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by Vian Esterhuizen

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Composition is the placement or arrangement of visual elements or ingredients in a work of art, as distinct from the subject of a work. It can also be thought of as the organization of the elements of art according to the principles of art.

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7
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3answers
227 views

Subject alongside, at the intersection or inside lines in composition rules?

I have been reading different articles on photo composition. These discuss rules of thirds, triangles, and golden ratio, each suggesting different and contradicting approaches. Some of them say to ...
0
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3answers
366 views

How can I make this food photo more interesting? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What do I need to know to get started with food photography? I am a food blogger and am beginning to learn photography. I need suggestions on how to take better ...
2
votes
0answers
167 views

Learning path for better lighting and composition [closed]

I have been a hobbyist photographer with my 5 year old Nikon D40 (18-55mm) until now. I do get occasional good shots, but most of them are not satisfying in terms of good lighting and composition. I ...
9
votes
3answers
428 views

How to capture fog movement?

As much as I enjoy pictures of fog or mist, I find that I can't express its movement. I'd like to capture the sort of dance that fog performs with other objects. The way it moves and surrounds ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the proper composition when shooting two persons standing by each another?

EDITED When shooting a photo with two persons in the foreground and an out of focus/blurred background (no objects apart of the couple), what is the proper composition to place them? EDITED I made ...
4
votes
2answers
624 views

Why are the Curiosity pictures shown tilted?

This one is the last photo that the Mars rover took this week: Why is the picture shown tilted? Why doesn't NASA rotate it and show it in the correct angle?
5
votes
3answers
573 views

Taking sports and action shots with regular lenses

I do not shoot action or sports photos. I was asked to shoot a friend's soccer game. I am not looking for perfect magazine quality images; however, I'd like to maximize the quality of my shots with ...
1
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2answers
109 views

What should I look for in taking pictures of a historic prison?

I need some helpful advice for for an onsite shoot coming up. We are going to the Ohio State Reformatory in Mansfield, Ohio. We are going to be there for almost an entire day. What I need is advice on ...
7
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2answers
659 views

How can I make my beach shots more interesting?

I like to visit beaches on my vacation, so I always come back with shots of the shore and sand. They always turn out quite boring, and I'm not sure what they are missing generally speaking to really ...
0
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1answer
456 views

How to make some nice photographs of midday sun? [closed]

Can i get some ideas on how to photograph midday sun to make it interesting? The fact why I ask this question is that photographing the midday sun alone gives a dumb photograph. Only idea that ...
3
votes
3answers
700 views

What is a good composition style for photographs like these?

In my photography classes and online resources, I have learned about photographing the subject with a space to breathe in the photograph. But there are several photos in which the head is facing bit ...
14
votes
5answers
729 views

How to make transparent liquid on white porcelain visible?

I made a picture for the cooking.SE blog: If you look very hard, in the middle, below the vanilla bean tip, is a small spill of synthetic vanilla essence (which is almost colorless, not dark like ...
3
votes
3answers
2k views

How do I use a 6x4 grid in the viewfinder?

The new Canon 5D Mark III allow you to activate a 6x4 grid in the viewfinder. Does anyone know the use of such a grid (instead of a more classic 3x3) for composition, besides obvious ...
9
votes
8answers
498 views

How do I get myself to think about every shot using modern digital equipment?

In today's age of fully automated digital cameras, I find it difficult to seriously think about every picture I take before I press the shutter button. The experience is, from what I can tell, ...
3
votes
1answer
481 views

How do you photograph sand dunes?

In 2010 I was lucky enough to visit Death Valley. While we were there we went to the sand dunes. I took this shot Its not how I remembered the scene, It seems as if a lot of the detail has been ...
-3
votes
7answers
537 views

How do I make a landscape photo containing many important elements feel well composed?

On the question "Does this sunrise photograph have a problem with white balance?", there is a comment by Rob: I know this Q is not asking for image critique and although I like the image I think ...
5
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8answers
719 views

How to *make* a nature photograph?

