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Exposure is the total amount of light allowed to fall on a sensor or film during the taking of a photograph. This is determined by the exposure time (shutter speed) and amount of light admitted (lens aperture). Today, sensor/film sensitivity (ISO speed) is often also considered to be part of ...

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1answer
317 views

Why doesn't noise depend on exposure time?

In the post Why do cameras use a single exposure rather than integrating across many very quick reads? an important question was if the noise depends on the exposure time or not. By noise I mean the ...
9
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3answers
319 views

How could some old film cameras without electronics set exposure?

I once had a film compact camera, but I was too young to understand anything else than "click". I'm much more familiar with digital photography, and setting exposure has always been a possibility in ...
8
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6answers
552 views

Can photographers pre-visualize complete camera settings of a scene in their heads?

Can an experienced photographer walking down the street with no equipment visualize exactly what settings would work with a particular lens/body to capture a scene at that moment in time? Similarly ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

How do different aperture and shutter settings affect a photo with the same overall exposure?

Ok, here's my doubt. Suppose I want to get a certain exposure for an image. Keeping the ISO constant, there are two tentative possibilities here: Put the camera at f 1.4 (say) and at 1/1600 shutter ...
8
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5answers
552 views

Heavy colour saturation on night photos with new lens? Is this normal

I have a Canon 550D and bought a Sigma 17-70mm lens to upgrade from the 18-55mm lens kit. I decided to go out and try the new lens with some night shots. To be honest, the results were bad. I used a ...
8
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5answers
1k views

Is it usual that a narrow aperture gives a darker picture in aperture priority mode?

I have a Nikon D60 camera here with a Nikkor 35 mm 1:1.8G lens. I don't have any experience with any other digital SLR, so excuse the beginner question. When using aperture priority mode, a narrower ...
8
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3answers
1k views

Why meter off sky, then change aperture and shutter speed?

In section "Night and Low-Light Phtography" that starts on page 128 of Bryan Peterson's "Understanding Exposure" book, he has several examples where he (spot) meters off the sky with a large aperture, ...
8
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2answers
4k views

What's the use of a very fast shutter speed, faster than 1/4000?

I am planning to buy a new DSLR and am comparing two models. One of them has a fastest shutter speed of ¹⁄₄₀₀₀th of a second while other has a limit of ¹⁄₈₀₀₀th. I know that a fast shutter speed will ...
8
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3answers
393 views

Does spot/partial metering always assume 18%?

I'm beginning to work on understanding and hopefully effectively using different metering modes in my photography. I have done some reading and understand the benefit of using spot and partial ...
8
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2answers
3k views

Creating silhouettes in a studio environment

The trick to creating silhouettes in the field, as far as I know, is to use spot-metering and to expose for the background. However, this is a bit more difficult in a studio environment. What is the ...
8
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1answer
4k views

How to calculate Lux from EV?

Instead of looking up a chart, how can I calculate Lux from EV? Thanks!
8
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3answers
874 views

Why do two different cameras using the same settings produce photos with different exposure levels?

Please refer to this photo: The image on the left was taken with a Panasonic GH2, a micro-4/3rds camera with a crop factor of 2, and the right one was taken with a Nikon D700, a full-frame camera. ...
8
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3answers
344 views

Which setup should I choose for taking pictures of Trick-or-Treaters tonight?

I've dug up my dad's old Pentax K1000 SE, along with his old lenses, and picked up some 400 film. I'm wondering which of these lenses I should go with to get the best shots tonight (outdoors, no ...
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5answers
1k views

How does TTL flash work when there are multiple flashes?

I've been watching a lot of deconstructing videos on how the light is setup. Often times there are 2-3 flashes at the studio. The photographer will say that they are all set to TTL. But how does that ...
8
votes
4answers
335 views

How can I mitigate bright spots in shaded, woodland settings?

I do most of my photography while hiking. I find open woodlands to be a very pretty setting, but have difficulty capturing it. While sunny spots are brighter than shady spots, they don't glare in the ...
8
votes
4answers
11k views

How does TTL flash work in manual exposure mode?

