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The chemical process by which the latent image on exposed film is turned into a visible image.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

45
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4answers
5k views

Why is a dark-room safelight safe?

I'm no expert in darkroom photography, but it seems a little odd that there is a type of light that doesn't affect film or developing paper etc. The only way that I could think to explain it is: The ...
5
votes
2answers
54 views

How can I soften old film before putting it on a developing reel?

Is there a good way to soften old tightly curled film before trying to put it on a developing reel? I just destroyed an exposed cassette of 110 film. It was so curled that it kept jumping out of the ...
0
votes
0answers
23 views

What are good books and online resources to learn how to develop film? [on hold]

I have been shooting film for almost a year now and I absolutely love it. I have only shot 35 mm rolls, and I always take my completed ones to a lab to get them developed and printed. I am really ...
5
votes
1answer
285 views

What process was used to make this glass plate?

I have an old glass positive photo from about 1850. Does anyone know what process was used? Heliotipy? Puharotipy? I'm think that the author of the image is Puhar I have an appointment with the ...
0
votes
2answers
30 views
2
votes
2answers
28 views

How to determine if chemicals for development of film are still good?

There is another question about effects of an expired developer: What are the effects of developing film with an expired developer? How to determine, without sacrificing exposed film, if a developer ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

What causes these lines / scratches to appear on my developed film?

Please can someone advise me what might have caused this & what I should do to ensure it doesn't happen again? The lines start up higher near the start of the film and are quiet low by the end of ...
4
votes
2answers
140 views

What methods can be used to remove remjet from the back of motion picture film?

Cinema film has a carbon remjet backing. If it is to be shot as stills the remjet usually has to removed in a home darkroom before processing. What are the best ways to do this?
2
votes
2answers
55 views

Is it safe to use rodinal or some other developer in the bath tub?

I am thinking of developing film and prints en-masse in a modern ceramic bath tub. Is it safe to use developers like Rodinal assuming the bath tub is going to be used for baths later? Rodinal is ...
5
votes
3answers
63 views

Should I let the lab pull overexposed color negative or leave it overexposed

I shot a roll of expired Fuji Superia 200 at 100 ISO. Effectively overexposing it by one stop. Should I ask the lab to pull it or just leave it overexposed? Why I'm asking, is because I understand ...
2
votes
2answers
77 views

Developing pinhole camera photos - pictures turn cloudy

I recently made my first pinhole camera and started taking photos with it. It's a Illy coffe can camera with a 0.35 mm pinhole aperture. I am using an old pack of Ilfobrom FB IB2 photo paper. It's 17....
1
vote
1answer
69 views

How do I develop a 400 ASA B&W film that was exposed at 200 ASA?

I've accidentally exposed two 400 ASA B&W films at 200 ASA. One I developed like a 400 and the negative has come out very under exposed. Any advice on how I can salvage the other one? Thanks
9
votes
5answers
21k views

How long does undeveloped film last?

I received a Mamiya ZE-2 from a family member who discovered it in a closet. Along with the camera were 3 rolls of film - 2 in white plastic holders and one inside the camera. I have no idea what ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

What are the factors that cause colour shifts in cross processed film?

I've recently received a batch of processed film back from the LomoLab of some shots I took with a Sprocket Rocket loaded with Lomography XPro Sunset Strip 100 35mm film. The film was cross-processed,...
4
votes
2answers
195 views

What are the effects of developing film with an expired developer?

Developers, fixers, and virtually all chemical products commonly used in film photography (or not) are prone to expiry over time. Nevertheless it is not uncommon to use expired chemicals in the hope ...
3
votes
3answers
154 views

Why does it look like nothing is on my developed film?

i've recently bought Canon AL-1 with macro lens 35-70. I used some cheap kodak film, with ISO 400. Yesterday I went to some photography studio so they would scan my 35mm film. But when I got it back ...
2
votes
1answer
81 views

How long does stock liquid developer last?

I have a few bottles of liquid stock-concentration developers. Some are opened and some or not, and they all date from April 2013. How long can I keep unused liquid developer for? After how long won'...
0
votes
3answers
126 views

What yields a better print from B&W negatives: photo printing or digital printing from a scan?

