Alley in Pisa, Italy

by Lars Kotthoff

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The complete range of of lighting from total darkness to maximum saturation that a sensor or film is capable of capturing without extreme measures such as graduated neutral density filters or HDR.

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7
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7answers
1k views

How do I take a photo of people before a bright window?

How would you take a photo of people who are posing in front of a window? Ideally both the people and the background should be visible. I usually get either the background being overlighted or the ...
0
votes
2answers
149 views

How to photograph a lightbulb?

I am trying to take a dramatic picture of a lit CFL with my 6-year-old Canon Powershot SD750 equipped with CHDK. It's pretty common simply to turn the exposure all the way down, but I wanted the whole ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Why is a camera's dynamic range expressed as its photosite capacity divided by the read noise level?

For example, if a camera has a dynamic range of 44900/10, why would the range of greyscale levels available is equal to 4490? I know that 44900/10=4490 but this kind of reply didn't satisfy me. Let's ...
7
votes
4answers
222 views

How can I mitigate bright spots in shaded, woodland settings?

I do most of my photography while hiking. I find open woodlands to be a very pretty setting, but have difficulty capturing it. While sunny spots are brighter than shady spots, they don't glare in the ...
10
votes
5answers
296 views

How to meter to clear subject details with a strongly backlit scene, as Elena Shumilova does?

Looking at the photos from Elena Shumilova on 500px, you can see a clear preference for backlighting and halo effects on many of her subjects. For example, this and this. How do you meter with the ...
2
votes
1answer
114 views

Does a deeper photosite increase the dynamic range?

As I understand, a bigger photosite (on the sensor) enables a bigger dynamic range and also better high ISO performance. Is there a reason not to make the photosite deeper?
1
vote
4answers
480 views

Do RAW files really allow more RAW dynamic range than shooting in JPG?

I've heard a lot of time people saying that shooting in RAW offers a better dynamic range than shooting in JPG. But in some way I've always felt it as hard to believe. So, the question is: there is ...
3
votes
1answer
86 views

what is the response curve?

I was reading in a book about the dynamic range and several times I find the expression "responsive curve" or "image's responsive curve"? What does the responsive curve represent? What is the ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Same mfg process = same performance in FF vs. cropped sensor?

I've seen generalizations that full-frame sensors tend to exhibit better low-light performance and dynamic range than a cropped-sensor specifically because they tend to use larger photosites that ...
0
votes
2answers
173 views

Why do some professional DSLRs have a lower dynamic range than the mid-range ones?

Specifically I'd be interested to know why the D4 has a 13.1 EV range and the D7000 has a 13.9 EV range?
2
votes
4answers
865 views

What does a dynamic range difference of 2.7 EV really represent?

I am trying to choose between buying a Canon 5D Mark III or a Nikon D600, In the advantages posted in Snapsort it appears that the Nikon wins over the Canon because of the dynamic range. Then follows ...
1
vote
1answer
102 views

What are the main limiting factors for dynamic range in modern cameras?

Another question got me thinking about what is limiting dynamic range in digital cameras. From my understanding the precision of the analogue-to-digital converter, i.e. how many discrete levels it can ...
1
vote
2answers
122 views

How does dynamic range relate to white balance?

Is there a relationship between dynamic range and white balance?
6
votes
4answers
726 views

How to capture a small red light?

I tried to capture the following small red light, but I failed. It's more white than red. How can I correctly capture the red light as seen through my eyes? f-stop: f/5 exposure time: 1/30 ...
0
votes
1answer
243 views

How is f-stop a measure of dynamic range?

As far as I have read f-stop is a measure of the aperture. This affects the amount of area in the foreground and background which is in focus. While having a look at the dynamic ranges of cameras I ...
13
votes
7answers
543 views

Why can't digital camera sensors expose each photosite individually?

Why is it impossible for camera sensors to function the way the human eye can? What I mean is, why does a certain portion of the image have to be over/underexposed if we compensate for dark and light ...
20
votes
6answers
4k views

How many stops can a digital camera capture?

