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Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.

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13
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6answers
2k views

What's wrong with portrait orientation?

When I first showed my photos to relatively wide audience online, several photographers commented about the amount of portrait-oriented shots. The essense was that I should take more ...
6
votes
4answers
738 views

How do I compose photos with prime lenses?

I own a Sony NEX-5R, with two prime lenses: 19mm F2.8 Sigma, and 35mm F1.8 Sony. How do I best compose photos with prime lenses like these? I can think of a few: Walk towards or away from the ...
2
votes
2answers
86 views

How can I use control over the aperture to take better photos?

I upgraded from a point-and-shoot to a Sony NEX a few months back. I think I've made substantial progress with regards to many aspects of photography like composition, the rule of thirds, ISO, ...
0
votes
2answers
130 views

Tips for shooting playing cards?

I would like to shoot playing cards (a deck of 60 cards and a big deck of 120 cards) and have questions regarding lighting and composition: What are good camera angles? Would you lay them flat on a ...
1
vote
1answer
319 views

What is a 50mm focal length good for on an APS-C camera?

This is on a Sony NEX, so the 35-mm equivalent focal length is 75mm. What kind of photography is this focal length good for? I shoot low-light, landscapes / cityscapes, and the typical vacation ...
5
votes
5answers
592 views

How to shoot for wide website hero image?

I'm an in-house web developer who is in charge of the technical aspect of a companies website. I have also dabbled in photography in the past, so I do have some photography knowledge. I am also the ...
10
votes
6answers
551 views

Why is the Rule of Thirds rarely followed in macro?

I've never (or rarely at least) seen a macro photo which follows the rule of thirds. Is it hard to compose macro photographs using the rule of thirds?
7
votes
2answers
872 views

Are there guidelines for using “Dutch angles”?

Some authors such as this and this suggest tilting the camera so that the horizon is not level, presumably adding interest to a photograph. Are there any guidelines for a beginner like me on when to ...
4
votes
3answers
192 views

Compositing portrait adult/child

I got asked to take pictures at my nephews birthday party (7 years old), more specifically portrait pictures of him and each family member. So this would be him and one adult (or one of his child ...
6
votes
6answers
999 views

How was this high-gloss achieved when taking photos of skyscrapers?

I found this picture in my folders (not sure where it originally came from but (C) Daniel Groszek ). How were the colours achieved here obtained? It looks like a black and white photo, plus blue ...
2
votes
3answers
225 views

Subject out of center — what is correct term?

Composition which consists of placing the topic or main subject to the side and never in center of the picture: does that technique have a name?
2
votes
3answers
384 views

Is there any software or phone camera app that can give advice about composition?

Is there any software/ phone camera app that can give advice about composition while shooting an image? Or would it be possible develop an app for that? For example, maybe giving advice about the ...
6
votes
4answers
401 views

Incorporating haze into landscapes

When shooting landscapes in Western India, I often have a serious problem with haze. The air can often be dusty outside cities and polluted inside. Shooting in the golden hour doesn't always help ...
-1
votes
1answer
268 views

strong colour photo compositions [closed]

How do you take photographs with strong colour compositions? I have a canon 60D and Im a learner. Do you have any tips / best practices you could share? I would like to take pictures like the ones on ...
4
votes
6answers
1k views

Rule of thirds — is there any scientific proof behind it?

I learned about rule of thirds only recently, and it excited me a lot, and it seems to apply to a lot of situations. But my question is why does it make pictures look more appealing? Does it have ...
9
votes
3answers
650 views

Still-life reconstruction considered plagiarism?

I am really bad at still lifes. That is, I never even attempted making one. So I decided to try and make a photo of freshly baked bread. I stumbled across a few amazing shots on the Internet which I ...
5
votes
1answer
832 views

How do triangles work as a tool for composition?

I've heard that triangles can be used as a tool in composition. Why would I pay attention to triangles, or structure an image around this shape? What particular significance do triangles have, ...
7
votes
3answers
233 views

Subject alongside, at the intersection or inside lines in composition rules?

I have been reading different articles on photo composition. These discuss rules of thirds, triangles, and golden ratio, each suggesting different and contradicting approaches. Some of them say to ...
0
votes
3answers
380 views

How can I make this food photo more interesting? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What do I need to know to get started with food photography? I am a food blogger and am beginning to learn photography. I need suggestions on how to take better ...
2
votes
0answers
176 views

Learning path for better lighting and composition [closed]

I have been a hobbyist photographer with my 5 year old Nikon D40 (18-55mm) until now. I do get occasional good shots, but most of them are not satisfying in terms of good lighting and composition. I ...
9
votes
3answers
439 views

How to capture fog movement?

As much as I enjoy pictures of fog or mist, I find that I can't express its movement. I'd like to capture the sort of dance that fog performs with other objects. The way it moves and surrounds ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the proper composition when shooting two persons standing by each another?

EDITED When shooting a photo with two persons in the foreground and an out of focus/blurred background (no objects apart of the couple), what is the proper composition to place them? EDITED I made ...
4
votes
2answers
631 views

Why are the Curiosity pictures shown tilted?

This one is the last photo that the Mars rover took this week: Why is the picture shown tilted? Why doesn't NASA rotate it and show it in the correct angle?
5
votes
3answers
851 views

Taking sports and action shots with regular lenses

I do not shoot action or sports photos. I was asked to shoot a friend's soccer game. I am not looking for perfect magazine quality images; however, I'd like to maximize the quality of my shots with ...
1
vote
2answers
112 views

What should I look for in taking pictures of a historic prison?

I need some helpful advice for for an onsite shoot coming up. We are going to the Ohio State Reformatory in Mansfield, Ohio. We are going to be there for almost an entire day. What I need is advice on ...
7
votes
2answers
751 views

How can I make my beach shots more interesting?

