Spring 2012

Spring 2012
by ani

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Aperture is the opening in the diaphragm of a camera lens. For questions relating to Apple's photo management software, please use [apple-aperture] instead.

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6answers
3k views

How can I see the photo settings like f-stop, ISO etc. of a image?

I am new to photography and enjoying shooting with my Nikon D3200 camera. Once I take a photo, is there any tool by Nikon or a third party which can give me info like F-stop, ISO, Shutter speed, etc? ...
2
votes
1answer
7k views

What is the largest aperture on a commercially available lens? [duplicate]

Out of pure curiosity, what is the largest aperture, or lowest f-stop, a commercially available lens has. I have seen the 50mm prime lens from canon with 1.2, but not lower than that. What are the ...
1
vote
1answer
1k views

Size of the entrance pupil vs size of the aperture

I understand that the entrance pupil is the image of the aperture as seen from the front of the lens. However, is the size of the entrance pupil the same as the size of the effective aperture? In ...
20
votes
5answers
1k views

Why do two lenses with the same F-number give different amount of light?

Why do the following two lenses provide different amount of light? In both images we have fixed focusing distance, distance to the object, ISO, shutter speed and F-number.
7
votes
4answers
1k views

Why are my photos taken at f/11 less sharp than those taken at a wider aperture?

I am new to photography. I have Fujifilm FinePix HS10 camera. Lately I was trying my hands on landscape photography. I learnt from different tutorials that setting high aperture value gets most of ...
21
votes
9answers
3k views

What's the benefit of a tiny aperture?

In this answer to another question Rob Clement wrote: Think background first. What story do you want to tell? Epic background, big mountains. Looking to deliver a sense of grandeur with your ...
13
votes
3answers
371 views

How to test what aperture is actually used?

It seems odd to me that Canon EF 100-400mm f/4.5-5.6L does away with a front element of only about 63 mm, as reported by @jrista - which would be enough for only f/6.3 at 400mm, missing the spec by ...
19
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5answers
2k views

What are the practical advantages of fast lenses when shooting landscapes?

I'm still using my 18-105 kit lens on my Nikon D5300, and the (lower) quality of the photo on edges is bothering me, so I want to get some lens that produces good quality through the whole photo. ...
15
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3answers
9k views

Does a bigger aperture create better photos?

I have observed that the wider the aperture, the more expensive the lenses are. However, I would like to know whether it really makes a difference in your photos or not?
14
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7answers
700 views

Does lens speed still increase meaningfully when the physical aperture is larger than the sensor size?

This question came to me this morning, thinking about 50mm lenses. I have the Pentax 50mm f/1.7 (manual) and it's a very nice lens, but would be considered (relatively) slow on 35mm film, and many ...
8
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2answers
1k views

Do lenses with the same f-stop but different focal length gather the same amount of light? [duplicate]

I'm taking images of a light source in a scientific labratory, and I thought I had a good grasp on all these things, but now i'm second guessing myself after some results. The most important thing is ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

Is it possible to change depth of field in RAW images?

I am beginner to photography, and I've learnt that we can do a lot of post-production in images by using RAW format. I'm looking for options to change/modify the depth of field in the RAW images - is ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Does maximum aperture change with focus distance with the Canon 60mm f/2.8 macro lens?

This site says The Canon EF-S 60mm f/2.8 Macro USM Lens loses 1/2 stop at 1:5, 1 stop at 1:3, 1.5 stops at 1:1.5 and 2 stops at 1:1 (lifesize). Can anyone confirm that at 1:5 magnification, ...
2
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the best order to set exposure parameters (ISO, aperture, shutter)? [duplicate]

Let's say that you're in a very controlled environment, there is no hurry to get the shot, and you're shooting manual. In order to correctly expose the photo, what order should you alter the ISO (if ...
9
votes
2answers
556 views

In what way does the lens mount limit the maximum possible aperture of a lens?

In many answers to questions about different aspects of really large aperture lenses it's pointed out that the lens mount sets a hard limit on the maximum possible aperture of the lenses to that ...
6
votes
1answer
5k views

Why Must I Lock The Aperture On My AF Lens On My Nikon D40

I am using the Nikon 50mm f1.8 AF lens on my D40 and the photographs look excellent - I have to manual focus, but this suits me just fine for the portrait shots I'm taking. The problem is that to use ...
6
votes
2answers
204 views

How does sensor size affect the brightness of an image given the same field of view and aperture?