How many stops can a digital camera capture? Additionally, does anybody know what the dynamic range is for negative and positive film, the human eye, computer monitor, the television, etc...
4
votes
2answers
197 views

Why does the Pentax K-01 have less DR than the Pentax K-5?

I thought that the K-01 and the K-5 both sported the same sensor, but checking their specifications in Snapsort I found that their Dynamic Range is different by a little bit more than 1 EV (12.9 EV vs ...
8
votes
4answers
322 views

How did film photographers deal with issues around dynamic range?

HDR and multiple exposure blending seems very popular these days. I wonder, what did film photographers do to solve dynamic range issues? For example, I know GND filters were common (and still are), ...
9
votes
3answers
897 views

Why does a bigger sensor have better dynamic range?

I already understand all the theory behind how a bigger sensor leads to better control of depth of field, and lower noise. But I've yet to find a place that can explain why a bigger sensor gives you a ...
17
votes
4answers
8k views

How does the dynamic range of the human eye compare to that of digital cameras?

According to DxO tests, cameras have 10 to 12 stops of dynamic range. Is that correct? Noise can completely screw some lowers values (easily resulting in loss of some stops). Also Norman Koren says ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Does a high ISO generally result in bad dynamic range and less accurate color?

I have a Pentax K-x. I've had it set on "auto ISO up to 6400" for a while now, and I'm starting to wonder if this is making my images worse. Honestly I don't trust myself to tell. Does a high ISO ...
2
votes
1answer
150 views

Contrast (or dynamic range) enhancement for very bright images [closed]

I have a scientific application where I have a very bright image - basically a laser beam cross-section - and want to detect very small variations in brightness (around 0.01% or less) within it. ...
21
votes
4answers
2k views

How to photograph a room showing both room & view out a window?

I sometimes find I want to photograph a room showing the view outside the window. This is tricky — either you adjust the shutter speed so that the the window is so bright you can see no detail, or ...
24
votes
9answers
3k views

Why don't cameras capture dynamic range as our eyes do?

When sitting in a room with no lights on, and I look out the window, I can easily see the interior of the room even if I focus on a tree outside. Why can a camera not capture a similar image to what ...
1
vote
2answers
302 views

Does contrast affect dynamic range?

Does modifying the contrast of an image change the dynamic range of a photograph? Does it make it better quality?
6
votes
2answers
136 views

How do objects in the dark come up when post processing?

I took one shot of oil lamps. Partial metering mode was used and I focused on the bright yellow light, as expected the image was captured with only the light and its immediate surroundings visible. ...
7
votes
3answers
523 views

What can I do to maximize dynamic range while shooting?

There are several ways to increase dynamic range in post-processing, but what should I do while shooting to maximize the dynamic range of a picture? I know that shooting in Raw and trying to use all ...
2
votes
2answers
760 views

If I need the higher ISO anyway, is there any downside in using Fujifilm's extended DR mode?

Fujifilm has an extended dynamic range mode, which is in some way linked to ISO. The X-Pro 1 has a sensor with a base ISO of 200; if I enable "DR 200%", the minimum possible ISO increases to 400, and ...
5
votes
1answer
217 views

Are there any general rules to prepare a picture for print?

Today I went to the photo shop to print some pictures. Before that, I checked them and they seemed ok. (Not under/overexposed, good contrast). However, when I got them printed, some of them were ...
4
votes
2answers
833 views

What is the best practice in using LR/Enfuse?

I have Lightroom 4 and have downloaded LR/Enfuse for Mac. I have checked out the information on using Enfuse but with my endeavours are not that happy with the results. That is I was expecting a ...
4
votes
2answers
385 views

What does the term “saturation luminance” mean in the definition of dynamic range?

The concept behind the dynamic range definition given by ISO 15739 is based on the ratio of the maximum luminance that receives a unique coded representation (the "saturation" luminance) to the lowest ...
2
votes
3answers
2k views

If landscape photography is my focus, does it make sense to use Nikon over Canon?