I like to visit beaches on my vacation, so I always come back with shots of the shore and sand. They always turn out quite boring, and I'm not sure what they are missing generally speaking to really ...
0
votes
1answer
458 views

How to make some nice photographs of midday sun? [closed]

Can i get some ideas on how to photograph midday sun to make it interesting? The fact why I ask this question is that photographing the midday sun alone gives a dumb photograph. Only idea that ...
3
votes
3answers
736 views

What is a good composition style for photographs like these?

In my photography classes and online resources, I have learned about photographing the subject with a space to breathe in the photograph. But there are several photos in which the head is facing bit ...
15
votes
5answers
786 views

How to make transparent liquid on white porcelain visible?

I made a picture for the cooking.SE blog: If you look very hard, in the middle, below the vanilla bean tip, is a small spill of synthetic vanilla essence (which is almost colorless, not dark like ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I use a 6x4 grid in the viewfinder?

The new Canon 5D Mark III allow you to activate a 6x4 grid in the viewfinder. Does anyone know the use of such a grid (instead of a more classic 3x3) for composition, besides obvious ...
9
votes
8answers
499 views

How do I get myself to think about every shot using modern digital equipment?

In today's age of fully automated digital cameras, I find it difficult to seriously think about every picture I take before I press the shutter button. The experience is, from what I can tell, ...
3
votes
1answer
576 views

How do you photograph sand dunes?

In 2010 I was lucky enough to visit Death Valley. While we were there we went to the sand dunes. I took this shot Its not how I remembered the scene, It seems as if a lot of the detail has been ...
-2
votes
7answers
588 views

How do I make a landscape photo containing many important elements feel well composed?

On the question "Does this sunrise photograph have a problem with white balance?", there is a comment by Rob: I know this Q is not asking for image critique and although I like the image I think ...
5
votes
8answers
827 views

How to *make* a nature photograph?

I found this scene to be quite beautiful for sure, but when I look at it from the photographer's view point, I find that that person just went there, saw the scene, clicked the photo and returned ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

When taking a picture, where should the horizon be?

I know and understand the rule of thirds, but I would like to know, when taking a picture of something such as a tree, should the horizon be positioned on the top or bottom third line?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I improve the composition of my food photos?

I am extremely new to food photography and blogging. I am trying to get on foodgawker.com to drive more traffic to my site, but they rejected this photo due to the composition being too tight. If ...
2
votes
4answers
401 views

How to compose a scene which doesn't have any apparent story?

On 1x people often say that to complete a story you need to have a third element. Fine, but what can you do when you don't have a human around to pose for you? How to compose the following scene so ...
3
votes
2answers
3k views

Why does the viewfinder of the Nikon D90 have a 4×4 grid instead of 3×3?

I was amazed that viewfinder of my camera has a 4 x 4 grid. Why is this? There's no 3 x 3 grid. Sad. What is the reason to did it so? Is it possible to fix it (upgrade software of camera)? What ...
2
votes
4answers
425 views

How to show the theme “What happened??”

I wanted to show the theme "What happened??" here. I showed this to some non-photographers, they couldn't make out anything out of this. What can I do here to improve the composition?
4
votes
2answers
438 views

What would be examples of Principle of Alternation, other than chiaroscuro?

I watched this video of Online Art Academy about Design Principle of Alternation, where alternating light and dark is used to add rhythm, interest and vitality into composition. An obvious example of ...
1
vote
2answers
511 views

How to shoot water spilled on the floor?

I am planning a scene with water spilled on a floor or desk. The floor and desks have designs which will be distracting for my shot. I am thinking of placing a paper sheet as a back drop. Which ...
4
votes
3answers
457 views

How do I create a sense of power and splendor in an image?

I'm trying to take that convey strong emotional feelings, and I would like to know whether there is any particular color scheme or type of picture that would convey a feeling of power and/or splendor. ...
11
votes
2answers
917 views

What is a negative space in a photograph?

From here: http://1x.com/forum/photo-critique/31871 you have far too much negative space so the eye goes toward the back...of the picture, and there is not much to see there...either. What ...
0
votes
3answers
466 views

How to improve the composition flaw in this candle photograph?

From here: http://1x.com/forum/bookmarked/31716/critique-on-photo-untitled it's unbalanced. It almost looks like two images beside each other - one of the lying down candles and one of the upright ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

What is the “visual center” of an image?

I've heard that one of the tricks designers use for a more effective result is placing an object in the visual center. Where is the visual center in an image, why is it important, and how could it be ...
6
votes
5answers
615 views

Does a centered object get attention?

When I showed this photo to my friend he mentioned that the flower in the center of the photo got his attention. Although I placed it in the center of the photo, I believe that it's not the only main ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

What is a point of interest in a photograph and where is it lacking in this candle picture?

I've been told that this picture has no point of interest. Does this mean that there are too many elements in focus here? I would like to understand the meaning and the reasons behind it and how to ...
1
vote
2answers
336 views

How do I compose an image for use as a browser background or wallpaper on a widescreen monitor?

I want to use some of my images for the background of a web page in my browser and for computer desktop wallpaper on my widescreen notebook. When I use a (landscape oriented) picture as is (in a ...
10
votes
6answers
735 views

What can I do to improve my composition on rejected food photos?

I have been working on improving my food photography skills to raise the overall look of my blog. I am shooting with a Sony A100 often a 50mm in natural light. I think I am doing pretty well so far ...
10
votes
4answers
766 views

What is the meaning of these Photodune reasons for rejection?

I wanted some advice, I am new to photography, I posted an image on Photodune for sale and it was rejected because of: Element or framing composition Noise, exposure, lighting or saturation ...