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Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of ...

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3
votes
7answers
601 views

Can ISO vary on different cameras?

We all know that [ISO] + [shutter speed] + [aperture] = a great picture. Now, let's take two different (very!) cameras: Nikon D3100 vs Nikon D800 and set them on Aperture priority. Settings for the ...
16
votes
5answers
2k views

If shooting RAW, is the white balance selected in camera irrelevant for exposure?

I have read the existing question - Does the camera white balance setting affect the raw image at all? After reading the above post, I am still not clear on the part around exposure. Is it possible ...
1
vote
4answers
365 views

Why doesn't my camera capture a dark picture when it looks dark to the human eye?

I tried searching for this, but found nothing on this topic: is there a way to set the camera to get images in around the brightness a human eye sees? For example, in bright daylight, I would set it ...
2
votes
2answers
858 views

How to picture thunder when storm is coming [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What technique and camera settings should I use to capture lightning strikes? My home town is very lack of thunders, but when time comes, I should be prepared to shoot. ...
6
votes
2answers
136 views

How do objects in the dark come up when post processing?

I took one shot of oil lamps. Partial metering mode was used and I focused on the bright yellow light, as expected the image was captured with only the light and its immediate surroundings visible. ...
17
votes
7answers
649 views

Why do cameras use a single exposure rather than integrating across many very quick reads?

I have never understood why cameras need a shutter with a specific speed and why this cannot be adjusted in postprocessing. I think that present sensor works in an integral way: they save the amount ...
1
vote
3answers
466 views

What's the difference between a closed and open aperture diaphragm for night street photos?

I'm capturing a picture during night and to a street with a lot of cars running over the street. What happens (in general, from a theoretical point of view) if I shoot the same photo under the ...
20
votes
5answers
2k views

What is mirror lockup and what is its primary function?

My SLR is equipped with a mirror lockup function. What does it do, and when would I employ such a feature?
9
votes
1answer
283 views

Why doesn't noise depend on exposure time?

In the post Why do cameras use a single exposure rather than integrating across many very quick reads? an important question was if the noise depends on the exposure time or not. By noise I mean the ...
14
votes
3answers
2k views

Do the same camera settings lead to the same exposure across different sensor sizes?

Let's say I have a micro-4/3rd camera and a full frame camera, both set to 1/60 at f/2.8, taking a picture of the same scene in the same lighting. Will the exposure be the same across both cameras ...
1
vote
2answers
712 views

When to use exposure lock with spot metering and when to use exposure compensation?

I was taking a snap on a sunny day, and the subject was in front of light source and subject was shadowed out(or blackened) In this case is it better to use partial/spot metering mode (zoom in to face ...
0
votes
3answers
234 views

Technical book about exposure

I am interested about studying exposure. I went through a few tutorial (as a beginner of DSLR photography) but I find them generally lacking of details. I have a background in engineering, physics ...
15
votes
4answers
755 views

Why do digital cameras need an exposure time at all?

From what I understand of digital cameras, they are basically a lens plus a tiny two-dimensional array of millions of photo-diodes. And from what I understand of photo-diodes, they create a voltage ...
6
votes
5answers
381 views

When determining exposure, is ISO typically taken into consideration secondary to aperture and shutter speed or is it equally as important?

In other words, do professional photographers typically pick the aperture and shutter speed they want and then after those are picked adjust the ISO until their exposure meter shows the shot as being ...
2
votes
2answers
689 views

Why does EV increase as ISO increases?

From what I understand, the lower the EV value, the more exposed (bright) the image is. EV decreases as aperture decreases. More light gets in with lower apertures. EV decreases as shutter speed ...
-1
votes
1answer
128 views

how to neutralise exposure in Manual mode [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How do I know I have the correct exposure when shooting in manual mode? I have a canon 550d, initially the settings were fine in Manual mode, but know I see following ...
10
votes
2answers
418 views

How can I expose a waterfall scene correctly?