Lets say we have two image sensors, each one with 1MPixel resolution but differing in size. The first sensor has the size 1/3", the other one 1". Each sensor is equipped with a suitable lens (for the ...
6
votes
6answers
2k views

Is it important that the Canon 1DX isn't specified to autofocus with lenses slower than f/5.6? [closed]

Seeking the lens market AND the related info WRT Canon 1D X, I found some things which seems concerning: 1st, a note from Canon's Chuck Westerfall (see here) saying: “AF is unavailable on the EOS-...
4
votes
1answer
803 views

How can the aperture value written in Exif be larger than the nominal limit of the lens?

A photo shot with an 1:1.8 lens contains the following exif data: ApertureValue: 1695994/1000000 MaxApertureValue: 16/10 How is this possible? Both values are <1.8.
4
votes
4answers
396 views

Why does the Canon G7 allow faster shutter speed settings only at slower apertures?

I have a Canon PowerShot G7 camera. In Manual mode it supports 1/2500s shutter speed at f/8.0, whereas at f/2.5 it supports only upto 1/1600. But, should it not support higher shutter speed at higher ...
2
votes
2answers
693 views

Can I make custom bokeh shape using a 18-55mm Nikkor lens?

Custom bokeh shapes need a large aperture. The max aperture my lens can reach is f3.5. Is it big enough for a custom bokeh? I tried but it doesn't work.
2
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2answers
599 views

Why are the area of aperture, focal length, and amount of light specified in these terms?

So I'm looking at the wikipedia article on Aperture, and I'm a bit confused. I understand aperture to be the diameter of the hole that lets light in. In the article, someone states that The ...
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2answers
479 views

Nikon D7000 thinks aperture of non-cpu lens is always 16 and overexposes photos

I have a non-cpu lens with manual aperture control (I use the aperture ring to set it, and it stays that way when I shoot). My D7000 used to work fine with this lens in A mode - all images were ...
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1answer
498 views

Do crop sensors increase the depth of field when using full frame lenses?

I'm trying to achieve maximum depth of field without sacrificing light. I have a micro-4/3rds camera and i want to attach a full frame lens to it for the large and constant aperture. My question is, ...
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4answers
2k views

What causes an f/0 error on a Nikon D700?

Recently (and always at the worst possible time) my camera will either freeze and give me an f/0 error code or will shoot with a strange click that sounds like the shutter is getting stuck. The ...
0
votes
2answers
237 views

does depth of field travel with the focal plane?

for simplicity it can be assumed all of the following discussion is relative to a prime lens i recently learned about the technique of hyperfocal distance focusing. that is, by using the method to ...
16
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7answers
1k views

Why isn't my variable-aperture photo more interesting?

I took a photo where I changed the aperture of the lens during the exposure. I was hoping to get a cool or unusual effect, but I didn't. Why not, and is there any really interesting effect that I ...
16
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2answers
1k views

Does a specific f number across all lenses denote same amount of light?

When we say a light source emits 1500 lumens of light, it does not really matter if the light source is incandescent, CFL, diode etc. Similarly, when I say f/1.8 can I assume that all lenses pass the ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

How do I find the aperture that produces the highest-quality images for a given lens?

I'm not talking about large aperture (f/1.8, f/2.8...), rather, about small apertures (f/18, f/20, f/23...). I read somewhere (actually I think it was on this site, but I don't exactly remember which ...
17
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2answers
16k views

How iPhone 5S can have such a big aperture? f/2.2?

I thought that in order to have a big aperture such as f/2.2 a big amount of light should be able to enter to the sensor and in order to do it, a big lens was needed. How is it possible that in the ...
18
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2answers
1k views

Do rounded edges on aperture blades improve image sharpness, and how?

In the description for the XF lenses for its new X-Pro system, Fujifilm crows: The [XF lenses] all offer precise control over depth-of-field and deliver excellent out-of-focus bokeh thanks to the ...
11
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3answers
457 views

Are fast lenses only fast when shot wide open?

Given two lenses with different max apertures but the same size image circle (say, full frame on a Nikon FX DLSR camera) and taking shots at the exact shutter speed and focal length under the same ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How to stop a high F number from appearing blurry?

I have been out taking some evening photos (just after sunset) and I have noticed that in a number of instances the higher f numbers ( 14+ ) are appearing more blurred than the lower f numbers ( < ...
9
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4answers
742 views

What is the technical name for a zoom lens which has a fixed maximum aperture?

