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Focal length is the distance (measured in mm) between the surface of a lens and the focal point. Smaller focal lengths indicate wide-angle lenses, larger focal lengths indicate a telephoto lens.

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5
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4answers
316 views

Can a telephoto lens have a wide field of view?

85mm-135mm lenses are great for portraits because of compression perspective distortion, meaning they flatten facial features. However at those focal lengths, you have to step back a few meters from ...
0
votes
2answers
504 views

How does focal length change perspective? [duplicate]

@MichaelClark answered a question I posted about zoom using focal length (emphasis added): You are correct that a focal length twice as long (2X zoom) as the original one will make objects appear ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

Do I get more detail from a shorter focal length by being physically closer?

Let’s say I want to shoot a static scene and have a free hand regarding the focal length. If I ignore the geometric distorion for a while, do I get some image quality advantage by shooting from a ...
25
votes
3answers
53k views

How do I calculate the distance of an object in a photo?

If I took a picture of a windmill on the horizon — given that I know the sensor size and the focal length of the lens and other factors to do with the shot — could I calculate how far away an object ...
4
votes
5answers
13k views

If I have an 85mm lens for portraits, is a 50mm useful as well?

I recently got my Canon EF 85mm f1.8, after lot of thought over if I should buy Canon EF 85mm f1.8 or Canon EF 50mm f1.4, I decided on 85mm so that I can shoot portraits of people even from a ...
1
vote
2answers
319 views

What type of lens is more suitable for this type of portrait shot on railroad tracks?

Posted on FaceBook looking for volunteers to model for me for free and I give them the photos for free and some people agreed to that so I want to be prepared and at least take the right gear to the ...
2
votes
4answers
353 views

Will a 50mm EF lens give the same result as a 50mm EF-S lens? [duplicate]

edit: ^^ the answer to that question talks about the lens being the same and but not how or why this is the case, and does not answer the question about resultant image, First of all, to let you ...
0
votes
1answer
124 views

camera mobile phone takes pictures at constant focal length if 3.5 mm.supposed to have autofocus and touchfocus [duplicate]

This is a cheap Chinese landvo l200 Android mtk65xx mobile The onlything it keeps Changing is IS0 from 150 to 800 + And exposure time I wondered how can it autofocus and touch Focus when it keeps ...
6
votes
1answer
412 views

Why doesn't exposure change when changing focal length?

With a Canon 550D camera and a Tamron 18-270 mm zoom lens, I tried to fix shutter time, aperture (f/8.0 to cover all zoom range), and ISO, so the exposure meter read 0.0 with 18 mm focal length and ...
1
vote
0answers
27 views

Relationship between the focal length and sensor size [duplicate]

What is a relationship between the focal length of the lens and the sensor size to achieve the same image area ?
4
votes
3answers
14k views

What mm lens for distance shots?

If I am looking to take landscape and wildlife shots and some of those shots being from a decent distance what mm lens would I need? I am not sure what else I should be adding here, I am just looking ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

35mm vs 40mm: Does it matter?

I want to buy the lens Voigtlander Nokton 40mm F1.4, $449 Voigtlander Nokton 35mm F1.4, $629 I am asking, why the slightly difference in focal length, the price difference in so much as $180? ...
2
votes
3answers
356 views

Which EXIF tag to set for the 35mm equivalent focal length?

For a manual lens (*Rokinon 8mm f/3.5 Fisheye) I want to add the focal length information to the EXIF metadata in the resulting pictures with exiftool. I use the lens on a Canon 60D body. Obviously I ...
0
votes
1answer
708 views

Does the Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM Lens offer any significant advantage over the Canon 18-55mm IS II at a 24mm focal length?

Does the Canon EF-S 24mm f/2.8 STM Lens offer any significant advantage over the Canon 18-55mm IS II at a 24mm focal length (the kit lens for my T3i)? I'm looking for a cheap lens that offers a wide ...
34
votes
11answers
12k views

Which focal-length lens is usually used for portrait photography, and why?

What focal length or range of focal lengths are usually used for portraits? What is used by professionals? Why would one select a certain focal length? What are the advantages and disadvantages of ...
3
votes
1answer
171 views

How to calculate the correct focal length needed for a subject of a given size and distance?

