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by Jorge Córdoba

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Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of ...

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10
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5answers
409 views

For night photography with lots of unexposed areas, should I go with high iso and low exposure, or low iso and high exposure?

I have been doing so much research on iso, and for awhile I've been going with the theory that low iso= less noise, so I've been shooting at iso 100 and then adjusting my flashlights and increasing ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How to relate LED Lumens to Lux at a given distance?

I'm trying to design an LED light, but I'm not sure how many LED's I need for a given light level. Specifically, the Luxeon LXR7-RW57 1000 lumen white LED (data sheet) Q: How many lux should I see ...
1
vote
2answers
325 views

What is the advantage of rolling shutters, if any? [duplicate]

I have read a lot about global and rolling shutters, and it seems from what I have read that the global shutter is better than the rolling shutters when it comes to moving objects. On the other side ...
7
votes
2answers
330 views

How to avoid blown colours in one channel?

I've recently bought a Canon 700D and am still very new to it, although I have a good reasonably good understanding of photography basics (aperture, shutter speed, ISO, DOF, focal length etc.) I ...
1
vote
3answers
115 views

How does time of exposure relate to aperture? [duplicate]

I was trying to derive the relation between the aperture and time of exposure. I'm taking two apertures f/2 and f/4. From the formula A α 1/√t I got, f/2 α 1/√t1 -> A and f/4 α ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I correctly expose a 3200 ISO film roll on a camera that allows 1600 ISO?

I just bought a 3200 ISO film roll (ILFORD DELTA 3200), and my camera (Chinon Cm-5) allows to set films up to 1600 ISO. What can I do to expose correctly? I thought of metering at 1600 and when it's ...
0
votes
4answers
1k views

Should I choose shutter speed or aperture first? [duplicate]

I am learning about photography and in process of that reading few books and online resources to get some basics. Currently i am reading "Understanding Exposure" by Bryan Peterson.While going through ...
2
votes
2answers
87 views

When should I use different methods of increasing exposure?

I am trying to understand something that is really confusing me. If I want to make a captured image brighter I can do this in many ways. I can Leave the shutter open for longer Make the aperture ...
1
vote
2answers
167 views

My D3100 takes longer exposure shots instead of using the flash

Both the camera and the Flash are in AUTO, so in low light it should make the flash pop up, but it does not. Instead it just seems to take a shot with longer exposure, making the photo appear with ...
1
vote
2answers
364 views

Will multiple exposures or one long exposure give better outcome for silky water?

I have a Nikon D700 which can take up to 10 multiple exposure in camera. I have a Samyang manual 14 mm lens ( brand new lens) with no filter thread for ND filters. I am visiting Iceland next month ...
1
vote
1answer
938 views

Can't see exposure indicator in viewfinder on Nikon D7000

I can't see that - <---|---> + indicator in my viewfinder (I can see it only in manual mode and it used to be everywhere). I went through the whole menu and didn't find anything that may be ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

What are the effects of turning negative images to positives?

I was using my DSLR (D5200) to digitize some old negatives. Many articles stackoverflow helped with ideas. SO I have a backlit surface on which I place the negative & then take a closeup shot of ...
1
vote
1answer
589 views

Is auto-iso affected by exposure compensation in manual (M) mode on nikon d7000?

When we set the camera to M mode the exposure compensation (e.g. +2EV) does not change the aperture and shutter because we are in fully manual mode. If we set auto iso the iso however changes ...
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Multi-exposure on the Nikon D700

I would like to know how to use the multi-exposure on my Nikon D700. I tried a couple of times but the outcome was dismal. The object/ people in the photos were all over the place and not as a one ...
15
votes
2answers
1k views

What's the result of stacking ND filters in terms of total stops?

If you stack two 3-stop neutral density filters, does it reduce the exposure by 6 stops or 9 stops?
13
votes
7answers
614 views

Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
0
votes
2answers
1k views

Nikon Live-View shutter speed preview - a non-feature in the future? [closed]

I have a D3200. It offers a great feature: simulated preview of the three shutter parameters in Live-View (shutter speed, ISO, aperture). That means, when I change any of these parameters, Live-View ...
30
votes
8answers
7k views

Should I shoot underexposed photos?