Lately I have switched gears and am starting to focus further on landscape photography over portraiture. In my research it has become apparent that Nikon seems to have a significant advantage in ...
7
votes
5answers
859 views

How to avoid dark window when shooting from inside

I am shooting a window with heavy sun light on it. When I get far enough from the window, the yellow curtain does not become too dark and is somehow visible (the second image). But as I get closer to ...
3
votes
2answers
249 views

Is the dynamic range affected by exposure time?

For a given scene, if I take 2 similar shots: short exposure time (maybe using higher aperture, higher ISO...) long exposure time (lower aperture or ISO) The goal is to have the shots with the ...
2
votes
1answer
211 views

How do I measure the saturation luminance?

This question discusses how to measure the dynamic range of a camera. How can I measure the saturation luminance? A complete example would be most appreciated.
4
votes
1answer
585 views

what's the relation between sensor size and image quality (noise, dynamic range)?

I'm reading this description on sensor size: Digital compact cameras have substantially smaller sensors offering a similar number of pixels. As a consequence, the pixels are much smaller, ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

Where to get a dynamic-range test chart?

Where can I get a good chart to measure dynamic range? This would probably be a plastic or cardboard which would show stripes of different reflectance in small increments, preferably 1/4 EV or ...
2
votes
1answer
298 views

How to understand the definition of dynamic range?

I have the following formula: DR=(1.4L_Sat G_i)/N_D where DR is the dynamic range; L_sat is the luminance at the “margin level”,70.1% of the maximum recordable (saturation)luminance(yes,L_sat is ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

What is DRI? And how does it differ from HDR?

I recently came across the term DRI meaning Dynamic Range Increase. What exactly is it and how does it differ from HDR or High Dynamic Range (or is it the same thing just different terminology?
4
votes
1answer
372 views

How does iDynamic on Panasonic G Micro Four Thirds cameras work?

When using iA+ mode on my Panasonic G3 something called iDynamic kicks in and preserves the highlights in the image. I wonder how this is possible, and not just a part of the dynamic range of the ...
25
votes
2answers
3k views

How does exposure fusion work?

I understand that "exposure fusion" is a method for combining different exposures into a single image. How exactly does it work, and how is it related to HDR?
6
votes
6answers
516 views

A Good “Flexible” Default Setting For Shooting Highly Dynamic Subjects

I know this is quite vague and that some of you might say the setting depends on how much lighting the place has. However, I want to know what "default" settings I can use for shooting pageants, float ...
13
votes
3answers
4k views

Is 14-bit RAW better than 12-bit RAW?

A regular JPEG image has only 8 bits to store information about the tone of each pixel. When storing the image in RAW format (for example, DNG), we can store tone using more bits per pixel, which ...
20
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the Black Card Technique?

I have found interested comments on 500px: Non-HDR-processed / Non-GND/ND-filtered / non-blended● Black Card Technique and group on Flickr. Could somebody explain how to and cons and pros of this ...
3
votes
1answer
360 views

How do you photograph sand dunes?

In 2010 I was lucky enough to visit Death Valley. While we were there we went to the sand dunes. I took this shot Its not how I remembered the scene, It seems as if a lot of the detail has been ...
11
votes
5answers
1k views

How do I effectively photograph when the sun is in the frame?

I have been trying to get a good shot out of direct sunlight but my shots just turn out dark, even if I set my shutter speed to the 1000-4000 range at ISO 200. Another odd thing is that even if my ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

Can Canon Log Gamma be useful for photography?

The newest Canon cameras have a feature called Canon Log Gamma. I specifically became interested in its usefulness for still photography when I read that it captures: 12 stops of dynamic range, ...
6
votes
2answers
301 views

Can telephoto lenses cause the background to be darker than the foreground in the same light?

I took this photograph yesterday afternoon at around 5:15pm EDT, about two hours before sunset: The sky, in my perception, was bright, and my little subject is standing in the same lighting as the ...
11
votes
4answers
517 views

If my histogram shows nothing at the ends of the scale, does it mean the dynamic range of my camera isn't reached?

If my histogram spikes in the middle and evens out pretty much evenly but not completely to the ends (0 & 255), does this just mean that my scene doesn't have the deep shadows or brightest ...