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Focal length is the distance (measured in mm) between the surface of a lens and the focal point, when the lens is focussed at infinity. Smaller focal lengths indicate wide-angle lenses, larger focal lengths indicate a telephoto lens.

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10
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4answers
464 views

What is the shape of the focal plane?

This is something I just realised I don't entirely know the answer to, so I'm going to ask it here as I think it's interesting. In most non-scientific writing on depth of field, diagrams generally ...
1
vote
2answers
220 views

How to achieve full-frame look/view on a crop-sensor - without changing the lens?

I have a Canon 600D, which is crop-sensor camera. If you're shooting with a Canon EF 50mm, it'll be (50x1.6) = 80mm on a normal full-frame body right? I'm also a street-photography-kinda guy, which I ...
-1
votes
0answers
21 views

How do I get my focal length unstuck? [duplicate]

I need help! My focal length is stuck at 55mm and I can't turn it to any other focal length. Someone please help me.
1
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3answers
244 views

What is the sweet spot of the Canon's 18-55mm IS STM lens?

I'm plannning to photograph negative film like this. And I would like to know what would be the sweet spot of my lens to achieve best sharpness possible, what f stop and at what mm I should be ...
1
vote
2answers
74 views

Does 4.0-72mm on the lens when equivalent focal length is 24-432mm mean crop factor of 6×?

The Samsung WB250F has 4.0mm-72.0mm printed on its lens, and its 35mm equivalent focal length range is 24mm-432mm. Does that mean it has a 6x crop factor?
9
votes
4answers
345 views

Circular polarizer works great at shorter focal lengths, but significantly degrades the image at longer lengths. Why?

I bought a cheap CP recently to play around with, and noticed an interesting phenomenon: Using it with my 24mm lens on full-frame, images turn out tack-sharp - there is hardly any difference in ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

How do zoom lenses restrict their widest aperture at the telephoto end?

Does the aperture ring lock the apertures beyond, say 5.6 at length lens's telephoto end? Does the lens introduce an obstacle to the aperture ring so the lens can't be opened anymore beyond the ...
4
votes
5answers
433 views

What focal length is used in photos that both model is zoomed in and the background is open

It is easier to explain my question just by a sample photo from Lyndsey Adler: See the models are so big in the photo and still that big RV is also in the image. What focal length do I need for a ...
0
votes
2answers
51 views

Where is the image sensor located in a camera with a fixed-focus lens?

I am working on some research on the Kinect for XBOX One. I am looking into the depth measurements of the device. I have read that the depth values are calculated from the devices focal plane. So i ...
6
votes
4answers
417 views

How is actual focal length greater than focal range of lens?

This image (not shot by me) is shot using 70-300mm f/4.5-5.6 lens, but the EXIF shows the focal length to be 302 mm. How is it possible to be shot at a focal length (302 mm) greater than the ...
5
votes
6answers
310 views

What do the mm numbers on lenses mean?

I'm confused about lenses and numbers. Why are some lenses ex. 50mm-300mm Different sizes? Some lenses with the same mm numbers are huge and some are small... What's the difference? Also the prices ...
0
votes
6answers
130 views

What is the shortest focal length before a black ring appears?

I know it depends on brand to brand and model to model, but in general terms, what is the shortest focal length I can have before the black zone (A) starts to form, or it is barely noticeable? (B) ...
4
votes
4answers
156 views

Which focal length lens generally has the sharpest lens? 24, 35, 50 or 85?

Context I realize that the above four focal lengths lend to having a different perspective that make them all unique. It might be possible to use one as the other but that isn't always true with the ...
3
votes
1answer
78 views

General rules when compression in the background looks good (like with longer focal lengths)?

Is there any general set of rules or guidelines on when would the background compression generated by a long focal length look good in a picture? Example : in a headshot, I really like the background ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Possible to lock focal length on zoom lens? (SELP1650)

(This could turn out to be a bone, practical, product-specific query, but this is the internet so the worst that could happen is a 0 rather than a 1.) Anyhoo: is it possible to lock a zoomable lens ...
2
votes
2answers
118 views

Do I need the 18-55mm lens that comes with the camera, or should I instead get a 55-250mm lens?

I'm a novice so don't know whether I need the 18-55mm lens that comes standard with the Canon EOS Rebel T6i or should I instead get the 55-250 mm lens - or both? I'll be using the camera primarily ...
0
votes
2answers
127 views

Effective focal length of kit 16-50mm lens on A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop factor) [duplicate]

This is likely a tedious question for you guys but, as a camera noob, I'm miffed, so please bear with me. I have a: Sony A6000 (APS-C 1.5x crop sensor). With kit lens: SELP1650 lens (16-50mm) So, ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

Which lens size will generate more detail for equivalent field-of-views in an image snapshot?

