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Depth of Field is the depth of a scene that is "in focus" as perceived by the eye.

learn more… | top users | synonyms

45
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4answers
3k views

What exactly determines depth of field?

There are several questions here about the definition of depth of field, about focal length, and about subject distance. And of course there's the basic how does aperture affect my photographs. And ...
35
votes
8answers
26k views

What is aperture, and how does it affect my photographs?

How does aperture affect my photographs? Why should I care about the aperture with which a photo was taken?
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Can a smaller sensor's “crop factor” be used to calculate the exact increase in depth of field?

If APS-C and similar crop-sensor digital cameras have a focal length multiplying effect such that a 50mm lens has an apparent focal length closer to the field of view of an 80mm on a full frame ...
33
votes
12answers
6k views

How can I take shallow depth of field photos with a point-and-shoot camera?

I have a compact digital camera, and in macro mode I can manage to achieve a blurred background, if the background is far enough away. Can this be done when taking non-macro pictures, and if not, is ...
33
votes
12answers
15k views

How can I get dramatic shallow DOF with a kit lens?

I'm currently using an entry-level DSLR with 18-55mm lens and having great trouble trying to creating a blurred background effect in my photos. Now matter what aperture or shutter speed I choose, I'm ...
34
votes
15answers
6k views

How can I maximize the “blurry background, sharp subject” (bokeh) effect?

I know that this effect occurs when there's a shallow depth of field. My question is, what are the various ways I can increase this effect in my photos when I'm taking them? Note that I'm not ...
25
votes
6answers
10k views

Why does a bigger sensor lead to a shallower depth of field?

It has been mentioned at a few places that a larger sensor results in images with a shallower depth of field. Example image: APS-C Canon 30D left, FF Canon 5D right, same lens, same composition, ...
18
votes
4answers
3k views

Why is the depth-of-field preview in the optical viewfinder of my Canon 500D inaccurate?

I have noticed that in my Canon 500D, the depth-of-field preview in the optical viewfinder is inaccurate with large aperture settings. If I press the DoF preview button, there is very little ...
32
votes
7answers
1k views

What is “Hyperfocal Distance”?

I'd like a clear & easy-to-understand (especially for non-physics-types) explanation of what Hyperfocal Distance is, how it affects photographs, and what determines its value.
8
votes
6answers
4k views

Technically, why is the out of focus area blurred more when using a bigger aperture?

I'm wondering, technically, why and how does the out of focus areas blur more when using a bigger aperture. I think it'd help a lot if I presented a problem that's been driving me nuts for a long ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Do smaller apertures provide more depth of field past the diffraction limit, even if peak sharpness suffers?

In Understanding Exposure (3rd edition, on page 48), Bryan Peterson has what might be called a rant against modern on-line conventional wisdom about diffraction limits. Answers on this web site are ...
23
votes
5answers
1k views

What are the best practices for DOF stacking?

What are the best practices for DOF stacking? How do you get the frames with focus just right amount apart? How do you stack them in post processing?
13
votes
4answers
4k views

How does changing focal length affect depth of field?

I'm curious about how my "area of acceptable focus" changes when the focal length of the lens I'm using changes as I zoom (or switch lenses). In particular, I'd like to know how the front & back ...
15
votes
6answers
5k views

How does background blur (bokeh) relate to sensor size?

This is a somewhat theoretical question. Suppose I first take a photo of a subject using a full frame sensor DSLR, with a given lens (say 50mm prime lens at f/3.5). Now suppose I exchange the camera ...
29
votes
1answer
4k views

What is “bokeh panorama” (also called the “Brenizer method”)?

Somewhere I don't remember, I heard about the Brenizer method. After reading a few sites, there is no consistent information about what it is exactly, or what the procedures are to apply it, so: ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the depth-of-field capabilities of point & shoot cameras?

Is it possible to show following by using a point-and-shoot camera? shallow depth of field deep depth of field
9
votes
6answers
2k views

What does small depth of field mean?

