Sunset in Kruger

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Aperture is the opening in the diaphragm of a camera lens. For questions relating to Apple's photo management software, please use [apple-aperture] instead.

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Nikkor 50mm F1.4D vs. Nikkor 50mm F1.8D [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Is there a noticeable difference between 1.8 and 1.4 prime lens? I am a new to DSLR cameras and I just recently got my Nikon D5100 camera. I am now considering buying a ...
40
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4answers
16k views

What apertures are required to enable autofocus, including cross-type or high-precision focusing, on Canon DSLR cameras?

This is a follow-up to Why does Canon and Nikon limit or disable autofocus beyond certain f-numbers? I'm doing this to separate the AF aperture requirements from the linked question above. My goal ...
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2answers
7k views

Why does Canon and Nikon limit or disable autofocus beyond certain f-numbers?

One thing that I've noticed with Canon DSLR camera is they will disable or limit autofocus when the lens is below certain aperture values, which are specified in my answer to What are the aperture ...
2
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1answer
552 views

How to shoot sharp “landscapes” with a point and shoot camera?

So, I have been told in a thread here previously that the minimum aperture (F8) on my point and shoot camera can cause diffraction and result in losing details of the subject if too many things are in ...
10
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1answer
969 views

Does focal length affect diffraction, in addition to aperture?

The reason I ask is that f/18 on a 24mm lens = 1.5mm, and f/18 on a 180mm lens = 10mm. I thought diffraction is due to the small physical size of the aperture, rather than the f-ratio, yet I only ever ...
17
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0answers
2k views

Why does a larger aperture cause more blur of the background? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Technically, why is the out of focus area blurred more when using a bigger aperture? Why is it that a larger lens aperture produces a shorter depth of field, causing the ...
1
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1answer
461 views

Do crop sensors increase the depth of field when using full frame lenses?

I'm trying to achieve maximum depth of field without sacrificing light. I have a micro-4/3rds camera and i want to attach a full frame lens to it for the large and constant aperture. My question is, ...
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4answers
1k views

How does one deal with too much light when taking a photo?

How does one cancel out extra light while clicking a photo? Is decreasing the aperture a better option, or using a faster shutter speed? What are other options we could try?
2
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4answers
360 views

Why does my camera's meter suggest the same exposure time for lenses with different apertures?

On the same camera body (Canon 1Ds MkII) at the same ISO setting (400) and with no filters attached, two different lenses give the same exposure time (0.4s) at very different apertures. The lenses and ...
0
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2answers
183 views

Choosing the proper aperture [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What is aperture, and how does it affect my photograph? I have just started learning photography. One question for which I am still not able to find a good answer is how ...
9
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4answers
573 views

Why do filter sizes vary for lenses of the same focal length?

I have a Nikkor 18-55 kit lens that has a 52mm filter, and recently I was looking that the 17-55 lens has a 77mm filter. Is it because the latter is a better quality lens? I assume a bigger circle ...
7
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5answers
2k views

What are the benefits and costs of an image stabilized, slower lens vs a non-IS faster lens?

I am going thru a trade off decision between a 24-70 f2.8 lens and a 24-105 f4 IS lens from Canon. My dilemma is that the 24-105 focal length better matches my needs, but the f2.8 would occasionally ...
5
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1answer
298 views

What's the history of neutral density filters instead of aperture diaphragms in compact cameras?

Some compact cameras use neutral density filters to control light rather than aperture blades, to avoid the effects of diffraction in tiny sizes. I first heard of this as a feature of the Nokia N8 ...
7
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2answers
895 views

How are neutral density filters in compact cameras implemented?

I've read here on this very site that some compact cameras don't use aperture blades to stop down the lens and limit the amount of light hitting the sensor. Stopping down increases diffraction. ...
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2answers
1k views

Why f/22 is the highest possible setting for the aperture diaphragm?

My first DSLR camera was Canon EOS 350D. Now I've got an upgrade to Nikon D90. Both were/are with the kit lens. Whenever I'm taking a picture with biggest zoom (55mm on Canon, 105mm on Nikon) the ...
8
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1answer
2k views

Why does the maximum aperture change with focal length? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Why do zoom lenses and compact cameras have varied maximum aperture across the zoom range? It is rather common with zooms that the maximum aperture changes (in fact, ...
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1answer
1k views

What does the F number in a lens name mean? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: What does the f-stop printed on the lens refer to? I understand that for a DSLR you can modify the aperture(the F number) to allow more or less light to enter the ...
6
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3answers
730 views

Does Av mode on my Canon DSLR take IS into account when deciding shutter speed and ISO?

