and here is the EXIF: F/2 4mm 1/14s ISO-1250 I searched on the Internet and found that the sensor is Sony IMX134, 1/4 inch. Then how to calculate the equivalent focal ...
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4answers
514 views

What kind of lens is typically used for these type of night street shots?

I've been trying to duplicate the depth of field like in these photos on snowy nights and I'm not getting comparable results. I'm using a 35mm prime lens at f/1.8 on a D3100. So my question is: Are ...
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1answer
15k views

How can I find a compact camera with an ultra-wide lens?

I'm looking to buy a compact camera, and having a very wide angle is important to me. I know that review sites often list the real focal length of the lens, but what I'm looking for is something that ...
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1answer
198 views

How do prime lens allow variance of focal length when focusing? [duplicate]

If the definition of prime lens says that their focal length is fixed, then how come you can still alter the focal length when focusing? (either MF or AF)
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1answer
484 views

How to calculate the focal length of cell phone cameras when none of the required parameters are available?

There are many camera phones for which the focal length, aperture size, and sensor size are not available. Is there a formula to calculate these parameters or a site which provides these details for ...
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4answers
202 views

Does the crop factor affect the field of view (FOV)? [duplicate]

I'm working on smartphone cameras. I want calculate Field Of View of different smartphone cameras using the formula : FOV = 2 arctan(SensorSize/2f) where: f is the focal length sensor size is the ...
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2answers
692 views

How does physical aperture size relate to f/stop?

There are two lenses on the market I am comparing AF Micro-Nikkor 60mm f/2.8D AF-S VR Micro-Nikkor 105mm f/2.8G IF-ED If I use the formula for calculating apertures of both the lenses I will use ...
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2answers
338 views

Actual Focal Length on APS-C cameras [duplicate]

I'm aware that actual focal length of a lens on APS-C cameras is longer than what is written on the lens. My question is, for lenses that are specially designed for APS-C cameras (like a Nikkor DX ...
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1k views

Is it worth to buy old Sigma lens instead of Nikkor?

I'm amateur and I want to try something new. I have Nikon D3100 with Nikkor AF-S DX VR 55-200/4,0-5,6 G ED and I'm shooting everything - animals, landscape, people, sport, ... (like real amateur :D ). ...
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3answers
303 views

Is an 18-200mm lens sufficient for an Alaska trip? [closed]

I am an amateur photography enthusiast, mostly for vacation shots. I have a Nikon D80 body and the 18-200mm lens which I use as my "walking around" lens. I have a trip to Alaska coming up this ...
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4answers
400 views

Can a telephoto lens have a wide field of view?

85mm-135mm lenses are great for portraits because of compression perspective distortion, meaning they flatten facial features. However at those focal lengths, you have to step back a few meters from ...
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2answers
623 views

How does focal length change perspective? [duplicate]

@MichaelClark answered a question I posted about zoom using focal length (emphasis added): You are correct that a focal length twice as long (2X zoom) as the original one will make objects appear ...
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1answer
80 views

Do I get more detail from a shorter focal length by being physically closer?

Let’s say I want to shoot a static scene and have a free hand regarding the focal length. If I ignore the geometric distorion for a while, do I get some image quality advantage by shooting from a ...
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5answers
18k views

If I have an 85mm lens for portraits, is a 50mm useful as well?

I recently got my Canon EF 85mm f1.8, after lot of thought over if I should buy Canon EF 85mm f1.8 or Canon EF 50mm f1.4, I decided on 85mm so that I can shoot portraits of people even from a distance,...
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2answers
554 views

What type of lens is more suitable for this type of portrait shot on railroad tracks?

Posted on FaceBook looking for volunteers to model for me for free and I give them the photos for free and some people agreed to that so I want to be prepared and at least take the right gear to the ...
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4answers
440 views

Will a 50mm EF lens give the same result as a 50mm EF-S lens? [duplicate]

edit: ^^ the answer to that question talks about the lens being the same and but not how or why this is the case, and does not answer the question about resultant image, First of all, to let you ...
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1answer
282 views

camera mobile phone takes pictures at constant focal length if 3.5 mm.supposed to have autofocus and touchfocus [duplicate]

This is a cheap Chinese landvo l200 Android mtk65xx mobile The onlything it keeps Changing is IS0 from 150 to 800 + And exposure time I wondered how can it autofocus and touch Focus when it keeps ...
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1answer
467 views

Why doesn't exposure change when changing focal length?

With a Canon 550D camera and a Tamron 18-270 mm zoom lens, I tried to fix shutter time, aperture (f/8.0 to cover all zoom range), and ISO, so the exposure meter read 0.0 with 18 mm focal length and ...
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Relationship between the focal length and sensor size [duplicate]

What is a relationship between the focal length of the lens and the sensor size to achieve the same image area ?
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4answers
5k views

35mm vs 40mm: Does it matter?

I want to buy the lens Voigtlander Nokton 40mm F1.4, $449 Voigtlander Nokton 35mm F1.4, $629 I am asking, why the slightly difference in focal length, the price difference in so much as $180? ...
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3answers
843 views

Which EXIF tag to set for the 35mm equivalent focal length?

For a manual lens (*Rokinon 8mm f/3.5 Fisheye) I want to add the focal length information to the EXIF metadata in the resulting pictures with exiftool. I use the lens on a Canon 60D body. Obviously I ...
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1answer
1k views

Does the Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM Lens offer any significant advantage over the Canon 18-55mm IS II at a 24mm focal length?

Does the Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM Lens offer any significant advantage over the Canon 18-55mm IS II at a 24mm focal length (the kit lens for my T3i)? I'm looking for a cheap lens that offers a wide ...
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322 views

How to calculate the correct focal length needed for a subject of a given size and distance?

I need to purchase my first ever lens. So far I've only used lenses that were built into a camera. This specific lens is for the BlackMagic Deign Pocket Cinema Camera (a video only camera, but one ...
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3answers
586 views

Why does getting closer or zooming in decrease depth of field?

I know that aperture changes the depth of field (DOF), but why is it that by making the image appear larger (by getting closer to the camera or zooming in) there is less DOF?
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Will a short focal length cut it for indoor event photography? (Context: It's Crowded, Dark, Has Mixed Lighting, and Requires Walking Around.)

Short version: What primes are good walk-around lenses for an indoor, dark, crowded environment where you'll be taking pictures of individuals or small groups ad-hoc, walking around and stopping in ...
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0answers
61 views

Where is the focal point of a camera lens? [duplicate]

If the distance between the center of the lens and the film is called Focal length, does that mean the focal point of the camera lens is located on the film?
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3answers
924 views

Phone camera (Samsung S4): is it possible to determine the distance to the object in focus on jpg picture?

I took a picture with Samsung S4 phone. Is it possible to determine the distance to the object on the picture? The object is in focus. I looked at the JPG picture properties but could not find ...
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2answers
3k views

How do I take good portraits with a bridge camera and superzoom?

I'm an absolute beginner with regards to photography. I did some research on portrait photography today. From what I learned, a long-telephoto lens (70mm-135mm or more focal length (35mm equivalent)...