Lunch atop a (Springfield) skyscraper

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Camera basics are the timeless and generic aspects of cameras; even as technology evolves, these things will remain essentially the same.

learn more… | top users | synonyms (1)

13
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7answers
5k views

What is a normal lens?

I've heard people call 50mm lenses "normal lenses". For a lens to be considered normal, does it have to be exactly 50mm or is there some leeway? Does the normal focal length depend on crop factor of ...
0
votes
1answer
52 views

Why the photos captured from my mobile camera doesn't give a same results in same conditions?

Last night I was trying to create a time-lapse of the Orion constellation. Setting all the camera settings to manual (max ISO my mobile camera allows 1600 , shutter speed 1 sec), I was trying to ...
1
vote
1answer
56 views

Which is a better starter camera? [duplicate]

for someone just starting with the goal of doing family photos, weddingd, etc.which would be a better starter Nikon d3000 or Sony a350
20
votes
5answers
2k views

What is mirror lockup and what is its primary function?

My SLR is equipped with the mirror lockup function. What does it do, and when would I employ such a feature?
11
votes
2answers
8k views

What is the meaning of W and T on a camera's zoom buttons?

On every conventional digital camera (excluding the models with detachable lenses), there are buttons to zoom in and out with W side and T side. When you press W, the lens zooms out. The lens zooms ...
17
votes
4answers
13k views

How do I predict exposure when using flash?

So I've got the basics down for the exposure triangle, but sometimes you just need to add more light to the room and the flash can be the most convenient way of doing that. The problem is that the ...
37
votes
8answers
73k views

What is aperture, and how does it affect my photographs?

How does aperture affect my photographs? Why should I care about the aperture with which a photo was taken?
10
votes
2answers
4k views

How can a lens with a single focal length focus on more than one plane?

By definition, a prime lens is a fixed lens system with a fixed focal length. Then, simple physics tells us that it should be able to focus only on one plane (at a fixed distance) in front of it. But ...
2
votes
2answers
234 views

Panasonic Lumix FZ1000 - How does it compare to binocular magnification?

I know almost nothing about photography. But I am interested in learning. My dad just purchased a Panasonic Lumix FZ1000. I own a pair of Leica 10x50 binoculars. I asked him how the maximum zoom or ...
3
votes
1answer
84 views

Which lens size will generate more detail for equivalent field-of-views in an image snapshot?

We are getting ready to purchase a 3 megapixel IP camera. It comes with either a 4mm or 6mm lens. We will only be using the camera for still image snapshots on a specified interval. Basically, it's an ...
0
votes
2answers
119 views

Why are only certain values used for the aperture?

Why are only certain aperture values (i.e. 1.4, 2.0, 2.8, 4, 5.6, 8, 11, 16, 22) used? Is there a reason we can't use anything other than those values - for example, 1.8 or 2.7?
6
votes
1answer
238 views

What is a low pass filter, and does a camera need to have one? [duplicate]

I have read on some camera reviews that they don't have a low pass filter and therefore they have sharper images. Since I am a novice, I wonder what is a low pass filter and is it good to have one on ...
20
votes
6answers
2k views

What exactly is flash sync speed, and should it be a factor in a buying decision?

What exactly is flash sync speed and should it be a factor in a buying decision?
44
votes
18answers
4k views

What are common beginner mistakes in photography?

What are common mistakes seen in images taken by beginning photographers? For example, a friend of mine pointed out that the horizon was not straight in one of my images, and now I see it ...
54
votes
4answers
72k views

What does f-stop mean?

What does f-stop mean? Is it the same thing when people say "2 stops" for example?
25
votes
9answers
18k views

Can I leave the batteries in my camera?

I recently bought a Canon 1000d DSLR. I'm just an amateur and don't use my camera daily. I use it once or twice a week. Is it okay if I leave the batteries in the camera during this idle time?
21
votes
9answers
8k views

What are the advantages of using the optical viewfinder over live preview to take photos on a DSLR?

Forgive this novice question, I am basically a complete newbie to photography. Really, all I've ever used for most my of short life have been point-and-shoots; I've only recently started to pick up ...
7
votes
4answers
4k views

What are the advantages of a lens having a fixed maximum aperture?