Can anyone clarify for me the various terms used to describe depth of field? There are so many it's hard without a photo dictionary to relate in my head what's actually being said to me about the ...
6
votes
6answers
4k views

What aperture should I use to photograph people and why?

What f/# do you use to photograph people, and why? I know this varies from shot to shot. Let's suppose that you are photographing either a single person or a couple, that it it outside on a somewhat ...
23
votes
5answers
2k views

Is there a 'rule of thumb' that I can use to estimate depth of field while shooting?

I can use a DoF calculator, or crunch the heavy math by hand if I really want to know exactly what my DoF is going to be... but most of the time knowing exactly is actually overkill, and taking the ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What lenses are best for food photography?

What lenses are best for taking photos of cooked dishes? In some articles, I have read that I can have great results with lenses f/1.4 because they are cheap and they give that nice blurred ...
6
votes
2answers
789 views

How can I get more of this macro photo in focus?

I want to make a full focus on the body, for example: I need to have a clear focus on the each balls in the photo. I used just single point focus. In this picture I used: shutter speed: 8 ...
12
votes
6answers
6k views

How do I find a point-and-shoot camera specifically for bokeh / a very shallow depth of field?

I will be getting a point-and-shoot camera for taking portraits and only portraits. Specifically portraits with a shallow depth of field. Groups portraits sometimes. It's just too much work to add ...
6
votes
2answers
3k views

How can I take a photo with everything in focus with my DSLR?

I am quite new to DSLRs and one of the first things I noticed was the incredible focus points and depth that you can achieve. That is great in a lot of scenarios, but not in all. When filming a ...
1
vote
3answers
201 views

Reproduction ratio / depth of field

I know that aperture changes the depth of field (DOF), but why is it that by making the image appear larger (by getting closer to the camera or zooming in) there is less DOF?
12
votes
3answers
12k views

What is the depth-of-field preview button on my DSLR supposed to show me?

I'm fairly new to DSLRs and I've been exploring the functions on my new Canon 60D. There's a button to the side of the lens described as the "depth-of-field preview button". Based on the limited ...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

Is there a formula to calculate DOF?

I am pretty clear about that DOF depends on: Focal length Aperture Distance from subject Sensor size and more (as pointed in the comment). But what is the question here is: Is there any formula ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

How can I take photographs with a large depth of field?

I was looking at some pictures by TSO Photography, and I was struck by how everything in the image seems to be sharp and in focus. I do realize that to achieve huge depth of field, you set the ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Can I get a shallow DOF using a kit lens? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can I get dramatic shallow DOF with a kit lens? Is it possible to generate shallow DOF with a "kit" lens, and how? In my case, I have the Nikon D7000 with the ...
9
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the difference between depth of field and depth of focus?

Reading this answer I realized that I didn't know the difference between the two depths (of field and focus). Browsing related questions didn't reduce the blur (!) between the two... Wikipedia ...
6
votes
4answers
686 views

Is depth of field and bokeh influenced by distance to the subject?

I know that the aperture size has a direct effect on the depth of field. However, what about distance to the subject? Let's say I took two pictures, one at 24mm and one at 70mm, using the same lens ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does depth of field occur?

I wonder why depth of field occur in the first place. This is not a question about what changes the effect/size of field. We all know that. Aperture, Focal Length, Focus Length (distance to subject), ...
9
votes
0answers
580 views

Why do some DSLRs take good bokeh and others do not?

what is the mechanical explanations as to why some cameras can take good bokeh and not others. do lenses have a role too?
18
votes
4answers
4k views

How does a teleconverter affect depth of field?

I'm aware that a teleconverter will reduce the amount of light reaching the film or sensor in a camera, and as such you hear people banding around things like "With a 2x teleconverter this 300mm f/2.8 ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Why can't I get a shallow depth of field (DOF) effect?

I am trying to get a shot of the subject that is a foot or two away from the background that I would like to have show as blurry. This is what I am going after. Notice how the face of the dog is in ...
5
votes
3answers
988 views

How does using a lens with some focal length on a full frame camera differ from using a lens with “equivalent” focal lens on a crop camera?