Most of the time when I'm out I'm shooting, my camera is in Av mode. I've selected the aperture size I want and I'm letting the camera decide on the correct shutter speed and ISO that are required to ...
-1
votes
2answers
591 views

How do I decide the best aperture to use with my Canon 18-200mm lens and 50D?

I am using a Canon 50D with the 18-200mm lens it came with. Some of my pictures turn out un-sharp, even taking metering and Auto Focus points into consideration. I wonder if this is caused by my ...
16
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2answers
2k views

Why do zoom lenses and compact cameras have varied maximum aperture across the zoom range?

Why does a camera's maximum (allowed) aperture get smaller when you increase its zoom?
4
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3answers
412 views

Is the aperture wider at 200mm f/5.6 than at 18mm f/3.5?

Speaking of the physical aperture. When looking at the 18-200 mm, f/3.5-5.6, I wonder how this works. With diameter D = f/N I get: 18 mm / 3.5 = 5 mm 200 mm / 5.6 = 35 mm So, does the aperture ...
5
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2answers
870 views

What's the base f-stop when counting an ideal f-stop for lens?

I've read a lot around this site that an ideal quality of the lens is achieved when using f-stop roughly 2 stops slower than the fastest value of the lens. Firstly, I'm not exactly sure what "2 ...
16
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4answers
3k views

What is a “fast” lens?

I've been reading lots of camera reviews lately and have ran across several references to "fast" lenses. What exactly is a fast lens and what are its advantages compared to other lenses?
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2answers
4k views

Best Focus Settings and Methods for DSLR Video? [closed]

Camera Body: Canon T2i Lens: Canon EF-S 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 IS SD Card: Transcend 16GB, Class 10 Stabilization: Handheld/tripod (maybe) Question: I'm going on vacation this weekend and would like to ...
9
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6answers
5k views

Technically, why is the out of focus area blurred more when using a bigger aperture?

I'm wondering, technically, why and how does the out of focus areas blur more when using a bigger aperture. I think it'd help a lot if I presented a problem that's been driving me nuts for a long ...
13
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3answers
346 views

How to test what aperture is actually used?

It seems odd to me that Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L does away with a front element of only about 63 mm, as reported by @jrista - which would be enough for only f/6.3 at 400mm, missing the spec by ...
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2answers
1k views

AF-D vs AF-G: is the aperture ring necessary?

I just purchased a Nikon D7000 with an 18-105 f/3.5-5.6 AF-S lens. I'm also looking at purchasing a lens around the 200-300mm focal length range, and I found the 70-300mm f/4-5.6 AF lens. As far as I ...
5
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2answers
925 views

Is it possible to Zone Focus with a DSLR?

I have a Canon 1000d. Is the zone focusing technique applicable in a DSLR? If yes, how do we do it?
4
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2answers
930 views

Is there any way to rig/hack the aperture wide open on a Nikon G lens so I can use it on a 35mm film camera?

I have a (Tamron 17-50 f/2.8 with VC) and Nikon FM2 film camera. I'm aware that the image circle on this lens isn't large enough for the 35mm film and I'm not worried about that. The only thing ...
2
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1answer
335 views

Why is there a subtle shadow glow around the subject with large aperture?

I've noticed that in a number of photos I've taken with a small depth of field due to wide aperture and a fairly close subject, I get a rather pleasing but not entirely explicable diffuse shadow ...
2
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2answers
475 views

When should I use which aperture settings?

I just bought a new Canon EOS 60D and working to choose a great lens. I have used DSLR before but never seriously. I have few questions on aperture which might be obvious to many but very helpful to ...
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9answers
26k views

What is an easy way to remember the full stop scale?

If you were teaching someone new to photography the full stop scales, is there a better way then flat out memorizing these values? Does anyone have an easy way that they remember the scale? Would it ...
7
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3answers
3k views

What are the advantages of a lens having a fixed maximum aperture?

What are the advantages of a lens having a Fixed Maximum Aperture? Previous answers have indicated that "pros tend to want constant apertures in zoom lenses". While in general lenses with a fixed ...
3
votes
2answers
2k views

How do I configure a Nikon D90 with minimum shutter speed and aperture?

How can I configure my Nikon D-90 with minimum shutter speed of 1/60th of a second and aperture of f1.4 and have it adjust the ISO and speed as needed? I currently have it working with 1/60th fixed ...
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5answers
1k views

How do I find the aperture that produces the highest-quality images for a given lens?

