Before the rush

Before the rush
by evan-pak

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Camera basics are the timeless and generic aspects of cameras; even as technology evolves, these things will remain essentially the same.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

3
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4answers
7k views

What is the relationship between focal length and shutter speed?

I am very new to photography and am trying to grasp the basics of it these days. Can someone please help me understand the relationship between focal length of a lens and shutter speed of camera?
-3
votes
1answer
50 views

Which lens can be good for a Canon SX170 to make YouTube videos? [closed]

I have a Canon SX170 (I believe) and I would like to know where I could get a good lens that can fit my camera. I do YouTube videos and I'm looking for a good video lens for this purpose.
2
votes
3answers
12k views

Beginner photography - Low end DSLR vs mid/high end Point and Shoot/P&S?

I am an beginner enthusiast and I don't want to become professional ever. However, I want to be able to shoot good quality photos that can be used for personal purposes or sold off to say people, ...
10
votes
2answers
21k views

How can I take a photo with everything in focus with my DSLR?

I am quite new to DSLRs and one of the first things I noticed was the incredible focus points and depth that you can achieve. That is great in a lot of scenarios, but not in all. When filming a ...
2
votes
4answers
3k views

What are the benefits of Av vs. Tv vs. Manual exposure modes?

So what's the benefit of using one over the other? The way I understand it, in Av or Tv, you only have to adjust the shutter or aperture, and the rest is done automatically for you...is this correct? ...
14
votes
5answers
17k views

Is there a formula to calculate DOF?

I am pretty clear about that DOF depends on: Focal length Aperture Distance from subject Sensor size and more (as pointed in the comment). But what is the question here is: Is there any formula ...
12
votes
3answers
2k views

What is sync speed?

When referring to flash exposure, what does "max sync speed" mean?
2
votes
2answers
133 views

Why the photos captured from my mobile camera doesn't give a same results in same conditions?

Last night I was trying to create a time-lapse of the Orion constellation. Setting all the camera settings to manual (max ISO my mobile camera allows 1600 , shutter speed 1 sec), I was trying to ...
16
votes
5answers
7k views

What is a rolling shutter? When do I have to be aware of it?

In answer to another question, Adam Davis writes: Your camera complicates this by using a rolling shutter above a given speed (usually around 1/200. This means that only a portion of the ...
3
votes
3answers
253 views

Why are the color spaces we have access to incomplete?

The question, then: If all colors are combinations of red, green and blue, and my monitor's pixels use all three, why is its color space limited to so small a portion of the actual complete color ...
57
votes
4answers
85k views

What does f-stop mean?

What does f-stop mean? Is it the same thing when people say "2 stops" for example?
11
votes
4answers
5k views

How can a lens with a single focal length focus on more than one plane?

By definition, a prime lens is a fixed lens system with a fixed focal length. Then, simple physics tells us that it should be able to focus only on one plane (at a fixed distance) in front of it. But ...
0
votes
3answers
18k views

In what way does shutter speed affect a photo?

Is there a rule like "the lower the speed the better quality?" I tried taking at different speeds but couldn't understand the difference.
0
votes
1answer
67 views

What type of images can be created from cameras built using cambits?

Basically I am not very much knowledge in Photography. But I want to know What type of images can be created from cameras built using cambits?
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How do SLR lenses connect to the body?

I recently bought my first SLR camera and lens for it and I have questions about how they interact. My lens attaches on, and I can use the focus on the lens itself, but if I use the auto-focus, does ...
9
votes
5answers
5k views

What is flash duration?

When speaking in terms of flash specifications, what is flash duration and how does it impact exposure?
13
votes
7answers
5k views

What is a normal lens?

I've heard people call 50mm lenses "normal lenses". For a lens to be considered normal, does it have to be exactly 50mm or is there some leeway? Does the normal focal length depend on crop factor of ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Which is a better starter camera? [duplicate]

for someone just starting with the goal of doing family photos, weddingd, etc.which would be a better starter Nikon d3000 or Sony a350
21
votes
5answers
2k views

What is mirror lockup and what is its primary function?

