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Aperture is the opening in the diaphragm of a camera lens. For questions relating to Apple's photo management software, please use [apple-aperture] instead.

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3
votes
4answers
370 views

How is it possible to have shallow depth of field with a small aperture? (The tele-macro paradox.)

Some longer tele lenses have a macro mode that allows for really shallow depth of field that have a lot of background melting when using relatively narrow apertures; like f/4.5-6. I have tried and ...
1
vote
3answers
282 views

How is the F stop number derived?

How are F Stop numbers derived? I have both a Canon 50d and a Panasonic DMC-LZ8k, a compact with full manual mode. When I set all settings but shutter speed identically between cameras, I end up with ...
11
votes
4answers
549 views

Why aren't lenses designed with extra large apertures for autofocus beyond what's used for imaging?

Historically, designing large-aperture lenses has been difficult because correcting the optical aberrations that arise from large apertures requires complex designs and very large amounts of glass. ...
2
votes
4answers
499 views

What is the best order to set exposure parameters (ISO, aperture, shutter)? [duplicate]

Let's say that you're in a very controlled environment, there is no hurry to get the shot, and you're shooting manual. In order to correctly expose the photo, what order should you alter the ISO (if ...
1
vote
0answers
38 views

Why is aperture built into the lens and not the camera? [duplicate]

Maybe this is physically impossible, but I'm curious why cameras have been designed where the aperture is controlled in the lens rather than in the camera like the shutter. Wouldn't building this in ...
10
votes
3answers
358 views

ND filter vs stopping down for long exposures?

To achieve long exposures in daylight, one might need to stop down, or use an ND filter. By stopping down, the depth of field increases, but at some point the image quality/sharpness will suffer, due ...
16
votes
6answers
2k views

Can a smaller sensor's “crop factor” be used to calculate the exact increase in depth of field?

If APS-C and similar crop-sensor digital cameras have a focal length multiplying effect such that a 50mm lens has an apparent focal length closer to the field of view of an 80mm on a full frame ...
2
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the best way to photograph a marathon?

I've had trouble finding information on how to best photograph action at a marathon. I don't mean tips for finding locations, ideas, etc, but rather technical tips for a beginning photographer to ...
2
votes
1answer
184 views

Why do the Nikon V1 lens' websites seem to give different f-stops than the lenses? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: How can aperture be f/11 on a lens with an aperture range designation of 3.5-5.5? I am a recent (and so far quite pleased) owner of a Nikon V1. I am in the process of ...
0
votes
3answers
274 views

Image stabilization versus aperture [duplicate]

I want to do hand-held, natural-light photography in low-light situations, e.g. inside a room with a small window on a rainy day. No tripod, no flash. Canon claims that their "Optical Image ...
3
votes
1answer
283 views

How do I properly understand what f-stop is? [duplicate]

I don't quite understand why most lenses seem to have approximately the same diameter aperture regardless of focal length. F-stop is, by definition, a ratio of focal length to diameter, so a 20mm ...
3
votes
4answers
801 views

Does micro 4/3 have an advantage in low light due to aperture equivilence?

Recent Micro Four/Thirds sensors seem to have improved their noise performance significantly. I own a Canon 5D Mark 2 full frame DSLR and am considering purchasing an Olympus OM-D EM5 micro four ...
4
votes
4answers
610 views

What is the optimal “default” aperture value in AV mode?

This is a very basic question.I am trying to learn how to use AV and TV modes with my T3i (after 2 years of shooting in Auto). What should I set my aperture to in order achieve the best results? I ...
4
votes
5answers
560 views

How do I find the right motion blur/depth of field trade off in sports photography?

I could be wrong but when doing sports photography I'm always thinking about the following trade off: A fast shutter speed to freeze the action. A small(er) aperture to increase DOF and thus ...
21
votes
4answers
3k views

How do you find out the “sweet spot” of a lens?

I've tried googling this, but have never found a satisfactory answer. I've heard the term "sweet spot" thrown around by some photographers to mean the f-stop of a lens which results in the highest ...
0
votes
1answer
150 views

What are the biases in daytime and nighttime landscape mode?

What are the biases in day and nighttime landscape auto modes in terms of aperture, iso and shutter speeds?
6
votes
3answers
159 views

Does the time required to stop down the aperture affect the shutter response time?