I'm not talking about large aperture (f/1.8, f/2.8...), rather, about small apertures (f/18, f/20, f/23...). I read somewhere (actually I think it was on this site, but I don't exactly remember which ...
6
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3answers
898 views

How many blades does my lens' aperture diaphragm have when I get 12-pointed starbursts?

Here I figured that my camera has either three or six blades. But yesterday I took another shot at night with the same setup which has twelve srokes: The camera is a Canon 550D and I used the same ...
8
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3answers
835 views

Why do two different cameras using the same settings produce photos with different exposure levels?

Please refer to this photo: The image on the left was taken with a Panasonic GH2, a micro-4/3rds camera with a crop factor of 2, and the right one was taken with a Nikon D700, a full-frame camera. ...
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2answers
2k views

Why use a small aperture when trying to see sensor dust?

Here and there I read of people who set their lens to a small aperture while testing their sensor cleanness, supposedly to get the best image of dust speckles. However, the image of the on-sensor dust ...
5
votes
2answers
817 views

Can I use aperture ring of Pentax FA lens in aperture priority mode?

I'm considering getting an FA Limited lens for my Pentax DSLR. The FA series has an aperture ring with an "A" setting for control by camera bodies that support it. Can I instead use the aperture ring ...
23
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5answers
3k views

What is special about lenses with f-number < 1?

Talking about fast lenses, Wikipedia mentions Nikon TV-Nikkor 35mm f/0.9-Fastest Nikon lens ever made Why don't, for example, f/0.5 lenses exist? Is there some special construction that comes ...
9
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3answers
4k views

How do I manually set the aperture and shutter speed, while auto selecting ISO with the Nikon D90?

I have a Nikon D90 and would like to set the aperture to f/1.4 and the shutter speed to around 1/60, all while having the camera compute what ISO is required for the current light conditions. I am ...
10
votes
6answers
4k views

Will a lens with a low aperture value give me better portrait photos?

I want to take pictures of people from 5-20 feet away. I attend lots of group events and am free to walk around and snap photos. I just purchased a Canon t3i and it comes with a 18-55mm kit lens. The ...
15
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8answers
1k views

Would a prime be redundant with a fast zoom?

Now that I am finally getting a fast zoom (Tamron 17-50mm 2.8) I've been considering a fast prime to go with it, specifically a Sigma 50mm 1.4. Despite its shortcomings, it still does really nice ...
12
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4answers
1k views

Is there a noticable difference in sharpness between a 1.8 lens and a 2.8 of similar design?

I recently bought a second-hand Carl Zeiss Jena PANCOLAR MC 1.8/50mm Lens off eBay (still waiting for it to arrive though) and am going to mount it to my Canon 7D via a M42 adaptor. I primarily shoot ...
5
votes
4answers
1k views

DIY pinhole lens' aperture is ƒ00, which can't be changed and pictures turn out mostly black

I just made a pinhole lens for my Canon EOS 1000D (Rebel XS), but now I have no idea what to do next. The bulb-mode is on and ISO is 400. Camera says the aperture is ƒ00, which I can't change. What ...
19
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3answers
2k views

Do smaller apertures provide more depth of field past the diffraction limit, even if peak sharpness suffers?

In Understanding Exposure (3rd edition, on page 48), Bryan Peterson has what might be called a rant against modern on-line conventional wisdom about diffraction limits. Answers on this web site are ...
5
votes
4answers
12k views

What shutter speed to use when shooting video?

My camera is Canon 60D and I will be using it to shoot a short parkour video, that means: a lot of motion, moving subjects, moving camera focal length usually from 24 mm to 75 mm, but there will ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

How to control “starbursts” around light sources?

How can you control the size of "starbursts" from light sources in photographs? For example, the lights on the shore in this photo have very sharp and long starbusts: ...
1
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1answer
194 views

Photography concepts using SX20

I've bought a Powershot sx20 half a year ago and I'm quite happy with it although I know it doesn't compare to a DSLR. I've learning photography on my own: bought a 58mm ring and some filters (cpl, ...
18
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6answers
3k views

Can a smaller sensor's “crop factor” be used to calculate the exact increase in depth of field?

If APS-C and similar crop-sensor digital cameras have a focal length multiplying effect such that a 50mm lens has an apparent focal length closer to the field of view of an 80mm on a full frame ...