I need to purchase my first ever lens. So far I've only used lenses that were built into a camera. This specific lens is for the BlackMagic Deign Pocket Cinema Camera (a video only camera, but one ...
2
votes
3answers
328 views

Why does getting closer or zooming in decrease depth of field?

I know that aperture changes the depth of field (DOF), but why is it that by making the image appear larger (by getting closer to the camera or zooming in) there is less DOF?
1
vote
4answers
1k views

Will a short focal length cut it for indoor event photography? (Context: It's Crowded, Dark, Has Mixed Lighting, and Requires Walking Around.)

Short version: What primes are good walk-around lenses for an indoor, dark, crowded environment where you'll be taking pictures of individuals or small groups ad-hoc, walking around and stopping in ...
1
vote
0answers
61 views

Where is the focal point of a camera lens? [duplicate]

If the distance between the center of the lens and the film is called Focal length, does that mean the focal point of the camera lens is located on the film?
3
votes
3answers
646 views

Phone camera (Samsung S4): is it possible to determine the distance to the object in focus on jpg picture?

I took a picture with Samsung S4 phone. Is it possible to determine the distance to the object on the picture? The object is in focus. I looked at the JPG picture properties but could not find ...
1
vote
2answers
2k views

How do I take good portraits with a bridge camera and superzoom?

I'm an absolute beginner with regards to photography. I did some research on portrait photography today. From what I learned, a long-telephoto lens (70mm-135mm or more focal length (35mm ...
0
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2answers
105 views

Valid value for shutter speed based on Focal Length [duplicate]

I was listening to Ben Long videos and he was saying a safe value for shutter speed is 1/focal length So if I have a 35mm prime 1.8 lens, does that mean 1/35 = 0.02 so in my camera panel do the values ...
2
votes
4answers
4k views

What is the relationship between focal length and shutter speed?

I am very new to photography and am trying to grasp the basics of it these days. Can someone please help me understand the relationship between focal length of a lens and shutter speed of camera?
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Why does the FoV of adapted lenses seem to be the same as kit lenses with the same focal length?

I have a NEX-6 with a number of legacy lenses and the two NEX "kit" lenses. If I fit the 16-50 kit lens, setting it to 50mm, and view the image through the viewfinder, noting the width of the image, ...
2
votes
3answers
367 views

Will a 18-140 lens be good for basketball stadium photographs? [closed]

I am absolutely new to photography and have just started learning the basics. I have got a Nikon D-610 with a 18-140 lens for now. I just want to know if I can take this to a basketball game and get ...
3
votes
3answers
534 views

Is lens focal length specified considering the effect of barrel distortion on field of view?

Given a Nikon 14mm f/2.8D ED AF Ultra Wide-Angle Nikkor Lens on a full-frame sensor, in theory the field of view is HFOV: 104° x VFOV: 81°. However this lens exhibits noticeable barrel distortion ...
1
vote
4answers
1k views

What exactly is focal length when there is also flange focal distance?

If focal length is the measure between the rear element and the sensor then how can you have different flange focal distances? Is the focal length not literally the measure between the rear element ...
7
votes
4answers
2k views

Do I need other camera lenses if I have an 18-200mm or other super-zoom?

I wanted to ask that once you have purchased a lens of say 18-200mm, then is it required to purchase other lenses — say 24-70mm, 24-105mm, 18-105mm, 28-135mm,etc. Does 18-200mm lens satisfy all the ...
2
votes
2answers
448 views

How to estimate camera sensor size?

I am using a smartphone for capturing photos and I need to estimate the camera sensor size (mm*mm). I have the resolution (in pixels) and the focal length (in pixels). I can also measure the size of ...
3
votes
3answers
260 views

How can the focal length of a lens be many times greater than the lens's physical length?

I bought a Tamron 16-300. Question is: how can it have a focal length 0f 300 mm when it is only about 30 mm long? Doesn't the lens have to be 300 mm from the sensing element?
12
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5answers
4k views

What is a normal lens?

I've heard people call 50mm lenses "normal lenses". For a lens to be considered normal, does it have to be exactly 50mm or is there some leeway? Does the normal focal length depend on crop factor of ...
1
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3answers
402 views

How to shoot/capture the droplets of water being sprayed through a spray bottle

I am trying to capture the droplets of water while being sprayed on a subject through a spray bottle. What I mean here is - when I am spraying the water on my subject, I want to capture the droplets ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

How do zoom, magnification, and focal length relate?