In a (D)SLR. When pressing the shutter release button the camera must first move the diaphragm to the required setting. When a small aperture is selected it has to move it more than when you shoot ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

Technically, why is the out of focus area blurred more when using a bigger aperture?

I'm wondering, technically, why and how does the out of focus areas blur more when using a bigger aperture. I think it'd help a lot if I presented a problem that's been driving me nuts for a long ...
1
vote
4answers
271 views

Does an aperture value exist, where a lens creates a brighter image than the real view?

So (without limitations of the viewfinder for example) looking through the viewfinder creates a brighter image than normal view would be. The lens would then work like a funnel(collects light from ...
15
votes
2answers
702 views

Does a specific f number across all lenses denote same amount of light?

When we say a light source emits 1500 lumens of light, it does not really matter if the light source is incandescent, CFL, diode etc. Similarly, when I say f/1.8 can I assume that all lenses pass the ...
28
votes
4answers
2k views

How does aperture work without “cropping” the image hitting the sensor?

I've been teaching myself the various settings in cameras and now have a much fuller understanding of how to use my camera effectively, but one thing is still bugging me. When the aperture size is ...
18
votes
3answers
1k views

Do smaller apertures provide more depth of field past the diffraction limit, even if peak sharpness suffers?

In Understanding Exposure (3rd edition, on page 48), Bryan Peterson has what might be called a rant against modern on-line conventional wisdom about diffraction limits. Answers on this web site are ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Why does higher aperture (less light) make an image sharper?

Why does higher aperture, less light, make an image sharper? Or rather make everything in focus? And how does this lead to lenses having a sweet spot in sharpness?
1
vote
3answers
323 views

What's the difference between a closed and open aperture diaphragm for night street photos?

I'm capturing a picture during night and to a street with a lot of cars running over the street. What happens (in general, from a theoretical point of view) if I shoot the same photo under the ...
4
votes
2answers
733 views

What's the base f-stop when counting an ideal f-stop for lens?

I've read a lot around this site that an ideal quality of the lens is achieved when using f-stop roughly 2 stops slower than the fastest value of the lens. Firstly, I'm not exactly sure what "2 ...
3
votes
1answer
112 views

Can custom (or any) function override aperture on a Canon 7D?

I'm a new owner (1 week) of a Canon 7D and a 28-135 USM lens. While experimenting and just shooting randomly, I was surprised to see my aperture setting (through the viewfinder) showing me a 2.8. Is ...
14
votes
3answers
1k views

Do the same camera settings lead to the same exposure across different sensor sizes?

Let's say I have a micro-4/3rd camera and a full frame camera, both set to 1/60 at f/2.8, taking a picture of the same scene in the same lighting. Will the exposure be the same across both cameras ...
-2
votes
1answer
378 views

Why are some original files unavailable for export from Aperture?

I started using Aperture a year ago. I never spent any time watching Lynda.com or anything else, I just thought I figured the darn thing out, as far as downloading images. I plug my phone or Canon ...
1
vote
3answers
323 views

Is it possible to calculate focal length if you know the aperture?

I need focal length (for my IA homework), but I didn't know that in real world I would only get the aperture. Ok, my camera is an Olympus X-21, and manual says: -----Olympus lens: 6.3 to 18.9 mm, ...
10
votes
2answers
790 views

How to stop a high F number from appearing blurry?

I have been out taking some evening photos (just after sunset) and I have noticed that in a number of instances the higher f numbers ( 14+ ) are appearing more blurred than the lower f numbers ( < ...
3
votes
1answer
200 views

RAW export in Aperture giving square “grid” pattern over noise

I have a RAW photo in aperture that has quite a lot of noise. When I export the photo to JPEG (and TIFF/PSD, 16 bit) I get a strange square grid like pattern on the photo. Here is an example of the ...
1
vote
1answer
279 views

Aperture not stopping down on Tamron lens

I have an EF-mount Tamron 70-300mm f4-5.6 lens that seems to have developed a problem. On all focal lengths from 70mm to approx. 200mm, the lens works flawlessly. When the zoom ring goes above 200mm, ...
10
votes
4answers
472 views

Focusing on moving target with large aperature?

I have read about difficulties getting focusing right when using a large aperature (because of depth-of-field issues). If I am using a fast prime wide open (say F1.4 or F1.8) to shoot a target in ...
13
votes
2answers
720 views

DSLRs with separate controls for aperture and shutter?