What's better (in terms B&W print image quality), to scan a developed negative and then digitally process and print it, or printing via traditional methods, using enlargers and light sensitive ...
4
votes
1answer
66 views

Stand development and push processing

I've been doing some reading on stand development, I'm curious if adding more rodinal developer (1:50 instead of 1:100) or add additional agitation/ time to push film? Just wondering how much more ...
1
vote
2answers
129 views

How to handle old, exposed 35mm film stored in refrigerator?

I have several rolls of exposed 35mm that have been stored in a refrigerator for 10 yrs. What is the best method to develop them? Do I need to keep them cold in transport or allow them to warm to ...
0
votes
1answer
51 views

Developing Old B&W Film [duplicate]

I have 10 roles of exposed b&w film (Kodak Plus-X (ISO 125) and Kodak Tri-X/Ilford XP1/HP5 (ISO 400) from the late-1970's/early 1980's which have been stored in a cool, dry basement. Is there a ...
2
votes
1answer
104 views

If I want to get the effect of overexposure from pushed black and white film, do I add even more time in developing?

In color negative film, it is common to half-rate the marked ISO, e.g. ISO400 config as 200 to cheat the camera to overexpose by one stop. B&W Film such as Tri-X 400, it is common to push the ISO ...
0
votes
4answers
99 views
3
votes
2answers
125 views

Overexposing and pushing in a roll of film, can they compensate each other?

Let say I pushed a 100 ISO film to 400, and I always overexpose by 2 stops, so during developing, can I use the normal way to develop the film?
3
votes
1answer
62 views

Film grain in negative film: is it equally distributed or in relation to brightness?

I was wondering whether film grain is depending on the incident amount of light. There is the Schwarzschild-effect (link to Wikipedia), which will make a difference in very low light, that will ...
8
votes
4answers
2k views

Is stop bath necessary for black and white prints?

I got my enlarger and I'm ready to start making prints. For chemicals, I have Kodak Dektol Developer and Fixer; however, I'm missing Stop Bath. I've heard conflicting reports about how necessary Stop ...
-2
votes
2answers
132 views

What is wrong with my camera?

before I got my light leak in my XA2 fixed, this is the result of flash at night: then fixed in photoshop This was self developed, pushed to 800. After I got my light leak fixed, I shot some ...
2
votes
3answers
250 views

Difference between pushing b/w film and colour C41 film?

I have experience in pushing b/w film in my home. However, I'm also looking to get into colour C41 processing. I Was asking a developer about pushing colour film, they said: "The process time ...
3
votes
2answers
244 views

Can I use chemicals for developing ISO 400 film to develop ISO 100 or 200 film as well?

In my black and white photography class, the teacher recommends us to use ISO 400 to develop our film and make prints. I found that ISO 400 is much too grainy for my liking, and as a result I want to ...
13
votes
1answer
219 views

Selenium to increase contrast?

I have been using selenium as the last step during negative development to increase durability of the negative. I was told that it can be used to increase the contrast of the negatives too. I tried, ...
5
votes
2answers
129 views

Mixed D-76 with 3.8 liters instead of 3, is this bad?

I have a question about the water to powder ratio for D-76. The instructions say to start off with 3 liters of water in which you dissolve the powder and then top off to 3.8 liters (or 1 US gallon). ...
3
votes
1answer
807 views

Why did my 35mm film turn out “foggy”?

I was recently gifted an old Kalimar K-90 1000 35mm camera. My first roll of film turned out perfect, no flaws whatsoever. On my second roll I took photos of my daughter, the first half turned out ...
3
votes
3answers
195 views

What are similarities and differences between raw editing and film developing capabilities?

Raw images are supposed to be detailed output from the camera sensor(s), with more details that what can actually be printed or displayed on a screen. Effects like exposure compensation or white ...
1
vote
1answer
272 views

What is the surface area of a roll of 35mm or 120 film (for calculating the amount of fixer to use)?