Last day, I was photographing a waterfall. It was a bright day and I was shooting around 2-3 in the afternoon. I set aperture to f/11 and took the meter reading pointing camera towards the sky. ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

D800 Previews Much Brighter in Camera, Very Dark When Rendered

I've been shooting with the D800 for about 6 months now, and I've noticed that the in-camera previews appear much brighter and more properly exposed. But when I load the RAW images into either ...
13
votes
6answers
21k views

How to take fast-shutter-speed photos that aren't dark?

I was taking pictures of some water splashes. I knew I needed a fast shutter speed to make them look frozen in time. I have not used manual mode yet. I use the settings where I can pick the shutter ...
9
votes
3answers
265 views

How sharp of an image should I expect at night?

I'm a beginner with my first camera (sony nex6 mirrorless). I was trying my first few night shots Using the kit lens but I wasn't able to find a way to take sharp images. I've done the following: ...
20
votes
4answers
2k views

Why are there limitations to the upper limit of exposure time in digital cameras?

For example, my Canon 550D will only go as far as 30 sec (and then of course the bulb mode). For measuring exposure, I think all the camera needs is a timer, and I have no doubt they would have to do ...
2
votes
1answer
118 views

Synchronization problems with Rekam NEO 200 and Canon 600D

I've recently got two Rekam NEO 200 lamps with synchronization cable. To connect them to my canon 600D i've bougth an adapter. The flash seems to sync correctly when setting exposition to values ...
22
votes
1answer
943 views

What is “reciprocity failure”?

What is "reciprocity failure" when used in the context of film?
1
vote
1answer
539 views

Why would I use FEB (Flash Exposure Bracketing)?

In what situation would using FEB (Flash Exposure Bracketing) be a good idea? Exposure bracketing can be blended together with HDR, but why would I use FEB?
2
votes
2answers
179 views

What zone does lith film cutoff occur in?

With lith film, exposure accuracy is said to be of great concern - basically, it's a matter of black and white. But when metering, what zone does the cutoff between black and white happen in - is it ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

Long exposures without turning night into day

When taking Night Photography you will use long exposures. Sometimes these exposures can be very long. My question is this: How can I take long exposures without turning a night scene into a scene ...
5
votes
2answers
612 views

Should my Nikon D3100 adjust settings to allow for use of flash in AP or SP mode

When I'm shooting with the onboard flash in low light conditions, I observe the exposure preview settings between no flash and the flash popped up - there appears to be little or no difference between ...
31
votes
7answers
10k views

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using auto ISO on a DSLR?

What are the advantages and disadvantages of using auto ISO on a DSLR? Using manual ISO obviously gives you more control, but auto ISO may mean that you get "the shot" under quickly changing ...
2
votes
2answers
1k views

How Avoid Vignetting using a variable ND filter

My camera is Nikon D700 Lens 28-300mm Lens 24-70mm I have a Variable ND filter 77mm size How do I avoid vignetting around the edges of the filter? thank you.
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Pentax P-TTL: Why and when does underexposure occur and what can I do?

Pentax's P-TTL flash metering system tends to be unreliable and may underexpose at times. When and why does the system underexpose and what can I do? I want to know the situations that cause flash ...
13
votes
9answers
5k views

How do I take a portrait at night with detail in the background instead of just blackness?

I was trying to make a photo of my girlfriend around 9 pm with a D7000, Sigma 24-70 2.8, and SB-900. She was in the center of the frame, taking up about 20% of the frame. About 40% was taken up by ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

What metering mode should one use with autoexposure (AE) lock on the Nikon D700?

I will be visiting Morocco in week's time. I usually use matrix metering when taking photographs. However I have read that using the autoexposure (AE) Lock on the Nikon D700 one should use center- ...
8
votes
5answers
515 views

Heavy colour saturation on night photos with new lens? Is this normal

I have a Canon 550D and bought a Sigma 17-70mm lens to upgrade from the 18-55mm lens kit. I decided to go out and try the new lens with some night shots. To be honest, the results were bad. I used a ...
6
votes
4answers
713 views

Photographing microfiche readers: Bright light forces camera to darken image

I am a researcher and often have to take photographs of material from microfiche cards. The problem that I have been encountering is that on non-digital readers, there is a bright lamp behind the ...
6
votes
4answers
745 views

Does the same aperture at a shorter focal length allow for faster shutter speeds?