We are getting ready to purchase a 3 megapixel IP camera. It comes with either a 4mm or 6mm lens. We will only be using the camera for still image snapshots on a specified interval. Basically, it's an ...
2
votes
4answers
340 views

Are wide angle lenses suitable for portraiture of children?

Wide angle lens tend to make faces more "chubby" than they appear otherwise, and are therefore not used often for portraits, unless the landscape is an important part of the frame. I'm curious as to ...
1
vote
3answers
192 views

What focal length is recommended for photography for social media, like groups of people in weddings?

I want to get a lens for social photography (groups of people in weddings, or a close up for a bride). What focal length range would be recommendable? Also would it be good to get a wide angle lens ...
2
votes
2answers
198 views

How do you calculate the focal multiplier of a non-full frame camera?

I'm currently using a Sony RX100 Mark 3 camera and want to buy a Canon 6D + 24-105 F4 L lens from an online retailer, which is not in my country. (before continuing I'd like to state that there are ...
4
votes
3answers
334 views

Does focal length change when I adjust the focus? [duplicate]

When I adjust the focus of my camera, in general, does this affect the focal length? I have heard that it does.
2
votes
3answers
195 views

Is the Canon 70-200mm or 24-70mm better for convention photos? [closed]

I've decided I want to upgrade to a better lens, but I'm really torn between the Canon EF 70-200mm f/2.8L IS II USM and the EF 24-70mm f/2.8L II USM. I like to take convention photos, where space is ...
2
votes
3answers
173 views

Why isn't my computation of the actual size of an object in a photograph matching the expected value?

Let's say I have a full frame camera (Sony A7) with a 50 mm lens (Canon FDn 50mm f/1.4) mounted on it. At a given object (a plane) distance I should be able to compute the size of the image in real ...
3
votes
2answers
137 views

55mm on an 18-55 lens versus 55mm on a 55-250mm lens

I have two canon kit lenses which came with my 1100D. While experimenting casually with my lenses, I came across something that I find peculiar. When I am focused at an object at a certain distance on ...
4
votes
1answer
230 views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of zoom lenses with a wide range of focal lengths? [duplicate]

Are there some disadvantages of a zoom-lens with wide range focal length compare to a lens with narrow range both having the same max. aperture? For example, if we have two lenses: Sigma 18-55mm f4 ...
0
votes
1answer
39 views

Focal length of the sony DSC-H20 [closed]

I am working in finding the distance of the objects in a video taken using a Sony Camera model DSC-H20 and suppose that any lens or zoom distortions were applied. In order to know the position I need ...
0
votes
1answer
97 views

What's the ranges of ratios of Focal Length to Sensor Height to approximate a human eye's view? [duplicate]

Given this formula for calculating the distance to an object as long as you have a picture of the object and know the actual height of the object... distance to object (mm) = focal length (mm) * real ...
3
votes
4answers
233 views

Given the same sensor size lens, will a higher megapixel sensor give more “reach” then a lower one?

I've been wondering this for a while now, and I can't seem to find a straight answer about this. If we are talking about the exact same sensor size, (lets say FX) and we are using a 50mm lens. ...
0
votes
6answers
187 views

Is the wide aperture and bokeh of a 50mm prime more important than getting to the 70-90mm range for portraits?

I've a Pentax K-30 with the following lens: Pentax-M 50mm 1.7 manual focus Tamron 17-50mm 2.8 autofocus Pentax 55-300mm 4-5.6 autofocus Considering that : Pentax 50mm has the nicest bokeh and ...
0
votes
1answer
132 views

How do lenses focus? (and zoom?) [duplicate]

My understanding of focal length is that it is the distance from the lens to the sensor; in my observations: higher focal lengths make for longer lens. Then I started thinking about how a lens ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

What is the relationship between focal length and minimum focus distance?

If I know the focal length of a lens, How can I know the minimum focus distance? I have checked several webpage, but I am still wandering is there a formula? I know there is mark in the lens, but ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

I have camera specifications but don't know the actual focal length

I'm trying to figure out the focal length of my camera. I'm trying to figure out the distance from my camera to an object using the equation listed here (How do I calculate the distance of an object ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

How can I tell what focal length a zoom lens was set to for a photo of the moon?