My SLR is equipped with the mirror lockup function. What does it do, and when would I employ such a feature?
12
votes
2answers
11k views

What is the meaning of W and T on a camera's zoom buttons?

On every conventional digital camera (excluding the models with detachable lenses), there are buttons to zoom in and out with W side and T side. When you press W, the lens zooms out. The lens zooms ...
17
votes
4answers
14k views

How do I predict exposure when using flash?

So I've got the basics down for the exposure triangle, but sometimes you just need to add more light to the room and the flash can be the most convenient way of doing that. The problem is that the ...
40
votes
8answers
87k views

What is aperture, and how does it affect my photographs?

How does aperture affect my photographs? Why should I care about the aperture with which a photo was taken?
2
votes
2answers
277 views

Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 - How does it compare to binocular magnification?

I know almost nothing about photography. But I am interested in learning. My dad just purchased a Panasonic Lumix FZ1000. I own a pair of Leica 10x50 binoculars. I asked him how the maximum zoom or ...
3
votes
1answer
97 views

Which lens size will generate more detail for equivalent field-of-views in an image snapshot?

We are getting ready to purchase a 3 megapixel IP camera. It comes with either a 4mm or 6mm lens. We will only be using the camera for still image snapshots on a specified interval. Basically, it's an ...
0
votes
2answers
124 views

Why are only certain values used for the aperture?

Why are only certain aperture values (i.e. 1.4, 2.0, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22) used? Is there a reason we can't use anything other than those values - for example, 1.8 or 2.7?
6
votes
1answer
288 views

What is a low pass filter, and does a camera need to have one? [duplicate]

I have read on some camera reviews that they don't have a low pass filter and therefore they have sharper images. Since I am a novice, I wonder what is a low pass filter and is it good to have one on ...
23
votes
6answers
2k views

What exactly is flash sync speed, and should it be a factor in a buying decision?

What exactly is flash sync speed and should it be a factor in a buying decision?
44
votes
18answers
4k views

What are common beginner mistakes in photography?

What are common mistakes seen in images taken by beginning photographers? For example, a friend of mine pointed out that the horizon was not straight in one of my images, and now I see it everywhere!...
26
votes
9answers
22k views

Can I leave the batteries in my camera?

I recently bought a Canon 1000d DSLR. I'm just an amateur and don't use my camera daily. I use it once or twice a week. Is it okay if I leave the batteries in the camera during this idle time?
22
votes
9answers
9k views

What are the advantages of using the optical viewfinder over live preview to take photos on a DSLR?

Forgive this novice question, I am basically a complete newbie to photography. Really, all I've ever used for most my of short life have been point-and-shoots; I've only recently started to pick up ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the advantages of a lens having a fixed maximum aperture?

What are the advantages of a lens having a Fixed Maximum Aperture? Previous answers have indicated that "pros tend to want constant apertures in zoom lenses". While in general lenses with a fixed ...
5
votes
8answers
534 views

What options are there for a camera that's smaller than a full DSLR, but not a point-and-shoot?

I've been wanting to start taking photos for a while so I am looking to get a camera. I don't want to get any kind of Point-And-Shoot. I was awaiting the coming of the Fuji X100 as I travel very very ...
13
votes
15answers
15k views

Why would I use manual camera controls instead of the automatic modes?

I'm very new to digital photography, so I still haven't gotten the hang of all this exposure and ISO stuff, etc. I have a Canon EOS T3. My question is how big of a difference does it make using ...
1
vote
2answers
140 views

Why does this article say that a 1.5× crop factor sensor is 43% smaller than a 35mm film cell?

