Not Your Everyday Banana

by Bart Arondson

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Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of ...

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4
votes
2answers
791 views

How to get a smooth gradient on sky?

I wanted to capture this beautiful dawn. The colors came well but the gradient is banded, if you see closely. I know we can post process the image to smooth it out, but I would like to directly ...
39
votes
5answers
4k views

When best to use Multi-Zone/Matrix, Spot, or Center-Weight?

What are Multi-Zone/Matrix metering, Center-Weighted metering, and Spot metering? What about Partial? Is there a good rule of thumb, or a few pointers, on when best to use each metering mode?
6
votes
6answers
515 views

A Good “Flexible” Default Setting For Shooting Highly Dynamic Subjects

I know this is quite vague and that some of you might say the setting depends on how much lighting the place has. However, I want to know what "default" settings I can use for shooting pageants, float ...
16
votes
6answers
11k views

How do I make picture from my Canon 550D more dramatic and colourful, via camera settings if possible?

I have just started clicking with my new Canon 550D DSLR camera and while I'm getting used to its functions and settings, I was intending to get the colours more vibrant while clicking my pictures. ...
2
votes
4answers
12k views

How do I change the exposure setting in manual mode on a Canon EOS 550D?

I have recently bought a Canon EOS 550D. In the Manual Mode, I am unable to change the exposure level. What am I missing here? I am sure there must be a way to change it.
2
votes
4answers
1k views

How do I prevent the background from going dark when using the flash with a subject?

This is with Flash, short shutter exposure time, and zoomed in This is without Flash but with long shutter exposure time when using the Flash the background tends to get dark and the subject ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the Black Card Technique?

I have found interested comments on 500px: Non-HDR-processed / Non-GND/ND-filtered / non-blended● Black Card Technique and group on Flickr. Could somebody explain how to and cons and pros of this ...
3
votes
2answers
489 views

Can a new focusing screen affect exposure metering?

After i replaced original focusing screen with a split one, it seems that every picture i take is overexposed now. Can it affect on exposure? Or i damaged something while replacing it? I own Nikon ...
5
votes
3answers
2k views

Is over-exposure preferable than under-exposure?

I am learning the world of Photography and always attempt to get the best possible shot but there are times when getting the exposure just right can be tricky depending on the situation. (I can tell ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

What's the difference between holding a half-pressed shutter button and pressing the AE lock?

As I have been looking around today the AE lock button is supposed to lock in the focus and exposure settings (aperture and shutter) so that the picture can be recomposed before taken. I also believe ...
24
votes
3answers
2k views

In Lightroom 3, what is the difference between exposure and brightness?

What's the difference between adjusting a photo's exposure versus its brightness? I created a virtual copy of a photo. The original's exposure was increased 1 stop. The other got an increase in ...
11
votes
1answer
851 views

What is “exposure safety shift”?

I ran into the term "exposure safety shift" in this answer. What is exposure safety shift, and what is its intended purpose?
1
vote
3answers
442 views

What techniques are there to get focus and/or lock exposure other than center, half-press, and recompose?

The way I shoot is this: turn the camera so that the subject is in the middle of the viewfinder, where my center point is, press the shutter half way, the camera now focuses the lens on the subject ...
3
votes
1answer
359 views

How do you photograph sand dunes?

In 2010 I was lucky enough to visit Death Valley. While we were there we went to the sand dunes. I took this shot Its not how I remembered the scene, It seems as if a lot of the detail has been ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I effectively photograph when the sun is in the frame?

I have been trying to get a good shot out of direct sunlight but my shots just turn out dark, even if I set my shutter speed to the 1000-4000 range at ISO 200. Another odd thing is that even if my ...
3
votes
2answers
446 views

Why does the exposure vary in these Nikon flash photos?

The following 4 photos were all taken with a Nikon D300 at 1/250s, f/5.3, ISO-400, in shutter priority mode, with the on-camera pop-up flash. The only difference between them is the exposure bias, ...
-2
votes
1answer
887 views

How does aperture affect exposure? [duplicate]

I've heard that aperture can change the exposure, but I would like to know if this is true, and how it does it. P.S. I hope this question isn't dumb like my last two.
6
votes
2answers
301 views

Can telephoto lenses cause the background to be darker than the foreground in the same light?