What are the advantages of a lens having a Fixed Maximum Aperture? Previous answers have indicated that "pros tend to want constant apertures in zoom lenses". While in general lenses with a fixed ...
5
votes
8answers
527 views

What options are there for a camera that's smaller than a full DSLR, but not a point-and-shoot?

I've been wanting to start taking photos for a while so I am looking to get a camera. I don't want to get any kind of Point-And-Shoot. I was awaiting the coming of the Fuji X100 as I travel very very ...
13
votes
15answers
13k views

Why would I use manual camera controls instead of the automatic modes?

I'm very new to digital photography, so I still haven't gotten the hang of all this exposure and ISO stuff, etc. I have a Canon EOS T3. My question is how big of a difference does it make using ...
8
votes
2answers
15k views

How can I take a photo with everything in focus with my DSLR?

I am quite new to DSLRs and one of the first things I noticed was the incredible focus points and depth that you can achieve. That is great in a lot of scenarios, but not in all. When filming a ...
13
votes
5answers
14k views

Is there a formula to calculate DOF?

I am pretty clear about that DOF depends on: Focal length Aperture Distance from subject Sensor size and more (as pointed in the comment). But what is the question here is: Is there any formula ...
1
vote
2answers
128 views

Why does this article say that a 1.5× crop factor sensor is 43% smaller than a 35mm film cell?

From http://www.digitalbirdphotography.com/2.3.html In the case of full-frame sensors, the pixels are spread out over a relatively large sensor: roughly 36mm by 24mm. This just happens to be ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

Why only objects within a limited range of distances from a camera will be reproduced clearly?

From http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Camera Due to the optical properties of photographic lenses, only objects within a limited range of distances from the camera will be reproduced clearly. What ...
4
votes
3answers
330 views

What is the most appropriate camera for hobby photography?

I like to travel and take snaps a lot, I usually use my mobile camera for this, but it is not worthy at all. Can someone suggest to me a good and affordable digital camera between the range of $100 - ...
4
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the difference between a point-and-shoot and a mirrorless?

Both point-and-shoot camera and mirrorless cameras seems to be mostly similar in the way they work. So, What are the differences between a point and shoot and a mirrorless camera? Is a mirrorless ...
23
votes
7answers
3k views

What are good resources for a beginning photographer?

What are good resources (tutorials/books/videos/etc) for a beginning photographer? Keep in mind that this is for a beginning photographer, who has recently moved from a point-and-shoot to an ...
0
votes
0answers
140 views

Confused over dSLR and mirrorless camera [duplicate]

I am a Nikon D3100 hobbyist photographer, but unfortunately I just lost my camera and I am in market for new one. Since my budget is not too high (around $700 - $800), I was looking into some entry ...
0
votes
2answers
217 views

How do shutter speed, ISO and aperture work together to control exposure?

When shooting in natural or ambient artificial light (without flash, basically), how do light, shutter speed, ISO and aperture work together to control exposure?
18
votes
5answers
2k views

How does a circular lens produce rectangular shots?

Is it something like the sensor captures a circular image and then what we get is the cropped version? Something like this: Or did I get it completely wrong?
-1
votes
2answers
3k views

How to film a eclipse of the sun with a phone cam?

as you can read in the title I want to make a photo and a video from a solar eclipse. It should be very simple, fast and cheap, cause in 12 hours after I post this is the eclipse. I have only a Galaxy ...
56
votes
12answers
6k views

Is it lenses which make your photographs, not camera bodies?

I read somewhere on this site itself that you should spend more on your lenses and less on your camera bodies. Is it a myth or a fact that mostly it is the lenses which make your photographs not the ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

What is a rolling shutter? When do I have to be aware of it?

In answer to another question, Adam Davis writes: Your camera complicates this by using a rolling shutter above a given speed (usually around 1/200. This means that only a portion of the ...
12
votes
2answers
5k views

What is a remote shutter release?

