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by Bart Arondson

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Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of ...

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20
votes
5answers
2k views

What is mirror lockup and what is its primary function?

My SLR is equipped with a mirror lockup function. What does it do, and when would I employ such a feature?
30
votes
6answers
1k views

What is the best technique for long-exposure photography in good light?

Can anyone offer any tips on achieving long exposures (with the intention of blurring water, clouds etc)?
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Is shooting multiple exposures the best way to do night portraits with the E-PL1?

I recently had the experience where I was attempting to get a night portrait of someone but still maintain some of the background. For example, getting an image of someone on top of Rockefeller ...
18
votes
10answers
4k views

What is the 18% gray tone, and how do I make a 18% gray card in Photoshop?

I have heard about 18% gray tone — what is it really, and why 18% (and not 20% or some other value), and how can I make it in Photoshop?
12
votes
3answers
2k views

How can correctly measure light using a built-in camera meter?

Many times I shot photos, but the photo is some times too bright or too dark and the colors are incorrect. Some times the white on the photo is not the white that I have on background but gray and I ...
25
votes
6answers
3k views

When should I use graduated ND filters and when should I use HDR processing?

I'd really like to stop blowing out the sky and/or underexposing the ground in my pictures. The traditional solution would be to use graduated ND filters, but taking multiple exposures and applying ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

In Lightroom 3, what is the difference between exposure and brightness?

What's the difference between adjusting a photo's exposure versus its brightness? I created a virtual copy of a photo. The original's exposure was increased 1 stop. The other got an increase in ...
31
votes
12answers
3k views

What situations are best suited for spot metering?

I have found myself using spot metering on several occasions in order to get the right exposure, such as sunsets and on bright days with a subject in the shade. What other situations are well suited ...
55
votes
14answers
65k views

How do I set the proper exposure for nighttime moon photos?

All my attempts to get a good shot of the full moon with my DSLR result in an overexposed circle on a black background. I've used a tripod, remote shutter release, low ISO, and long exposure, but ...
85
votes
6answers
4k views

How and why do you use an image histogram?

I realize that an image histogram is a graphical display of an images tonal distribution (i.e. horizontal darks to lights, vertical pixel distribution), but how does one really use it and why? I mean, ...