I took this photograph yesterday afternoon at around 5:15pm EDT, about two hours before sunset: The sky, in my perception, was bright, and my little subject is standing in the same lighting as the ...
5
votes
4answers
5k views

How can I set an exposure time over 30 seconds with a DSLR?

Most DSLRs have an exposure time limit of 30 seconds. Now I'm asking myself how is it possible to create images about over 1 hour or longer, like these two: ...
18
votes
3answers
944 views

Why does a 15-second exposure on my camera actually last 16 seconds?

I was doing a test and wanted the shutter to stay open for 15 seconds -- no problem, I have a 15-second exposure setting in my camera. It seemed to stay open for about an extra second, though, so I ...
1
vote
2answers
213 views

What settings do I need for shooting a candid against the sky?

I have Canon 1000D. Most of the times I use canon 50MM F1.8. I use evaluative metering and single point (center) auto focus. What setting do I need to change to have metering of sky (say red of ...
3
votes
4answers
364 views

How to best view test shots on camera LCD in bright, outdoor photo shoot

A couple weeks ago I did a basic outdoor photo shoot for a family. It was mid day, and the sun was out. I took test shots initially and when viewing the shots on my DSLR's LCD screen they appeared to ...
4
votes
4answers
554 views

Why are these light trails large blobs of light instead of nice thin lines?

I'm trying to shoot a traffic light trails with my point & shoot camera (Panasonic Lumix DMC-LZ8). But the oncoming vehicle headlights are appearing as large blobs of light and not exactly thin ...
1
vote
1answer
174 views

Is this picture too dark? [closed]

http://500px.com/photo/5546307 Probably some personal taste applies here too, but Would be better to have things more bright in order to have some area which are at the bright end of the range? ...
4
votes
7answers
4k views

How do I properly expose dark scenes containing bright light sources?

I'm new in photography, however I have some basic knowledge of exposure, aperture, etc. I own a Nikon D7000. The issue I've found in number of pics I've taken (in P mode) is that whenever the scene ...
3
votes
1answer
627 views

Ways in order to achieve dramatic lighting styles?

My question is more specific to the situation I am going to be shooting [with the subject being a person laying down in a hospital bed] The photo will be taken from the ceiling above the bed and ...
14
votes
5answers
786 views

What's a good ad-hoc replacement for a gray card?

I know that a real gray card is the best thing to use to determine exposure. But I'd like to know if there are other naturally available features that can be used in a quick and dirty way. Are fields ...
16
votes
8answers
6k views

What is the best way to handle overexposed sky in post-processing?

I'm new at photography and I have taken some pictures where the subjects in the foreground are exposed correctly but the sky is very overexposed. What is the best way to handle it in post production? ...
1
vote
3answers
408 views

What filter should I use to avoid overly-whitened daylight images?

What filter should I use to avoid whitened images (blown highlights) caused by intense daylight? At the moment I am only using an UV Filter, but it doesn't solve the whole problem. I am a newbie in ...
3
votes
1answer
972 views

Equalize exposure levels of a set of images in a stitched panorama

I've taken a set of pictures for a panorama. Unfortunately, I've forgotten to set the flash to manual exposure, hence I ended up with uneven exposure levels in the images. When I stitch them ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

How can I improve my exposure in low-light situations?

I am new to photography and have been struggling with low light scenarios. I have a Nikon D3100 and an SB-900 flash. Regardless of my ISO, aperture, or shutter speed settings, when I am ...
2
votes
1answer
488 views

What is the reason for underexposure in my film photographs?

Thanks to all the quality answers I got here that helped me to buy a film camera. I got my first roll of film processed and printed. The print results are not as pleasing as looking at the slides ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

What is the EV scale?

I have seen an "EV" (exposure value) scale that's sometimes used to express a camera's exposure settings, or scene brightness. How exactly does this scale work?
3
votes
4answers
555 views

How critical is it to expose raw images correctly?