What is a remote shutter release? In what kind of photo situation would I use a shutter release?
-1
votes
1answer
76 views

Camera tips for Smartphones [closed]

I have a 5-megapixels camera (smartphone) which is not quite clear while taking photos. Please tell me some tips to capture clear and professional photos :)
0
votes
1answer
235 views

camera mobile phone takes pictures at constant focal length if 3.5 mm.supposed to have autofocus and touchfocus [duplicate]

This is a cheap Chinese landvo l200 Android mtk65xx mobile The onlything it keeps Changing is IS0 from 150 to 800 + And exposure time I wondered how can it autofocus and touch Focus when it keeps ...
0
votes
1answer
2k views

What is the difference between touch focus and autofocus?

I have a cheap Chinese Android phone, a Landvo l200 based on MTK68XX chip. It claims to have a 13MP touch & autofocus camera. I wanted to know how this autofocus feature differs from touch focus ...
1
vote
2answers
473 views

Is Nikon AF Nikkor 28-80mm Lens compatible with Nikon D5100 DSLR?

I plan to buy the Nikon AF Zoom-Nikkor 28-80mm f/3.3-5.6G lens for my Nikon D5100. I want to know compatibility, performance and quality of the lens-D5100 combo.
1
vote
1answer
120 views

How do you even see the focus area rectangle when in dark?

I was reading the manual for my camera and well they have a rectangular kind of area that they show in viewfinder and those little squares as focus point and how to change those focus points. But the ...
17
votes
2answers
15k views

How iPhone 5S can have such a big aperture? f/2.2?

I thought that in order to have a big aperture such as f/2.2 a big amount of light should be able to enter to the sensor and in order to do it, a big lens was needed. How is it possible that in the ...
2
votes
4answers
6k views

What is the relationship between focal length and shutter speed?

I am very new to photography and am trying to grasp the basics of it these days. Can someone please help me understand the relationship between focal length of a lens and shutter speed of camera?
16
votes
3answers
896 views

What is Bulb Mode?

My camera has a 'bulb mode,' and several questions on photo-SE refer to using Bulb Mode. A few questions: What is 'Bulb Mode?' Why is it called 'Bulb Mode?' What is 'Bulb Mode used for?
1
vote
0answers
68 views

1 hour photography talk for seniors [closed]

I've been asked to give a 1 hour talk about photography to my local seniors group (ages 55+). While I love what I do and understand it all well, I am not inclined to teaching and don't know where to ...
35
votes
12answers
25k views

How can I get dramatic shallow DOF with a kit lens?

I'm currently using an entry-level DSLR with 18-55mm lens and having great trouble trying to creating a blurred background effect in my photos. Now matter what aperture or shutter speed I choose, I'm ...
0
votes
2answers
146 views

What is CMOS in SLR camera? [duplicate]

I regularly come across this term "Dual Pixel CMOS AF" or "APS HD CMOS" when reading about cameras. So what is this CMOS term? What does it describe about the camera? Is it telling something that it ...
0
votes
1answer
437 views

Can a 2 mp camera produce a 2 mb sized file? [duplicate]

Yesterday I was taking some photos with my old phone, the Nokia C3-00. It has a 2 megapixel camera and usually creates images somewhere between 400kb - 800kb in size. Yesterday, though, it produced an ...
18
votes
4answers
15k views

How do I “focus and recompose” using spot metering?

I usually use the "[auto]focus and recompose" method for taking candid photographs. In situations where there is a high degree of contrast, I would like to use spot metering to correct expose for ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why the faces in the corner tends to skew a bit in almost all smartphone cameras

I have noticed in almost all the smart phones I have used, the faces of people in the corners (either side) tends to skew a bit in all smartphone cameras. Is it something the lens is not as good as ...
20
votes
4answers
6k views

What makes a DSLR camera “entry-level”?

When I look around the questions on this site, I feel everyone can clearly tell what makes a DSLR camera "entry-level". But I have no clue on how to tell. What makes a camera model "entry" level or ...
36
votes
8answers
5k views

Do megapixels matter with modern sensor technology?

Are more megapixels good? Are more megapixels bad? Do more megapixels increase detail? Do they make my images sharper? On the other side, is there a point that is too much? Do megapixels cause ...