Frequently I see specs on fixers like: 1L working solution will fix 1 m^2 of film. This is not terribly helpful for me as I don't know the area of 35mm or 120 film. So, can someone please summarise: ...
-1
votes
1answer
173 views

Fastest place to get 120 film developed? [closed]

What is the fastest place to get 120 film developed? Preferably mail order because the pharmacies/walmarts/targets in my area don't process film. Also I'd like it to be under 10 dollars to develop ...
10
votes
9answers
5k views

Where can I get 4x5″, 5x7″, or 8x10″ color sheet film (or other hard-to-find exotic film) processed?

Where can I get XYZ exotic film processed? See below! Background: I've got a 4x5" view camera, and I'd like to shoot some color negatives on it, for printing in a color darkroom that I currently ...
1
vote
1answer
100 views

Is it possible to substitute or alter color dyes during color film development?

Lately I've been really interested in film chemistry, particularly the different chemicals that they used -- not only the chemicals present in C-41, ECN-2, etc. processes that are still in use, but ...
1
vote
1answer
77 views

What is Ilford Rapid Fixer's capacity without replentishment?

I've bought Ilford Rapid Fixer. I've checked the Fact sheet and it says that capacity without replenishment for a 1+4 solution is 80 sheets of 20.3x25.4cm paper. But, what's the quantity of solution ...
2
votes
2answers
188 views

Can I use ILFORD ILFOTEC HC to push BW film?

The technical information pdf for Ilford Ilfotec HC states: We do not recommend push processing using reused developers. Looking through Choosing a B&W Film Developer, it says for some ...
1
vote
2answers
811 views

If I shot Tri-X 400 at ASA 800, should I develop at 800, and can I go all the way to 1200?

I shot 8 rolls of tri-x 400 on an olympus xa-2. I set the asa on the xa-2 to 800, 1 stop over. Should I develop at 800? ie push 1 stop? I would like to develop at maybe 1200, ie push 1.5 stops. ...
7
votes
2answers
292 views

Why do my prints darken too quickly in the developer tray?

I'm playing with a pinhole camera recently.¹ It's the first time I'm actually developing photos myself. On my developer bottle it says I should use 1 unit of it and mix it with 9 units of water. Also,...
4
votes
1answer
163 views

What are the differences between D-76 and Xtol?

I'm starting to run out of developer for B&W film and was looking online for some more. I've been using D-76 and I see nothing wrong with it; however, I saw that I could also buy Xtol. What are ...
1
vote
1answer
109 views

Paper ISO with no filtering

I'm looking at the Fomaspeed VARIANT paper's technical sheet. I want to learn what is the ISO speed of this film (I need this to evaluate the exposure time in a pinhole camera) - and the spec says (...
3
votes
1answer
175 views

What caused excessively high grain in Delta ISO 400 film developed by a shop?

I have shot film before, never black and white though. I also haven't ever developed a film before, neither did I this time. I used Ilford Delta 400 and I shot it at rated ISO (at least I think I did)...
5
votes
1answer
201 views

Do powdered chemicals expire?

I was given an OLD bag of D-76 developer made by Kodak. From the looks of it, it looks to be from the 90's or earlier. It is still sealed; however, feeling it there are clumps (probably from settling)...
7
votes
5answers
5k views

How can I save money on shooting, developing, and printing 35mm film?

Over the past year I have gotten back in to shooting 35MM. I'm looking for any suggestions in my process that may reduce the cost accrued. The cost that I am facing right now is roughly just under a ...
2
votes
3answers
237 views

What kind of LR or PS filters are used in these photos?

I came across a very nice architectural images and tried to figure out the development process. No luck so far to reach this nice level. Any suggestions?
8
votes
4answers
5k views

Is there any way to save the develop settings of a virtual copy in Lightroom?

I usually set Lightroom to save the develop settings in a .XMP sidecar file, due to I don't like the whole "catalog" thing. Whenever I want to re-develop a photo, the developing information is right ...
4
votes
2answers
203 views

What is development by inspection (DBI) and how is it done?

While reading this answer I noticed the DBI concept. If I understand correctly, the idea is to develop a film while being able to see the progress (and apply the fixer once you're happy with the ...
6
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the results of developing slide film (E-6 process) with C41 chemicals?

I recently got hand on some rolls of 35mm slide film (Kodak Ektachrome), and was planning on developing them at home (bad experiences with photo labs). On a basis of budget, I wanted to develop them ...