As an example, a 35mm lens on a crop body (such as Nikon DX) is said to be "equivalent" to a 50mm lens on a full frame body. Equivalent here means that they will have the same field of view, but what ...
6
votes
4answers
931 views

Should the depth of field in the viewfinder be the same as the final images with the aperture set to wide open?

When I take pictures of flowers, I often try to get the classic soft background around the in focus flower. I have a canon t3i, and a lens that goes to f/2.8. I set that to wide open, take my ...
6
votes
3answers
690 views

Does subject isolation only depend on subject distance and focal length, aperture and sensor size remaining equal?

Does subject isolation only depend on subject distance and focal length, aperture and sensor size remaining equal? From my reading of a question on depth of field, if I take a photo of a subject at ...
5
votes
1answer
617 views

How to achieve shallower DOF using multiple exposures?

For static or semi-static scenes, there are many ways to "simulate" certain features actually not feasible on single photo using the technology the photographer has. For example, wider field of view ...
1
vote
1answer
442 views

Do crop sensors increase the depth of field when using full frame lenses?

I'm trying to achieve maximum depth of field without sacrificing light. I have a micro-4/3rds camera and i want to attach a full frame lens to it for the large and constant aperture. My question is, ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

How do you determine the acceptable Circle of Confusion for a particular photo?

I've noticed that several online and/or downloadable Depth of Field Calculators use different values for the acceptable CoC (Circle of Confusion) for some of the same camera models/sensor sizes. This, ...
11
votes
6answers
6k views

How can I get everything in focus?

I have a Canon 550D with 70-200 f4 and 50mm prime lenses. Although the camera has built-in 9 focal points, I sometimes face a strange problem. Here's a sample photo: In reference to the above pic, ...
10
votes
2answers
910 views

How can I determine if my Sigma 10-20mm lens copy is appropriately sharp and focusing right?

I just purchased a Sigma 10-20mm lens (Canon mount) and based on the reviews I was aware that many people receive copies of the lens that are soft or don't focus properly. I purchased from B&H, so ...
2
votes
1answer
633 views

Can you shoot with a 55mm lens so that you have both person and background clear?

Is it possible to shoot with a 55mm lens so that you have both the close objects and the background objects (like buildings situated half a mile away) clear?
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is depth of field affected by focal length?

As the focal length decreases, the depth of field increases as well. Why is this? I'm not so much interested in a physics lesson as I am interested in a simple, down-to-earth explanation.
9
votes
2answers
4k views

How can a Frazier lens achieve that massive DOF?

I've read in PetaPixel about this "Frazier lens" that can achieve a massive DOF. In this video is shown the capabilities of this lens and I must say I'm very impressed. How can this lens achieve such ...
6
votes
3answers
6k views

How do I keep both the background and foreground in the image in focus at the same time?

How do you have both the background and foreground in the image in focus at the same time? Last week I was attempting a shot where I had the back of a hat in focus and in the distance you could see a ...
6
votes
3answers
709 views

How can I achieve this effect, where the flower is sharp and everything else is blurry?

I was wondering how it is possible to take a picture like this. Please have a look here for some example pictures. The flower is sharp, and everything else looks like taken with a long shutter. Is ...
5
votes
1answer
268 views

Why would a photographer do focus stacking?

Recently, I come across the term called Focus Stacking where you combine different pictures with different focus points. My question is, why do the focus stacking? Are there any benefits from the ...
1
vote
1answer
695 views

Why does my DSLR's viewfinder ignore the aperture ring on a legacy lens?

I have a Nikon D3100, and I am borrowing an old Nikkor 50mm SLR lens (http://www.destoutz.ch/lens_50mm_f1.8_1828564.html). I've had a lot of trouble with that lens, in that pictures that appear ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

How do I get adequate depth of field in macro photography?

I have been messing around with some Macro Photography using the techniques (and a reversal ring) described in a blog post by @ElendilTheTall My main issue is that I am having a hard time getting the ...