What is the technical name for a lens which has the same maximum aperture throughout the entire zoom range?
7
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1answer
2k views

How to calculate the optimal pinhole size?

As far as I've understood, optimal diameter for pinhole size is calculated by formula where d - the optimal diameter for pinhole c - constant f - focal length (distance between pinhole and ...
7
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7answers
12k views

What are some common ISO, aperture, and shutter speed settings for street photography?

I recently purchased a Panasonic GF1 with the 20mm pancake lens. It's by far the nicest camera I've ever owned and I'm really excited to learn the basics of digital photography (primarily street ...
6
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3answers
1k views

Is there any practical way to measure the T-stop of a lens?

T-stop measures actual light transmission in a lens. Therefore, different f/2.8 lenses can have different T-stops. T-stops are usually only given for cine lenses. For photography lenses, is there any ...
5
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2answers
845 views

Why are large zoom ratio constant apertures lenses not generally available?

I know about 17-55 f2.8 and the likes of it, but I am talking about something say 18-135 f2.8. There exists 70-200mm f2.8 and the range (200-70 = 130mm) is much bigger than in 18-135. I am aware of ...
5
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7answers
2k views

How can I use flash with large apertures?

I get very frustrated. When I take portraits, I want to use a flash because I think they turn out better. But if I use an f-stop that is high enough to blur the background, my shutter speed only ...
4
votes
2answers
187 views

How can I more consistently focus on the point I want?

I've had so many wonderfully composed images turn out lousy because my AF isn't as accurate as I'd like (or I don't know how to wield it). Despite using single-point AF, my focus point is often ...
4
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2answers
2k views

AF-D vs AF-G: is the aperture ring necessary?

I just purchased a Nikon D7000 with an 18-105 f/3.5-5.6 AF-S lens. I'm also looking at purchasing a lens around the 200-300mm focal length range, and I found the 70-300mm f/4-5.6 AF lens. As far as I ...
4
votes
4answers
301 views

Is it possible to get smaller aperture with diaphragm in front of the lens?

My camera has narrowest aperture of f8. To increase depth of field, could I place an opaque "filter" or lens-cap with a small hole, e.g. 12 mm for f16, on the lens? I realize that at short f.l. the ...
4
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3answers
2k views

How to make the faces clear and bright in dim light photography?

I have a Fujifilm Finepix S2980 with which I do a lot of experiments. One thing which really bothers me is taking pictures in dim light. I wish to take decent quality pictures in dim light without ...
1
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2answers
573 views

Help me understand effective f-number

If I set a lens to, say, f/2 but my focus is set to its closest point, my effective f-number won't be f/2 any more but it will be higher by a factor that depends on focal length, image magnification ...
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1answer
1k views

Why does my DSLR's viewfinder ignore the aperture ring on a legacy lens?

I have a Nikon D3100, and I am borrowing an old Nikkor 50mm SLR lens (http://www.destoutz.ch/lens_50mm_f1.8_1828564.html). I've had a lot of trouble with that lens, in that pictures that appear in-...
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5answers
4k views

is the Nikon 35mm f/1.8 worth it after i have the kit lenses? [duplicate]

I have a Nikon DX (D5100) camera with the two most basic kit lenses: 18-55mm f/3.5-5.6 VR and 55-200mm f/4-5.6 VR. These two lenses cover lots of scenarios, but I'm starting to believe there is more ...
0
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1answer
1k views

What is the smallest f number possible? [duplicate]

I've quite a few questions in this regard: Is there a theoretical limit? What has been achieved till date? What is commercially available today? If there is a sudden exponential increase in price ...
14
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2answers
2k views

DSLRs with separate controls for aperture and shutter?

I just bought a Nikon D3200 DSLR and I'm going to return it. It's fine if you always want to use in fully automatic mode, but in Manual mode, it's much less convenient. You have to set the shutter ...
10
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6answers
6k views

Will a lens with a low aperture value give me better portrait photos?

I want to take pictures of people from 5-20 feet away. I attend lots of group events and am free to walk around and snap photos. I just purchased a Canon t3i and it comes with a 18-55mm kit lens. The ...
9
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4answers
6k views

What is a “small” aperture?

It happens a lot. People refer to the aperture being small (or big!). By default does this imply a small opening of the iris (literal aperture), or a small f-value (how the aperture is measured, for ...