Zoom lenses and cameras with superzooms are often sold with a times ("×") zoom number — like a 12x zoom or 30x zoom. The question How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom? ...
0
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0answers
20 views

How to determine the focal length needed to fill a frame with an object given the height and the distance of the subject? [duplicate]

say I want to take a picture of an object, which is 50cm tall and is 4 meters away from me. I also want that the subject fills the frame heightwise. Is there an even aproximated mathematical formula ...
0
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1answer
136 views

What focal length does Lee Jeffries use for his portraits?

I'm astonished by the portraits of an English photographer, Lee Jeffries. Does anybody knows the focal length he shoots with? The link to his flicker.
3
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1answer
220 views

Sharp, in focus portraits - analyse an example please

I have tried taking a few portraits in my living room, using studio flash. I'm still new to it, so my lighting setups may not be great. I have found sometimes that I can shoot 3 or 4 shots in a row - ...
0
votes
2answers
153 views

Close range stereoscopic recording [closed]

So I have some work for a client; I have never tried to shoot 3D before but I have an idea how it can be done. So the situation is: I have a wide green screen and I want to record stereoscopic videos ...
0
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0answers
39 views

Which is better for portraits: 18-55mm or 75-300mm? [duplicate]

Would it be better to use a 18-55 or 75-300 for portraits? I inherited the Canon rebel xti kit and I'm new to photography. Eventually I will expand but for now just trying to get the settings down.
1
vote
4answers
269 views

What is the equivalent f/stop for 50mm?

If f/8 And Be There is the rule for 35 mm, what is the best f/stop if I am using 50mm? Context: Street Photography Note: Though one can say that "it depends", this is a very specific question. When ...
-2
votes
1answer
154 views

How does focal length determine lens quality? [duplicate]

What does an 18 - 50 mm lens mean? Are those numbers the first focal length and second focal length? How do you use this parameter to judge what kind of lens to buy? Does more equal better?
12
votes
2answers
431 views

Does focus breathing make a lens slower when close focusing?

I've heard that focal length of some lenses will become noticeably longer when focusing to a close distance, an effect called "focus breathing". Since f-number is focal length divided by diameter of ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Is it normal for focal length to change while focusing?

When I change the focus distance on my Pentax 55-300mm lens, the focal length appears to change. More specifically, the lens appears to zoom in as I focus towards the minimum focusing distance. This ...
0
votes
3answers
226 views

Which lens/focal length offers the widest viewing angle without too noticable distorions/fish-eye-effect?

I am looking for a lens for my Sony Alpha 77 (APS-C), which gets me an as wide as possible viewing angle, but I also hate that fisheye effect one gets from using too low of a focal length. About where ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

Understanding Lenses Focal Length with Converters

I read about APS-C sensors EOS DSLRs, that if the focal length is 300mm and as the image ratio is 1.6 then the 300mm x1.6 = 480mm focal length. So if I add a 1.4x teleconverter to 300mm lens so I ...
0
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1answer
66 views

Is there an “optimal” background distance when striving for a minimally distracting background?

Let's assume a thin lens and an object O in focus at a distance of dO from the lens. Further, let's assume there's a large out-of-focus background object B at a distance of dB. Now, we know ...
0
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0answers
198 views

How to get width and height of an image based on distance

I have an app to overlay the images on the camera overlay. But I need to set the width and height of the image based on the user distance. If the distance is, say 8 feet, how can I calculate the width ...
1
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0answers
63 views

How to overlay the image scaling based on the user distance & focal length

I'm overlaying images on the cameraView and based on the user input of room width & height. The images are displaying proportionally to width & height ratio. but i need to overlay the images ...
1
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0answers
52 views

Which lens to use for landscapes? [closed]

I bought my Nikon D5200 camera with a 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6G lens as well as a Nikkor 70-300mm f/4-5.6 G lens. I was just wondering if you would be able to tell which lens to use in what situations. Like, ...
4
votes
5answers
343 views

Unable to get sharp landscape picture

I'm facing often the same kind of trouble when taking landscape pictures... I end up with a picture that could be great but that is totally not sharp ! Example : I set up the maximal focal ...
2
votes
1answer
175 views

Is 85-135mm really the best for every single kind of face?

They say that focal length around 85-135mm is the best for the head and shoulder kind portraits. I've done some tests myself, I can definitely see the differences. The face is more natural looking ...