From http://www.digitalbirdphotography.com/2.3.html In the case of full-frame sensors, the pixels are spread out over a relatively large sensor: roughly 36mm by 24mm. This just happens to be ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Why only objects within a limited range of distances from a camera will be reproduced clearly?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera Due to the optical properties of photographic lenses, only objects within a limited range of distances from the camera will be reproduced clearly. What ...
4
votes
3answers
335 views

What is the most appropriate camera for hobby photography?

I like to travel and take snaps a lot, I usually use my mobile camera for this, but it is not worthy at all. Can someone suggest to me a good and affordable digital camera between the range of $100 - ...
4
votes
2answers
5k views

What is the difference between a point-and-shoot and a mirrorless?

Both point-and-shoot camera and mirrorless cameras seems to be mostly similar in the way they work. So, What are the differences between a point and shoot and a mirrorless camera? Is a mirrorless ...
23
votes
7answers
3k views

What are good resources for a beginning photographer?

What are good resources (tutorials/books/videos/etc) for a beginning photographer? Keep in mind that this is for a beginning photographer, who has recently moved from a point-and-shoot to an entry-...
0
votes
0answers
153 views

Confused over dSLR and mirrorless camera [duplicate]

I am a Nikon D3100 hobbyist photographer, but unfortunately I just lost my camera and I am in market for new one. Since my budget is not too high (around $700 - $800), I was looking into some entry ...
0
votes
2answers
253 views

How do shutter speed, ISO and aperture work together to control exposure?

When shooting in natural or ambient artificial light (without flash, basically), how do light, shutter speed, ISO and aperture work together to control exposure?
20
votes
5answers
2k views

How does a circular lens produce rectangular shots?

Is it something like the sensor captures a circular image and then what we get is the cropped version? Something like this: Or did I get it completely wrong?
-1
votes
2answers
3k views

How to film a eclipse of the sun with a phone cam?

as you can read in the title I want to make a photo and a video from a solar eclipse. It should be very simple, fast and cheap, cause in 12 hours after I post this is the eclipse. I have only a Galaxy ...
60
votes
12answers
8k views

Is it lenses which make your photographs, not camera bodies?

I read somewhere on this site itself that you should spend more on your lenses and less on your camera bodies. Is it a myth or a fact that mostly it is the lenses which make your photographs not the ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

What is a remote shutter release?

What is a remote shutter release? In what kind of photo situation would I use a shutter release?
-1
votes
1answer
81 views

Camera tips for Smartphones [closed]

I have a 5-megapixels camera (smartphone) which is not quite clear while taking photos. Please tell me some tips to capture clear and professional photos :)
0
votes
1answer
282 views

camera mobile phone takes pictures at constant focal length if 3.5 mm.supposed to have autofocus and touchfocus [duplicate]

This is a cheap Chinese landvo l200 Android mtk65xx mobile The onlything it keeps Changing is IS0 from 150 to 800 + And exposure time I wondered how can it autofocus and touch Focus when it keeps ...
0
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the difference between touch focus and autofocus?

I have a cheap Chinese Android phone, a Landvo l200 based on MTK68XX chip. It claims to have a 13MP touch & autofocus camera. I wanted to know how this autofocus feature differs from touch focus ...
1
vote
2answers
688 views

Is Nikon AF Nikkor 28-80mm Lens compatible with Nikon D5100 DSLR?

I plan to buy the Nikon AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-80mm f/3.3-5.6G lens for my Nikon D5100. I want to know compatibility, performance and quality of the lens-D5100 combo.
1
vote
1answer
128 views

How do you even see the focus area rectangle when in dark?

I was reading the manual for my camera and well they have a rectangular kind of area that they show in viewfinder and those little squares as focus point and how to change those focus points. But the ...
17
votes
2answers
16k views

How iPhone 5S can have such a big aperture? f/2.2?

I thought that in order to have a big aperture such as f/2.2 a big amount of light should be able to enter to the sensor and in order to do it, a big lens was needed. How is it possible that in the ...