I just bought a Nikon D3200 DSLR and I'm going to return it. It's fine if you always want to use in fully automatic mode, but in Manual mode, it's much less convenient. You have to set the shutter ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

How does aperture size or shutter speed affect color temperature?

With all other parameters assumed constant, does aperture size or duration of exposure have any effect on the resulting color warmth or vividness? (Even slightly.) While answering please also ...
4
votes
9answers
737 views

Why would a serious photographer buy a lens slower than f/2.8?

It seems to me that the general idea is that, once you start getting to become a decent photographer and are really moving beyond your kit lenses, you shouldn't be looking at anything slower then ...
0
votes
0answers
35 views

Solid explanation behind the physics of the relation between aperture size and depth of field [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Technically, why is the out of focus area blurred more when using a bigger aperture? Many of us know that there is a relationship between the aperture size (f-stop) and ...
8
votes
2answers
272 views

Why dont I see a difference in the brightness through my viewfinder when I change the aperture?

If I change the aperture for a particular photo, why don't I see a change in the brightness of the image in the viewfinder?
6
votes
6answers
1k views

Is it important that the Canon 1DX isn't specified to autofocus with lenses slower than f/5.6? [closed]

Seeking the lens market AND the related info WRT Canon 1D X, I found some things which seems concerning: 1st, a note from Canon's Chuck Westerfall (see here) saying: “AF is unavailable on the ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

What settings should I use to photograph aurora borealis with a wide angle f/4 lens?

I've tried my first night photography of the stars last week. Most articles I've seen were recommending a fast lens, fully opened, @ ISO 800 and about 20 - 30s exposure, etc. Unfortunately, my only ...
6
votes
4answers
555 views

Does the same aperture at a shorter focal length allow for faster shutter speeds?

I was about to ask why the new Canon 24-70mm F/2.8L II doesn't have IS, but then I came across the answer to Why there is no Canon 50mm *IS* lens? and it got me thinking... (The short version of the ...
6
votes
1answer
577 views

Why does wide angle lens adapter + large aperture make images blurry?

I have a kit 18-55mm lens on my Canon. I also have a .45 wide-angle lens that I use on the kit lens. The results are fairly sharp. When I try to use the .45 wide-angle lens on the 50mm @ f/1.4, it ...
5
votes
1answer
607 views

What is the relation between shutter speed and exposure compensation in aperture priority?

I was using a manual focus lens with canon 600D and notice something in aperture priority mode. When I was applying the exposure compensation of -2EV, I had a shutter speed of 1/20 sec and when the ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

How to make the faces clear and bright in dim light photography?

I have a Fujifilm Finepix S2980 with which I do a lot of experiments. One thing which really bothers me is taking pictures in dim light. I wish to take decent quality pictures in dim light without ...
9
votes
3answers
1k views

Small Aperture difference - A big difference?

I had a second a second thought about asking this question because I have already asked a very similar question here but then I decided to proceed and make this one as different as possible. I ...
1
vote
1answer
620 views

Why does my DSLR's viewfinder ignore the aperture ring on a legacy lens?

I have a Nikon D3100, and I am borrowing an old Nikkor 50mm SLR lens (http://www.destoutz.ch/lens_50mm_f1.8_1828564.html). I've had a lot of trouble with that lens, in that pictures that appear ...
3
votes
1answer
234 views

How is aperture handled when in live view mode?

When you are using the viewfinder, whatsoever the aperture value is, the lens will be in widest aperture until DOF-preview button pressed or half-shutter button.But what about the aperture value when ...
3
votes
3answers
647 views

How do I photograph the moon with a compact camera?

I have a point and shoot digital camera, with a 26x optical zoom and 10 mega-pixel resolution. What are the adjustments that I should do to get a nice photograph of moon in the night? What are the ...
8
votes
1answer
348 views

Why does my Zeiss Hasselblad Distagon lens have a 5 blade diaphragm?

As we are all aware, the more blades there are in a lens’s diaphragm, the rounder the resulting hole can be made, and in turn this gives a more natural looking bokeh. So on receiving my recent ...
3
votes
1answer
465 views

Can a consumer-grade camera take good aurora pictures?

It's generally hard to take clear pictures of auroras because they are fairly dim and move around. To get enough light for a good picture, you need a long exposure. But then your picture will be ...