I found this scene to be quite beautiful for sure, but when I look at it from the photographer's view point, I find that that person just went there, saw the scene, clicked the photo and returned ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

When taking a picture, where should the horizon be?

I know and understand the rule of thirds, but I would like to know, when taking a picture of something such as a tree, should the horizon be positioned on the top or bottom third line?
3
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I improve the composition of my food photos?

I am extremely new to food photography and blogging. I am trying to get on foodgawker.com to drive more traffic to my site, but they rejected this photo due to the composition being too tight. If ...
2
votes
4answers
383 views

How to compose a scene which doesn't have any apparent story?

On 1x people often say that to complete a story you need to have a third element. Fine, but what can you do when you don't have a human around to pose for you? How to compose the following scene so ...
2
votes
2answers
2k views

Why does the viewfinder of the Nikon D90 have a 4×4 grid instead of 3×3?

I was amazed that viewfinder of my camera has a 4 x 4 grid. Why is this? There's no 3 x 3 grid. Sad. What is the reason to did it so? Is it possible to fix it (upgrade software of camera)? What ...
2
votes
4answers
415 views

How to show the theme “What happened??”

I wanted to show the theme "What happened??" here. I showed this to some non-photographers, they couldn't make out anything out of this. What can I do here to improve the composition?
4
votes
2answers
404 views

What would be examples of Principle of Alternation, other than chiaroscuro?

I watched this video of Online Art Academy about Design Principle of Alternation, where alternating light and dark is used to add rhythm, interest and vitality into composition. An obvious example of ...
1
vote
2answers
466 views

How to shoot water spilled on the floor?

I am planning a scene with water spilled on a floor or desk. The floor and desks have designs which will be distracting for my shot. I am thinking of placing a paper sheet as a back drop. Which ...
4
votes
3answers
443 views

How do I create a sense of power and splendor in an image?

I'm trying to take that convey strong emotional feelings, and I would like to know whether there is any particular color scheme or type of picture that would convey a feeling of power and/or splendor. ...
11
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2answers
889 views

What is a negative space in a photograph?

From here: http://1x.com/forum/photo-critique/31871 you have far too much negative space so the eye goes toward the back...of the picture, and there is not much to see there...either. What ...
0
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3answers
429 views

How to improve the composition flaw in this candle photograph?

From here: http://1x.com/forum/bookmarked/31716/critique-on-photo-untitled it's unbalanced. It almost looks like two images beside each other - one of the lying down candles and one of the upright ...
4
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the “visual center” of an image?

I've heard that one of the tricks designers use for a more effective result is placing an object in the visual center. Where is the visual center in an image, why is it important, and how could it be ...
6
votes
5answers
545 views

Does a centered object get attention?

When I showed this photo to my friend he mentioned that the flower in the center of the photo got his attention. Although I placed it in the center of the photo, I believe that it's not the only main ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

What is a point of interest in a photograph and where is it lacking in this candle picture?

I've been told that this picture has no point of interest. Does this mean that there are too many elements in focus here? I would like to understand the meaning and the reasons behind it and how to ...
1
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2answers
286 views

How do I compose an image for use as a browser background or wallpaper on a widescreen monitor?

I want to use some of my images for the background of a web page in my browser and for computer desktop wallpaper on my widescreen notebook. When I use a (landscape oriented) picture as is (in a ...
10
votes
6answers
687 views

What can I do to improve my composition on rejected food photos?

I have been working on improving my food photography skills to raise the overall look of my blog. I am shooting with a Sony A100 often a 50mm in natural light. I think I am doing pretty well so far ...
10
votes
4answers
692 views

What is the meaning of these Photodune reasons for rejection?

I wanted some advice, I am new to photography, I posted an image on Photodune for sale and it was rejected because of: Element or framing composition Noise, exposure, lighting or saturation ...
4
votes
6answers
722 views

When do you center your subject in environmental portraits?