I have been thinking about the Zone System and its goal of maximising image quality given the limitations of film sensitivity and the necessity to choose specific developing parameters. Clearly you ...
47
votes
4answers
4k views

What is Ansel Adams' “Zone System”?

I've heard much of Ansel Adams' Zone system, but I've never quite understood it. What is it, how and where is it used, and is it still useful with modern (digital) cameras? Thanks!
0
votes
2answers
3k views

Why is exposure meter reading not changing in Manual mode?

I own a Nikon D90. I am new to exposure setting. In Manual mode, I could see the exposure meter changing towards right of zero and towards left of zero informing about under exposure and over ...
7
votes
2answers
244 views

How can I salvage an HDR image from non-optimal source images?

During a recent wedding, I took a number of shots with my Nikon D90 at different exposures, hoping to merge them into HDR pictures. However, it was done in a hurry, i.e. with no auto-bracketing or ...
14
votes
4answers
1k views

How to maximise contrast range of distant landscapes with blue haze?

Distant landscapes often appear hazy, washed-out and blue due to Rayleigh scattering. What can be done to maximise the contrast range of the exposure when photographing such scenes? For example: ...
7
votes
4answers
621 views

Is there a good use for program exposure modes?

The question about how programed exposure modes work made me wonder. Are there situations where a program mode is good for some reason, not just as a convenience or because you don't understand ...
15
votes
5answers
5k views

How do you make a shot look like it was taken at night?

Okay, so I was watching a movie recently, and there was a night scene. The whole valley could be seen in light, and there were some stars as well, and the actors could be seen, but it just looked like ...
13
votes
5answers
657 views

Why are only certain shutter speeds or apertures available?

For the exposure control function DSLRs there are specific shutter speeds available. For example there are 1/4, 1/100, 1/500. Why, even in high end DSLRs, is there no option to use a custom shutter ...
1
vote
3answers
424 views

How does this TLR camera expose properly?

I found a DIY TLR camera kit that lets you build the camera from parts, then use it to take photos. What I don't understand, is that the specs list: 1/150s shutter speed; f/11 aperture From that ...
29
votes
6answers
9k views

How do I use spot metering?

What's the right way to use spot metering? Is it better to use in manual mode than one of the priority modes? There's a question about when to use spot metering, but none that serves as a tutorial to ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

Should I use Manual or (semi-)automatic mode for timelapse in changing light?

I'm planning a long road trip (east coast to west coast, about 45 hours of driving) and am thinking about shooting a time-lapse video of my drive. As I can expect the light levels to change pretty ...
30
votes
12answers
3k views

What situations are best suited for spot metering?

I have found myself using spot metering on several occasions in order to get the right exposure, such as sunsets and on bright days with a subject in the shade. What other situations are well suited ...
6
votes
3answers
252 views

Should I set exposure on my camera or later with software?

With most cameras (Point-n-Shoots and DSLRs) I have always seen exposure settings for exposure. My question is this, should I mess with exposure in the camera while taking the shot or use software ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to get meter reading for a DSLR if not from a gray card?

I read an article called Expose (to the) Right, which explained why you should try to get the graph of the histogram as much to the right of the scale as possible. The reasoning is that DSLRs record ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

How do different aperture and shutter settings affect a photo with the same overall exposure?

Ok, here's my doubt. Suppose I want to get a certain exposure for an image. Keeping the ISO constant, there are two tentative possibilities here: Put the camera at f 1.4 (say) and at 1/1600 shutter ...
1
vote
1answer
3k views

What causes outdoor photos to turn out bright white when taken with a digital camera?

I set my Canon Powershot A460 to automatic mode and took photographs outdoors. When I see the to-be-photographed area on the LCD, it appears normal; but when I take a picture, the photo turns out ...
5
votes
1answer
388 views

Bracketing with ISO or exposure time?

With old cameras, you had film with fixed ISO and you could bracket your shots by either adjusting the f-stop or exposure time. Normally, if I have enough light, I prefer to keep the f-stop constant ...