I was about to ask why the new Canon 24-70mm F/2.8L II doesn't have IS, but then I came across the answer to Why there is no Canon 50mm *IS* lens? and it got me thinking... (The short version of the ...
3
votes
3answers
3k views

Night-time football game under field lights

I am shooting a little league football game at night under the field lights for the first time amd I have a few questions to ask. I will be using the Canon EOS 60D camera with a Canon 24-70mm 1:2.8 L ...
18
votes
4answers
2k views

ND filter or exposure compensation?

I was at the camera shop a few weeks ago looking for a neutral density filter, so I could play around with long exposure shots without overexposing. The guy at the camera shop told me I didn't need a ...
2
votes
2answers
374 views

Can the camera select wrong exposure just because of color?

I took two pictures of two different flowers with portrait setting. One came perfectly exposed with dark background, the other seems over exposed with brighter background. I tried it again and the ...
3
votes
2answers
289 views

Is the dynamic range affected by exposure time?

For a given scene, if I take 2 similar shots: short exposure time (maybe using higher aperture, higher ISO...) long exposure time (lower aperture or ISO) The goal is to have the shots with the ...
13
votes
8answers
653 views

What exposure mode and techniques should I use when out-and-about?

I'm interested to hear what exposure/metering techniques people use when taking out-and-about shots (no tripod). I almost always have my camera set to Aperture Priority mode, and I suspect most people ...
5
votes
3answers
232 views

What is the effect of directly changing exposure from the camera's menu? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is exposure compensation? In the Aperture Priority mode (Av), changing the Aperture size would automatically adjust the Shutter Speed to ensure proper exposure. I ...
3
votes
1answer
527 views

Can a consumer-grade camera take good aurora pictures?

It's generally hard to take clear pictures of auroras because they are fairly dim and move around. To get enough light for a good picture, you need a long exposure. But then your picture will be ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

How can I take long exposure photos with a webcam?

I have a very simple webcam made by A4tech. It already has an exposure function (in its settings) and it's good in low light. I want to be able to take even longer exposures. I have found this but ...
1
vote
1answer
248 views

Skin tones become yellower/ oranger when flash is on

When I take pictures of people, the yellow and red tones seem to be enhanced and the result is a more jaundiced complexion in best case scenario and orange and a bit shiny if their skin is a bit oily. ...
5
votes
0answers
106 views

How can I take slow, wide-open photos in bright light? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What are neutral density filters and how do I use them to create long exposures in daylight? I like to take photos of motorsports and high speed action. Sometimes I use ...
3
votes
1answer
571 views

How does the sensitivity of camera sensor behaves with the infrared filters?

I am puzzled about the behavior of camera sensor to the infrared spectrum. I have heard that the you must remove the internal infrared filter to capture infrared pictures. So, I removed it and used ...
5
votes
1answer
297 views

Is there a way to correct exposure on photos in a panorama taken without AE lock on?

I made a stupid mistake on some of my pano's I shot this past weekend, I forgot to hold AE-lock. Now I've got about three photos that I can't use due to difference in exposure on them. Is there a ...
2
votes
2answers
244 views

how do I long expose in harsh light for a lake view?

I have this problem of long exposure in harsh light. This in a lake side where I wanted to get that silky movement of water with a stone in foreground. However, since the daylight was harsh my images ...
6
votes
4answers
551 views

How to achieve good scenic photos without HDR?

I've always had a problem getting exposure right with shots of the outdoors. I always seem to need to do manipulation which ends up in noisy photos. I know HDR would sort it out, but I'm using a ...
2
votes
2answers
866 views

Modify exposure of a specific part of an image using rawtherapee or gimp (ufraw)

Is there a way to modify the exposure on a specific part of an image using rawtherapee, Gimp's ufraw, or any other free/open source tool?