When I shoot environmental portraits, I usually place my subject off center. However, I've seen instances where the photographer has intentionally centered their subject. Here is an example: ...
21
votes
5answers
1k views

How to capture the scale of a scene?

My framing in the following photo completely failed to capture the sheer height of the waterfall. If you don't know I was standing at the top of the waterfall, and the "splinters" at the bottom are ...
8
votes
2answers
726 views

What and how to crop?

When I take a photo of something like a building, I tend to shoot the whole building, because later I want to get the feeling and impression I had when I took this photo. I want to transfer these ...
5
votes
3answers
717 views

What is the best way to accurately position camera parallel to subject?

I'm having a hard time getting my lens to perfectly align parallel to the subject. This is very important when photographing subjects such as buildings or interiors. Do I just need to practice seeing ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

When should I break the rule of thirds?

When photographers talk about the rule of thirds, they say sometimes they will break the rule and still the photo will have great composition. When should I stick with the rule of thirds and when ...
6
votes
1answer
613 views

What are the “Distance Setting Marks” for use in storytelling composition?

I am reading Understanding Exposure, by Bryan Peterson, to learn some bits and tricks about photography. I came across one line "You would first choose to set your aperture to f/22 and than align the ...
-1
votes
1answer
369 views

Best tips for composition and learning composition? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Good books to learn photographic composition from? Can anyone suggest books/resources on the artistic side of photography? ...
4
votes
4answers
2k views

When would one choose a 50mm f/1.4 over 85mm f/1.8 (or vice versa) for portraits?

Say you are using a crop body, and you have both 50mm/1.4 USM and 85mm/1.8 USM lens in your bag. Now, you want to take a portrait where there is adequate light and space, and you have decided to take ...
11
votes
1answer
498 views

Is there a name for the type of portrait composition where the subject is looking out of the frame?

I'm wondering if there's a specific term to describe a portrait where the main subject is looking at something outside the frame that we (the viewer) can't see. I like it as a composition technique: I ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What is the impact of high, low, or eye-level point of view in composition?

Of course there aren't any fixed rules in photography, but since part of photography is about sharing one's viewpoint, I'd like to hear how experienced photographers choose this key aspect of ...
19
votes
4answers
2k views

When is it OK to place the subject in the middle of a picture?

When is it OK to place the subject in the middle of a picture? I took this picture and feel very compelled to put the subject in the centre rather than on the sides.
12
votes
3answers
10k views

How can I improve my photographs taken on overcast or cloudy days?

I'm interested in filters, flash & lighting options, composition, and post processing. Is it possible to get really vibrant colors or should I give up on that and focus on dreary, muted, or black ...
6
votes
1answer
668 views

What style of composition for food photography triggers people's appetite?

What kind of style and position triggers more the appetite of people? What are the best ways to position food and combine with other objects? What kind of objects are better combined with food? Does ...
7
votes
7answers
585 views

Is technical perfection necessary for an artistically awe-inspiring photograph?

What is your feeling in front of an awe-inspiring photograph (with really good composition, light, color, depth of field, etc.) but with unsatisfactory technical qualities (for example: JPEG ...
13
votes
4answers
658 views

How can I get people to take an expression which fits the scene?

I have heard that there are specific indirect questions that can be used to get people to be more natural in front of a camera. Many people, who have many expressions to offer, when put in front of a ...
11
votes
4answers
1k views

What are connotations of horizontal and vertical lines in composition?

From my question on diagonal dominance I learned that diagonals are used in many subtle ways, like guiding viewer's eye, expressing depth or energy. How do horizontal and vertical lines affect ...
27
votes
6answers
4k views

How do I keep the horizon straight when taking a photo (without a tripod)?

I use a DSLR and I very often find that when I shoot without a tripod, and with my eye to the viewfinder (as opposed to using LiveView), my photos end up slightly crooked: lines that should be ...