Someone more experienced than me said that he always shoots so that his photos are underexposed (darker) and I should too. The reasoning being that you can always increase the exposure in ...
13
votes
2answers
386 views

How can I use a histogram to expose correctly when the scene is very dark?

If I am photographing a scene with a lot of dark background, how can I use the histogram to tell if the exposure is correct? For instance, at an outdoor concert in which the performers are moderately ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

What is Effective Aperture?

What is Effective Aperture? And how it can affect my exposure? Also how does it relate to magnification? A question that talks about effective aperture but without details
8
votes
4answers
11k views

How does TTL flash work in manual exposure mode?

I got the Metz 44 AF-1 flash recently that is TTL capable for my Canon 550D, and have been reading around to get a better understanding of using flash on-camera (Neil Van Niekerk's article on flash ...
1
vote
5answers
492 views

Why do RAW files only show you 8 bit of the 14bit recorded?

Following up from a previous related raw file latitude question. Why do RAW files record in 14 bit but only show 8 bit of data? The remaining data is hidden away to the right or left of the histogram. ...
2
votes
1answer
248 views

Why do all of these film photos look off color?

My friend is interested in starting up photography and asked to borrow one of my film cameras (my Minolta X-570) as a start. She just developed her first roll, and while a few photos look okay/correct ...
1
vote
1answer
76 views

Is Nikon ADL helping to increase the vividness of reflection in this picture?

This photo is one of the first I took with an N5100. I was surprised by the level of detail in the reflection; it was much less bright in person, at least as far as I recalled. The camera was set to ...
1
vote
3answers
503 views

How to shoot a shot with the moon and city skyline?

What is the best way to capture the moon with a city background? The moon is so bright that if I do long exposure to capture the city, the moon will be completely blown out into a white star. Is HDR ...
0
votes
0answers
1k views

Recommendations for use of exposure modes with Nikon D7100 DSLR

I'm looking for advice on handling tricky exposure situations, such as backlit portraits, in terms of picking between: 1. Manual exposure 2. Shutter/Aperture/Auto exposure, and using the AE/AF lock ...
-1
votes
2answers
765 views

Why are my images always underexposed in Tv/M mode?

With the 18-55 mm kit lens on my Canon 1100D in Tv or M mode, when the shutter speed is more than 1/200th it always always produces dark images. The max f-stop this lens can go to is f/3.5. SMALL ...
2
votes
2answers
554 views

How does 18% exposure algorithm work?

They all say and teach the rule that camera exposes to 18% grey. Then they go and show an example of shooting a white board or black board and they both show as a grey board in the camera. Great, but ...
0
votes
2answers
328 views

Is it possible to take HDR-photos straight out of camera?

HDR is normally described as a post processing technique. I usually can't find time to do post-processing - thus I have turned out to favor SOOC-pictures ;-) My question is: Is it possible to create ...
0
votes
3answers
133 views

Weird color when dark area is brightened up?

Sometimes I have shots that are not well exposed (I shoot in RAW) and it's really dark. I would selectively brighten up the shadow area. Usually it's fine if the area is not too dark. But if it's ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Illumination question [duplicate]

I meter a surface at ASA 100 and get F4 at 1/15 second. What is the illumination coming off that surface in Cd/square foot ?
5
votes
2answers
476 views

Develop Canon Raw images on Mac OSX via command line into mutliple tiffs for pseudo-HDR

What is the best way to convert on the command line a Canon raw file (CR2) into 2 or 3 differently exposed tiffs for HDR/tonmapping? I would like to use Apple's sips, but couldn't find anything to ...
5
votes
2answers
111 views

How large an exposure difference before it's noticable?

I'm being forced to work with a shutter that jitters (e.g., a 1/60 shutter could be anywhere between 1/59 and 1/61). I can't change the hardware, so please don't suggest that. I would if I could. ...
1
vote
5answers
7k views

Differences between DLSR and SLT?