I got the Metz 44 AF-1 flash recently that is TTL capable for my Canon 550D, and have been reading around to get a better understanding of using flash on-camera (Neil Van Niekerk's article on flash ...
8
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1answer
552 views

Alternative photosensitive materials

Apart from film and photographic paper, what are the most interesting photosensitive materials on to which photographic images can be successfully exposed? For example, the artists Heather Ackroyd ...
8
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1answer
936 views

How to deal with large exposure shifts during time lapse?

First - I've 30 yrs shooting experience. Not a novice. But, total Newbie to Time-lapse. Just did my first couple of tests yesterday. My wife was shopping - had to occupy myself.... I kept them short ...
7
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4answers
290 views

Are the aperture, ISO and shutter speed stops perfectly interchangeable?

Imagine you have an scene with shutter speed 1/60, f/8 and ISO 200. Then you change the configuration to get an equivalent exposure: speed 1/120, f/5.6, ISO 200 (plus one stop in speed, minus one stop ...
7
votes
4answers
729 views

Is there a good use for program exposure modes?

The question about how programed exposure modes work made me wonder. Are there situations where a program mode is good for some reason, not just as a convenience or because you don't understand ...
7
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5answers
2k views

How do I get proper exposure when photographing white subjects?

When spot metering white subjects (e.g. snow, white birds), do I adjust the EV on my camera + or - to get a proper exposure? I'm getting conflicting info.
7
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5answers
2k views

How does software raise exposure in post-processing?

Does anyone know of any algorithms or can explain mathematically how brightness (EV) is executed in post-processing? Does it adjust the level of brightness/RBG/contrast for each pixel? Does it relate ...
7
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3answers
3k views

What is the EV scale?

I have seen an "EV" (exposure value) scale that's sometimes used to express a camera's exposure settings, or scene brightness. How exactly does this scale work?
7
votes
2answers
334 views

How to avoid blown colours in one channel?

I've recently bought a Canon 700D and am still very new to it, although I have a good reasonably good understanding of photography basics (aperture, shutter speed, ISO, DOF, focal length etc.) I ...
7
votes
2answers
266 views

How can I salvage an HDR image from non-optimal source images?

During a recent wedding, I took a number of shots with my Nikon D90 at different exposures, hoping to merge them into HDR pictures. However, it was done in a hurry, i.e. with no auto-bracketing or ...
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2answers
636 views

Metering mode in panasonic Fz35

I am new to photography, recently I bought a new camera which is Panasonic Fz35 which has lots of nice features in it. However while browsing through the settings mode, I found an option for Metering ...
6
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5answers
401 views

When determining exposure, is ISO typically taken into consideration secondary to aperture and shutter speed or is it equally as important?

In other words, do professional photographers typically pick the aperture and shutter speed they want and then after those are picked adjust the ISO until their exposure meter shows the shot as being ...
6
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4answers
8k views

What does “long exposure” mean?

Very often, when people are talking about photography, they use the expression "long exposure". Here's a quote from a recent answer: A tripod and long exposure were required for this shot. Where ...
6
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3answers
603 views

Why is my camera so forgiving for overblown exposure?

I've found that my camera (Sony A99) is very forgiving in terms of overexposure when shooting in RAW. By that I mean, I can overexposure by a stop or so and when I get home for the post processing I ...
6
votes
6answers
716 views

A Good “Flexible” Default Setting For Shooting Highly Dynamic Subjects

I know this is quite vague and that some of you might say the setting depends on how much lighting the place has. However, I want to know what "default" settings I can use for shooting pageants, float ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Is over-exposure preferable than under-exposure?

I am learning the world of Photography and always attempt to get the best possible shot but there are times when getting the exposure just right can be tricky depending on the situation. (I can tell ...
6
votes
4answers
579 views

How to achieve good scenic photos without HDR?

I've always had a problem getting exposure right with shots of the outdoors. I always seem to need to do manipulation which ends up in noisy photos. I know HDR would sort it out, but I'm using a ...
6
votes
4answers
916 views

Photographing microfiche readers: Bright light forces camera to darken image

I am a researcher and often have to take photographs of material from microfiche cards. The problem that I have been encountering is that on non-digital readers, there is a bright lamp behind the ...
6
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1answer
975 views

How to judge the difference between the real photo and what you see in LCD? [duplicate]

I'm interested in night sky photography. I most of the time travel for taking photos. But I got a terrible problem. At dark nights I have to decrease the LCD's brightness to not bother my eyes. When I ...
6
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2answers
417 views

What Is The Scale Of The Y Axis of The Histogram in Lightroom / ACR?