It appears that neither the Sony 55-210 mm f/4.5-6.3 nor the Canon EF-S 55–250mm f/4–5.6 reports the actual focal length to the camera: both cameras' metadata show the lens but report the focal length ...
0
votes
0answers
32 views

Tamron 18-200mm super wide angle lens [duplicate]

I purchased this lense, it says that it is a wide angle lense also. I would like to know hiw i can tell for sure, is it a wide lense or not?
0
votes
6answers
298 views

Why does Sony say that a 35mm lens is “35mm equivalent when used with an APS-C camera?”

I'm thinking of getting a Sony A6000 with a Sony SEL35F18 Lens. I'm a little confused about the actual focal length (and/or field of view) of the lens when attached to an APS-C sized sensor. The ...
0
votes
1answer
76 views

how to calculate “FocalLenIn35mmFilm” with limited metadata

Im creating an app that uses "FocalLenIn35mmFilm" to calculate feild of view(FOV). unfortunately not all photographs contain this property in their meta data, the Motorola Nexus 6 is an example. The ...
0
votes
1answer
532 views

Camera sensor size vs pixel size and focal length [closed]

I've already seen the answer about the crop factor. I'm writing a small software for motion tracking (from two cameras, videos) in 3D space and research. To do that, I need some information about ...
0
votes
3answers
157 views

Do lens hoods need to be matched to focal length?

Is it true that not all generic lens hoods work on all lenses (provided the filter diameter matches, of course)? I read that the focal length plays a role in it - but I cannot find such readings on ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

If APS-C sensor crop factor is 1.6 does it mean if I use 300mm lens with 2x teleconverted I'll get 960mm focal lenght? [duplicate]

Basically if I use this combination of lenses on my Canon 70D will it be like having 960mm lens?
1
vote
1answer
116 views

Why don't all zoom lenses have variable f-numbers? [duplicate]

As I understand it, the f-number is a ratio between the focal length and the aperture diameter. A zoom lens can change focal length, but shouldn't the maximum aperture be a fixed size? If so, that ...
0
votes
1answer
90 views

Comparing focal length [duplicate]

Hello I want to move from my compact camera to a dslr. I am fan of landscape photos so I want to buy an ultra-zoom lens. My camera supports 14x optical zoom. I know that for compact cameras it's just ...
6
votes
1answer
228 views

What prevents a f/1.8, 24 mm - 70 mm or similar range zoom lens from being made? [duplicate]

I see that it is common to have professional grade lenses such as 24-70mm lenses made at f/2.8. After using a 50mm/1.8, I was wondering what would prevent a more versatile zoom lens to be made that ...
2
votes
3answers
153 views

If the zoom number doesn't tell me magnification, what does? [duplicate]

I've read How do I convert lens focal length (mm) to x-times optical zoom?, and learned that the times-zoom number doesn't tell you much. So, how do you determine the magnification — the amount a lens ...
1
vote
3answers
228 views

Will a macro extension tube eliminate the cropping of an APS-C lens on a full-frame sensor?

I understand using an A-mount lens intended for APS-C sensors on a full-frame camera results in cropping of the image. According to a tech at Sony, you lose 1/3 of pixels (APS-C is a 2/3 sensor so it ...
2
votes
2answers
237 views

Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 - How does it compare to binocular magnification?

I know almost nothing about photography. But I am interested in learning. My dad just purchased a Panasonic Lumix FZ1000. I own a pair of Leica 10x50 binoculars. I asked him how the maximum zoom or ...
0
votes
1answer
82 views

How do I measure the distance from an object to fit it in the screen? [duplicate]

I'm curious if there is any math formula for this. Let's take a close-up of a human face for instance, given the human face is about 20cm/8 inches, how do I choose the right focal length and from ...
0
votes
1answer
91 views

I want to know about the relationship between focal length and aperture [duplicate]

I have Nikon D7000 and I know the basic relation of shutter speed, aperture, and iso. All I want to know is focal length and aperture relation. As I zoom in the camera the f/stop increases (e.g. it ...
1
vote
1answer
417 views

How do I calculate the maximum aperture at each focal length on a 35-200mm lens

I am looking for the linear maximum aperture of a 35-200mm 3.5/4.5 Nikon manual focus lens. I already know the max & min of the 35 & 200mm it's the 50, 70,105, & 135 that I am interested ...
2
votes
2answers
202 views

What is the importance of the back focal length of a lens?

What is the effect and importance of the back focal length of a lens? For instance, if I look at these two lenses by Ricoh, they have the same focal length and aperture, but their back focal lengths ...