I already have a Sony SLT camera but I still wanted to understand the differences between DSLR and SLT. It's hard for me to compare because I don't have or ever owned a DSLR so the behaviour is very ...
8
votes
1answer
924 views

How to deal with large exposure shifts during time lapse?

First - I've 30 yrs shooting experience. Not a novice. But, total Newbie to Time-lapse. Just did my first couple of tests yesterday. My wife was shopping - had to occupy myself.... I kept them short ...
4
votes
2answers
152 views

Does a flash's TTL automatically adjust as I change its location?

I just bought a radio trigger for my flash. I was just wondering if I understood TTL correctly, as I move the flash around and changes the distance does TTL automatically try to compensate (assuming ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the best order to set exposure parameters (ISO, aperture, shutter)? [duplicate]

Let's say that you're in a very controlled environment, there is no hurry to get the shot, and you're shooting manual. In order to correctly expose the photo, what order should you alter the ISO (if ...
7
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I get proper exposure when photographing white subjects?

When spot metering white subjects (e.g. snow, white birds), do I adjust the EV on my camera + or - to get a proper exposure? I'm getting conflicting info.
2
votes
1answer
282 views

Why is my Canon EOS 40D getting wrong exposure after focusing screen change?

I have just changed the focusing screen; something I have done now a few times. Now "normal" metering does not occur in auto or manual focus. In live view all ok. Using the eyepiece produces exposure ...
16
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the difference between luminance and illuminance?

The more I read about this, the more confused I become. Illuminance, as I understand it, measured in lux, is the perceived brightness of light on a surface. It's what you'd measure with an incident ...
13
votes
6answers
2k views

Can you fix incorrect exposure during post processing?

If a photo is over or under exposed but not to the point of clipping (histogram does not reach the left or right side) is there any reason you couldn't just fix the exposure in Photoshop or Lightroom? ...
21
votes
4answers
4k views

How to photograph a room showing both room & view out a window?

I sometimes find I want to photograph a room showing the view outside the window. This is tricky — either you adjust the shutter speed so that the the window is so bright you can see no detail, or ...
0
votes
0answers
60 views

Why does my flash have lower power in automatic than in manual? [duplicate]

I have a Sony HVL-43AM flash. I've found that when I'm in automatic mode, when I dial the flash exposure compensation to -2EV I was able to get a much weaker flash than if I went manual with the flash ...
0
votes
1answer
87 views

How is the exposure of this histogram? [duplicate]

Is exposure correct for this luminance histogram? What does this say about the dynamic range of the scene? The link is here below. It's the graph with dots. http://tinypic.com/r/b85mkj/6
6
votes
2answers
563 views

What is bracketing?

I have seen this term a lot and I was wondering what, in basic terms, what bracketing/autobracketing is. Also, why would one want to 'bracket'? P.S. - there are other questions asking what DoF and ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How do I take automatically bracketed exposures with the Canon XSi?

I'm trying to help someone with a Canon XSi. I'm not used to the Canons that use menus (rather than buttons on the body). Does anyone know how to set up the Canon XSi to take a bracketed exposure of ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

What's the difference between exposure and shutter speed?

Is there a difference between exposure and shutter speed, or are the terms interchangeable? I read that "If you use a quick shutter speed, you can just raise the exposure to compensate." Is this ...
3
votes
3answers
468 views

Why don't professional cameras have a preview for shutter speed in live view?

So far, I have been taking my pictures with a Sony F717 (a dinosaur of digital photography). Nevertheless the F717 has a nice preview feature for shutter speeds. Up to 1 sec, it simulated nicely the ...
1
vote
1answer
356 views

Does Canon PowerShot G15 have manual F-number adjustment

As the question says, I have not been able to find out whether Canon PowerShot G15 has a manual F-number adjustment. I went through some reviews and specs but I haven't seen this there. I'm asking ...
0
votes
3answers
477 views

Why did my northern lights pictures turn out totally black? [duplicate]

Trying to shoot northern lights, able to see images in my view finder eye piece, dark on live view and the pics turned out totally black. I used ISO 800-1000, 8 sec, F3.5 manual mode.