I understand the concept of histograms. I understand that the x-axis represents the luminosity range from min to max for either all channels or RGB individually, and I understand that the y-axis ...
6
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3answers
2k views

How do I correctly expose a 3200 ISO film roll on a camera that allows 1600 ISO?

I just bought a 3200 ISO film roll (ILFORD DELTA 3200), and my camera (Chinon Cm-5) allows to set films up to 1600 ISO. What can I do to expose correctly? I thought of metering at 1600 and when it's ...
6
votes
3answers
282 views

Should I set exposure on my camera or later with software?

With most cameras (Point-n-Shoots and DSLRs) I have always seen exposure settings for exposure. My question is this, should I mess with exposure in the camera while taking the shot or use software ...
6
votes
4answers
988 views

Does the same aperture at a shorter focal length allow for faster shutter speeds?

I was about to ask why the new Canon 24-70mm F/2.8L II doesn't have IS, but then I came across the answer to Why there is no Canon 50mm *IS* lens? and it got me thinking... (The short version of the ...
6
votes
4answers
993 views

How to correct photos which were overexposed at the edges only?

I'm dealing with a set of photos where a model was photographed against a white backdrop. The problem is that due to the setup, way too much light reflected off the backdrop. So the model's face (for ...
6
votes
1answer
10k views

How do I use the manual exposure setting in the new Google Camera app?

In April 2014, Google revamped its Android camera app. In the settings menu under "Advanced", there is just one option: Manual exposure. It defaults to off, but after turning in it on, I can't find ...
6
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2answers
320 views

Can telephoto lenses cause the background to be darker than the foreground in the same light?

I took this photograph yesterday afternoon at around 5:15pm EDT, about two hours before sunset: The sky, in my perception, was bright, and my little subject is standing in the same lighting as the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

How to get meter reading for a DSLR if not from a gray card?

I read an article called Expose (to the) Right, which explained why you should try to get the graph of the histogram as much to the right of the scale as possible. The reasoning is that DSLRs record ...
6
votes
3answers
341 views

How many stops are there between middle gray and white point?

I’m trying to wrap my head around the relation between exposure, dynamic range, stops of light, and middle gray. I’m going to ask several questions on that topic. Some of them can be stupid or ...
6
votes
2answers
444 views

How do I take a photo like this (very bright)?

I've always wondered how these pictures are taken. They have a very "bright" feel to them. And it feels that they are "bathed" in golden sun light. I understand that I have to take this during the ...
6
votes
4answers
9k views

How do I know I have the correct exposure when shooting in manual mode?

I have a Canon XTI which I've been using for a few years now. Most of the time I'm been shooting in one of the "semi-manual" modes like aperture priority or shutter priority, but now I'd like to try ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Pentax P-TTL: Why and when does underexposure occur and what can I do?

Pentax's P-TTL flash metering system tends to be unreliable and may underexpose at times. When and why does the system underexpose and what can I do? I want to know the situations that cause flash ...
6
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2answers
3k views

How do I take automatically bracketed exposures with the Canon XSi?

I'm trying to help someone with a Canon XSi. I'm not used to the Canons that use menus (rather than buttons on the body). Does anyone know how to set up the Canon XSi to take a bracketed exposure of ...
6
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2answers
250 views

When to expose for the shadows vs expose for the highlights?

I'm a beginner photographer and I have read articles that advocate exposing to the right (ETTR) and articles that advocate exposure to the left (ETTL), and this has left me quite confused. I assume ...
6
votes
1answer
412 views

Why doesn't exposure change when changing focal length?

With a Canon 550D camera and a Tamron 18-270 mm zoom lens, I tried to fix shutter time, aperture (f/8.0 to cover all zoom range), and ISO, so the exposure meter read 0.0 with 18 mm focal length and ...
6
votes
2answers
563 views

What is bracketing?

I have seen this term a lot and I was wondering what, in basic terms, what bracketing/autobracketing is. Also, why would one want to 'bracket'? P.S. - there are other questions asking what DoF and ...